Regular menstrual bleeding is a kind of indication that everything is in perfect order in the female body and she is completely healthy. Many women ask: “How to know when menstruation will begin?” After all, it’s better to be prepared for their attack, otherwise they may catch you off guard. In the majority of the fair sex, the first signs of menstruation can be expressed by the so-called premenstrual syndrome.
What are the first symptoms of the upcoming menstrual bleeding?
At this time, women complain of crying, irritability and excessive emotionality. That is why knowing the day of the onset of menstrual bleeding can help in a variety of situations. For example, on a routine examination by a gynecologist, you will not have to think long and hard about ordinary questions about the length of your period and the date of your last menstruation. If soon you plan to have a baby, this knowledge will not be superfluous, because with their help you can calculate the days favorable for conception, as well as the day of ovulation. With their help, you can protect yourself from unwanted pregnancy.
How to find out when the girl's period will begin?
Normal menstrual bleeding occurs between the ages of usually 11 to 14 years. However, if the girl has no menstruation at this age - this is not a cause for concern. Their regular cycle is established in the first few years. After this, the cycle becomes permanent. The menstrual cycle is the number of days from the beginning of the first day of the last menstrual bleeding to the start of a new bleeding next month. Knowing this, you can easily calculate the start time of the next menstruation, and for convenience, make a menstrual calendar. For most women, the cycle lasts on average about 28 days, but in reality it can often vary up to 36 calendar days. In the middle of each of the cycles, the maturation and release of the egg occurs - ovulation. This usually occurs in the middle of the cycle (approximately on the fourteenth or sixteenth day). The day of the beginning of ovulation is considered the most favorable period for conceiving a baby. To avoid unwanted pregnancy, you must refrain from sexual intimacy a few days before and after the onset of ovulation.
How to find out when will begin monthly?
Quite simply - the day of the upcoming menstrual bleeding can be easily calculated. To do this, by the first day of the last menstrual bleeding add from 28 to 35 (depending on the duration of your cycle). As a result, we obtain the approximate date of the next menstruation. This method is one of the simplest, and it is only suitable for a regular cycle. You can also determine the moment of approaching the monthly according to your well-being. Usually, a few days before their onset, it starts to ache and pull the lower abdomen, to swell the chest and change the mood. It is on these grounds that the time of the forthcoming menstruation can be determined.
Listen to the signals given by your body.
Now you know how to know when your period will begin, and you will be ready for their arrival fully armed. In order not to be in a scrupulous position, always carry a gasket with you, it will never be superfluous!
How to prepare a girl
Every attentive and caring mother will always notice the changes in the life of her child. Menstruation comes for the first time in the period from 10 to 16 years, and in rare cases, these periods can stretch from 8 to 19 years. Early or late onset of critical days can be influenced by a large number of reasons, but, in any case, the onset of menstruation will have previous changes in the appearance of the girl and her inner state of health. Every mother’s daughter’s duty is to mentally prepare the child for the onset of menstruation. It is necessary to explain what is monthly, why they start and for what purpose they exist.
The onset of menses is the main sign of the onset of puberty in adolescents. This is a kind of renewal of the female genital organs, which occurs every month in order to prepare the female body for a future pregnancy. With the onset of puberty, there is an intensive production of female hormones, which alternately alternate their concentration depending on the cycle. It is necessary to convince the child not to be afraid of these changes, and to explain that this means a special maturation and “transformation” from a girl into a girl.
During this period, the figure changes, the chest grows, hair appears in places where it was not there before, and there may be problems of excessive glands (sweating, dandruff and rapid pollution of the head, acne and acne). The arrival of menstruation is often accompanied by malaise and abdominal pain, this too must be foreseen and stocked up with safe painkillers. All this mother should clearly explain to her daughter, but before the conversation, be sure to get acquainted in detail with all the processes of the female body itself.
What determines the period of appearance of monthly
There are many factors that affect when menstruation begins in girls. The main ones are the physical and physiological characteristics of the body. A normal age for the onset of menstruation is considered to be 11–16 years old, but deviations upward or downward are possible.
Factors that can contribute to the shift of the first menstrual period:
- hereditary features
- previous diseases,
- physical exercise,
- emotional condition,
- mode of life
- pathology or disease in the body.
If a girl in early childhood suffered serious illnesses and took medication for a long time, menstruation may come later. The same reason for the delay of menstruation can serve as a small body weight and thinness of the child. Too early arrival of critical days, as well as late, is always affected by hormones or disturbances in the reproductive system.
What should be the first monthly
When the development of follicle-stimulating and luteinizing hormones begins in the pituitary and hypothalamus, the ovaries begin to function and the first menses come. During this period, the intensive development of reproductive organs, the maturation of the eggs and the growth of the endometrial layer in the uterus. The first periods are the beginning of the menstrual cycles, which will occur regularly until the climax (45-50 years).
Menstrual bleeding is the rejection of the upper layer of the mucous membrane of the uterus, which occurs under the action of hormones, if fertilization has not occurred. During this period, dark red blood of the mucous consistency comes out of the genital organs, in volume it is about 50-100 ml. On the first day of bleeding, the discharge is not too abundant, and their peak occurs more frequently on the second day, after which the amount of excreted blood declines. Critical days last individually, but must fit in from 3 to 8 days.
The very first periods can be shorter in duration and not too abundant. The first months after the onset of menstruation, the cycle may be irregular, but later it is established, and the regularity of critical days appears. Typically, the cycle is from 28 to 35 days, but there are also deviations depending on individual characteristics and hormonal levels.
Signs of the first menstrual approach
So that the beginning of the month does not come as a surprise and mislead the girl, you should prepare her in advance and inform about the upcoming changes. The first menstruation does not begin suddenly, she will always have previous symptoms that will manifest as changes in the appearance, condition or behavior of the girl. An attentive parent will always notice these changes.
Signs of impending menstruation in girls:
- the chest begins to grow,
- weight gain occurs
- growth of pubic hair, armpits, legs and arms begins,
- whitish vaginal discharge,
- mood swings
- intensive secretion of glands (sweat, sebaceous),
- PMS in all its manifestations.
The listed symptoms may appear singly, or may be in a complex. Virtually all changes are associated with the beginning of the production of female sex hormones, which begin their intensive work in the body of a teenage girl. Immediately 1-2 days before the start of bleeding, the girl may be disturbed by the discomfort in the lower abdomen and in the chest.
How is the first menstruation and how to prepare the child
The duration and profusion of the first menstruation are most often individual and manifest themselves differently for all. Monthly can last from 3 to 8 days, with the most abundant secretions in the first 2-3 days. The first and second day of menstruation are often accompanied by drawing pains in the lower abdomen, which are considered normal. After the signs of approaching menstruation were noticed, the girl should always carry with her personal hygiene products and pads.
After the appearance of menstruation, the process starts with the maturation of the eggs, ovulation occurs, which means that it becomes possible to become pregnant. It should explain to the child that the onset of menstruation means puberty, and tell about sex and safe sex. It is important to acquaint the daughter with the rules of necessary hygiene in the days of menstruation, since blood is a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic bacteria.
Early menstruation is menstrual bleeding that began earlier than 11 years. These periods can be considered the norm, if the girl has such a genetic feature in the family. In cases where premature menstruation is not associated with hereditary symptoms, you should contact your gynecologist to determine the cause of this anomaly.
Late menstruation is considered to be menstruation, which began later than 15 years. Delay of menstruation can occur for a variety of reasons, including: lifestyle, illness, physical condition and psycho-emotional background. Late menstruation is possible in girls who are actively involved in sports or have a small body weight. In any case, too late arrival of menstruation should disturb and become a reason to visit a doctor.
Do I need a visit to the gynecologist
The first menstruation comes to girls at a young age of 11-15 years. The duration of the first bleeding can be from 3 to 7 days, and the profusion is moderate or scanty. Critical days may be accompanied by slight discomfort, pulling pain in the lower abdomen and tingling in the chest. The first months the cycle may not be established, and the arrival of critical days is possible with a delay. All the listed symptoms are considered normal and do not require a visit to a doctor. In cases where periods come much earlier or later than the prescribed age, are accompanied by unpleasant symptoms and are atypical in nature, you should seek help from a doctor.
When you need a visit to the gynecologist:
- If the subsequent periods do not come, and more than three months have passed since the end of the previous ones,
- Irregular cycle more than a year from the beginning of the first menstruation,
- Severe abdominal pain during critical days,
- Very short duration of menstruation (1-2 days),
- Monthly too long (8-10 days),
- Menstrual flow too heavy
- Reguls have an unpleasant smell and impurities.
For the convenience of controlling the menstrual cycle, the girl is recommended to keep a diary and a calendar, where she will mark the first day of her monthly periods, their nature, profusion, duration and associated symptoms. The number of days from the first day of menstruation to the first day of the next menstruation is considered a menstrual cycle, which averages from 28 to 35 days. The menstrual cycle includes 3 phases, alternately replacing each other and responsible for the maturation of the egg. Every girl should know all this information in order to recognize abnormal symptoms and consult a doctor promptly.
Menstruation is an inseparable part of every woman’s life, beginning at a young age. Every girl should be aware of what it is and why it is needed. It is the duty of the mother to hold a friendly conversation with her daughter and prepare her morally for the onset of the critical days.
How to find out when will begin monthly, what signs appear?
Few women can boast of a regular cycle. What can we say about girls, whose critical days have just begun and the cycle has not yet been established.
To help adolescents, information is presented on how to calculate the menstrual cycle and recognize the harbingers of future menstruations, how to find out when menstruation begins.
And most importantly - how not to confuse the usual symptoms of PMS with signs of serious diseases?
What is the menstrual cycle?
In the menstrual cycle of women on average 28 days. Monthly periods can begin on 21–35 days after the last menstrual periods, which will not be considered pathology and deviation from the norm.
The cycle is easy to calculate: from the first day of the menstrual bleeding, ending with the first day of discharge next month.
To understand when the days begin critically, you need to understand the internal processes occurring every month in the girl's body.
Gynecologists decided to divide the menstrual period into four phases. Consider each stage separately:
- The first phase. It lasts an average of 5-7 days from the onset of bleeding. At this time, the concentration of progesterone (the female sex hormone responsible for pregnancy) decreases. If conception did not occur, the process of epithelium detachment in the uterus starts. When the epithelium separates, the vessels burst, causing lower abdominal pain. At the same time, the hypothalamus (the part of the brain that regulates the secretion of hormones in the body) gives the command to prepare a new egg. The production of another female hormone, estrogen, necessary for the next stage, will begin immediately.
- The second phase (from 5 to 14 days). Monthly finishes, but mucus discharge continues for several days. These two to three days have a low chance of getting pregnant. From the 10th day of the cycle, the estrogen concentration rises rapidly. Under the influence of this hormone, the follicle in the ovary is torn and a ripe egg leaves. Now it's time for a possible conception. The woman herself can feel a rupture of the wall of the follicle with a slight pain in the iliac region.
- The third phase (from 15 to 23 days). The ovum slowly moves through the fallopian tubes, awaiting fertilization. If conception does not occur, the concentration of estrogen gradually decreases. The remains of the follicle turn into a corpus luteum - the source of the hormone progesterone. He, in turn, starts the processes of the last phase of the reproductive cycle.
- The fourth phase (from 23 to 28 day). It is these days that the girl feels discomfort and pain. In the last stage, progesterone contributes to the rejection of the epithelium from the inner walls of the uterus, which comes out in the form of dark clots from the vagina. With the beginning of discharge, a new menstrual period begins.
In the last 7 days of the cycle, the female genitals are tense and painful, and the mammary glands swell under the influence of progesterone. All these are clear signs that critical days are about to begin.
Main symptoms of approaching menses
There are a number of precursors, according to which any girl will understand that her period will soon begin. Each organism will be individual, with varying degrees of severity.
Therefore, it is worth keeping track of which signs appear more clearly and which pass in a mild or invisible way. It is also important to understand what specific day they are coming.
So you can calculate the individual menstrual schedule literally up to a day or even an hour.
So, how to understand that the period will begin soon? Main symptoms:
- Increase and engorgement of the mammary glands. Drawing pain, itching and tingling in the chest. There may be a clear discharge from the nipples, which later fold. The reaction of the glands to the hormonal changes in each girl is different. The soreness should resemble the first sensations of breast growth in adolescence. Therefore, in case of sharp or acute chest pain, it is worth contacting a gynecologist to prevent dangerous diseases.
- Lower abdomen nagging pain in the lower back. Heaving abdomen. This is due to the fact that a layer of epithelium breaks off in the uterus. Acute painful sensations can be in the last three days before menstruation, but it all depends on the characteristics of the body and the pain threshold of the woman. Some people do not feel pain at all, they notice a slight contraction and discomfort in the lower abdomen.
- Rash on face It occurs mainly in adolescence, but it happens in adult women with oily skin. The hormonal change in the second half of the cycle causes such a reaction.
- Intestinal upset When the endometrium is separated, the uterus swells, presses against the intestinal walls and this contributes to more frequent emptying. Also affects the overall process of metabolism in this difficult period. The body is experiencing stress and trying to get rid of all unnecessary.
- Psychological discomfort, irritability. This difficult condition is called premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Возникает он не у каждой девушки, а только у 5% представительниц прекрасного пола. Проявляется в виде нервозности, резких перепадах настроения, плаксивости, головных болях, головокружении и общей слабости в теле.
Данные признаки остро проявляются в последнюю неделю до месячных. Already on these true symptoms can be assumed when the next menstruation can begin.
The onset of the first bleeding in girls is called menarche. This is a very exciting time for teenagers. To prevent panic, moms should tell the girls the main points related to the cycle:
- why go monthly
- how to determine that they will come soon
- how to use pads,
- why keep a calendar
- when will the next menstruation.
Normally, discharge starts from 11 to 13 years. In full girls can come earlier - in 9 - 10 years.
This is due to the fact that in the adipose tissue is the transformation of male hormones into female, which affect the onset of menstrual flow. Obese girls are at risk of getting a high dose of estrogen at a fairly early age.
And this, in turn, can trigger hypertension, strokes and heart attacks in the future. It so happens that the monthly come late - in the period from 14 to 16 years.
Any deviation from the norm is a serious reason to show the girl to the pediatric gynecologist.
What signals suggest that the first periods will begin soon:
- Whitish discharge, which is noticeable on the panties.
- Enlarged breasts and nipples.
- Rash, acne on the face, back and chest.
- Increased sweating, activation of the sweat glands.
- Appears pubic and armpit hair.
- Rounded hips.
The above symptoms will appear a year or two before the first menstrual bleeding. And even if the menarche does not yet exist, it is worthwhile to talk about the changes in the body of the girl. Tell that she becomes a girl and all these processes in the future will help her become a mother.
How to calculate the beginning of menstruation?
Those girls whose monthly occur irregularly (now before term, then with a delay) are recommended to use the following methods for calculating critical days:
Almost every woman keeps her “red calendar”, marking the first and last day of discharge. This method has been tested by several generations, but is more suitable for girls with a regular cycle.
In any case, the calendar will not let you forget when the last critical days were. When visiting a gynecologist with the help of a calendar, you can calculate your personal menstrual cycle, see when a failure has occurred and identify the cause.
Also, dates are calculated favorable days for conception and the "safe" period.
A slight increase in body temperature is observed in the second half of the menstrual cycle and indicates the beginning of ovulation. To know when an egg comes out, you need to measure the basal temperature daily. To do this, every morning, without getting out of bed, the temperature is measured in the anus.
In the first half of the cycle, the temperature will be 36.5 - 36.8 C °. Then it gradually decreases to ovulation.
Immediately after the release of the egg, the temperature rises sharply by 0.5 - 0.6 ° C, lasts for several days and gradually decreases by the beginning of the menstrual period.
If we understand on which day the temperature has risen sharply, it remains only to add 14 days to this date. And it turns out the estimated start of the month.
Important! Acceptance of hormonal drugs does not accurately measure the basal temperature.
A simpler way to determine the ovulatory period is to use a special test, which is sold in any pharmacy. With the help of the test on the same principle, the day of ovulation is calculated, two weeks are added to it, and the date of the future monthly is obtained. Thanks to the test, it is easy to calculate the day that is favorable for visiting the gynecologist and testing. And, of course, the best day for conception.
When do I need to see a doctor?
Some symptoms of serious illness women take for signs of the upcoming menstruation.
What should guard?
- Sharp abdominal pains - can mean the development of a tumor, infection, or the onset of endometriosis.
- Chest pain - there may be diffuse mastopathy (nodule formation in the mammary glands).
- Transparent discharge indicates the possible development of cervicitis, endometritis or cervical erosion.
- Brown secretions cause polyps and endometriosis.
Nervous breakdowns before menstruation do not always mean PMS, but may indicate a serious hormone disorder in women.
Even a developing pregnancy in the first weeks can give the same symptoms as the upcoming menstrual periods. Therefore, any warning factors should be a reason to contact a gynecologist.
How to understand that menstruation will begin soon: the main signs
All of us are very often upset by such a sweet surprise, as the first day of menstruation. And there is just so much dear in her: why now? How to understand that the monthly will begin soon, so that there will be as few of such surprises in our calendar as possible ?! We will talk about the brightest and most reliable signs of the imminent start of critical days.
How to understand that menstruation will begin soon
More often, harbingers for every woman and girl are an individual concept and require a conscious approach. Listening to yourself and the reactions of your body, you can easily determine not only the approximate time interval, but also a specific day and even an hour.
Changes in the mammary glands, the processes occurring in the uterus and in the ovaries will not be ignored if we understand what to expect and what will be the first bell.
Usually, the beginning of the inevitable process falls on the period of the last phase of the menstrual cycle (MC), but sometimes it affects the entire second half.
Precursors of menstruation
To understand that menstruation will soon come is quite simple, knowing some of the characteristics of one’s own organism, and the strengthening of certain symptoms will help determine the time intervals.
- Swelling of the mammary glands - an increase in their size, engorgement, painful manifestations. Possible scarce discharge from the nipples, which are more often seen in the form of already curdling the secret.
- Pulling pain in the lower abdomen - the preparation of the uterus to reject its inner layer (endometrium) is often accompanied by pain, expressed to a greater or lesser extent, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism. Pain can be associated with hormonal disorders, therefore, require observation and consultation with a gynecologist.
- Skin rashes - not mandatory, but often a sign associated with hormonal changes.
- Low back pain - as a manifestation of changes in the uterus.
- Bowel emptying is a normal reaction of the body, in which the metabolism is not disturbed. During the period before menstruation, the body gets rid of everything superfluous, including the smooth muscles of the intestine. In some cases, the pain before menstruation is associated precisely with congestion of the intestine, and the discomfort disappears with its emptying.
There are also subjective precursors of menstruation. These include increased appetite, some have edema of the legs and face, many complain of a condition close to depression, and a general violation of moral stability or premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
The concept of premenstrual syndrome
Men deny it, women claim to experience its effect on themselves.
The ICP, controversial in its existence, helps many women to find the answer to the question: “How to understand that the monthly will begin soon?”.
Scientists who are engaged in the study of this issue, not only confirm its presence, but also are divided into several types. Signs that menstruation will begin soon:
- Neuropsychic appearance - accompanied by irritability, tearfulness, depressive states. Women experience weakness, then behave aggressively. An early change of symptoms is considered normal and does not apply to disorders of consciousness.
- Edematous appearance - manifested by swelling of the mammary glands, swelling of the arms, legs, face, abdominal distention, and general weakness of the body.
- Cephalgic appearance - women complain of increased headache, dizziness, bouts of nausea. With this type of PMS, signs of depression are more common, as well as complaints of ill health.
What happens to the ovaries before menstruation
Ovaries before menstruation undergo characteristic changes associated with MC. In the body of a healthy woman, they are unchanged and occur according to a certain scenario. Approximately in the middle of the cycle (13-16 days), the mature egg leaves the ovary, pre-forming a protrusion, which during ultrasound diagnostics looks like a functional cyst.
When the wall of the ovary bursts and the egg comes out of it, many women feel pain in the right or left ileal areas.
At the site of the egg's release, a corpus luteum is formed, which produces the pregnancy hormone progesterone, which stimulates the endometrial thickening and makes it prepared for the attachment of a fertilized egg.
If fertilization does not occur, the corpus luteum is destroyed, and the hormone is not sufficiently produced, which leads to rejection of the endometrium, and menstruation occurs.
Painful sensations in the ovaries during menstruation are considered pathological and require consultation.
Women for whom menstruation is not only monthly changes in the body, but also constant pain, need advice from an obstetrician-gynecologist. An important step will be not only the disappearance of pain, but also the determination of their causes.
The most frequent method of normalizing the entire MC is the appointment of hormonal contraceptives.
For those who want to get rid of the main symptoms, the use of oral antispasmodics (“No-spa”) or the local use of rectal suppositories with papaverine would be an ideal option.
Asymptomatic during the premenstrual period
For women whose premenstrual period has no clinical symptoms, and there are no signs that menstruation will begin soon, the only way out is to keep a calendar of critical days, a monthly observation of the duration of the menstrual cycle. Thus, the beginning of the month will be expected and will not bring inconvenience.
Now you know how to understand that your period will begin soon. Do not be ill, and let critical days become for you only a physiological process, and nothing more.
How to determine the first day of menstruation
How to understand that the period will begin soon? Often a woman is upset by the beginning of critical days.
And the same question starts to scroll in her head: why did they start right now? Today you will learn how to predict in advance the first day of your period, so that their arrival is not a complete surprise, and by what strongly pronounced and reliable signs it is possible to determine the approach of critical days. After all, regular periods are extremely important for women.
How to understand that the period will begin soon? Often a woman is upset by the beginning of critical days.
And the same question starts to scroll in her head: why did they start right now? Today you will learn how to predict in advance the first day of your period, so that their arrival is not a complete surprise, and by what strongly pronounced and reliable signs it is possible to determine the approach of critical days. After all, regular periods are extremely important for women.
Signs of critical days
How to determine when monthly come? Each woman or girl has her own, individual precursors of menstruation, for particular cases a special approach is needed. If you carefully listen to the changes in your body, you can almost accurately predict not only the exact time when menstruation comes, but also the right day or even an hour.
This will be indicated by numerous processes that need attention. For example, an increase in the mammary glands and changes in the uterus and ovaries are the first signs of an early onset of critical days. The last phase of the menstrual cycle or its second half is usually characterized by the beginning of the inevitable process.
The most reliable harbingers
It is quite easy to learn that menstruation begins soon, if you know a few particular properties of your own organism, and symptoms that just need to pay a little attention help determine the exact time intervals. How to find out when will begin monthly:
- The mammary glands swell. They increase in size, some engorgement of the female mammary glands is manifested, there is a slight soreness. There is also a slight discharge from the nipples, which later turn into a stiffened secret, which women do not immediately notice.
- When menstruation should begin, a nagging pain in the lower abdomen is felt, so the uterus prepares to reject its inner layer (endometrium). In most cases, this is accompanied by unpleasant painful sensations, which most often depend on the individual properties of the organism. In rare cases, such pains are associated with hormonal imbalances, so when detecting a pronounced discomfort, the best solution will be to consult with a qualified gynecologist.
- Skin rash may appear. This symptom is directly related to hormonal changes in the body on the eve of menstruation.
- When menstruation should come, lumbar pains appear. Quite a common symptom that is associated with various processes taking place in the uterus on the eve of menstruation.
- When menstruation comes, intestines are emptied. This is a completely natural reaction of the organism with a normal metabolism. In the time interval before the onset of critical days, the woman's body tries to get rid of all unnecessary. In most cases, the painful sensations in the run-up to menstruation are directly dependent on excessive intestinal overload, and after emptying they disappear.
Sometimes some other phenomena are recorded in the precursors of menstruation, such as the desire to eat more, the swelling of the lower limbs, the face. Some girls have noted a depressed state in themselves, which has been called premenstrual syndrome, or PMS.
Representatives of the stronger sex in every way deny the existence of PMS, women also insist that they experience it every time before they go monthly.
Experts are still arguing about the presence of premenstrual syndrome, but many women say that they understand when menstruation comes due to PMS.
Professors studying this very interesting question confirm the existence of this syndrome and even divide it into several types. What are the signs of PMS and it can be understood that critical days will soon come:
- Neuropsychic view. This species is characterized by a depressed state, increased nervousness, a tendency to depression, tearfulness, and a violation of moral stability. When menstruation began, women complain of fatigue, experiencing gratuitous aggression towards their surroundings. A quick change of external signs is normal and is not considered a disorder.
- Swollen look. This type is accompanied by an increase in the mammary glands, puffiness of the upper and lower extremities, as well as of the face, abdominal distension, and increased weakness of the whole organism.
- Cephalgic view. Such a type is manifested in increased headaches, bouts of dizziness, nausea. Women complain of depressed morale, when they came monthly, they have a tendency to depression and a general deterioration in health.
Causes of PMS
- lack of vitamins
- increased prolactin levels
- thyroid disease,
- frequent conflicts
- prolonged stress,
- hormonal disruptions
- bad heredity
- violation of the level of certain hormones.
What changes occur in the ovaries before the onset of menstruation? In a healthy body, the processes occurring in the ovaries are always the same.
On the 13th-16th day of the menstrual cycle, the egg cell, which is already ripe by this time, forms a protrusion (an ultrasound scan will probably show a functional cyst), and then it is excreted from the ovary.
When an ovarian wall bursts and the egg leaves it, the woman feels pain in the iliac regions.
In the place where the egg came out of the ovary, there is a corpus luteum, which produces progesterone (steroid hormone), preparing the endometrium to take a fertilized egg.
In the event that fertilization did not take place, the destruction of the corpus luteum occurs, insufficient production of the hormone and rejection of the endometrium. At that very moment, menstruation begins.
If during the menstruation a noticeable pain from the ovaries is felt, you should immediately contact a competent specialist, since this is a pathology.
What to do if menstruation is painful?
When menstruation brings with it not only natural changes in the body, but also noticeable painful sensations, you should go to an appointment with a gynecologist to find out the cause of such pain and eliminate it.
In most cases, the doctor prescribes the use of hormonal contraceptive drugs in order to normalize the entire menstrual cycle. Лучшим решением для тех, кто хочет устранить основные симптомы, будет использование лекарств, подавляющих мышечные спазмы или введение ректальных свечей.
Предменструальный период без выраженных симптомов.
In some women, the period before menstruation is not accompanied by any clinical symptoms, and there are no noticeable signs of a soon-to-come menstruation.
In this situation, only one thing remains: to keep a personal calendar of critical days in order to find out in advance when menstruation begins. On average, the menstrual cycle lasts about a month, ideally 28 days.
How do you know about the occurrence of the very first menstruation of a girl? How to determine when the first menstruation will begin? The arrival of the first menstruation prepares the young body of the girl for a future pregnancy and subsequent delivery. The very first critical days of the girl come at the age of eleven or fourteen years.
In general, a large number of factors can affect the date of the first menstrual period, such as the girl's nutrition, her health, heredity, past diseases and much more.
How do you understand what will start menstruation? Of the signs that accompany the first premenstrual period, stand out: unfamiliar pulling pain in the lower abdomen, fatigue, bouts of aggression, the urge to nausea, dizziness, and sudden mood changes.
There are also some other visible signs, according to which we will understand that the menstruation will come soon: an increase in the volume of the hips, the appearance of transparent vaginal discharge, an increase in the work of sweat glands, breast growth.
How can you tell when your period will begin? - Home treatment
The question of how to determine when menstruation will begin, worries almost every woman who is in the fertile age.
Starting from the very first menstruation (in scientific medical language, this phenomenon is called menarche) and until menopause, the menstrual cycle plays an important role in the life of every woman. According to the schedule of monthly bleeding, a woman will have to coordinate both the most insignificant and the most important events in her life.
Knowledge of the time of arrival of the month is necessary when planning a vacation, and when determining the time of appointment to the doctor, even in matters of choice of clothes for any upcoming event makes its own adjustments to the schedule of the menstrual cycle.
Well, the most important thing is, of course, the question of planning a pregnancy or, conversely, preventing unwanted conception, for which knowledge of the timing of the menstrual cycle is simply necessary.
What is the monthly cycle?
Ideally, the monthly cycle for women lasts 1 lunar month (28 calendar days), but the cycle duration of 25-32 calendar days is also considered the norm.
The main thing is that the menstrual cycle is regular, it is an important indicator of the health of the reproductive system of a woman, otherwise you can talk about certain deviations and the need to consult a gynecologist.
The menstrual cycle consists of several phases, replacing each other and are aimed at preparing the female body to conceive and bear a child.
The first day of the cycle coincides with the onset of menstruation, the first phase begins, which lasts an average of 5-7 days.
During the first phase of the cycle, there is a decrease in the content of the female sex hormone progesterone, resulting in the death of the endometrial cells lining the inner surface of the uterus, and the excretion of dead tissue through the cervical canal along with the blood flow.
In the first phase of the cycle, the maturation of the follicle containing the egg cell begins in the ovary, and the concentration of the hormone estrogen increases in the blood.
The second phase begins on the 5-7th day of the cycle, when the menstrual bleeding stops, and lasts on average up to the 14-16th day of the cycle. At this time there is a maturation of the follicle with the egg, while there may be a slight mucous transparent discharge from the vagina.
At the end of this phase, there is a sharp increase in the concentration of the hormone estrogen in the blood, under the influence of which the follicle breaks and the egg leaves the fallopian tubes, where fertilization may occur. The process of exiting a ripe egg cell is called ovulation.
The third phase of the cycle starts from the moment of ovulation and lasts until about the 23-25 day of the cycle. At this time, the remnants of the follicle, which burst, turn into the corpus luteum, which contributes to the development of progesterone - the hormone necessary for regulating the processes upon the occurrence of pregnancy.
If fertilization of the egg has not occurred, then from 23-25 days and before the onset of menstruation, the fourth phase of the cycle takes place. At this time, there is a decrease in the concentration of progesterone, because the pregnancy has not come, and the process of the death of the endometrial layer begins.
After this comes the new menstrual cycle, all the above processes are repeated in the same sequence.
Back to the next monthly dates
As already mentioned, the time when menstruation should begin, it is important to know every girl or woman.
As a rule, the majority of the fair sex keeps a calendar of menstruation, which indicates the time of the beginning of the cycle and its duration. The collected information allows you to control the process of functioning of the reproductive system, if necessary, they will help the doctor to draw the right conclusions in case of any deviations or not to be mistaken in the timing of these or other procedures.
The need to maintain such a calendar for the possibility of planning various events is not even worth talking about.
If for some reason this calendar is still not being maintained, it must be eliminated without fail.
Thanks to the marks in such a calendar, you can easily calculate the duration of your menstrual cycle and, knowing when the last periods began, taking into account the average duration of the cycle, determine when the following will come.
This method of determining the date of the upcoming monthly, perhaps the easiest and fastest.
Back to the list of basal temperature changes
In that case, if the calendar of menstrual cycles is not conducted or for some reason, the cycle duration changes dramatically from time to time (which, of course, is the basis for going to the doctor), or the girl just recently started her period and did not have time to show your individual schedule, then in these cases, you can fairly reliably predict the date of future menstruation.
This can be done by observing the change in basal temperature.
Earlier, in a detailed review of the phases of the menstrual cycle, it was said that immediately before ovulation a sharp increase in the concentration of the hormone estrogen occurs in the blood. This is accompanied by an increase in basal temperature of 0.5-0.7 ° C. Measuring the temperature every day immediately after waking up and observing the schedule of its change, one can very accurately determine the onset of ovulation.
To measure the basal temperature, it is desirable to have a special individual thermometer and store it somewhere near the bed, for example, in a drawer bedside tables near the bed. It is desirable to carry out measurements every morning at the same time by introducing a thermometer into the rectum lying on its side for 7-10 minutes.
As a rule, the basal temperature is in the range of 36.4-36.6 ° C, and only on the day of ovulation its indicators reach 37.1-37.5 ° C, at this level the temperature can last for several more days.
Having determined the day of ovulation, you can add to it 14-16 days and get enough reliable information about when the next menstruation will come.
Knowing the ovulation date is important when planning a pregnancy to identify the most favorable days for fertilization.
If no changes in the basal temperature were observed during the whole cycle, this means that ovulation did not take place during this period.
In addition to the described method of determining the date of ovulation by measuring the basal temperature, there is a more modern and convenient way - special tests for ovulation, which can be bought at the pharmacy.
It should be noted that it is possible to measure the basal temperature to determine the temperature jump only if the woman does not take hormones and during the measurement period she did not have a general increase in body temperature due to illness. Otherwise, the measurement results will not show a reliable picture.
Back to the importance of well-being
Another way to determine that menstruation will begin soon is to observe your feelings on premenstrual days. The combination of these sensations even has its own name - premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Each girl or woman, these feelings are purely individual, they can change over time.
As a rule, among the symptoms of future menstruation note:
- breast sensitization,
- pulling pain in lower abdomen,
- mucous discharge from the vagina,
- worsening of mood
- fatigue, etc.
These symptoms do not allow menstruation to catch a girl or a woman off guard, menstruation very rarely begin without any precursors.
It is important to know that often the beginning of pregnancy is characterized by exactly the same feelings that occur during PMS.
Signs of menstruation - symptoms, how to understand what will begin soon?
The menstrual cycle has certain periods - in each of them there is a manifestation of typical symptoms. The cycle begins with the formation of the follicle - on the first day when menstruation comes. An egg cell leaves the follicle after 11-14 days - this phase is called ovulatory.
From the beginning of ovulation to the onset of menstruation, the luteal phase lasts - the ripening of the corpus luteum. During menstruation, the corpus luteum separates and the follicle begins to mature again.
Symptoms of ovulation
The brightest symptoms before menstruation begin to manifest in the ovulatory phase. Within a few days are observed:
- Increased appetite
- Mood swings,
- Insomnia or sleepiness,
- Thirst for sweets,
During the period of release of the egg, the release of hormones is activated, because the woman's psycho-emotional state is unstable. Precursors of menstruation are also expressed in increased timidity, keen sleep and nightmares. Women during menstruation and in front of her feel anxiety, danger is the effect of estrogen secreted in large quantities.
Symptoms of PMS
Premenstrual syndrome is not considered a deviation, but is considered a clinical phenomenon in medicine. PMS begins with the end of ovulation, and lasts until the onset of menstruation.
Signs of PMS before menstruation are:
- Aching, pulling pain in the lower abdomen,
- Tingling and pulling back pain,
- Increased appetite - bouts of hunger can even wake a woman late at night
- Sensitivity, irritability,
- Temperature increase up to 37 ° С
- Increased fatigue, drowsiness.
Special attention should be paid to the chest. A week before menstruation, the mammary glands become sensitive and painful. Wearing a bra brings discomfort, it becomes small. The chest may increase in size, and when lightly pressed to give painful sensations.
These symptoms may begin long before menstruation. Since they understand that they will soon begin their period, mainly by discharge, first of all examine the gasket.
When the monthly approach, the discharge acquires a white, sometimes brown color with a faint sourish odor. They become somewhat more abundant than usual, have a cottage cheese texture.
If white and brown discharge is abundant, itching or burning is felt - these are not signs of the onset of menstruation, but a symptom of impaired microflora. Noticing this, you must immediately go to the gynecologist and take a smear for candidiasis.
Common symptoms of menstruation also include fatigue, lethargy, mild nausea and dizziness. Often manifested feelings of fear, anxiety, emotional state is very unstable.
Since the first process after the release of the egg begins to release hormones, the main symptoms before menstruation should be looked for in the mood, feeling of hunger or satiety, ability to work.
7-11 days before the onset of menstruation, the girl gets tired faster than usual, complains of uncooledness and drowsiness. Many are beginning to believe that no one understands them, worries, fusses and quickly gets annoyed over trifles.
Approximation of menstruation is noted for increased sweating, a sensation of heat, quickly turning into chills. The breasts begin to swell and the halos around the nipples become sensitive even to underwear - friction can cause tingling, goosebumps, and aching pain.
How to find out when they begin monthly:
- Feeling of the chest, pressing on the halo area,
- Tracing the color and abundance of secretions,
- Watching flashes of irritation and fear.
As soon as these symptoms begin to appear, you can wait for menstruation in 7-9 days.
For three days
In such a short period of time, the signs of the approaching monthly periods may become more intense and be replaced by others. This period is considered a crisis - the premenstrual syndrome is exacerbated and reaches its apogee.
Some women three days before menstruation feel a strong fear for their life and safety, even paranoia - this is the work of hormonal background, which provides the body with full preparation for pregnancy and fetal protection.
The sign of menstruation in three days is horrible dreams - women complain of sensitive sleep and a sudden awakening in cold sweat. Migraine is a frequent companion of the crisis period, especially in the morning.
How to determine that before menstruation 3-5 days left:
- Migraine, frequent increase in blood pressure,
- Heightened fear, anxiety,
- Highlight gray, white,
- Possible body temperature in the range of 37-37.5 ° C.
The girl's periods are accompanied by minor rashes on the skin of the face. Most often - on the cheeks and forehead, in the same area increases the fat content of the skin. All these symptoms occur when menstruation occurs.
A day before, when they come monthly, she feels a pulling pain in the lower abdomen and lower back. Stretching, you can feel the sting and tingling, breath-taking. Allocations right before the menstruation become more abundant, acquire a darker color than before.
In young girls at the site of skin rashes itching may begin, and sweating also increases significantly. Girls celebrate fever in the cheeks, ears. Nervousness begins to fade, more manifest lethargy, fatigue, desire for sweets.
Start of menstruation
The first signs of menstruation are marked by nausea and characteristic discharge. Monthly on the gasket in the first two or three hours have a brown color, then red, bloody. Discharge accompanied by abdominal pain, some note simultaneous indigestion.
A woman immediately overcomes weakness, fatigue, even if the monthly go in the morning. Lost appetite, slightly increased body temperature. Many note the discomfort, twitching of the internal hip muscles and the oblique abdominal muscles.
Determination of days before menstruation
Signs before menstruation are also deceptive: due to general fatigue, lack of sleep or irregular meals, girls feel similar symptoms, but menstruation has only ended or does not occur.
To understand what terms approximately remain before the onset of menstruation, you can use the pharmacy test. After 11-14 days after the last menstrual period began, buy an ovulation test at the pharmacy. It is advisable to buy a few, and start to follow from the 11th day.
By performing the test according to the instructions, you can determine on which days of the cycle ovulation occurs. From the day in which the ovulatory test was positive, it is enough to count two weeks - in this period should come monthly.
Since the preparation for menstruation in a woman’s body depends on many factors, you shouldn’t worry if your period is delayed by 3-5 days. Analyze the events in your life during the last cycle. Monthly delays are fully justified and safe if at this time were:
- Serious shocks, stresses,
- Fasting or tough diets
- Lack of sleep
- Abrupt climate change (for example, a trip to a warm resort in winter and returning back),
- The beginning of the new season is the turn of autumn and winter, winter and spring, etc.
How to get rid of PMS
To regulate the hormonal processes before the menstruation independently is beyond our power - they are regular and should occur. But you can alleviate the symptoms that change throughout the month.
To soothe and relieve irritability, you can take baths with essential oils of fir, Siberian pine or lavender. Add 5-6 drops to the water bath.
Aromatherapy is useful - for fumigating a standard room of 9-15 m2 you will need 15 drops of essential oil of orange, bergamot, ylang-ylang. Sweet smells, such as vanilla, contribute to nausea, because their use is not recommended.
If you do not manage to overcome the feeling of fear, obsessive thoughts do not allow you to fall asleep, it is better to confine yourself to optional exits from home and not to approach dangerous household appliances.
How to remove pain syndrome
Frequent airing of the room will be helpful, especially before bedtime. An hour before bedtime, you can drink a glass of warm milk with a teaspoon of honey or hot chamomile tea.
Try to remove monthly pain syndromes with a minimum set of medications. Вместо таблеток могут помочь травяные компрессы, приложенные на поясницу. На нижнюю часть живота прикладывают компресс, вымоченный в теплом отваре аптечной ромашки.
Во время месячных принимать ванну длительное время нельзя. To be in the water can be no more than ten minutes, since during menstruation the genitals are very vulnerable. In the bathroom, you can add a decoction of chamomile, mother and stepmother, a little lay down and relax.