Changes in the cervix before menstruation - identifying the important moments of the menstrual cycle


The appearance of mucous secretions in a girl after 9-10 years is not unusual, since at this age the ovaries begin to mature. Then all the further physiological processes are affected by the hormones that are produced in them. The formation of mucus is directly related to the functioning of the genital organs, cyclical changes occurring in the body. The nature of mucus changes if there is any pathology in the state of the reproductive system. A change in its color or texture may be a symptom that a woman should not disregard.


  • When mucus formation is the norm
    • The nature of mucous secretions in different phases of the menstrual cycle
    • The cause of mucous discharge during pregnancy
  • The causes of the appearance of pathological mucus secretions from the genitals

When mucus formation is the norm

Mucous discharge from the genitals is the norm, if their appearance is associated only with age-related changes in the body or physiological conditions.

The production of mucus occurs in the glands located in the endometrium (inner lining of the uterus) and in the cervical canal of the cervix. The first discharge appears in girls 1 year before the onset of menstruation. Subsequently, their consistency and intensity changes according to the phase of the cycle.

Mucous secretions play a very definite role in the body of a woman. So, the mucus of a dense consistency creates a stopper at the entrance to the cervix, an obstacle to infection, protects the internal genitals from the penetration of pathogens into them.

The formation of mucus helps to moisturize the vagina. It is used to regulate the passage of sperm into the uterus and tubes, where the fertilization of the egg occurs. Spermatozoa are mobile and viable in a weak alkaline medium. In an acidic environment, they die.

The appearance of mucus is considered normal in the following cases:

  • in puberty,
  • in connection with the processes of the menstrual cycle,
  • during intercourse,
  • mucus production in a healthy woman during pregnancy.

When menopause occurs, mucus production becomes less intense due to hormonal changes. Therefore, one of the characteristic symptoms is vaginal dryness. During this period, the likelihood of infectious and inflammatory diseases of the uterus and ovaries increases.

The nature of mucous secretions in different phases of the menstrual cycle

During menstruation, the secretions consist of the detached epithelium of the inner surface of the uterus and the blood flowing from the damaged vessels of the endometrium. At the end of the period comes the so-called "dry" phase, that is, the absence of mucus. At this time, a tight protective plug forms in the neck. Mucus has a weak acid reaction.

Toward the middle of the cycle, it gradually dilutes. The woman appears clear mucus, similar in appearance to egg white. At this time, the maturation of the egg in the follicle (protective bubble). Approximately 2 days before ovulation (rupture of the follicle and the release of the egg from it), the discharge becomes the most fluid and abundant. Slime has a weak alkaline environment. During this period, as well as for 2-3 days after ovulation, spermatozoa are able to penetrate it and enter the tubes. Up to this point, all processes occur under the influence of estrogen, hormones, which are produced by the ovaries. At the time of the rupture of the follicle may cause traces of blood.

In phase 2 of the cycle, the ratio of hormones changes. Mostly progesterone, necessary to preserve a fertilized egg. Thanks to him, the mucous environment changes to slightly acidic. The mucus thickens, the intensity of its discharge from the genital organs decreases, the passage of spermatozoa becomes impossible.

Normal moderate transparent mucous secretions are considered. They have a slightly acidic odor, uniform in composition. When oxidized in air, it may darken or become yellow.

The cause of mucous discharge during pregnancy

With the onset of pregnancy, a woman undergoes a dramatic change in hormonal levels. Under the influence of hormones in the glands of the uterus and cervix, milky-white mucus is produced. It is odorless, gradually becoming transparent and viscous to the end of the first trimester, the intensity of its release increases closer to childbirth.

If the nature of the mucus changes, it may indicate the occurrence of vaginosis (inflammation of the vagina). At the same time, the volume of discharge increases significantly; they become liquid. If there is a sharp unpleasant odor and mucus is heterogeneous, it resembles a curd in appearance, this indicates the appearance of thrush. At the same time there are cramps, burning and itching in the vagina. This fungal disease appears as a result of reduced immunity, common at this time, as well as changes in the composition of the vaginal microflora as a result of hormonal changes.

The condition of the cervix before menstruation

Immediately after ovulation, the entire body and uterus begins to prepare for the adoption of a fertilized egg. An additional layer of endometrium is formed on its walls. Gradually, it increases in size, the form is somewhat modified. In the first phase of the menstrual cycle, immediately during the period of ovulation, the cervical canal of the cervix is ​​open to allow sperm to penetrate unhindered to the egg cell. After ovulation, the cervical canal narrows and the uterus begins to prepare for pregnancy. After some time, the body understands that there is no conception, the reverse process of restructuring begins in the uterus. That is, she is trying with all her might to get rid of the endometrial layer.

The cervix before the monthly drops, it becomes dry, firm. In the uterus is located the cervical canal, which is filled with mucus, vaginal secretions, endometrial particles. Before menstruation changes occur in their composition. For women who have undergone labor, the cervical canal is wider. The cavity of the cervical canal before menstruation is filled with thick secretions. This is its meaning. No ovulation, eliminating the need to deliver sperm to the egg for fertilization. In addition, the body loses a protective function before menstruation. There is a risk of infection in the uterus through the cervical canal.

The cervix before the menstruation is again revealed, as in ovulation, the mucus of the cervical canal is diluted. The body is preparing for menstruation. Through the opening of the cervical canal, blood will flow out during menstruation. Changes occur in the position of the uterus - before the month she falls.

For example, before ovulation, the uterus, on the contrary, rises above, in the cervical canal there are secretions in the form of mucus, which contribute to the rapid penetration of spermatozoa to their destination. During this period, the uterus itself is loose, moist, soft. On the eve of menstruation, changes occur throughout the woman's body. Does not bypass the process and genitals.

Self examination of the cervix before menstruation

The gynecologist can see all these changes during the examination. And women are trying to get information by feeling the sexual organ at home. However, we should not forget that the opening of the cervical canal on the eve of menstruation increases the risk of penetration of infection, pathogens. When examining the cervix before menstruation, you must follow certain rules.

  • Wash your hands well with soap and water. Wear sterile gloves. If not, clean hands with alcohol. That is, to disinfect.
  • Insert two fingers into the vagina - middle, index. Since the cervix falls before the menstrual period, you can feel a tubercle with your middle finger. In its center there is a hole. If the finger easily passes into it, then the menstruation should come every day.
  • To study the neck should be in a convenient position. This is done sitting, with a raised leg, squatting. However, the situation should be the same throughout the period of the monthly cycle. Then it will be easier to identify changes in the neck on the eve of menstruation.

When pregnancy occurs, the cervix will be high. The surface will become dense, dry. And the finger does not pass into the hole, or it can be done with difficulty. In this way, the cervix protects the fertilized egg from infection, accidental injury, prevents rejection. The body is preparing to continue the race.

It should be borne in mind that the body of each woman is individual, you cannot rake in all with the same comb. Feel the location of the uterus during ovulation, before menstruation, during pregnancy, prolonged delay at home is possible. However, it will take time for accurate interpretation. For several months in a row, an examination of the uterus should be carried out. Then the picture will be clear. A woman will be able to clearly define ovulation, the period of the onset of menstruation, conception. In addition, knowledge of your body will help a woman to identify pathological processes at the initial stage, promptly seek help from a specialist. Any change will not go unnoticed.

In the meantime, doctors strongly recommend not doing a cervical palpation procedure too often. Since there is a risk of injury to the penis, infection. In addition, the gynecologist during the examination uses a viewing mirror. This allows him to assess the condition of the sexual organ. At home with an independent study to see his appearance will not succeed at all desire. So, the results and conclusions may be untrue. And remember, every organism is an individual system! If the condition does not fit the generally accepted description, and there are no problems with women's health, then there is no cause for concern.

What you need to know about cervical mucus?

They are of different colors - white, transparent, yellowish, and perform many protective and regulatory functions. For example, in the period of the best female fertility in such an environment, the life cycle of male germ cells is extended. For this reason, ovulation secretions are the most abundant. In addition, mucus acts as a protective barrier that protects women's health, preventing various infections from penetrating into the uterus.

Every woman should know which ovulation, as well as before and after, are normal. No less important is the knowledge of the factors affecting the consistency, color, smell of vaginal lubrication.

These include the following:

  • use of vaginal contraceptives,
  • infections of the genitourinary system
  • the use of additional lubrication in the process of sexual intercourse,
  • lactation period
  • cervical erosion,
  • recent surgery,
  • sexually transmitted diseases,
  • douching

It must be remembered that the selection during ovulation can not be the color bright yellow, pink, brown, greenish. If you experience these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor. The consistency of mucus should be uniform. Lubricant, similar to cottage cheese, indicates candidiasis or sexually transmitted diseases. It must also be remembered that bleeding is the norm only in some women during the ovulation period, as well as one day before and two days after menstruation.

Important advice from the publisher!

If you are experiencing problems with the condition of the hair, special attention should be paid to the shampoos that you use. Frightening statistics - in 97% of famous brands of shampoos are components that poison our body. Substances due to which all the troubles in the composition are referred to as sodium lauryl / laureth sulfate, coco sulfate, PEG, DEA, MEA.

These chemical components destroy the structure of the curls, the hair becomes brittle, lose elasticity and strength, the color fades. Also, this stuff enters the liver, heart, lungs, accumulates in the organs and can cause various diseases. We recommend not using the products that contain this chemistry. Recently, our experts conducted analyzes of shampoos, where the first place was taken by funds from the company Mulsan Cosmetic.

The only manufacturer of all-natural cosmetics. All products are manufactured under strict quality control and certification systems. We recommend to visit the official online store If you doubt the naturalness of your cosmetics, check the expiration date, it should not exceed one year of storage.

What are the observed discharge in different phases of the menstrual cycle?

Usually, secretions before ovulation are white, milky, sometimes almost transparent. To the touch they are not very bulky. This natural lubricant should not have strong odors. You can conduct a test - squeeze a drop of mucus between two fingers, and then release them. Mucus should stretch out with a thin thread for 1 centimeter, not more.

Women who use the basal method of determining the exact time of release of an egg from the ovary, state that mucus dramatically changes its properties. Selections during ovulation are not at all like those that were a day ago. They resemble egg white and have a very viscous structure. Such secretions stretch between two fingers for a few centimeters. This is the most favorable environment, maintaining the viability of sperm for several days.

Often bleeding that lasts more than one day is a sign of fertilization of the egg. This symptom is far from being observed in every woman; for this reason, when it occurs, it is impossible to judge a possible pregnancy.

Secretions after ovulation usually occur in smaller quantities than in the first phase of the menstrual cycle. They are very sticky in structure, usually a light yellow color, resemble glue. 3 - 5 days before menstruation, they can be formed in such an amount that they become almost imperceptible. Just before the beginning of the monthly discharge, they become more abundant, and their consistency - more liquid. This is influenced by female sex hormones, which regulate all the processes occurring in the body.

Normally, ovulation secretions signal that egg implantation has not occurred. If they are the same as before, and there are no other first symptoms of pregnancy, then you can expect the onset of menstruation in time.

Cervical contraceptive method

Today, many are interested in the question - how to determine ovulation by discharge? Based on mucus examination, a cervical contraceptive method was developed. Today, it is used together with the basal to obtain exact dates when you can have sexual intercourse without the risk of conception, or, on the contrary, what period is most favorable for couples who want to have a baby.

So, for the cervical method it is necessary to investigate the following biological material:

  • mucus after menstruation,
  • ovulation discharge,
  • discharge after ovulation.

The essence of the method is quite simple. After the bloody periods have passed, it is necessary to keep daily records, recording information in a specially prepared table. At the same time, the basal temperature is measured every morning, which is also recorded in the table. If two parameters coincide - the temperature rises insignificantly (by 0.3 - 0.5 degrees) and the mucus is similar to the discharge during ovulation, then it can be assumed that the egg has entered the fallopian tube and is ready for conception. Depending on the plans of the couple, you can use additional methods of protection from unwanted pregnancy, or perform the reverse actions in the form of unprotected sexual intercourse.

In addition, you can not use sporicidal agents that violate the vaginal microflora. If a woman has an established menstrual cycle, there will never be a problem with the definition of “safe” days.

The method has its drawbacks. Thus, the discharge after ovulation in women with an irregular cycle does not have clear distinctive features due to the unstable hormonal background. This method of contraception is ineffective if you do not strictly comply with all regulations. For example, you can incorrectly measure the basal temperature, poorly consider the structure of mucus and make a mistake with the day of ovulation. It also provides for abstinence for several days, which is not always acceptable for partners.

Cervical mucus is a lubricant that performs many functions, including: ensuring the vital activity of male germ cells for successful conception, as well as protecting the female body from infectious and sexually transmitted diseases. During ovulation, the nature of the mucus changes - it becomes like egg white. A spotting may also occur, which is normal for some women.

The causes of the appearance of pathological mucus secretions from the genitals

If the discharge is abundant, have a liquid consistency, are cloudy, this indicates the presence of pathology. Such mucus usually has an unpleasant smell, is painted in green, yellow or brown color, impurities of blood or pus. White cheesy discharge may appear. Usually they cause pain, burning and itching in the vagina.

The cause of the pathology are:

  1. Inflammation of the vagina (colpitis, vulvovaginitis), uterus and ovaries (endometritis, cervicitis, salpingoophoritis). Green or yellow discharge with the smell of rot is a sign of vaginosis (vaginal damage of the bacterium gardnerella).
  2. Candidiasis (thrush). The source of infection is Candida fungus. The discharge has a characteristic smell of sour milk.
  3. Injuries to the external or internal genital organs, such as ruptures of the uterus during childbirth, cuts, obtained by curettage of the uterus.
  4. Neoplasms in the uterus or ovaries (polyps, cysts, abnormal tissue growths, uterine fibroids, tumors). Spotting may be a symptom of cervical erosion and pseudo-erosion, especially if they occur during or after intercourse. At the same time, side effects appear: pain in the lower back and lower abdomen.
  5. Long-term use of antibiotics.
  6. Infectious diseases of the genitourinary system.

The nature of the mucous secretions depends on the type of infection that infects the body. Foaming copious discharge, having an unpleasant pungent odor, appears with trichomoniasis. The color of the discharge is yellowish with a gray tint. Bleachy cause irritation of the vaginal mucosa. Yellow-green purulent copious discharge characteristic of gonorrhea (pathogens - gonococci). If the causative agent of infection are staphylococci or streptococci, then the discharge is turbid, white with a gray or yellowish tinge, and has a characteristic fishy smell.

The emergence of pathological secretions contributes to the wearing of tight linen made of synthetic fabrics, the wrong choice of intimate hygiene products. Some women may be allergic to the material from which condoms are made. Spotting is not necessarily a sign of a dangerous disease. They appear, for example, when using the intrauterine device.

Addition: Contributes to the occurrence of abnormal discharge frequent douching (dry mucous membranes, changing the natural microflora of the vagina). The provoking factor is also the omission of the vagina, the bend of the cervix and other violations of its shape, in which there is stagnation of mucus.

When mucous secretions of unusual nature appear, a woman must necessarily undergo a gynecological examination and examination in order to start treatment in time.

Vagina before menstruation: features of structure and position

Any expert knows that the cervix before menstruation should be slightly softened, and if a woman who has already given birth, is slightly ajar. But during pregnancy, it is located high in the vagina and has a characteristic dense texture.

Before the beginning of menstruation, the cervix of the organ changes position and falls down a little lower along the vagina. Examination of the position and consistency of the uterus should only be a gynecologist. In case of incompetent examination there is a risk of infection of the female reproductive system, ovaries or fallopian tubes, since the uterus is slightly open before the menstrual period. When cervical injury occurs during the inspection, erosion appears, which heals quickly if infection is not registered.

When ovulation occurs, the neck of the organ is slightly softened, and from the vagina, in turn, characteristic mucus is secreted. The pharynx is a bit like a pupil ("a symptom of a pharynx"). Gradually, this symptom disappears after ovulation. However, if the doctor, when examined before menstruation, observes a weak manifestation of the phenomenon of the pupil, then we can assume a lack of estrogen or the appearance of disturbances in the functioning of the corpus luteum.

Vaginal condition during menstruation

During menstruation, the female sex hormones affect the uterus. If the uterus is not fertilized, then after a certain period the hormone levels decrease and menstruation begins. The uterus during menstruation is released from the endometrium, prepared after ovulation to accept a fertilized egg. If conception did not occur, it exfoliates. During a regular cycle, if there are no deviations from the norm, ovulation cannot begin on the days of the flow of menstruation. During the period of menstruation, constant contractions of the uterus occur, so a woman may experience characteristic pain in the lower back or ovaries.

The condition of the uterus after menstruation

In this body after the month there are some changes. A healthy cervix after menstruation is thus being prepared for possible fertilization. And if the uterus is slightly open before the menstrual period, then the next menstrual cycle begins with the closure of its throat after stopping the bleeding.

The organ gradually pulls up, the endometrium begins to grow, into which, in turn, during fertilization an egg can implant. Before and after menstruation, the neck has the same texture of tissues and the degree of dryness. After menstruation, it is filled with thick mucus that protects the body from the penetration of pathogenic infections.

With the advent of ovulation, the surface of the body becomes loose and moist. The mucus acquires a less dense consistency, this allows sperm to pass through it unhindered.

Normally, the uterus should be reduced. If it remains enlarged, then additional examinations should be carried out - an appropriate analysis for the hCG value or an ultrasound procedure.

With the wrong location of the uterus in the abdominal cavity after menstruation may cause nagging pain. Stress, nervous strain can also be the causes of postmenstrual pain. If the pain is tortured for more than 3 days, it is worth contacting a specialist to exclude a possible pathology.

Diagnosis of the state of the uterus in different phases of the cycle

As the uterus in a woman, you can diagnose the presence of certain diseases. With an increase in the considered in any phase other than pregnancy, the presence of tumors can be allowed. In this case, the shape of the body becomes asymmetric. Often the presence of fibroids, which can cause severe pain, leads to an increase in organ.

When cystitis of the reproductive system is reduced, causing a serious sensation of pain. This moment is accompanied by frequent and rather painful urination in a woman.

Many women complain that an ovary hurts before menstruation. The resulting pain may have a different nature of origin and ambiguous nature of its manifestation.

Factors causing pain in the ovaries:

  • inflammation of the ovary caused by the progression of infection
  • inflammation of the appendages,
  • the appearance of ovarian cysts,
  • Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome during infertility treatment,
  • the appearance of ovarian tumors.

Any systematic pain - a reason to resort to the help of a gynecologist. With timely diagnosis and effective (correct) treatment, a woman not only recovers. Timeliness of treatment to the gynecologist guarantees the prevention of the development of serious complications, not infrequently leading to irreversible undesirable results.

Even those who can boast of a regular cycle, in him the fault of different. This is a special condition of the vagina, in which the walls of the organ are spasticly stressed. Trauma to the vagina. Blood after sex before menstruation may appear if.

Bacterial vaginosis during menstruation. Violation of the vaginal microflora occurs for various reasons and quite often.

Sometimes it may seem to a woman that her period began earlier because of colpitis. This can be explained in different ways. . The presence in the vagina of menstrual flow, which increase the infectious danger, supports.

We recommend reading the article on the state of the vagina in different phases of menstruation. From it you will learn about the vagina during menstruation, the state of the uterus after menstruation, the factors causing pain.

Control over them is important, because hormones in menstruation affect not only the reproductive possibilities, but also the general condition of the female. The imbalance of these substances can cause many diseases of various organs and systems.

When the first menstruation begins, the phases of the menstrual cycle, age-related features. The process lasts up to 2 years. Transparent vaginal discharge. . What should be monthly in normal, depends on the general condition of the body.

Previously asked:

good day! what can vagina dryness before the estimated monthly periods? there is no discharge.

Good afternoon, Alain! Dryness in the vagina (out of sexual contact) indicates estrogen deficiency. Do you take any medications? Your age is important, then you can give advice on resolving the situation. All the best!

Hello! I have 2 months. And on the first or second day the muscles in the vagina hurt. What does this mean?
P.S. There was no sexual contact

Good afternoon, Daria! Muscles in the vagina do not hurt. If you are worried about pain, you should describe its localization, then you can roughly indicate the cause. Menstruation may also normally be accompanied by pain of varying severity, sometimes this indicates a pathology. If the pain will bring you significant discomfort and not pass after taking pain pills, you should contact your gynecologist to find out the cause. All the best!

Hello! I am worried about a slight itch in the clitoris, there is a feeling that it hurts inside the vagina. I have problems with the intestines, can it somehow be connected? There is no discharge. 18 years.

Good evening, Alina! "It hurts inside the vagina" - most likely this feeling of discomfort or burning. Itching in the area of ​​the clitoris may be due to inflammation, including in the vagina and in the area of ​​the external genital organs. Problems with the intestines, unfortunately, you did not specify which. But the violation of microflora in the intestines may contribute to the violation of her vagina. You should contact your gynecologist, should make strokes, which will show whether there is inflammation and what is its nature. Perhaps it is a candidal colpitis - the most common pathology, the main symptom of which is itching. Just good!

Hello, what can talk about the pain in the entrance to the vagina during sexual intercourse?

Good afternoon, my vagina is narrow after two births, when I sometimes drink alcohol and it becomes spacious, and my husband suspects that I have no loyalty, although I have no other partner, please tell me the reason?)

Good day. What dryness may indicate before menstruation, there is no discharge. I do not take medication. The PA was unprotected only 15.07. And the monthly last 11-15.07. Cycle 29 days. What could it be?

Hello, my name is Anastasia. I had monthly periods on October 1 to October 3 and then another 2 days. Is it possible that I'm pregnant

Similar articles

Even those who can boast of a regular cycle, in him the fault of different. This is a special condition of the vagina, in which the walls of the organ are spasticly stressed. Trauma to the vagina. Blood after sex before menstruation may appear if.

Bacterial vaginosis during menstruation. Violation of the vaginal microflora occurs for various reasons and quite often.

Sometimes it may seem to a woman that her period began earlier because of colpitis. This can be explained in different ways. . The presence in the vagina of menstrual flow, which increase the infectious danger, supports.

We recommend reading the article on the state of the vagina in different phases of menstruation. From it you will learn about the vagina during menstruation, the state of the uterus after menstruation, the factors causing pain.