Causes of yellow discharge in women


Diseases of the female genital tract can cause infertility, so it is better to try to avoid them. Some of them do not manifest for a long time, and symptoms occur when the ailment is already running. But experts draw conclusions about the state of the patient's body, taking into account the regularity of the monthly cycle and the well-being of the woman on critical days. Particular attention should be paid to the appearance of yellow discharge before menstruation, during and after it.

Ideally, menstruation should be regular and equally intense, without pre-term bleeding.

What is the norm

The picture, which completely corresponds to the standard, is not observed in every patient. Before menstruation, many people get “wrong” vaginal discharge in a yellow, whitish, or light green color. It is impossible to call this phenomenon pathological, because in this way the genitals are protected from harmful microbes, and they cannot actively reproduce. In a normal situation, this secret does not cause discomfort. Before menstruation, discharge is abundant, but due to the temperature of the body, more than half of them evaporates, and very little comes out.

At the beginning and end of the monthly cycle, different secretions are normal:

  1. The amount of mucus can vary with respect to the phase of 0.06-4 ml. per day. Before the critical days, the volume is slightly larger, but if there is no mucus at all, and at the same time the state of health is normal, no pathology is noted here.
  2. Mucus secretion that appears before menstruation, does not smell at all, or gives acid. If on other days the discharge is accompanied by an unpleasant smell, this should alert the patient.
  3. During the period of ovulation, the secret becomes viscous, similar to the protein of a raw egg. When menstruation is approaching, it becomes creamy, and after it - again liquid.
  4. The consistency of the secret is always homogeneous, but sometimes there are small lumps formed by epithelial tissue.
  5. At the beginning of the cycle, the secret is slightly cloudy and colorless, and before the onset of critical days it becomes white. Getting on underwear, mucus can look yellowish, as an oxygen reaction occurs.
  6. The yellow substance is the norm, there should not be any unpleasant sensations, for example, a burning sensation. Otherwise, you need to be tested for diseases.

Yellow secret before menstruation

Most women ask: Is yellowish discharge during the cycle normal?

Mucus does not have to stand out on the threshold of menstruation, but it is permissible. A brownish liquid indicates that epithelial cells are rejected. Yellow discharge before menstruation begins a few days or immediately before the onset of critical days. But a dark secret, observed a week before menstruation, may be a sign of an inflammatory disease. In parallel with it, other symptoms appear:

  1. With endometriosis is not only "daub", but also pain in the lower abdomen and lower back.
  2. In the case of cervical erosion of the uterus, the brown secret is observed not only before menstruation, but also on any day under mechanical action.
  3. “Lubricate” can and with myoma - a benign tumor.
  4. Endometrial polyps are accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen.

Women should pay attention to the nature of the discharge, which varies depending on the phase of the cycle.

The brown tint of the secret after menstruation is the norm, since at this time the epithelium is completely removed from the uterus.

Pathological causes

We will tell about situations when yellow discharge appears as a sign of illness. It is important to look at the consistency of the secret - if it is gelatinous and with clots, this is the norm.

On gynecological pathology indicates:

  1. Unpleasant smell, burning and pain when urinating. If these symptoms appear in the complex, then there is a nonspecific vulvovaginitis. The cause of the disease may be a lack or excess of hygiene. Bacterial vaginitis or colpitis leads to a change in the consistency of the secret, it becomes thick.
  2. With erosion of the cervix possible discomfort during intercourse. This disease is also indicated by failures of the monthly cycle, brown pathological discharge during it and unpleasant sensations during urination. It often happens that an infection joins the erosion, then the discharge is yellow due to pus.
  3. Signs of salpinitis: fever, intoxication, pain in the lower abdomen. This inflames the uterus, ovaries, bladder. In the acute phase of the disease, general fatigue, pain in the abdomen and lower back occurs, which are sent to the intestine. Yellow vaginal sulfur-pus-like discharge with a grayish tint may appear.
  4. If the patient feels discomfort in the peritoneum, cysts and adhesions appear, the cycle is disturbed, then adnexitis may develop, leading to infertility. Inflammation causes irritation and itching of the vagina. The secret is not only yellow, but also an unpleasant smell.

Yellow discharge after menstruation is observed in venereal diagnoses. Chlamydia is characterized by suppuration, burning, itching. Trichomonase - a greenish hue of a secret and bubbles, the smell of stale fish, redness, burning of the genitals. Gonorrhea is not accompanied by such symptoms, but pain and frequent urination are possible.

The cause of pus may be allergic to synthetic underwear and hygiene products. Then there is a yellow, odorless discharge.

Sign of pregnancy

So, what does the secret allocation say? This may be the norm and pathology. To find out exactly what's wrong, you need to be examined by a gynecologist and tested. Ultrasound, electronic diagnosis and other procedures may be required.

But some patients believe that yellow discharge before menstruation is a sign of pregnancy. There is some truth in this, since the amount of progesterone in the blood changes during fertilization of the egg. This hormone is responsible for the development of the fetus in the first trimester. Then the secret has a characteristic thickness and yellow hue. Its volume is kept at the same level.

Do not forget that the yellow color of mucus is caused not only by a hormone, but also a latent infection.

In the process of the formation of the fetus, hormonal changes often lead to failures in the work of various organs and systems, which causes chronic diseases. The first step is worsening immunity, begins active reproduction of harmful microbes. Frequent "fellow travelers" of pregnancy are thrush and vaginitis.

How to establish that yellow discharge is a sign of pregnancy? Need to do a test. If the embryo develops normally, without any infections, the secret will cease to be released after 3 months, while reducing the amount of progesterone.

Yellow mucus after menstruation

Yellow discharge after menstruation without smell almost nothing to say. They can occur both due to pathology and normal. It is necessary to consider such a sign as burning or itching. This is usually a symptom of a genital infection. If there are no discomfort, then the woman’s health is in order. But to verify this, you need to get a gynecologist consultation.

Yellow, odorless discharge in women after menstruation is not cause for excitement. But with the latter, we can talk about pathology. Here are the main tips that remind us of the development of diseases:

  • sour smell and cheesy consistency - signs of thrush,
  • putrid odor occurs when trichomonasis
  • the smell of pus is a symptom of cervicitis,
  • bacterial vaginitis has the smell of rotting fish,
  • gonorrhea and chlamydia are accompanied by a sharp unpleasant odor

Even if a woman is sure that she knows her diagnosis, she needs to go to a gynecologist.

Yellow discharge and delay

As a rule, women are interested in why yellow secretions occur when menstruation is delayed. If the discharge appears on the 2nd day of the absence of menstruation, this is the norm, indicating the approach of bleeding, or a sign of such violations:

  • hormonal disruptions that change the course of the cycle and the composition of the secret,
  • tumors,
  • inflammation and infection

If the delay in menstruation is not accompanied by all of the above, there are no reasons for going to a doctor. But when there is no regulation for 2 weeks, one cannot do without the help of a specialist.

What to do

It should be borne in mind that the substance released before or after menstruation, can be both the norm and a sign of the disease, so you need to pay attention to your well-being. It is also important in what phase of the menstrual cycle they are observed. In the presence of the indicated symptom such actions are possible:

  1. If there are no signs of pathology, and a light yellow secret is released in the second phase of the cycle, it is important not to worry and wait for the onset of menstruation.
  2. In case of delay, you must pass a pregnancy test.
  3. When there is itching, burning, pain, and discharge, you need to be examined by a gynecologist.
  4. If it is an allergy, you need to abandon the substances that cause it. For example, stop wearing synthetic underwear and go to natural, wash with warm water, change the pads. Antihistamines may be needed for internal and local use.

At detection of diseases complex therapy is necessary. Undertreated diagnoses are dangerous because they can become chronic.

Normal physiological processes

Vaginal discharge is a normal physiological process in the female body. Their number and consistency are influenced by many factors: ovulation, menstruation, pregnancy, breast-feeding, as well as hormonal drugs. A woman should constantly monitor her health and control the color, smell and amount of discharge, since not all of them are considered normal.

The norm is considered to be the presence of transparent, whitish or yellowish discharge from women. At the same time their consistency should be homogeneous, but not liquid and not in the form of lumps. As for the quantity, it constantly changes depending on the period of the menstrual cycle and is strictly individual. At the time of ovulation, clear mucous secretions appear. If their appearance does not give the woman any discomfort, does not cause itching and is not accompanied by an unpleasant smell, then there is no cause for concern.

Some women are facing menstruation with yellow discharge, and not with bloody. As a rule, this does not cause anxiety, because all the ladies know about the color of their selection in different periods of the menstrual cycle.

A woman may also face after menstruation with yellow secretions. In this case, douching will help. A special solution will wash out the remnants of the menstrual flow, and they will acquire their normal color.

The main causes of unpleasant symptoms

Vaginal discharge is a normal process that accompanies a woman throughout her life. The presence of bacteria helps to create normal microflora in the vagina, which protects the body from infection. When a woman is healthy and her microflora is in order, she does not feel any discomfort. But some situations cause a change in the bacterial composition, accompanied by unpleasant symptoms, and then yellow discharge from women may appear. For example, failure to follow personal hygiene can trigger bacterial vaginitis. In this case, the woman appears yellow discharge. In addition, she feels pain and burning, especially after intercourse.

Inflammatory processes in the internal genital organs - the ovaries or fallopian tubes can cause yellow discharge. The treatment of these diseases requires a lot of time and effort. And if they are not treated, they can lead to serious complications, including infertility.

The appearance of yellow discharge in women may be caused by cervical erosion. This process is often accompanied by inflammation caused by pathogens. Brown or dark yellow discharge may occur with vaginal endometriosis. Another reason for their occurrence may be the frequent use of perfume hygiene products.

The appearance of thick yellow discharge in women may be due to the presence of genital infection. Hidden genital infections recently received widespread. These are trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia, gonorrhea, genital herpes and other ailments. Basically, they are asymptomatic and quickly turn into a chronic form. Most often, yellow vaginal discharge is observed with trichomoniasis.

This disease is sexually transmitted and is one of the main causes of discoloration and nature of the discharge. In some cases, itching and irritation of the genitals can be felt. The nature of the discharge with this disease may vary. Changes depend on what other infection accompanies the course of trichomoniasis. It may be chlamydia, a viral disease or gonorrhea.

With gonorrhea, secretions can also change their color and consistency. Most often they get a greenish tint, because they have a purulent character. In addition, yellow discharge from women may be accompanied by an unpleasant odor and itching. In the acute form of the disease, their appearance causes irritation and redness of the genitals. Sexual contact and urination may be accompanied by a burning sensation.

Yellow discharge may also occur in women who are not sexually active. Their occurrence is usually associated with various reasons: severe stress, weak immunity, hormonal disorders, antibiotics.

Quite often, the appearance of mucous yellow discharge in older women is diagnosed. The reason for this may be non-specific vaginitis caused by non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene, or atrophic lesions of the epithelium of the vulva and vagina.

Necessary treatment

Excretions that cause the slightest suspicion should not be ignored.

A woman should immediately consult a doctor and describe to him all the symptoms that cause her suspicions: color, smell, texture and volume of discharge. In addition, you need to talk about related sensations: itching, burning, pain, if any. The gynecologist will conduct an examination, prescribe the necessary tests: a smear on the flora and bacterial culture, to determine the sensitivity to antibiotics, as well as a smear for the presence of genital infections. A blood test can be prescribed to determine the presence of antibodies that cause infectious diseases. Based on the test results, the gynecologist will determine the cause of the suspicious symptoms and, if necessary, prescribe treatment. Do not self-medicate. This can make changes in the real clinical picture of the disease, and it will be difficult for a specialist to understand the true cause of the pathological changes.

The microflora of the vagina is complex. It is very easy to break its composition with inadequate treatment. As a result, even despite the end of therapy, a woman may have complaints about unusual discharge and discomfort. In this case, it is necessary to continue therapy until the normal microflora of the vagina is fully restored. The use of modern drugs allows you to achieve maximum results in the shortest possible time. These are very effective drugs that are designed in such a way that their use gently affects the vaginal microflora and at the same time helps to fight infection.

During treatment, a woman is recommended to wear loose underwear from natural materials and to abandon synthetic underwear and tight jeans. Shower should be replaced with a warm bath, do not use tampons, replacing them with sanitary pads. When processing the skin of the perineum is not worth using perfume.

Genitals need to be washed several times a day, using warm water. If the disease is accompanied by itching, then a solution of baking soda will help get rid of it. To prepare the solution, you need 1 tbsp. l soda add to 1 liter of warm water. After completing the water treatment, thoroughly dry the perineum with a soft towel.

How to determine ovulation by discharge?

During the first phase of the menstrual cycle, the cervical mucus is in a very dense state, which makes it form directly in the cervix.

It is this plug that protects the uterine cavity from penetration of pathogenic microorganisms, as well as from sperm.

Due to the thick consistency of mucus, it is not determined externally. Therefore, in such a period (sterile ) A woman notes the absence of any discharge before ovulation. For the same reasons, this period is also called “dry”.

In this case, the symptoms are similar to thrush, but with a different color and smell. The discharge becomes a gray (or green) shade, a specific odor joins. Treatment recommendations must be obtained at the doctor's office.

White discharge

Влагалищные выделения белого цвета после овуляции, сопровождающиеся нестерпимым зудом, а также трещинками на слизистой внешних половых органов, вполне могут быть основными симптомами кандидоза, в народе попросту «молочницы».

Это довольно неприятное, и зачастую хроническое заболевание проявляет себя уже во второй половине менструального цикла женщины, после окончания овуляции. Attention should be paid to the smell of discharge at. It is sour, and vaguely resembles the smell of curdled yogurt or cottage cheese.

Brown discharge

Dark brown or bloody (blood) vaginal discharge after ovulation is usually the most frightening for a woman. The reason for such discharge may be, for example, unprotected sexual contact in the middle of the menstrual cycle and, as a result, pregnancy.

In this case, the blood is released at the moment when the implantation of a fertilized egg in the wall of the uterus. In this case, only a few drops of blood should be released.

Another reason may be the use of intrauterine or hormonal contraception. Oral contraceptives, the contraceptive patch, the vaginal ring - all of these agents cause a similar side effect in the first three cycles of use.

However should keep vigilant - such life-threatening diseases as well as oncological diseases of the genital organs of a woman can also be the cause of bloody discharge from the vagina.

Particularly abundant such discharge may appear when using both hormonal and normal intrauterine system. With such manifestations, you should contact a specialist, make an ultrasound and make sure that the system is installed correctly, has not moved from its place and does not injure the uterus.

Based on the above, we do conclusion : with a slight manifestation of brown discharge, a visit to the doctor can be postponed, however, if the blood is bright red, and it is more than a few drops - make an appointment immediately to see a gynecologist.

As is clear from the above article, vaginal discharge can say a lot: tell about the approaching ovulation and even give an answer earlier, whether the egg is fertilized or not. However, it is worth remembering that, nevertheless, such a system cannot provide accurate answers and any guarantees.

To focus exclusively on vaginal discharge to determine the day of ovulation, it is impossible.

Each organism is unique, each female organism is distinguished by its individual characteristics. Many women observe the discharge several times or even throughout the entire menstrual cycle.

It is also impossible to rely solely on this method of determining the onset of ovulation for some diseases of the gynecological type (for example, for thrush).

In order to determine ovulation, there are a number of other, more reliable ways. For example, this is a calendar method, observation.

And the simplest option is special ones that react to a certain hormone that appears a couple of days before the start of ovulation. You can buy them at any pharmacy, and spend at home in a relaxed atmosphere.

Vaginal discharge is one of the most frequent reasons for women to consult a gynecologist. The articles in this rubric will help you to understand in what cases pathological excretions, in which normal ones. However, only by the nature, color and consistency of the secretions can not determine the disease, some infections and inflammatory processes can occur without noticeable changes in secretions.

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In addition to menstruation, during the menstrual cycle in a healthy woman there may be other vaginal discharge associated with the maturation of the egg, its release from the follicle. Their appearance in the middle of the cycle becomes a signal of the onset of "dangerous" days, which will avoid unwanted pregnancy. If, on the contrary, there is a desire to conceive a child, then by the nature of the discharge during ovulation, it can be determined how likely it is that the pregnancy will occur. There are also pathological secretions associated with diseases and hormonal disorders.

  1. The formation and maturation of eggs, surrounded by protective capsules (follicles).
  2. Ovulation is the rupture of the dominant follicle and the release of the egg into the fallopian tube.
  3. Promotion of the egg through the tube (within 1-2 days), when fertilization is possible.
  4. Anchoring the embryo in the uterus, if fertilization has occurred, or the death of the egg.
  5. Endometrial rejection (menstruation), if the pregnancy has not occurred.

All of these processes and the associated discharge during ovulation are regulated by hormones. Before ovulation, estrogen plays a major role, and after it, progesterone, produced by the corpus luteum, which is formed in the ovary. There is a connection between vaginal discharge and the process of ovulation.

Dry period . Immediately after menstruation, a woman begins the so-called "sterile" ("dry") period, when there is no discharge. The cervical canal of the cervix is ​​closed with a plug of thick mucus, which provides protection against infection in the uterus.

Approaching ovulation . As the eggs mature, the cork gradually liquefies, part of the mucus comes out. In this case, the woman appears thick white sticky discharge.

Fertile period . At this time, the cervical mucus is diluted so that it allows sperm to enter the uterus. This happens 3 days before ovulation. At the moment when the egg leaves the protective capsule (follicle), it can be fertilized within 1-2 days. Before ovulation, the secretions vary in composition. At the same time, an alkaline environment is created in the uterus, which contributes to the preservation of sperm.

During ovulation . Directly during ovulation, the consistency of the consistency resembles egg white.

Addition: If they are scanty during ovulation, the probability of sperm entering the uterus is small. Thick mucus limits sperm motility. In order for fertilization to occur, the discharge must be watery and viscous.

If the cell is fertilized then within 5-7 days after ovulation, its implantation in the endometrium occurs. These days may appear smearing light brown discharge. Such discharge may be a sign of pregnancy. In some cases, they are very scarce or not at all.

If fertilization has not occurred then 1-2 days after ovulation, the egg dies. The mucus thickens, again forming a plug inside the cervical canal.

On the eve of menstruation discharge becomes liquid as uterine mucus is added to it.

During menstruation rejection of the endometrium is associated with damage to the blood vessels piercing it, which causes bleeding.

What do mid cycle selections say

Such secretions can serve as a warning about the occurrence of "dangerous days" when an unwanted pregnancy occurs. You can learn from them about the onset of the fertile period, during which a woman has a chance to become pregnant.

The nature of the ovulation discharge makes it possible to understand how fertilization is possible. The unusual color, smell, consistency of secretions indicate pathology.

Variance options

The lack of whiter in the middle of the cycle suggests that ovulation does not occur. This condition occurs within 3 months after an abortion, within 1 year after giving birth, as well as during the period of premenopause. Sometimes in perfectly healthy young women, normal cycles alternate with anovulatory ones. If the absence of ovulation is observed systematically, it is considered a pathology. The reason may be hormonal disorders, improper metabolism.

If brown spotting does not disappear after ovulation, and menstruation occurs with a delay of up to 40 days or more, it is often the result of insufficient progesterone production. In this case, the fertilized egg can not be fixed in the endometrium, since it does not ripen to the desired condition, the pregnancy is interrupted. The cause of failure can be the use of hormonal contraceptives, some drugs, curettage of the uterus, menopause.

What influences the nature of the discharge

Secretions during ovulation vary in appearance. The reasons for the changes can be:

  • infections of internal and external genital organs,
  • tumors of the uterus and appendages (fibromas, cysts, polyps),
  • medication and hormonal contraceptives,
  • thyroid disease,
  • surgery on the cervix,
  • douching
  • lactation,
  • the onset of menopause.

When the yellow color can be considered normal?

  • By quantity - discharge should not be more than 1 tsp per day. Sometimes the amount of discharge before menstruation, during and after intercourse increases slightly.

  • By color - the discharge should not leave bright marks on the laundry, if the discharge is light yellow, that is, they have a faint yellowish tint or cream - this is the norm.
  • Discharge from a healthy woman should not be accompanied by an unpleasant odor.
  • The consistency - healthy discharge is usually watery, not thick and not abundant, depending on the menstrual cycle, the consistency may change - in the middle of the cycle, when ovulation occurs, transparent, stretching mucous discharge appears.

If there were abundant yellow vaginal discharge, what is it, what to do?

Of course, each person has his own notion of shades and intensity of colors, so on the basis of the description of the discharge it is difficult to say for sure whether pathological discharge from a woman or normal? No gynecologist, only on the basis of color, consistency or amount of discharge can not determine the diagnosis, the disease of a woman.

To do this, you should pass a smear on the flora and bacterial culture on pathogenic microorganisms. The only thing that is certain is that a healthy woman should not have noticeable, intense color shades in the discharge. This is always a warning sign of any inflammation.

If a bright yellow discharge from a woman has arisen after unprotected intercourse, then it is likely that the cause of their appearance was a genital infection. To date, latent sexually transmitted infections are widespread, and often they occur in a chronic, low-symptomatic form, hence their name. Such diseases include - trichomoniasis, mycoplasmosis, chlamydia in women, gonorrhea, genital herpes, etc.

Among sexually transmitted infections - STIs, trichomoniasis and gonorrhea are most often accompanied by copious yellow discharge in women, in addition there may be an unpleasant smell, as well as itching and burning during urination and sexual intercourse.

If a woman does not lead a sex life, then for various internal reasons - significant or prolonged stress, reducing immunity, hormonal disorders, taking antibiotics, less often due to non-compliance with intimate hygiene - bacterial vaginosis may appear, thrush in women (thick cheesy discharge) or gondnerellez when there is a smell of rotten fish or other unpleasant odors.

If any suspicious discharge occurs, especially after dubious sexual contact, you should immediately contact a gynecologist. He will examine the woman, take a smear test for flora and bacterial inoculation for sensitivity to antibiotics, and also send a PCR test for STIs to the smear, and also it will be necessary to donate blood by ELISA for hidden infections.

Without clarifying the cause, no independent treatment can be undertaken, this can blur the real clinical picture and it will be harder to determine the true cause of the pathological discharge in the future.

A lot of women practice douching as a means to cleanse the discharge and to treat various diseases. In our article, you can learn everything about douching, how to do it and why you can not douche without the advice of a doctor, independently. Also why it is impossible to douche with thrush with soda, potassium permanganate, etc.

If there was a yellow-green discharge, what is it, what to do?

A healthy woman should not have yellow-green discharge - this is an obvious pathology, a sign of infection and inflammation. Кроме того, что было перечислено выше, то есть помимо ИППП, бактериального вагиноза и молочницы, любые воспалительные процессы внутренних женских половых органов — шейки матки, самой матки, придатков матки, также сопровождаются выделениями желтого цвета, желто-зеленого или зеленого цвета с запахом или без запаха.

These diseases include adnexitis (salpingo-oophoritis) - inflammation of the uterus, salpingitis - inflammation of the fallopian tubes, oophoritis - inflammation of the ovaries - these diseases are characterized by abundant yellow - green color. With scanty yellow or greenish secretions, chronic forms of these diseases occur, as well as cervical erosion and bacterial vaginosis.

In acute inflammation, hospitalization of the patient is most often indicated, since an increase in body temperature, lower abdominal pain, back pain, giving up to the leg deprives the woman of working capacity. In chronic diseases, in periods of exacerbations, hospital treatment is also often necessary.

In any case, thick, greenish, yellow-green discharge from women is a signal indicating that a woman should immediately visit a gynecologist, since any inflammatory processes without adequate treatment become chronic, often recurrent, can lead to infertility, ectopic pregnancy (symptoms ), miscarriages, premature birth, and with age increase the risk of cancer of the female genital organs.

Nowadays, oncological tensions, even young women, should be constantly monitored by a gynecologist at least once a year, since uterine cancer, cervical cancer is now registered not only in women during menopause, menopause, but also in women of reproductive age. Especially, it is dangerous if a woman has regular brown, blood discharge in the middle of the cycle, between menstruation, it is also an alarming sign and an occasion to see a doctor.

The nature of mucous secretions in different phases of the menstrual cycle

During menstruation, the secretions consist of the detached epithelium of the inner surface of the uterus and the blood flowing from the damaged vessels of the endometrium. At the end of the period comes the so-called "dry" phase, that is, the absence of mucus. At this time, a tight protective plug forms in the neck. Mucus has a weak acid reaction.

Toward the middle of the cycle, it gradually dilutes. The woman appears clear mucus, similar in appearance to egg white. At this time, the maturation of the egg in the follicle (protective bubble). Approximately 2 days before ovulation (rupture of the follicle and the release of the egg from it), the discharge becomes the most fluid and abundant. Slime has a weak alkaline environment. During this period, as well as for 2-3 days after ovulation, spermatozoa are able to penetrate it and enter the tubes. Up to this point, all processes occur under the influence of estrogen, hormones, which are produced by the ovaries. At the time of the rupture of the follicle may cause traces of blood.

In phase 2 of the cycle, the ratio of hormones changes. Mostly progesterone, necessary to preserve a fertilized egg. Thanks to him, the mucous environment changes to slightly acidic. The mucus thickens, the intensity of its discharge from the genital organs decreases, the passage of spermatozoa becomes impossible.

Normal moderate transparent mucous secretions are considered. They have a slightly acidic odor, uniform in composition. When oxidized in air, it may darken or become yellow.

The cause of mucous discharge during pregnancy

With the onset of pregnancy, a woman undergoes a dramatic change in hormonal levels. Under the influence of hormones in the glands of the uterus and cervix, milky-white mucus is produced. It is odorless, gradually becoming transparent and viscous to the end of the first trimester, the intensity of its release increases closer to childbirth.

If the nature of the mucus changes, it may indicate the occurrence of vaginosis (inflammation of the vagina). At the same time, the volume of discharge increases significantly; they become liquid. If there is a sharp unpleasant odor and mucus is heterogeneous, it resembles a curd in appearance, this indicates the appearance of thrush. At the same time there are cramps, burning and itching in the vagina. This fungal disease appears as a result of reduced immunity, common at this time, as well as changes in the composition of the vaginal microflora as a result of hormonal changes.

The causes of the appearance of pathological mucus secretions from the genitals

If the discharge is abundant, have a liquid consistency, are cloudy, this indicates the presence of pathology. Such mucus usually has an unpleasant smell, is painted in green, yellow or brown color, impurities of blood or pus. White cheesy discharge may appear. Usually they cause pain, burning and itching in the vagina.

The cause of the pathology are:

  1. Inflammation of the vagina (colpitis, vulvovaginitis), uterus and ovaries (endometritis, cervicitis, salpingoophoritis). Green or yellow discharge with the smell of rot is a sign of vaginosis (vaginal damage of the bacterium gardnerella).
  2. Candidiasis (thrush). The source of infection is Candida fungus. The discharge has a characteristic smell of sour milk.
  3. Injuries to the external or internal genital organs, such as ruptures of the uterus during childbirth, cuts, obtained by curettage of the uterus.
  4. Neoplasms in the uterus or ovaries (polyps, cysts, abnormal tissue growths, uterine fibroids, tumors). Spotting may be a symptom of cervical erosion and pseudo-erosion, especially if they occur during or after intercourse. At the same time, side effects appear: pain in the lower back and lower abdomen.
  5. Long-term use of antibiotics.
  6. Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.

The nature of the mucous secretions depends on the type of infection that infects the body. Foaming copious discharge, having an unpleasant pungent odor, appears with trichomoniasis. The color of the discharge is yellowish with a gray tint. Bleachy cause irritation of the vaginal mucosa. Yellow-green purulent copious discharge characteristic of gonorrhea (pathogens - gonococci). If the causative agent of infection are staphylococci or streptococci, then the discharge is turbid, white with a gray or yellowish tinge, and has a characteristic fishy smell.

The emergence of pathological secretions contributes to the wearing of tight linen made of synthetic fabrics, the wrong choice of intimate hygiene products. Some women may be allergic to the material from which condoms are made. Spotting is not necessarily a sign of a dangerous disease. They appear, for example, when using the intrauterine device.

Addition: Contributes to the occurrence of abnormal discharge frequent douching (dry mucous membranes, changing the natural microflora of the vagina). The provoking factor is also the omission of the vagina, the bend of the cervix and other violations of its shape, in which there is stagnation of mucus.

When mucous secretions of unusual nature appear, a woman must necessarily undergo a gynecological examination and examination in order to start treatment in time.

Cervical mucus during ovulation is unique, which is an additional sign of recognition of a favorable moment when planning conception. Consider the issue in detail.

Female selection - features at each stage of the cycle

The menstrual cycle is conventionally divided into two phases. The first one lasts from the beginning of menstruation to the full maturation of the egg, then ovulation occurs - the output of the cell. The second stage involves the formation of the corpus luteum, whose function is to support the fertilization process and the further development of pregnancy.

In each phase, the nature of the cervical secretions changes, which depends on the amount of hormones (estrogen or progesterone).

During the cycle, cervical mucus changes its structure

The cervix produces a special type of smear - cervical mucus, which creates an optimal environment for maintaining longevity and sperm movement. From the fifth day of the cycle until the completion of ovulation, there is a maximum disclosure of access to the uterus.

Cervical mucus during ovulation

During ovulation, the cervical mucus takes on the appearance of egg white. It becomes transparent, volatile and abundant, it is the most "wet" and abundant period. Only now you can stretch your fingers a few centimeters with your fingers. This state of secretion helps sperm to safely reach the fallopian tube and fertilize the cell.

Cervical mucus after ovulation

In the second period, the level of estrogen decreases, the production of progesterone by the corpus luteum begins, and the cervical mucus after ovulation again thickens and remains in this state until menstruation. The eve may change to watery.

What you should know about the discharge

A healthy woman can not be excreted. You should not be alarmed if cervical mucus meets these characteristics:

  • transparent, jelly-like,
  • a small amount of,
  • no noticeable odor
  • no effect on mucous membranes and skin,
  • no itching, no fever or pain.

The following cases are alarming and call for a doctor:

  • if the discharge becomes grayish, greenish, white or bloody hue ,
  • too abundant, appear after ovulation, and are accompanied by itching or smell.

In these cases, the examination and prescribed treatment should be taken as soon as possible and the cause of the failure in the body should be eliminated as soon as possible.

If the structure of the discharge does not change, there is little or no cervical mucus in the middle of the cycle during ovulation, fertilization will not occur. Sperm in this volatile "egg" environment can live for 2-3 days. But if the structure does not match, the male cells quickly die in an unfavorable environment, not having time to get to the cell.

The purpose of observing cervical mucus during ovulation is to achieve a successful conception.

If a woman watches for changes in the physiological processes of her body, including for cervical mucus during ovulation, she is quite able to recognize the moment of ovulation or detect a failure in the usual rhythm.

It is extremely important for every woman to know exactly when she is ovulating.

For this method, you will not need tests, and there is no need to visit a doctor. You just have to look at yourself and closely monitor the nature of changes in vaginal discharge.

Allocation before monthly

Quite often, adult women and young girls are concerned about discharge before the onset of menstruation. To find out the degree of their danger, it is better to use the services of a gynecologist, having passed the diagnosis and having passed the prescribed tests. Panicking, however, is not worth it.

Approximately orient to the possible causes of unpleasant offices, you can try it yourself. The process of inflammation of the genitourinary system will indicate a repulsive smell of discharge, and not only their thickness, abundance and yellowish, greenish, brownish color. Under no circumstances should the discomfort of the internal and external genital organs, such as burning, itching, redness, be ignored. His presence indicates that the discharge is infectious. This will be confirmed by medical tests. Independent diagnosis and self-treatment are strictly prohibited. In addition, most women have a strong discharge during the ovulation period preceding the menstrual period. Such a condition is the norm, which will easily confirm the analysis of the flora.

"Pseudo-medical" editions often unreasonably frighten all sorts of diseases of the ovaries, uterus, tubes, and even the appearance of cancers. Although if smears of bloody and brown color are the beginning of the menstrual cycle, this phenomenon is quite ordinary. However, if there is leucorrhoea, and menstruation does not occur within a few days, it means that there are grounds for concern. This is due to a minor hormone disorder in the body, the name of which is adenomyosis, endometriosis and endometritis. Such a violation is easily eliminated by taking certain drugs prescribed by a doctor. Causes of other secretions and smears, for example, after making love, medical examination, vaginal ultrasound, can be inflammation of the cervix, and now widespread erosion, and polycystic ovaries, and much more. To establish the source of the existing problems, as well as their elimination, should be entrusted to a qualified specialist.

Selections in the first half of the cycle

The discharge and the menstrual cycle are interrelated. Immediately after the end of menstruation, in the first phase of the cycle, the discharge is insignificant and mucous. The woman hardly notices them, but the closer the ovulation is, the more they increase and become more frequent.

Mid cycle selections

Frequent discharge in the middle of the cycle is characteristic of almost all healthy women. Often they are colorless, slimy, insignificant in a calm state, however with sexual arousal they rapidly increase. This is natural, since ovulation has occurred, the body is prepared for conception, which means that sexual intercourse needs to be made painless. The required watery discharge is produced by the inner lining of the vagina at the time the blood reaches the genitals during sexual arousal.

Occasionally, in the process of ovulation, a slight hemorrhage is possible due to a follicle rupture. Then the discharge occurring in the middle of the cycle, are multi-colored (brown, brown, blood, pink). These ichorous hazards do not represent and are minor patches lasting 1-2 days.

Dark smearing secretions occurring in the middle of a cycle are a mixture of blood and mucus, occasionally resembling jelly.

Their color may be different:

  • when there is almost no blood, they are yellow,
  • when the blood is fresh pink
  • when the blood is stale, black is possible.

Black discharge, occurring in the middle of the cycle, testifies to the optimal moment for conception.

If apoplexy (rupture) of the ovary occurs, scarlet color in the middle of the cycle is accompanied by abdominal pain, nausea, and dizziness. Such conditions can be dangerous, so you should consult a doctor. Occasionally, surgery may be required, since significant hemorrhages into the abdominal cavity occur.

One way or another, it is necessary to make an observation, having studied the nature of one’s own discharge occurring in the middle of the cycle. Pregnancy with their presence comes quickly, than you can use when planning conception. Blood secretions are occasionally observed and not at all, but increased frequency of mucous secretions and rapid excitability in the sexual plan are characteristic of almost all women.

Not considered normal:

  • frequent watery or viscous greenish / yellow discharge, bubbly, having a disgusting smell,
  • discharge with a cheesy consistency or white, accompanied by scabies and reddened genitalia.

These allocations indicate the presence of inflammation of the genitals, candidiasis, and require urgent consultation with a gynecologist. They do not relate directly to menstruation, their increase in the middle of the cycle can be determined by their physiological activation.

Selections in the second half of the cycle

The second phase of menstruation after the completion of ovulation is characterized by a gradual weakening of secretions. Often they are almost suspended for the period of menstruation. Also reduced and sexual interest, regardless of conception. One way or another, the attraction is noticeably weakened.

If conception took place, then somewhere around the end of the third week of the cycle the discharge may become bloody. Bright red or light coffee discharges are very insignificant, only a few droplets on underwear. There is not every woman, but is considered normal. This is called implant bleeding, when the embryo is attached to the wall of the uterus. Such discharge continues for no more than 1-2 days.

Often the beginning of menstruation is very frequent bleeding. But in case of inflammation or proliferation of the inner lining of the uterus due to hormonal imbalance in some women, a daub of 3-4 days precedes the menstrual period.

In the presence of long-lasting and passing into the monthly coffee or blood discharge at the end of the cycle should consult a gynecologist. Usually, then, the woman's menstruation lasts a week or more, frequent and painful, which can lead to anemia. Then the woman needs therapy because it is already serious!

Video: Allocations before the monthly.

In addition to menstruation, during the menstrual cycle in a healthy woman there may be other vaginal discharge associated with the maturation of the egg, its release from the follicle. Their appearance in the middle of the cycle becomes a signal of the onset of "dangerous" days, which will avoid unwanted pregnancy. If, on the contrary, there is a desire to conceive a child, then by the nature of the discharge during ovulation, it can be determined how likely it is that the pregnancy will occur. There are also pathological secretions associated with diseases and hormonal disorders.

  1. The formation and maturation of eggs, surrounded by protective capsules (follicles).
  2. Ovulation is the rupture of the dominant follicle and the release of the egg into the fallopian tube.
  3. Promotion of the egg through the tube (within 1-2 days), when fertilization is possible.
  4. Закрепление зародыша в матке, если оплодотворение произошло, или гибель яйцеклетки.
  5. Отторжение эндометрия (менструация), если беременность не наступила.

Все эти процессы и связанные с ними выделения при овуляции регулируются гормонами. Before ovulation, estrogen plays a major role, and after it, progesterone, produced by the corpus luteum, which is formed in the ovary. There is a connection between vaginal discharge and the process of ovulation.

Dry period . Immediately after menstruation, a woman begins the so-called "sterile" ("dry") period, when there is no discharge. The cervical canal of the cervix is ​​closed with a plug of thick mucus, which provides protection against infection in the uterus.

Approaching ovulation . As the eggs mature, the cork gradually liquefies, part of the mucus comes out. In this case, the woman appears thick white sticky discharge.

Fertile period . At this time, the cervical mucus is diluted so that it allows sperm to enter the uterus. This happens 3 days before ovulation. At the moment when the egg leaves the protective capsule (follicle), it can be fertilized within 1-2 days. Before ovulation, the secretions vary in composition. At the same time, an alkaline environment is created in the uterus, which contributes to the preservation of sperm.

During ovulation . Directly during ovulation, the consistency of the consistency resembles egg white.

Addition: If they are scanty during ovulation, the probability of sperm entering the uterus is small. Thick mucus limits sperm motility. In order for fertilization to occur, the discharge must be watery and viscous.

If the cell is fertilized then within 5-7 days after ovulation, its implantation in the endometrium occurs. These days may appear smearing light brown discharge. Such discharge may be a sign of pregnancy. In some cases, they are very scarce or not at all.

If fertilization has not occurred then 1-2 days after ovulation, the egg dies. The mucus thickens, again forming a plug inside the cervical canal.

On the eve of menstruation discharge becomes liquid as uterine mucus is added to it.

During menstruation rejection of the endometrium is associated with damage to the blood vessels piercing it, which causes bleeding.

What secretions are considered normal

Pinkish or yellowish discharge during ovulation (without blood admixture) occurs due to follicle rupture. A spotting brown discharge about a week after ovulation is a sign of a fertilized egg in the uterus. Light yellow discharge without odor, itching, burning caused by increased concentration of progesterone.

What secretions indicate pathology

You should go to the doctor if your ovulation discharge has unusual signs. An unpleasant smell indicates the presence of diseases (such as trichomoniasis, chlamydia, gonorrhea) associated with a sexually transmitted infection, or inflammatory processes caused by opportunistic microbes (staphylococci, fungi). Such secretions appear during ovulation with cervicitis, endometritis, salpingoophoritis.

Examples of pathological secretions

Green or yellow purulent thick discharge occurs with purulent cervicitis.

White Cheesy discharge after ovulation - a sign of thrush (candidiasis). Cause burning, itching due to the formation of cracks in the vagina. They have a sour smell.

Yellow or green abundant foaming discharge during ovulation (with an unpleasant odor, painful sensations in the lower abdomen) occur due to infectious diseases caused by pathogens of hidden genital infections (trichomonads, chlamydia). Due to inflammation, adhesions are formed. The tubes become impassable, the egg cannot penetrate the uterus, pregnancy is impossible. If the disease is not treated, then infertility occurs. The result of inflammation may be an ectopic pregnancy.

Dark brown highlight. The reason for their formation is the use of the intrauterine device. But they can also be a sign of cervical erosion and even malignant tumors of the uterus or ovaries.

Greyish white non-abundant secretions during ovulation, having the smell of rotten fish, are a sign of bacterial vaginosis (gardnerellosis), or vaginal dysbacteriosis. In this disease, there is a violation of the composition of its microflora due to infection with Gardnerella and other conditionally pathogenic microbes.

What is ovulation

When the girl is still in the womb, her ovaries form with millions of immature oocytes - oocytes. Only a small part of them later mature.

Oocytes remain passive until puberty. A mature girl has a menstrual cycle, during which the eggs in turn mature. From that moment on, she herself can become a mother. For 300-400 menstrual cycles, which each woman experiences on average throughout her life, she will have approximately the same number of eggs.

During some cycles, 2 and even 3 eggs can mature. And at this moment in a woman there is a high probability of a multiple pregnancy. But there are menstrual cycles and without ovulation.

The oocyte is located before maturation in a special “sac”, which is called the follicle. A ripe egg cell breaks the follicle and goes into the oviduct to meet with the sperm. The release of an egg from the ovary is called ovulation.

The ovum ready for fertilization moves to the uterus within 2-5 days. She retains the ability to conceive 1-2 days. If it does not happen, the egg cell dies and collapses.

What changes occur during the menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle is divided into 4 phases, characterized by certain changes in the female body.

  1. The menstrual phase begins on the first day of menstruation. The menstrual cycle begins with it. During this period, there is a decrease in the level of the hormone progesterone, which is responsible for fertilization. During menstrual bleeding, an unfertilized egg cell and the upper layer of the uterine mucosa (endometrium) are rejected.
  2. The follicular phase begins a few days before the end of the menstrual bleeding. As soon as the uterus is cleaned, the preparation of all the necessary conditions for a new conception begins. At this stage, the woman increases the level of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH). Under its influence, about 10 follicles mature in the ovary, of which only one later becomes dominant (in rare cases 2-3). The remaining maturing follicles will undergo a reverse development process. The dominant follicle (bubble) is the “bag” in which the egg cell matures. The follicle reaches maturity after 7-22 days. Then comes the next phase of the cycle. At the same stage, the level of the hormone estrogen increases. Under its influence the surface layer of the endometrium develops. He begins to thicken, preparing to receive the ovum.
  3. The ovulatory phase begins with a sudden release of luteinizing hormone (LH). There may be several such emissions. LH is produced by the pituitary gland and gives the ovaries a signal to produce the hormone estrogen. LH completes the process of follicle maturation and promotes the production of enzymes that weaken the walls of the follicle to facilitate their breakdown. Thus, LH helps the mature egg to leave the follicle. After ovulation, the last phase of the menstrual cycle begins.
  4. The luteal phase is characterized by the appearance of the corpus luteum. It is formed in the bursting follicle and is a temporary endocrine gland. produces estrogen and progesterone. Increasing the level of progesterone hormone helps to prepare the endometrial layer for implantation of the ovum in case of successful conception. It becomes loose and soft. If fertilization is successful, progesterone levels will remain high to maintain pregnancy and create conditions for the development of the ovum.

The role of cervical mucus in fertilization

Fluctuations of hormonal background, occurring during the menstrual cycle, affect the work of its genital organs. A huge role in the conception of cervical mucus. It performs several functions, protecting the uterine cavity from infections, as well as facilitating and preventing the penetration of sperm into the cervical canal at different periods of the menstrual cycle.

Cervical (or cervical) mucus is produced by the glands located on the lining of the cervical canal. Throughout the cycle, the quantity and quality of cervical mucus changes. Accordingly, the changes observed by women are changing.

Alterations during a cycle

Observation of secretions should begin from the first day after the end of menstrual bleeding. Immediately after menstruation, “dry” days begin.

Allocations are so scarce, they are almost invisible. A patch of 2-3 cm in size, transparent or whitish, may appear on the gasket. The discharge is either odorless or has a faint sour smell. The vagina becomes dry.

After the “dry” days, sticky discharges appear, resembling glue in consistency. Cervical mucus during this period is a barrier to sperm, they can not survive in it. Conception in this case becomes impossible.

Gradually, the discharge becomes more and more. By the time of ovulation, their number doubles. Characteristic spots of 5-6 cm in size appear on linen. It is already impossible to miss them. The consistency of cervical mucus varies. It is no longer sticky, but more liquid, slippery, viscous and easily stretchable. Selection before ovulation can be stretched between two fingers at a distance of 1 cm.

At the end of the follicular phase, under the influence of estrogen, cervical mucus becomes a favorable medium for spermatozoa. She helps them overcome the cervical canal. From this moment the “dangerous” or fertile days begin.

Unprotected sexual intercourse that occurred during this period can lead to pregnancy. Externally, mucus becomes like egg white. Approximately the same shade and its color is whitish-transparent.

The vagina becomes wet. The amount of discharge is rapidly increasing with sexual arousal. During ovulation itself, the viscosity of the discharge increases. They can be stretched between your fingers for a few centimeters.

Thus, the body signals readiness for fertilization and simplifies the task for sperm cells as much as possible.

How many days of discharge during ovulation lasts depends on the individual characteristics of the woman.

On average, ovulatory mucus is observed for 1-2 days.

As soon as ovulation ends, the amount of cervical mucus decreases sharply. It acquires a sticky, viscous, cream-like consistency and is again a barrier to sperm.

Discharge after ovulation loses its transparency, acquiring a milky white hue. They become so scarce that they are almost invisible. Before menstruation, the discharge becomes watery and liquid.

Other distinctive features of ovulation secretions

Sometimes spotting may occur on the day of ovulation. Their color is brown, brown or almost black. If there is very little blood, the patch on the pad may be yellow or orange. Fresh blood will make the discharge pink.

If the blood coagulates, the discharge becomes dark. Sometimes only bloody streaks are observed in transparent cervical mucus.

The appearance of blood in the discharge is caused by bleeding from the blood vessels that exploded during the release of the egg from the follicle. The consistency may resemble jelly due to the content of cervical mucus. They are not abundant and do not last long. "Daub" can be observed 1-2 days. The emergence of such secretions is a reliable sign of the presence at the moment of ability to fertilize.

Pathological secretions during ovulation

Many urogenital diseases are exacerbated in the middle of the menstrual cycle,. Therefore, ovulatory secretions may have unusual signs. Special attention should be paid to them in order to reveal latent afflictions in time:

  1. Milky-white, thick and cheesy discharge is a characteristic sign of thrush - a disease caused by fungi of the genus Candida. Thrush is usually accompanied by severe itching and burning in the region of the external genital organs. Discharges acquire a sharp sour smell.
  2. The yellowness of the discharge can signal the presence of a genital infection. In infectious diseases, secretions have a strong unpleasant smell and foamy consistency. Ignoring genital infections often leads to the development of serious pathologies of the female reproductive system and deprives it of its reproductive function.
  3. Abundant with a foul odor appear with the development of inflammatory processes in the genitals. Such diseases often cause fever, weakness, fatigue. They are often accompanied by strong or moderate pain in the abdomen.
  4. The "foul" smell of discharge indicates vaginal dysbiosis with an increase in opportunistic microflora.
  5. Intermenstrual bleeding in the middle of the cycle can be a sign of various diseases: endometritis, endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia, polyps, uterine fibroids, adenomyosis. They may indicate hormonal disorders or the development of an ectopic pregnancy.
  6. Bloody spotting occurs when using the means of hormonal contraception, especially intrauterine. Cervical mucus with blood appears if the cervix is ​​uterine.
  7. Abnormal bleeding is often a sign of cancer.

If there is no characteristic ovulatory mucus in bloody bleeding, they last longer than 2 days and are accompanied by ailments, it is necessary to undergo an examination.

When bleeding during ovulation becomes abundant and is accompanied by severe abdominal pain, weakness and dizziness, an urgent need to consult a doctor. This condition can be dangerous.

Other ways to determine ovulation

Not all women have pronounced signs of ovulation. Ovulatory secretions in some girls is difficult to determine unambiguously. To dispel doubts, it is recommended to use other ways to determine the ovulatory period.

There are reliable ways to calculate ovulation, based on measuring the level of hormones in a woman's body. The most affordable is the ovulatory test. Its principle of operation is the same as that of the pregnancy test. The ovulation test also determines the presence of a hormone in the urine. Unlike a pregnancy test, an ovulation test responds to luteinizing hormone. Diagnosis is recommended in the middle of the cycle, at a time when ovulation is most likely.

The probable ovulatory period is calculated depending on the duration of the menstrual cycle. With a 28-day cycle, you need to start the diagnosis from day 11. With a cycle lasting more than 28 days, from 17th day. If the cycle is irregular, the shortest cycle is taken as the initial duration.

Let's start with the fact that the composition of the vaginal discharge includes: mucus from the cervical canal, epithelial cells and microflora.
The menstrual cycle lasts an average of 28 days, conditionally it can be divided into 4 phases.

Menstruation (from the first to 5-7 days of the cycle)
Menstruation is a kind of general cleaning. The pious hostess throws out old dusty souvenirs from her home in preparation for the reception of an important guest - a child.
The duration of menstruation is on average 3-7 days. In the period of one menstruation, the volume of discharge varies from 50 to 150 ml in different women.
The first day of menstruation is accompanied by slight smear discharge.
From the second to the fourth day the blood volume reaches its maximum. The discharge may contain lumps, clots and mucus - this is the corpus luteum and the remains of secretions from the cervical canal.
On the fifth and seventh days, the bleeding gradually decreases to heavy, and ceases altogether.

Follicular phase (ovum maturation phase) . The phase is considered from the end of menstruation on the 13-14 days of the cycle.
About 1.5 weeks the body actively produces a large amount of female hormones responsible for the production of mucus. The discharge in this phase is not abundant, somewhere around 1.5-2 ml per day. They can be watery and thick, slimy, with small lumps (up to 2mm). The color is white, yellowish or completely transparent.

Ovulation(approximately 14-15 days of the cycle).
During the period of ovulation, the level of estrogen exceeds the limit, and the amount of discharge increases to 4 ml per day. So the female body shows its reproductive readiness. The discharge becomes slimy, stretching. In this case, the discharge may be similar to raw egg white. Although watery discharge is considered the norm. The hue of the discharge during this period is richer than on the other days.

Premenstrual phase. Luteal or, as it is otherwise called the phase of the corpus luteum. Considered since the end of ovulation, i.e. conditionally 16-28 days of the cycle.
On the 17-18th day of the cycle, androgens are taken over. The reproductive system works at half strength. The volume of discharge becomes much smaller. A few days before the end of the cycle, another surge of hormones is observed, and the secretions increase in volume. But not for long. Цикл заканчивается и все начинается заново.