The gradual decline in reproductive function - menopause, greatly affects the quality of life of a woman. The level of sex hormones decreases, which provokes hot flashes, excessive sweating, and discomfort on the part of all vital systems. To relieve the condition and reduce the discomfort during menopause pills will help.
Special drugs can help reduce unpleasant menopause symptoms.
When do I need pills for menopause?
In women, menopause begins at 45–55 years. There is a decrease in the sex hormone estrogen (the ovaries stop producing it) and the body undergoes large changes in the hormonal background, which are accompanied by unpleasant manifestations and greatly spoil the usual life.
Alleviate the symptoms help drugs for menopause.
The indications for their use are the following states:
- flushes of heat, increased sweating (especially during stressful situations and at night),
- sleep disturbance
- irritability, nervousness, depression (apathy, confusion, panic attacks),
- paucity of discharge, vaginal dryness,
- decreased sexual desire and discomfort during sexual intercourse,
- pain during urination,
- accelerated aging of the skin, increased fragility of the nails, hair loss.
With frequent pain during urination, you need to take drugs for menopause.
Groups of drugs for menopause
Eliminate the negative effects of menopause will help drugs in the form of capsules and tablets. Depending on the therapeutic effect and the effect on the female body, all the remedies for menopause are divided into several main groups.
- Hormonal medication. They are based on synthetic components - estrogen and progesterone. The tool fills the lack of such substances in the body, normalizes the balance of female and male hormones, helps get rid of hot flashes and sweating, mood swings, premature aging of the skin. The action of the tablets is almost instant.
- Non-hormonal drugs or phytohormones (mainly dietary supplements). Herbal pills act gently, but slowly (unlike hormonal drugs), the therapeutic effect comes after 2-3 weeks. Phytopreparations without synthetic hormones have no contraindications, but such treatment of menopause is very long.
- Sedative medications. Soothing pills contribute to the normalization of the nervous system - improve sleep, eliminate irritability, bouts of anger and aggression.
Contraceptive pills help ease symptoms of menopausal syndrome. Often women begin to take hormonal contraceptives from 25-30 years of age, constantly monitoring hormones. Therefore, it is easier for such women of the weaker sex in the future to tolerate the extinction of reproductive function.
List of the best pills for menopause
Medication for menopause is selected only by a specialist. The doctor takes into account the individual characteristics of the hormonal background and the clinical picture of menopause. We will consider the list of the best means in more detail.
The drug belongs to the non-hormonal drugs of plant origin. This is a biologically active food supplement. The tool has practically no contraindications. The exception is the intolerance of the components of herbal remedies.
Estrovel - non-hormonal drug for menopause
How to use: one or two days with meals, you need to take 1-2 capsules for 60 days.
Price - 425 p. for 30 capsules per pack.
Effective remedy for menopausal syndrome from a number of phytohormones and sedatives. Does not contain synthetic substances. The composition contains a large amount of magnesium and potassium, as well as vitamins of group B. Actively eliminates nervousness and hot flashes during early menopause, restores hormonal imbalance.
Menopause does not cause allergic reactions and has no restrictions on use, except for increased sensitivity.
Klimatsiklin - an effective remedy for menopause
It is necessary to accept means on 1 capsule once a day. The treatment lasts 2-3 months without interruption.
Price - 400 p. for 30 capsules.
Good vitamins for women in menopause. The tool synthesizes sex hormones, normalizes metabolic processes in the body, which allows you to improve health and smooth out the unpleasant signs of menopause.
Vitamin complex gently affects the female body and does not cause negative reactions. Contraindications include an allergic reaction to the components of the drug.
Qi-Klim - a plant-based remedy
It is recommended to drink vitamins on 1 tablet once a day. The course of therapy is 2-3 months.
Price - 420 p. for 60 tablets.
The most popular and most effective phytoestrogen. The preparation on the basis of sage stabilizes hormones and permanently eliminates unpleasant sensations due to the dryness of the vagina, reduces attacks of migraine, fatigue and emotional outbursts.
Menoforse has a number of contraindications:
- allergic to sage or auxiliary components of the drug,
- period of planning a child, carrying a fetus, breastfeeding,
- epileptic pathologies,
- kidney inflammation, kidney failure,
- neoplasms (benign or oncological) in the uterus, ovaries or mammary glands.
Menoforse is a popular drug for menopause.
Price - up to 4000 p.
The drug belongs to the phytohormones, does not contain synthetic additives and does not cause side effects. Among the contraindications distinguish individual intolerance.
Klimaktonorm has no side effects
Price - 570 p. for 60 tablets.
A drug from the group of non-hormonal menopause tablets produces an anti-menopausal and estrogen-like effect. The tool can not be used in the presence of tumor processes, intolerance to the components of the drug.
Restrictions on the use of Klimadinona are:
- disorders of the liver,
- brain pathologies,
- epileptic disorders.
Klimadinon - non-hormonal drug
It is necessary to take non-hormonal medicine at the same time in the morning and in the evening on 1 tablet. The course of therapy - from 1 month.
Price - 445 p. for 60 tablets.
Effective tablets from the group of non-hormonal phytoestrogens. It has no contraindications (except for intolerance to soy or other components of the drug) and does not cause adverse reactions.
Lefem - a good remedy for menopause
The drug treatment Lefem long - 6-12 months. Take 1-2 tablets in the morning and evening.
Price - from 45 p. for 30 tablets.
Medicine from the group of hormonal drugs. The tool actively eliminates menopausal disorders by influencing the specific function of the pituitary gland, which is responsible for stimulating sex hormones.
Sigetin Helps Eliminate Climate Disorder
Sigetin is recommended to take 1-3 tablets 2 times a day for 1–1.5 months.
Price - 485 p. for 30 tablets.
The tool refers to the phytohormones and is intended for the complete elimination or maximum relief of menopausal syndrome.
The drug should not be taken by people with intolerance to any of the components of the drug, otherwise you can provoke allergic reactions in the form of a skin rash.
The feminine contains phytohormones
Price - 700 p. for 30 capsules.
Homeopathic pills are non-hormonal drugs for menopause. The tool quickly eliminates the unpleasant symptoms of menopause and normalizes hormones.
Not recommended for women who suffer from lactose intolerance or any other component of the drug.
Remens - a homeopathic remedy
Price - 275 p. for 30 tablets.
Anti-menopausal hormone pills. The tool is used for continuous hormone replacement therapy. The pills help with hot flashes, normalize the emotional state, improve the well-being of women in general.
- thrombosis, thromboembolism,
- severe disorders of the liver and kidneys,
- pathological changes of oncological nature in the liver,
- malignant hormone-dependent tumors,
- mammary cancer,
- intolerance to the components of the drug.
Angelica - hormonal pills
Tablets are recommended to use at the same time 1 time per day, 1 tablet. The course is long and does not contain any breaks. If the packaging ends, the next day you need to start a new pack at the same time.
Price - 1218 p. for 28 tablets.
“Remens helped me to get rid of the endless tides and to improve the general condition. I began to sleep better, and the psychos were gone, even my husband noticed that the feeling of dryness in an intimate place had disappeared. True, it does not immediately help, but weeks after 2-3. ”
“I treated Menopause Segitin. Although the drug was hormonal, I did not feel any negative changes: the weight is normal, which is often disturbed during treatment with hormones. The tablets quickly cope with the tides, I began to sweat less, my mood improved. Saw a month and was pleased. "
“I was saved by the drug Lefem. The climax began at 47 years old, the state was disgusting, I was collapsing from my feet straight from fatigue. After a week of taking phytotablets, I felt improvements. But in order to completely get rid of negative manifestations, I had to drink the entire course - 12 months. ”
A gradual decrease in the activity of the ovaries and the extinction of the reproductive ability provoke a serious rearrangement of the hormonal background. Sex hormones during menopause are greatly reduced, which is manifested by unpleasant discomfort and dryness in the intimate zone, hot flashes, intensity of sweat glands, irritability and depressive state. To alleviate the symptoms of menopause and improve the quality of life of a woman during this period, you need to take anti-menopausal pills. The doctor individually selects hormonal or non-hormonal drugs, taking into account the characteristics of the body and the course of menopause.
Rate this article
(5 ratings, average 4,20 from 5)
What it is?
Tides during menopause, what is it - a frequently asked question. This is a state of rolling hot flashes in women during menopause.
The hypothalamus has a thermal control center, which is responsible for the distribution of thermal energy in the body. An insufficient amount of the organism produced affects the general hormones, which is perceived as pathology. As a result, a reflex is triggered and a thermal impulse is issued, which causes a heat wave throughout the body.
Next comes the response of all systems and organs to the heat tide:
- reddening of the skin due to a dramatic expansion of blood vessels,
- increased anxiety
In some cases, the woman's body copes on its own with hormonal changes and after a while the thermal processes stabilize, and her condition and well-being return to normal.
The intensity of hot flashes is different for everyone. Some women do not experience this symptom of menopause, while others, on the contrary, are hard on them. But in any case, each at the onset of the premenopause period should be ready for its severe manifestations, try to avoid panic and know how to get rid of hot flashes during menopause.
The duration of the period when heat attacks occur, depends on the individual characteristics of the organism. Someone signs appear within six months, someone last for years.
Symptoms and their intensity are also different. The first manifestations can occur some time before the onset of menopause and last some time after the cessation of menstruation.
- the premonition that now there will be a fit of heat and anxiety as a result,
- sensation of heat in the upper body,
- a sharp rush of blood to the face
- arrhythmia and dizziness,
- feeling short of breath,
- nausea and urge to vomit,
- intense sweating
- chill after seizure.
The main reason for the deterioration of the condition of a woman during menopause is a change in hormonal levels. The reproductive function of the organism fades away, ovulation disappears, the ovaries in the ovaries do not mature.
Great impact on well-being have:
- physical activity or lack of it,
- the presence of chronic diseases
Able to increase the seizures or make them more frequent:
- unbalanced diet, fatty and spicy foods,
- alcoholic beverages
- excessive consumption of coffee, tea,
- bath, sauna,
- stay in stuffy rooms
- stressful situations
- physical fatigue.
Tides during menopause
In order to live a full life, a woman must know how to deal with the tides of heat. In severe seizures, consult a doctor for treatment.
If symptoms are mild, therapy is not always needed. At home, you can apply treatment without hormones. Non-hormonal pills, folk remedies, diet and proper lifestyle can effectively stop menopause symptoms.
What to do?
To improve their health during heat women recommend the following:
- Diaphragmatic breathing. It is necessary to start abdominal breathing from the first minutes of the attack. In this case, before exhaling, you should hold your breath for about 5-10 seconds. This way you can quickly recover and calm down.
- Hot foot bath. When an attack occurs, as far as possible, you can immerse your feet in a container with hot water, and straighten your arms to the top. In this way, the body thermoregulation returns to normal.
- Drinking water. With a must always be drinking water. This will allow you to take a few sips of water during an attack and relieve your condition.
- Aromatherapy. In some cases, the healing effect of aroma oils, such as oregano, lavender, citrus, helps.
What to do and what kind of medicine for hot flashes in menopause to take, decides only the attending physician. Modern pharmacology offers a lot of effective drugs, however, only the doctor prescribes the scheme of their use, taking into account the individual characteristics of the woman's body and based on the results of the analysis.
To reduce the intensity of hot flashes or get rid of them completely by using the following set of measures:
- balanced diet,
- physical activity,
- non-hormonal drugs,
- hormone replacement therapy.
To reduce the severity of symptoms of menopausal syndrome, in some cases, not to do without hormone therapy.
Modern drugs include two components:
Modern hormonal agents do not affect the metabolic processes in the body and do not increase weight, unlike previous generations of drugs. They are effective against hot flashes, and also aimed at eliminating other manifestations of menopause:
- emotional disorders,
- urinary incontinence,
- hair loss.
Drugs are prescribed only by a doctor. Klimene, Klimonorm, Divina, Angelik, Kliogest and others are effective.
Homeopathy and phytoestrogens
Homeopathic remedies for hot flashes with menopause have a low dose of the active substance. However, they are also effective in the manifestations of menopause. Their action is to stimulate the body to adapt to changing conditions, that is, to adapt to another hormonal background.
What to take out of homeopathy with bouts of fever is better to check with the doctor. Effective:
The action of the drugs is aimed at reducing nervous excitability, improving sleep, eliminating hot flashes.
No less effective phytoestrogens. These tools are an excellent alternative to hormone therapy, but have a weaker effect.
Women are prescribed the following remedies:
- Estrovel. The composition includes the necessary complex of minerals, vitamins and natural remedies to minimize the main manifestations of menopause. Important content of vitamin K1 and boron, which significantly reduce the risk of osteoporosis.
- Klimadinon. It has an estrogen-like effect on the woman's body due to the content of cimicifuge. With proper use of the drug, the severity of hot flashes is significantly reduced.
- Qi-Klim. The main substance is a plant red brush. It normalizes hormonal balance, as a result, the symptoms of menopause are minimized, and the body's immune forces are activated. In addition, as a result of taking the drug, the amount of cholesterol is reduced.
- Ladys Formula Menopause. The complex of vitamins and herbal ingredients. Positively affects the well-being of women and eliminates the manifestations of menopausal syndrome.
Traditional recipes in some cases can also help, but you should know which herbs with tides during menopause should be taken:
- Tea with linden flowers. To prepare, pour a tablespoon of raw material with a glass of boiling water, cool. Take every day for a month.
- A mixture of lemon balm, thyme, blackberry leaves. To prepare, take a tablespoon of each herb, pour boiling water, cool, strain. Take twice a day.
- Sage. To make an infusion, pour a tablespoon of dry herb into two glasses of boiling water. Can be used daily instead of tea.
Before applying the recipes of traditional medicine should consult a doctor. The opinion that herbs are safe is wrong. Self-treatment with herbal ingredients can lead to negative consequences.
How to choose lubricants for menopause? Read in the article about the causes of dryness in the intimate area, the need to use moisturizers and lubricants for sexual intercourse, the recommended means.
What are the symptoms of menopause in women over 45? Details here.
Diet during menopause is aimed at maintaining normal body weight. Women are recommended:
- increase the intake of plant foods
- minimize animal fats,
- abandon spicy, salted, smoked,
- try to avoid baking and sweets
- include dairy products in the diet.
Tides during menopause is one of the most unpleasant symptoms of this condition. Menopausal women experience severe discomfort due to the sudden attacks of heat. And if with minor manifestations it is possible to cope with them independently, then with a deterioration in well-being, it is necessary to consult a doctor and begin to take the prescribed drugs.
Why tides occur
Pathological menopause is accompanied by disorders in the autonomic nervous system, ensuring the functioning of all internal organs, as well as vessels. The activity of the nervous system changes, which can manifest itself as emotional disorders. In addition, rebuilt and metabolism. All these changes are the cause of hot flashes during menopause.
The cardiovascular system is one of the targets on which estrogens act. When their amount in the body decreases, a compensatory increase in the synthesis of gonadotropic hormones occurs in the pituitary gland - one of the brain regions. A condition called hypergonadotropic hypogonadism develops, when there are a lot of hormones stimulating the production of estrogens, but there are few estrogen due to the extinction of ovarian function.
Such a change in hormonal balance leads to a restructuring of the work of target organs, including the cardiovascular system. Early symptoms of menopausal syndrome develop, especially hot flashes.
What it is? Hot flashes - a sensation of heat, which may be accompanied by excessive sweating, palpitations, dizziness, headache, and reddening of the skin, most often on the face. The mechanism of tides associated with vasomotor disturbances. This means that the changing level of hormones in the blood acts on the vasomotor center in the brain, which is responsible for the expansion and contraction of the lumen of the arteries. As a result of the malfunction of this center, an irregular and not caused by external causes temporary increase in the diameter of the vessels occurs. The blood rushes to the brain, the skin, which causes the corresponding signs.
How long do the tides during menopause?
Usually they start in premenopausal and continue in 35% of patients up to 5 years, and in 55% - up to 10 years. After some time (usually 2 years) after the complete cessation of menstruation, these manifestations gradually disappear. Depending on how long the tides lasts, the gynecologist may suspect other diseases accompanied by similar manifestations. So, if the symptoms of hot flashes persist for more than 5 years, you need to think about hyperthyroidism (increased secretion of thyroid hormones), tumors of the adrenal glands, ovaries, pancreas, mammary glands and pituitary.
Some women who have entered premenopause, wonder why there is no hot flashes during menopause. In fact, this is a normal state, indicating that menopause occurs with a smooth hormonal adjustment. At the same time, the nervous system copes well with the changed conditions, and the vasomotor center does not suffer. This course of menopause occurs in approximately 15% of women.
Learn more about the climax, its duration, symptoms and treatment by clicking on the link.
85% of women still have hot flashes. Depending on their number and severity, the severity of menopausal syndrome is distinguished:
- easy - up to 10 episodes per day,
- average - 10-20 episodes per day in combination with other signs of pathological menopause,
- severe - more than 20 tides per day, pronounced manifestations on the part of the heart and other organs, often at the same time a woman becomes temporarily disabled.
How do tides appear?
This is a complex of signs appearing suddenly and just as unexpectedly passing:
- feeling hot
- face redness
- tingling fingers and other parts of the body,
- stabbing pain in the left half of the chest, without regard to the load,
- heart palpitations
- feeling short of breath.
Night tides during menopause are often even more pronounced than during the day. They are accompanied by severe sweating, sometimes forcing a woman to change her underwear, a pillowcase on a pillow. Suffering and sleep. As a result, the patient feels broken during the day, she has a headache. At night, she again can not sleep because of bouts of sweating. As a result, the quality of life is significantly deteriorating. Therefore, patients with such symptoms, of course, are interested in how to get rid of hot flashes during menopause.
Depending on the severity of menopausal syndrome, you can get rid of hot flashes using a set of measures:
- rational mode,
- therapeutic exercises and massage
- herbal medicine and homeopathy,
- non-hormonal drugs,
- hormone replacement therapy.
Drug-free remedies for tides during menopause
When the first signs of pathological menopause appear, non-drug treatment should be initiated. In mild cases, it is enough to normalize well-being.
What to do if tides appear:
- try to normalize sleep: it must last at least 7 hours continuously,
- visit the open air more, increase physical activity,
- to go to the pool or practice yoga,
- dress according to the weather, avoid overheating or hypothermia.
Medical advice also includes annual spa treatment. Preference should be given to local health resorts or southern resorts, but in the autumn, when the sun is not so bright and there is no heat. Very useful resorts with mineral waters. Balneotherapy (therapeutic baths) has a beneficial effect on women's health. Radon baths are also useful, as well as hydrotherapy (circular shower, hydromassage).
To alleviate the tides at home, you can 1-2 times a week to take warm baths with a temperature of 37 degrees. For them, you can use coniferous concentrate, sold in a pharmacy, or some medicinal herbs. For example, you can chop, insist and boil the roots of wormwood, use a liter of broth per bath. For decoction, you can use the roots of the plant lovage medicinal or goose Potentilla, chamomile flowers, and add oak bark.
In the morning, a contrast shower is useful, and at night it is good to make daily cool foot baths.
Herbs at high tides
In case of severe menopause, it is recommended to take inside the infusion of sage, tea from blackberry leaves or its berries, valerian in the form of infusion, tablets, alcohol tincture. The course of treatment should not exceed 2 months, after which the herbal harvest should be changed. It may also include chamomile, yarrow, calendula, elderberry flowers, juniper berries, white mistletoe leaves, lemon balm, mint, hop cones. Treatment of hot flushes with menopause with folk remedies should be carried out only after consulting a doctor, since many herbs have contraindications - uterine fibroids, heavy bleeding and others.
Nutrition during the period of tides is mainly aimed at keeping the weight within the normal range. It is recommended to eat more plant foods, limit solid animal fats. Dairy products should be added to the diet, which improves the bowels and normalizes stool. It is necessary to refuse excessively salty, spicy, spicy food that causes thirst, eat less sweet and baked goods.
On the other hand, do not deny yourself the pleasure to eat, for example, a piece of chocolate, if your mood depends on it. However, you must stop smoking and taking alcohol. Excessive consumption of coffee, strong tea can increase the attacks of sweating. It is not necessary to limit the amount of pure water you drink during normal operation of the heart and kidneys.
Physical education and physiotherapy
Do not forget about morning exercises, as well as master breathing exercises. When a woman feels that her tide is starting, she should stop, take a slow abdomen inhale, count to 8 and then exhale slowly, repeat if necessary several times. Such a simple exercise can be done to prevent tides several times a day.
Such sports as jogging, swimming, skiing, volleyball, tennis are recommended.
Exercises from tides during menopause are aimed at improving blood circulation in the pelvic organs, normalizing the work of the ovaries:
- Lie on the floor, legs bent. Raise the pelvis, retracting the buttocks and crotch.
- From the same position, turn the knees and pelvis to the sides, trying to touch the floor either from one side or from the other.
- Tighten the bent leg to the chest, then repeat on the other side, then pull both legs to the chest, linger in this position.
- Put the foot of one foot on the knee of the other, raise the pelvis, pulling the muscles of the perineum.
- Lie on your side, lift your leg up, then gently lower it, then make a move back and forth. Repeat the same, turning on the other side.
- Sit on the floor, bend your legs at the knees, knees down and spread to the sides.
- Sitting on the floor, clasp your knees with your hands, roll smoothly onto your back and return to the starting position.
- Stand on your knees, straighten your back, arms behind your head. Sit alternately on the right and left side of the heels. Then, from the same starting position, sit between the spread legs.
- Exercise "cat" in the standing position on all fours.
To cope with the tides, you can use physiotherapy. After consultation with the doctor, a collar with novocaine according to Scherbak is appointed, electroanalgesia, galvanization of the brain. Sessions of general massage, as well as massage of the neck-collar zone, help.
Treatment of hot flushes with menopause without hormones
If, while fulfilling all recommendations related to non-pharmacological treatment, the woman’s well-being does not improve, the second stage of therapy begins - the use of medications that normalize the activity of the central nervous system and improve metabolism. What to drink from the tides during menopause, the doctor must appoint after studying the patient's medical history and its full examination.
Usually in the complex therapy include such drugs:
- vitamins A, C, E - in addition to the antioxidant and tonic effect, they affect the activity of the diencephalon and vasomotor center, facilitating the manifestation,
- modern tranquilizers, in particular, Grandaxine (only by prescription),
- in very severe cases, the possibility of prescribing antipsychotic drugs in small doses acting on structures located in the subcortical sections is considered, there are scientific studies confirming the effectiveness of such schemes.
How to treat hot flashes if fortifying and sedatives are ineffective? Phytoestrogens and hormone therapy come to the rescue. In recent years, the use of homeopathic remedies has expanded.
How to deal with hot flashes, if all of the above means do not bring effect? Recall that the basis of pathological menopause - a hormonal imbalance that occurs when the extinction of the ovaries. Therefore, hormone therapy is indicated for the therapy of this condition.
Modern tablets for hot flashes with menopause consist of two components - estrogen and gestagen. Estrogens are represented by ethinyl estradiol or estradiol valeriate in various doses, preferably up to 35 μg. The progestogenic components of the second generation - Levonorgestrel or Norgestrel, the third - Norgestimate, Desogestrel, Gestoden, as well as Cyproterone or Chlomadinone acetate.
Most modern progestogens have very low androgenic activity, do not affect the metabolism of fat and do not lead to weight gain. Their content in the combined preparations does not exceed 150 mg. To improve the portability and safety of these products, manufacturers are increasingly reducing the dose of estrogen and optimizing the progestin components.
Hormonal drugs not only prevent hot flashes, but also fight with other manifestations of menopause - emotional disorders, osteoporosis, atherosclerosis. They improve the condition of the skin, prevent hair loss, urinary incontinence and sexual disorders. These funds must be taken for at least 6-12 months to develop the best effect.
Despite the high efficacy, some patients refuse to take hormonal drugs because of the fear of side effects or the presence of contraindications. So, hormones are not prescribed in such cases:
- breast or uterine cancer
- acute thrombophlebitis,
- liver or kidney failure
- bleeding from a vagina of unknown nature,
- suspicion of pregnancy.
In these cases, homeopathic remedies are prescribed, as well as phytoestrogens.
Homeopathic remedies and phytoestrogens
Homeopathic remedies for hot flashes with menopause are of natural origin and are used in very small doses. Their action is based on the stimulation of the body's adaptability to changing conditions, the restoration of adaptive capacity by weak stimulation of certain receptors. It is believed that they are safe, but before using them you should consult with a gynecologist.
Such a remedy for tides is often recommended as Remens. Klimaktoplan, Nervo-Khel, Klimakt-Khel and others may also be prescribed. These drugs reduce nervous irritability, intensity of hot flashes, headache, have anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic effects, improve sleep.
Non-hormonal drugs prescribed by tides during menopause - this is including phytoestrogens. Many women choose them as alternatives to hormone therapy, despite the significantly weaker effect. The advantage of these funds is to reduce the risks associated with taking hormones.
Phytoestrogens are similar in structure to the female estrogen itself. Their study began after it became clear that the residents of Japan, who eat a lot of soy, are many times less likely to suffer from tides and other manifestations of pathological menopause than patients in Europe or North America. Definitely, the efficacy of phytoestrogens has not yet been proven, but many experts believe that their use can reduce the severity of hot flashes and reduce the risk of heart and vascular diseases, breast cancer and endometrium.
Why do phytoestrogens reduce hot flashes? They bind to estrogen receptors located in the hypothalamus and other regulatory regions of the brain, while the synthesis of serotonin and dopamine is normalized, and the production of endorphins increases. The work of the thermoregulation center is restored. At the same time, the pressure is slightly reduced, falling asleep is improved, and the heart rate is normalized. Improving the well-being of women noted in the use of a daily dose of isoflavones (the main type of phytoestrogens), equal to 50-60 mg.
Clinical research data are inconsistent. However, they showed that phytoestrogens are most effective when the number of tides up to 10 per day. Proved a greater impact on the tides of phytoestrogens based on soy compared to tsimitsifuge and red clover. In particular, a decrease in tides when taking Inoclim supplement for 3 months is shown.
It has been proven that phytoestrogens do not increase the risk of developing malignant tumors of the uterus or mammary glands, and also have a neutral or even positive effect on the state of the liver. This does not apply to drugs based on cimicifuga, which are extremely rare, but can cause severe damage to the liver. It should be noted that, according to the latest research, cimicifuga drugs do not have an anti-estrogenic effect, but affect the dopamine and serotonin receptors. Therefore, cimicifuga-based products are considered less studied and less safe than soy-based products.
Perspective directions in the treatment of climacteric disorders
Tested and recommended new drugs that retain the effect of hormone therapy, but are low-dose and safer. These include, in particular, selective estrogen-receptor modulators (Ospemifene), as well as a tissue-specific estrogen complex.
The introduction of cellular technologies is promising - the introduction of stem cells intravenously or subcutaneously. Thus, neuronal stem cells improve the functioning of the nervous system in perimenopause.Mesenchymal cells not only activate the function of the heart, improve metabolism in bone tissue and skin, but also increase the elasticity of blood vessels, which, in combination, can reduce the severity of menopause symptoms such as hot flashes.
Symptoms of hot flashes in menopause in women
The duration of the period during which tides occur is purely individual and can be from six months to several years (there are cases when women experience discomfort for 12 years). Manifestations are also different, as well as their intensity. Tides during menopause, treatment and reduction of their manifestations depend on the patient's lifestyle and the presence of chronic diseases.
The first thermal symptoms may occur shortly before the onset of menopause and continue for a certain time after the onset of hormonal adjustment and the cessation of menstruation.
Typically, the tide lasts from a few seconds to two and a half minutes, usually in the evening or at night. In severe cases, the unpleasant symptoms may not disappear before 1 hour.
Accompanying hot flashes during menopause symptoms are characterized by:
- the emergence of anxiety and persistent foreboding of thermal disturbances,
- a sharp reddening of the face and a sensation of heat in the upper part of the body,
- sudden dizziness,
- urging to vomit,
- lack of air,
- copious sweat
- increase in body temperature during measurement
- chills after tide.
Treatment of tides without hormones, drugs
In the period of menopause from hot flashes in women, moderate physical exertion and adherence to a dietary supplement work well. It is necessary to choose loose clothing from natural materials (viscose, linen, silk, cotton, bikes), carefully perform all hygiene procedures, follow the drinking regimen at 2.2 liters per day, avoid stressful situations, mental and physical overstrain, take vitamin and mineral complexes.
Long and sensitive flushes require the use of a specific therapy. The treatment strategy can be determined by the doctor watching you. Modern drugs for menopause from hot flashes are quite effective and can neutralize their destructive effect on the female body.
To avoid serious side effects, pharmaceuticals and drugs, especially hormonal drugs, and the regimen for treating menopausal disorders should be prescribed exclusively by a doctor.
What to do at high tide?
In the opinion of many patients, diaphragmatic breathing helps to calm down and recover. From the first seconds of the tide one should breathe deeply with the stomach, holding the breath before exhaling for 5-9 seconds.
- If possible, when feeling the heat, the legs are immersed in hot water (thus, the body's thermoregulation is normalized), and the arms are straight up.
- Be sure to carry water with you to be able to take a few sips during or after a heat attack.
- Inhale from the bottle or aromacolon the healing aroma of an essential oil, for example, citrus fruits, lavender, oregano.
Medications for menopause for hot flashes (without hormones)
Well proven non-hormonal preparations containing phytoestrogens. They are taken in the form of biologically active food supplements (dietary supplements) and other herbal remedies.
During the period of menopause, doctors recommend taking vitamin and mineral complexes that provide additional doses of B vitamins, ascorbic acid, tocopherol, potassium, calcium and magnesium.
Be sure to follow a diet, which is based on herbal products with a high content of fiber, pectins, vitamins and trace elements. The amount of protein foods in the diet is reduced, and the intake of carbohydrates is provided by a larger number of fruits, cereals, seeds and nuts.
Antidepressants are used under the supervision of a physician. They are prescribed in cases of increased tension and stressful situations. Sertralin, Paroxetine, Flukosetin help with tidal fluids.
Well work sedative drugs of plant origin, including tincture of peony, valerian, motherwort, infusions of these herbs, Corvalol, Barboval.
Often, homeopaths recommend Climactoplan, Lachesis and other homeopathic medicines to their patients.
How to get rid of hot flashes with menopause without medication?
Folk remedies for menopause from hot flashes provide significant assistance in improving the state of the nervous, cardiovascular and endocrine systems.
Aqueous and alcohol extracts from medicinal plants (herbal medicine), treatment with essential oils (aromatherapy), the use of various relaxation methods (yoga, meditation, sauna), homeopathy are popular.
The most common herbs for reducing menopause symptoms and intensity of tides are valerian root, motherwort, peony, horsetail, lemon balm leaves, peppermint, dried bread, blackberry, sage, hawthorn fruits. They are taken in the form of alcohol tinctures, teas, infusions of medical fees.
Aromatherapy to help with tides
A number of essential oils have a unique ability to restore the body during hormonal adjustment and can minimize the occurrence of hot flashes in a harmonious way. They effectively regulate the body's thermal regime, soothe the nervous system, relieve anxiety, irritability, tearfulness and weakness, improve sleep quality, normalize heartbeat, relieve neurosis and depression, relax the body and restore it after stress.
During menopause, aromatherapists recommend inhaling fumes using aroma lamps and cold inhalations of the following ethers: orange, bergamot, jasmine, chamomile, lavender, mint, lemon balm, oregano, sage, St. John's wort, yarrow.
Esters of geranium and roses help to eliminate hormonal disruption, clary sage and cypress help with increased perspiration and sensitive tides, while ylang-ylang, patchouli, neroli and sandalwood are effective at lower libido.
With these oils it is useful to take baths, include them in massage compositions, add to cosmetics, put on pulse points, carry out aromatherapy, use in the steam room during bath procedures.
Currently, the shelves of pharmacies are full of all sorts of newfangled means and attractive advertising posters. Do not forget that serious problems and a severe course of menopause are in the competence of experienced therapists, gynecologists, endocrinologists, and psychiatrists.
- The decision on what to take during menopause from tides should be weighed.
You should never rely on the advice of non-professionals. What helped your neighbor can be disastrous for you. Change your lifestyle, prolong youth and be healthy at any age!
How to reduce hot flashes and how to deal with excessive sweating?
To reduce the negative effects of hormonal disorders during menopause, it is necessary to take appropriate medications, adjust nutrition and work and rest. However, this is not all. There are some simple rules to reduce the unpleasant manifestations of seizures:
- Avoid going to the bath and sauna. Hot air in the steam room provokes excessive sweating.
- Spend less time outdoors on hot days and stay as far away from heat sources as fireplaces, stoves, heaters, and fires.
- Stop smoking, drinking hot, fatty and spicy foods, coffee, alcohol and sweets.
- Food for women in menopause should include more fresh fruits and vegetables, dairy products, cereals, wheat bran, chicken eggs, nuts. These products have a beneficial effect on female hormones, which helps reduce the appearance of menopause. Also in the diet should include foods rich in so-called phytohormones. In composition, they are close to human hormones, but not as effective. Eat: coconut, soybean and olive oil, lentils, flax seed, garlic, chickpea, beans, barley, rye.
- Drink at least 1.5 liters of water per day. Due to excessive sweating during menopause, the body quickly loses fluid, so it must be replenished in a timely manner.
- Do not wear synthetic clothing. It is better to give preference to cotton, silk and linen things. The exception is made of clothing from fleece: this artificial material dries quickly and provides the necessary abstraction of moisture.
- Abandon outfits with high collars. Choose clothing with neckline and neckline cutouts.
- Change synthetic bedding to natural. This will help you to sweat less during sleep.
- If you are tormented by intense hot flashes, you can carry a spare set of clothes with you. If you sweat a lot, you will have the opportunity to change clothes.
- Follow the rules of personal hygiene. To avoid the unpleasant smell of sweat, it is recommended to use a quality antiperspirant that prevents the appearance of an unpleasant smell.
- Allocate time to relax, try to be less nervous and engage in static sports - Pilates, yoga, stretching, callanetics.
Treatment of tides during menopause: tablets, patches and other means
Selection of optimal therapy should be carried out by a doctor, as self-treatment can provoke even greater health problems. Appropriate medication is prescribed on the basis of examinations conducted by a physician, gynecologist and endocrinologist. Also, to combat menopausal tides, laboratory blood tests for hormone levels, ultrasound of the thyroid gland, mammary glands and pelvic organs may be required.
What to take at high tides during menopause?
Most often, doctors prescribe menopausal hormone therapy (MHT) to patients. Normalization of hormonal levels due to the use of such drugs not only reduces sweating, but also provides an improvement of psycho-emotional state, helps to cope with mood swings, increases efficiency and optimizes concentration.
However, it must be borne in mind that drugs that compensate for the lack of estrogen can activate the onset of developing oncological diseases - in particular, breast, endometrial or ovarian cancer and exacerbate chronic diseases and the risk of thrombosis. Therefore, treatment with hormonal drugs should occur exclusively according to the scheme drawn up by the doctor.
In recent years, it has become possible to replace the use of traditional tablet preparations with the use of a hormonal patch, gel forms, and intrauterine devices. They are considered less dangerous in terms of the possibility of venous thrombosis.
Climax without tides: reality or dream?
Unfortunately, most women experience first-hand the unpleasant symptoms of menopause. However, each of them has a choice: to come to terms with the manifestations of this condition or to ease it by taking the correctly selected drugs.
One of the best remedies for hot flashes in menopause is Climafemin. This drug has a balanced composition, which includes natural ingredients: phytoestrogen genistein, coenzyme Q10, grape seed extract and vitamin E. As a result of the use of "Climafemin", the frequency and intensity of tides decreases, sweating decreases, and the emotional background improves.
Causes of menopause without tides
Among medical professionals, it is generally accepted that there are always hot flashes during menopause. It is just that in some cases they proceed in a hidden, subtle, unnoticed, or disguised as other sensations. For example, some patients noted the absence of typical tides, and at the same time, the appearance of night sweats, intolerance of stuffy rooms, short-term tremor in the hands, weakness. Such sensations, like tides, can last from 30 to 60 seconds, several times a day.
Pathogenesis of tides is uncomplicated: tides during menopause are due to the pituitary response to a sharp decrease in the amount of estrogen in the body - the so-called estrogenic imbalance. In response, the pituitary gland enhances the production of LH - luteinizing hormone, which, in turn, leads to a sharp short-term increase in body temperature, which is the moment of tide.
It can be assumed that any changes in this chain of reactions may lead to the absence or veiling of menopausal hot flashes, because many sensations may also depend on the state of the female autonomic nervous system.
Symptoms of menopause without tides
When they characterize the first signs of menopause, invariably mean flushes. However, this age period can occur without them: in this case, other symptoms appear on the first position, which can be recognized by menopause.
Usually, the onset of physiological menopause begins with a failure of the monthly cycle. The periods of delay of menstruation are gradually lengthened, the degree of blood loss decreases. In some women, bleeding during menstruation may be interspersed with pathological uterine bleeding - sometimes profuse and prolonged.
Menopause without tides may be accompanied by some signs that can be divided into several groups:
- neuropsychiatric signs: lethargy, sleep disorders, apathy, the appearance of phobias, depression, anorexia, mood swings,
- cardiovascular signs: headaches, dizziness, increased sweating, fluid retention,
- endocrinological signs: weight fluctuations, joint pain.
Hot flashes can go unnoticed and manifest themselves in the form of nausea, a temporary increase in heartbeat, and headache.
In rare cases, menopause occurs with hot flashes but without sweat. The absence of excessive sweating is also not a pathology, just as the absence of tides themselves is just a feature of the autonomic nervous system.
Complications and consequences
Increasing estrogen deficiency with menopause can gradually lead to certain complications, which can be expressed in the form of:
- persistent increase in blood pressure
- osteoporosis - weakening of the bone tissue,
- atherosclerotic changes in the vessels
- heart disease, heart attack,
- vascular problems, stroke,
- other diseases of the cardiovascular system.
Diagnosis of menopause without tides
Diagnosis of this age period is usually not a problem, as most often the typical clinical picture is observed at the age that is characteristic for the onset of menopause - after 40-45 years. However, the diagnostic process can be difficult if the woman has any diseases of the reproductive organs - especially of a chronic nature. It is for this reason that the diagnosis of menopause without tides may require some diagnostic refinements.
During the examination, the doctor pays attention to the general condition of the patient: the condition of the skin, hair, mood, constitutional features (often with the approach of menopausal period, the skin condition worsens, the skin becomes overweight).
Among additional studies, the doctor may prescribe:
- blood tests for hormone levels - estradiol and FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone value of more than 30 IU / l may indicate the onset of menopause),
- instrumental diagnostics - mammography (reveals changes in the mammary glands), ultrasound (allows you to evaluate the function of the ovaries and cyclical changes in the uterus).
For the diagnosis of atrophic processes inside the genital organs, an examination and pH testing is carried out, supplemented by a microbiological study of vaginal discharge.
Menopause without tides differentiated from such disease states:
- early ovarian depletion (before the age of 40),
- thyroid pathology,
- autoimmune diseases
- increased levels of prolactin in the bloodstream
- congenital adrenal hyperplasia,
- polycystic ovaries,
- chronic alcoholism,
- hormone-dependent tumor processes,
- neurosis, panic attacks.
For a differential diagnosis, you may need to consult an endocrinologist, a neurologist, a psychiatrist, and other specialized specialists.
Benefits of Non-Hormonal Therapy
Treatment without hormones involves the use of a variety of medicines, which include no female sex hormones. At the same time, the tablets may differ significantly from the tides by the mechanism of action and the time of the expected positive effect.
That is why it is not necessary to independently search for the answer to the question of how to cope with the tides during menopause, you should seek the help of a specialist. This may be an ordinary obstetrician-gynecologist in the antenatal clinic or a family doctor. In large cities, there is usually a special center where women with climacteric problems are assisted.
Treatment of tides is prescribed after a specific examination, which helps the specialist to assess the condition of the woman as a whole, to plan activities to maintain health at a certain level for a long time.
Non-hormonal drugs for menopause from hot flashes can also eliminate other unpleasant symptoms, for example, excessive dryness of the mucous membranes of the urinary tract and chest discomfort. In addition to the multidirectional action, non-hormonal drugs have several advantages. Among them are known:
- possibility of long-term use
- the gradual development of a positive effect
- minimal risk of side effects
- the possibility of combination with other medicinal means of continuous administration without dose adjustment,
- no increase in body weight
- there is no effect on the overall hormonal balance in the body,
- increasing the immunological resistance of a woman’s body.
On the other hand, during menopause, non-hormonal drugs should not be taken for life, often a dose adjustment of the prescribed drug is required. All these nuances can only be assessed by a specialist.
List of non-hormonal drugs for hot flashes
Phytoestrogens, traditional antihypertensive drugs and antidepressants are deservedly popular with doctors and patients. For each patient, an optimal combination of drugs or monotherapy for hot flashes can be selected.
This anti-tide medication for menopause has a multi-component composition that includes vitamins B, E and D, as well as phytoestrogens proper, herbal extracts and amino acids. Each of the components has a certain effect, which potentiates and enhances the action of others.
Tsimitsifugi extract has a predominant effect on the autonomic nervous system, that is, it effectively eliminates such unpleasant symptoms for women as sweating, temperature drops, dizziness and excessive heartbeat. It improves the metabolic processes of the musculoskeletal system, that is, it helps to treat osteoporosis.
Phytohormones are represented by soy compounds. By their action, they are in many ways similar to the female sex hormones, so it is easy to compensate for the developing estrogen deficiency. Phytoestrogens reduce the severity of all clinical signs of menopause, and also have anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect.
Another significant advantage, valuable for women with an increased risk of cardiovascular diseases, is a reduction in the intensity of platelet aggregation and the activity of coagulation factors.
Wild yam is a precursor of phytoestrogens, therefore, enhances their action. Dioecious nettle normalizes mineral metabolism. The positive effect of vitamins and amino acids is difficult to overestimate, since they are essential components of many biochemical processes. Symptoms such as anxiety, irritability, insomnia, quickly disappear with the completion of vitamin B deficiency.
The drug "Estrovel" is a dietary supplement, it can be taken no more than 2 months. By the end of the cycle, the condition of the woman usually improves. If necessary, the treatment can be repeated after a few weeks break.
Available in the Russian Federation, so it may be available for more patients. It is a comprehensive homeopathic remedy that is safe for almost everyone. It has a fairly pronounced anti-inflammatory, analgesic and antispasmodic effect, therefore, reduces the intensity of physical and emotional discomfort of a woman in menopause. It can be drunk even to those women whose professional activities are connected with precise movements and concentration of attention.
Produced by the Croatian company Jadran, which for many years has demonstrated the high European quality of its products. The drug "Feminal" contains another phytoestrogen - red clover extract. However, its main effects on the female body are the same as those of soy. The symptoms typical for menopause disappear quickly enough with regular use. Available in pill form.
Femcups izy life
The means which is issued in the territory of Finland. It has a complex composition: passiflora flowers (reduce anxiety and irritability), vitamins B and E, primrose extracts and Vitex sacred. This tool is ideal for those women in whom changes in the emotional background prevail over autonomic disorders. The recommended course of treatment is 3 months, 2-4 capsules are taken daily.
In addition to phytoestrogens, it also contains animal products - bee and snake venom. Thus, the natural resistance of the female body increases, many types of metabolism are normalized. It should be remembered that biological poisons can provoke allergic reactions, so you need to carefully monitor the possible changes in their own well-being, when a woman has just started to use this remedy.
French drug, the main active ingredient of which is soy extract. Effectively eliminates almost any manifestation of menopause with regular use.
Antihypertensive drugs are indicated for women who, in addition to hot flashes, have high blood pressure. This can be either a sign of an independent disease (hypertension), or one of the symptoms of a specific somatic pathology (kidney disease, etc.).
Drugs with hypotensive effect do not have any significant effect on the hormonal background of a woman, that is, they do not replace phytoestrogens. As a rule, the patient is prescribed a combination of phytoestrogens and antihypertensive drugs.
The drug to reduce blood pressure at the time of the attack, that is, it is a means of emergency care. It can not be used as an option for ongoing therapy, as it has a fairly wide range of side effects. It is used to treat open-angle glaucoma. Contraindicated in women who suffer from depression, heart rhythm disorders, marked atherosclerosis.
One of the most widely used means to reduce blood pressure. It belongs to the group of drugs - inhibitors of the angiotensin-converting enzyme. An important advantage of Captopril is its multifaceted effect: it not only reduces pressure, but also reduces the myocardial oxygen demand, helps reduce the frequency of strokes and the severity of pain at the time of the attack.
Captopril is quickly absorbed in the stomach, begins to act within half an hour, reaching maximum effect after 90 minutes. The duration of its effect is limited to 4-5 hours. It may be a component of the combined treatment, that is, it is easily combined with other drugs and biological additives for the treatment of menopause.
The most common side effect of captopril is a dry, hacking cough. If this symptom causes serious inconvenience to the patient, it is necessary to reduce his dose or use another drug.
This is a group of medicines that requires special attention from the doctor. All drugs are sold only on doctor's prescription and with a prescription, which excludes their possibility of self-administration. Appointment of antidepressants in the complex treatment of menopausal syndrome is justified only in severe disorders of the emotional sphere.
It belongs to the group of agents whose mechanism of action is to block the reuptake of norepinephrine and serotonin. Effective in severe anxiety and depressive disorders. There are practically no cases of development against the background of his intake of eating disorders and sexual function.
It is characterized by a strong sedative effect, can increase blood pressure, which is undesirable in women menopausal. Typical pronounced withdrawal syndrome.
It is a serotonin reuptake inhibitor. Efficacy is equivalent to classic tricyclic antidepressants with fewer side effects. On the other hand, the use of this drug in women provokes sexual means (lack of arousal, the inability to achieve orgasm), which can further aggravate the condition of a woman in menopause.