Vaginal discharge is a problem that women often face. And when discharge occurs, women often start to panic because of this. The girl should know the difference between normal discharge from the discharge, talking about pathology.
But there are whites when they become more intense:
- After intercourse and arousal. Such discharge after sex can go about a day. And if nothing is alarming and does not bother, except for secretions, you do not need to contact a specialist,
- During pregnancy, especially in the early stages. White discharge before menstruation is a sign of pregnancy. Due to changes in hormonal levels, white secretions increase with great intensity. Some expectant mothers even have to use daily pads. There is no need to worry here, if there is no brown streak and blood in such belyah,
- When ovulation is approaching, a white-yellow discharge appears. Such secretions take 1-2 days and are the result of cyclic hormonal changes in a woman.
Hygiene of the female genital organs must be correct. If it is improperly washed away, inflammatory processes can occur. Flushing should take place from front to back so that the feces do not fall into the vagina. Use special tools for intimate hygiene, baby soap.
If there are disturbing cheesy vaginal discharge and severe itching, you can make douching solutions to normalize the microflora. The use of herbs is not recommended, as they can cause allergies.
Definitely, because of the color of the discharge, one cannot judge a particular disease. Only after passing the tests can you accurately establish the diagnosis of discharge, which is not the norm. Therefore, it is not necessary to postpone your visit to the doctor in order to avoid the onset of the disease and possible complications.
Classification of vaginal discharge
Each gynecological disease has its own distinctive features. An important role is played by the color of vaginal discharge. And they are:
Their consistency also varies, and for this reason vaginal discharge is divided into curdled, frothy, gelatinous, and others. At the same time they may be accompanied by a smell that has a different degree of severity. In some cases, it is the specific smell that allows specialists to detect the presence of pathology, and sometimes even make a preliminary diagnosis.
In addition, the discharge can cause itching, redness of the external genital organs, irritation and other unpleasant symptoms. Their appearance is often caused by the presence of pathogens in the vagina, which cause the development of various diseases.
Also, unpleasant symptoms can occur for other reasons that are very easy to eliminate. For example, the appearance of yellow discharge after menstruation is most often the result of prolonged use of sanitary pads. After eliminating the cause of the selection pass in a couple of days.
But those secretions that are pathological, can even be called useful. After all, their presence indicates that the female reproductive system is trying to get rid of harmful microorganisms and purges. And this in turn prevents the development of serious infectious diseases.
If the discharge is not associated with the presence of pathology, then they have a thick consistency, poor character and occur periodically. They completely have no smell and, when they appear, the woman feels normal. That is, the signs of the development of painful microorganisms are completely absent.
"Healthy" vaginal discharge
About exactly what signs of healthy vaginal discharge have, every woman should know. Their appearance should not cause her concern. Appeal to a specialist, they also do not require. To healthy secretions include:
- transparent discharge, its appearance resembling chicken protein, observing during the ovulation period,
- scanty creamy discharge after ovulation,
- copious creamy discharge, observed 2-4 days before the onset of menstruation,
- discharge yellowish tint of the vagina, occurring 4-10 hours after intercourse, having lumps in their consistency (indicates sperm entering the vagina),
- brown discharge that occurs on the background of hormonal drugs or intrauterine device (do not depend on the menstrual cycle).
Vaginal discharge, indicating the presence of pathological processes can occur on any day of the cycle. They also have different shades, but they are always accompanied by other symptoms characteristic of a particular disease.
Vaginal discharge acquires a brown color due to falling into the natural physiological mucus of the blood. Such a phenomenon occurs, as a rule, with various internal disturbances and may indicate the development of pathological processes (edometriosis, hyperplasia, polyps, etc.).
Similar discharge can occur during pregnancy. Their presence indicates either the presence of an ectopic pregnancy, or the detachment of the ovum, as a result of which spontaneous miscarriage may occur.
Discharge after menstruation, having a liquid consistency, may indicate the development of endometritis and endocervicitis. But the bloody discharge of white color, having an unpleasant smell, speaks of inflammatory processes occurring in the pelvic organs, or the development of infectious diseases.
A discharge that does not have any color and shade (transparent) that occurs after menstruation, indicates the presence of cervical erosion. But if they have a cheesy consistency, regardless of when they appear (before menstruation or after), then this already indicates the development of candidiasis.
But when the discharge becomes green or yellow, it is already a sure sign of infectious diseases, the cause of which are pathogenic bacteria.
After menstruation, there may be a pink discharge, the presence of which may indicate the development of endometritis. But if a woman is bothered by the bleeding that occurs on different days of the menstrual cycle, there are multiple violations that require immediate treatment to a specialist.
It is important to understand that only a doctor can make a correct diagnosis. After all, vaginal discharge may be of a different nature and depend on the menstrual cycle. For example, the appearance of whiter, having a brown tint, which occur immediately after menstruation, is a natural process and is not considered a pathology.
But if these same excretions are observed for a week or more, and at the same time have an unpleasant smell, then the woman just needs to run headlong to a gynecologist. Since this may indicate the development of ectopic pregnancy.
Brown vaginal discharge
Earlier it was already mentioned that after menstruation, a woman may have spotting vaginal discharge with a brown color for several days. Experts associate their appearance with contact of blood with oxygen, at which its oxidation occurs. This process is quite natural and does not require a woman to take any emergency measures.
Worry is necessary when the brown discharge acquires an unpleasant smell, as this indicates the development of not very favorable processes in the body of a woman, which can lead to the development of serious pathologies.
It is for this reason that when such a clinical picture occurs, a woman should immediately contact a specialist and be tested for infectious diseases, for example, herpes, ureplazma, chlamydia, etc.
In the event that a woman is disturbed by such discharge for several days or weeks, it is likely that the doctor will have suggestions on the development of pathological processes in the uterine cavity. Therefore, the appointment of a full examination, which includes gynecological tests, ultrasound, scrapings and other diagnostic methods in this case are simply necessary.
Special attention should be given to the selection, which occurs 2-3 days after the end of menstruation. When they occur, experts recommend a pregnancy test. After all, their appearance may indicate detachment of the ovum or the development of ectopic pregnancy.
The appearance of discharge after menstruation
Most often, this symptom indicates the development of endometritis, in which inflammatory processes occur in the uterus.
Endometritis occurs against the background of active breeding pathogens that penetrate the uterus during surgery or complications of labor. This pathology is usually accompanied by the following symptoms:
- brown-colored discharge that occurs immediately after menstruation and is observed for a long time,
- the occurrence of pain in the lower abdomen, having aching, piercing and pulling character,
- general malaise (weakness, fatigue, fever, etc.).
The cunning of this disease lies in the fact that at its primary stages of development it is not accompanied by any symptoms. As a rule, women turn to a specialist already when there is pain in the abdomen and prolonged spotting from the vagina occurs.
And their appearance suggests that the process of detachment of the uterine epithelium has already begun. This condition is dangerous for a woman and can lead to infertility.
What other pathologies do discharge after menstruation indicate?
Such secretions may indicate the development of endometriosis, which is accompanied by the proliferation of endometrial cells of the uterus. In other words, it is a benign tumor that requires an operating method of treatment.
It is very difficult to detect endometriosis on its own, because it is characterized by symptoms similar to those of other diseases. And now we are talking not only about secretions, but also about the presence of abdominal pain, mainly in its lower part, having a pulling character.
However, endometriosis still has its own distinctive feature. It is characterized by an increase in the duration of the menstrual cycle to 10-12 days.
In almost all cases, the development of endometriosis leads to infertility. Therefore, timely detection of pathology plays a major role. And it is done with the help of laparoscopic examination and blood analysis, which uses a special device that allows to detect cancer cells.
Prolonged discharge, having a brown tint, after menstruation is not the norm and indicates the development of the pathological process in the female body. Therefore, when they are identified, one should not delay the visit to the specialist. Indeed, the success of treatment largely depends on at what stage of its development the disease was detected.
When white spots are normal
The process of separation of the endometrium from the walls of the uterus may begin a little earlier or, conversely, take a little longer than the monthly periods go. Uterine mucus is just manifested in the form of white, odorless discharge, visible on the panties before the onset of menstruation, or immediately after its end. But this is normal, if the discharge lasts no more than one day after the end of menstruation. Otherwise, it is better to consult a gynecologist to make sure that there are no pathologies.
Usually, the white discharge is scanty: just a spot with a yellowish tinge. If they are thick and there is a lot of discharge, this is a reason to worry about your female health. Allocation of small white odorless spots somewhere on the tenth or twelfth day of the cycle is also considered normal. During this period, there is an ovulation in a woman, and the appearance of such mucus only illustrates this. The dangers of such a selection do not represent.
When whites are abnormal
About the presence of any pathologies can speak thick white spots on the panties, appearing a few days after the end of menstruation and accompanied by an unpleasant smell, unusual sensations in the genitals. In this case, the trip to the doctor is better not to postpone.
When violations in the reproductive system of the woman white discharge after the end of menstruation become abundant, they appear unpleasant greenish tint. The structure itself is detachable similar to cottage cheese. In this case, the woman feels itching in the genitals, notices redness in the region of the labia minora, and their puffiness. Such symptoms speak of pathology.
The causes of such cycle violations are the following states:
- infectious diseases of the genital organs: chlamydia or trichomoniasis,
- fungal pathologies,
- the omission of the walls of the uterus,
- the presence of genital tumors,
- violation of the rules of sexual hygiene.
Inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina is called vaginitis, but also white thick spots may be a sign of colpitis. In any case, in order to make the correct diagnosis and treat a possible disease, it is necessary to contact a gynecologist as soon as possible.
Diagnosis of the causes of white discharge after menstruation
At the consultation, the gynecologist conducts a survey, finds out such features:
- habitual course of sexual life of a woman
- how long have white spots been observed
- what other patient has related complaints,
- what she previously suffered diseases of the reproductive system,
- whether she had pregnancy, how they proceeded.
Further, there is a mandatory examination on the gynecological chair. With the help of mirrors, the walls of the vagina are examined for inflammation or the appearance of a fungus. In addition, smears are taken to analyze the secretions.
After passing the inspection, it is better to pass a urine and blood test. It is necessary to study the hormonal background of the patient in order to understand the nature of the disorders. According to the results of all studies, treatment will be prescribed.
Treatment of diseases with copious white secretions
One of the most common pathologies, in the symptoms of which are observed unpleasant thick white discharge after menstruation, is thrush. This is a fungal disease resulting from a decrease in the immune defense of the genitals. This is due to lack of hygiene or infection.
Mainly for the treatment of thrush used drug therapy:
- antifungal drugs
- antibacterial agents
- vitamin complexes that restore the body's immune defense.
Some drugs are used in the form of tablets, but the main drugs against the fungus are made in the form of candles. It is important in the treatment of thrush to protect against the disease and your partner. For this reason, therapy usually involves taking medication and men.
If vaginitis became the cause of white abundant discharge, complex therapy is applied. Recommended medication, which aims to destroy the causes of vaginitis. Most often it is antibacterial drugs.
Further, anti-inflammatory drugs are prescribed, which reduce genital discomfort and help restore the vaginal mucosa. In addition, it is important to restore the normal microflora of the genital organs. It should drink a course of vitamins, enzymes and analgesics. Additionally, therapy is accompanied by antihistamine drugs.
After the end of treatment, a restorative course of hormonal contraceptives is prescribed to establish the woman's menstrual cycle. In most cases, the treatment of vaginitis is recommended to temporarily stop sex.
If chlamydia or other sexually transmitted infections become the cause of white discharge after menstruation, then ointments and suppositories containing antibiotics are included in the course of treatment. The use of such funds lasts from 12 to 14 days. During treatment, any sex is excluded.
Additionally, fortifying therapy is needed:
- antihistamines that should reduce itching.
Especially dangerous diseases, the symptoms of which may be white discharge after the end of menstruation, are genital tumors. Their identification requires a more thorough diagnosis. So, it is necessary to undergo ultrasound in order to clearly localize the zone of development of the neoplasm. As a treatment, surgical intervention is usually indicated.
With timely treatment to the gynecologist, prompt diagnosis and proper treatment, any diseases of the reproductive system of a woman can be cured, after which the woman will return to normal sex life. The problem is that infectious and fungal pathologies can reappear, which should be remembered and closely followed by the passage of the menstrual cycle, as well as secretions.
Normal discharge after menstruation
Месячные закончились – выделения из влагалища остались. Is there a reason for excitement? The whole cycle in the reproductive system occurs transformation, hormonal changes. Vaginal discharge tells about the stage of development of the egg. The cervix constantly produces mucus that protects against the penetration of infection into the vagina, moisturizes the body during intercourse. They must be present on any day of the cycle. In the absence of pathological processes in the body, they are colorless and odorless. Consistency depends on the phase of the monthly cycle.
In case of non-observance of hygiene, remain on the surface of the genitals, underwear. Under the influence of oxygen acquire a yellowish tint. The activity of harmful microorganisms increases, a specific odor appears that resembles rot. After the procedure of washing, everything returns to normal.
In the process of menstruation, the layer of the uterus is rejected, which has developed to receive a fertilized egg. If this does not occur, the epithelium comes out with blood. The uterus makes cuts, pushes everything that is not useful outside. That is, cleared. On the last day of the monthly discharge, they become scarce, then the blood disappears altogether. But 2-3 days they can have a different shade - from yellow, pink, to brown. After 3 days, the discharge becomes barely noticeable.
Feature of vaginal discharge
So that a woman is not afraid of vaginal discharge, did not invent non-existent diseases, you should pay attention to the day of the cycle.
- In the first phase of the menstrual cycle, vaginal discharge is barely noticeable, in a small amount, without the presence of a specific smell.
- During the period of ovulation they become mucous, abundant, transparent. Remind the egg white. Have a consistency. The smell is not present. Their presence indicates the normal functioning of the reproductive system.
- After ovulation, in the second phase of the vaginal discharge cycle, it becomes creamy, non-abundant. The color is white, there is no smell. Gradually the amount of discharge increases. On the eve of menstruation become abundant.
- When semen enters the vagina, the next day they turn white, yellow with clots. Have a creamy texture, not abundant. The presence of clots - the result of the interaction of sperm with lubrication of the vagina.
- If a woman takes hormonal contraceptives, after menstruation there may be brown discharge. They pass in a few days, or accompany the woman throughout the cycle. This situation happens if the drugs are taken for 1-2 months, the reproductive system adapts to them. A similar pattern when using contraceptive internal helix. Brown discharge may be present for about 3 months, until the body ceases to perceive the spiral as an alien object. The presence of a brown tint indicates the reaction of the reproductive system.
It turns out that the presence of discharge of white, yellow, brown is the norm after menstruation. Provided that the reason for their appearance is very clear. It is necessary to sound the alarm if, in addition to changes in vaginal discharge, there are additional symptoms of discomfort. There are pain, an unpleasant smell.
What tell vaginal discharge
If the color changes for unknown reasons, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist to clarify the picture. There can be anything from a temporary imbalance of hormones to the presence of serious diseases of the reproductive system.
Brown discharge after menstruation
Brown appears when blood is added. Under the influence of oxygen and the internal environment of the vagina, the blood quickly coagulates, leaving a brown tint. Clear evidence of violations of the reproductive system due to pathological processes. Brown shades appear in the presence of diseases such as endometriosis, hyperplasia, polyp. As well as the detachment of the ovum, ectopic pregnancy. Brown discharge can be of any consistency with a specific smell. In the presence of diseases, the nature of menstruation changes. They become abundant or scarce. In any case, not like they were before.
Liquid dark discharge after menstruation
Such secretions are present in the presence of endocervicitis, endometritis. Indicate the presence of an inflammatory process. You can notice the pathological changes in the body by the nature of menstruation. It becomes painful, the discharge of blood is abundant, lasting more than 7 days. During intercourse before menstruation and immediately after their termination, pain is felt.
White vaginal discharge after menstruation
The most common picture, since it has many reasons.
- White creamy consistency in a small amount indicate the presence of an inflammatory disease, infection penetration. As an additional confirmation - the presence of pain in the lower abdomen, a change in the nature of menstruation, a specific smell, discomfort during intercourse.
- White transparent consistency indicate the presence of cervical erosion. With this syndrome, the monthly cycle is disturbed, the menstruation comes with a delay, it can last more than usual. The uterus responds by having pain during intercourse.
- White vaginal discharge thick curd consistency indicate the presence of candidiasis, or thrush. There is a smell of sour milk. Menstruation with thrush profuse, painful. Discomfort causes burning, itching, pain at the end of urination. Signs of thrush increase during menstruation, as blood contributes to the rapid reproduction of harmful microorganisms. There is discomfort during intercourse.
- Vaginal discharge in white indicates the presence of vaginosis. This is a violation of the vaginal microflora due to external and internal factors. The reason may be hormonal imbalance, intestinal dysbiosis, inflammatory processes in the adjacent internal organs. There is a specific smell of moderate severity. The consistency is often thick.
Vaginal discharge yellow green
Such secretions indicate the presence of infection. It is transmitted sexually during unprotected intercourse. In this case, the monthly cycle is violated. Menstruation profuse, painful, lasts more than 7 days. More like bleeding. After menstrual discharge, the vagina remains as abundant, frothy, with the unpleasant smell of rotten fish, rot. It depends on the harmful microorganism that develops in the majority, causes the disease. After a certain time, symptoms may subside, menstruation will no longer be abundant, but strange vaginal discharge will be felt. This happens if a woman does not refer to a gynecologist, does not conduct treatment.
Pink vaginal discharge after menstruation
Such secretions indicate the presence of chronic endometritis. The uterus functions in violation. The layer of epithelium develops in excessive quantities. As a result, there is heavy bleeding during menstruation, and then discharge with blood after it. The appearance of pink color in the discharge after menstruation may indicate the presence of late ovulation or repeated. This happens under the influence of hormonal drugs. At the same time there is no specific smell. Discharge appears in the form of mucus, transparent with a pink tinge. In them you can see the streaks of blood that cause such a color.
Bleeding after menstruation
The phenomenon is frequent, it is provoked by many factors. If they last no more than 4 days after the end of menstruation, there is nothing dangerous about it. The uterus continues to clear. If bleeding is present for longer than a week, this indicates the presence of pathological processes, or the adaptation of the reproductive system to new conditions.
- Spotting suggests ectopic pregnancy. At the same time, the periods themselves will change. They either will not exist at all, or will appear scarce.
- The presence of bleeding - evidence of endometritis. The uterus cannot function normally. The reason for this may be hormonal failure.
- At the beginning of the use of contraceptive drugs will appear bloody discharge. And also when installing intrauterine device. If they are minor, do not cause discomfort - there is nothing terrible. Prolonged bleeding, which does not stop for 14 days after menstruation, increases in quantity, indicating the presence of an inflammatory process. We'll have to cancel the hormonal drug, remove the spiral. Undergo treatment.
- After menstruation appear due to abortion, or other surgery on the uterus. The situation should be discussed with the doctor. It can be both the norm and the deviation. May indicate the presence of inflammation, infection.
The uterus reacts to any change in the body. Even diseases not related to the reproductive system can affect the nature of the discharge. If you care about something, it is better to go to an appointment with a specialist than to guess what it is connected with. The presence of pathological processes can be determined independently, but their cause is unlikely.
Allocation after menstruation: norm and pathology
Normally, a woman feels almost no discharge after the menstrual cycle. This is due to the evaporation of liquid secretion under the influence of temperature. There may be a small amount of mucus. The definition of normal discharge after menstruation is carried out in accordance with the indicators:
- Amount. Normally, excretions appear in amounts of up to 4 milliliters per day. If the laying of a woman has a spot up to 5 centimeters in diameter, then you should not worry
- Color. In most cases, there are white discharge after menstruation. Women observe the appearance of yellow spots on the daily pads, due to the interaction of mucus with oxygen
- Consistency. After the menstrual cycle, discharge has a watery consistency.
- Structures. Most women note homogeneity of discharge. In some cases there may be small lumps that are particles of constantly renewing tissue.
- Smell. Normally, discharge after menstruation should be without any smell.
With discharge after menstruation, the woman should be completely absent additional symptoms. For women, its secretion should not cause discomfort or pain.
Effect on excreta
Certain factors can influence the characteristics of mucus after menstruation. A rather important aspect in this case is unprotected sexual intercourse. If during this period there was an eruption of sperm, then immediately after it in the mucus there will be clots of white or yellow color. After unprotected sex in the morning, a liquid consistency can be released, which has an increased volume. If sexual contact was protected, then the discharge may be of a creamy form of small intensity.
The nature of the discharge after the menstrual cycle is directly affected by hormonal drugs. In most cases, a change in consistency is observed in the initial stages of treatment or after a change in the hormonal drug. After several months of medication therapy, the white discharge becomes brown. The same pathological condition can be diagnosed in patients during the period of taking other drugs.
A change in the consistency and color of the mucus after menstruation can be observed against the background of various factors that are associated with a change in the lifestyle of a woman.
If the discharge after menstruation is painted white, then this may indicate a cervicitis. In this disease, inflammation occurs in the cervical canal. The occurrence of the pathological process is diagnosed by non-compliance with the rules of personal hygiene.
Also at risk are women who are sexually promiscuous. In the period of the development of pathology in patients, the appearance of white discharge with purulent contents is observed.
Most patients complain of the appearance of pain in the uterus. Pathological process may be accompanied by a lack of sexual desire. During examination, the doctor observed cervical hyperemia. Some women complain about the appearance of difficulty urinating. If a chronic stage of the disease is diagnosed, then this may be accompanied by a small amount of discharge or their complete absence.
In case of untimely pathology in patients, complications that develop in the form of cervical erosion are noted. It can cause dysplasia, cancer and infertility. Therapy of the disease depends on the cause of its origin. Most often, patients are treated with Diflucan. If the patient develops a chlamydial form of the disease, then therapy is carried out with antibiotics that belong to the tetracycline series.
Atrophic cervicitis is cured with the use of estrogen, with the help of which the vaginal epithelium is normalized. If cervicitis occurs on the background of exposure to the herpes virus, then anti-herpes immunoglobulin and antiviral agents are prescribed for the treatment of pathology. When a disease occurs on the background of exposure to papilomavirus, warts are removed initially. After this treatment is assigned, aimed at restoring the epithelial cells of the vagina.
Cervicitis is characterized by the presence of several forms that must be established for the purpose of rational treatment.
In women with candidiasis, a white discharge is observed. The appearance of this disease can be observed against the background of changes in the acid-base environment in the vagina. Also, the pathological process can be diagnosed during unprotected sexual intercourse with questionable partners. The causative agent of this disease are the fungi of the genus Candida.
In the period of flow of thrush, the appearance of white cheesy discharge is observed. In some cases, their texture is similar to kefir. The smell of discharge - mild. During the course of the disease the patient may complain of itching in the genital area. They also have pain during bladder emptying or sexual intercourse.
For the treatment of the pathological process is the use of antifungal drugs. The choice of a particular drug depends on the type of pathogen. That is why the patient is recommended to undergo an appropriate examination. Women make the appointment of tablets forms of drugs inside. Also appointed candles and pills that are inserted into the vagina, which provides them with a local effect.
Thrush is a rather unpleasant disease and requires timely treatment, which will get rid of unpleasant symptoms.
Discharge with gardnerelleze
If the weaker sex has Gardnerellosis, then she has white discharge, which is characterized by the presence of fishy smell. The consistency of mucus is uniform. Discharges appear in insignificant amounts, redness is formed on the external genital organs. Women complain of itching, burning and discomfort in the groin area.
Most often, the disease is diagnosed against the background of frequent douches, which is explained by a violation of the normal microflora of the vagina. If a woman takes birth control pills that are based on 9-nonoxynol, this can cause a pathological process.
The occurrence of the disease can be diagnosed if the woman uses antibiotics or suppositories that have a wide spectrum of action.
Patient therapy is aimed at suppressing pathogens in the vagina. For this purpose, the use of special preparations in the form of candles, tablets, gels. After this, the purified microflora is filled with the beneficial lactobacilli. During this period, patients are advised to adhere to a special diet in the form of yoghurt, biokefir, dairy products, sauerkraut. During the period of treatment is recommended exclusion of sexual intimacy.
White discharge after menstruation may be temporary or indicate the course of the pathological condition. That is why, if the discharge is observed for a long period, the woman should seek help from a doctor. Only a qualified specialist can prescribe a rational treatment after an appropriate diagnosis. In order to avoid the course of disease, women are advised to carry out their prevention in a timely manner.