Is it possible to have surgery during menstruation?


Many women who have to undergo surgery are very concerned about the question of whether it is possible to have an operation during menstruation. Menstruation is a special period when the body of the fair sex is least protected. This may cause some negative consequences, so it is better to postpone such complex and dangerous procedures for a more favorable time.

It is especially difficult for a woman to have a period of menstruation, therefore, until the critical days have passed, it is advisable to limit physical exertion, stop drinking and eat right. In this case, going through this difficult week can be much easier. As for operations during the monthly, then, if possible, it is worth refusing from such an event. However, if we are talking about urgent surgical intervention, then it must be carried out in any case, regardless of what phase of the menstrual cycle the patient has at the moment. But in such a situation there is no guarantee that everything will pass without complications.

Many women who have to undergo surgery are very concerned about the question of whether it is possible to have an operation during menstruation. Menstruation is a special period when the body of the fair sex is least protected. This may cause some negative consequences, so it is better to postpone such complex and dangerous procedures for a more favorable time.

It is especially difficult for a woman to have a period of menstruation, therefore, until the critical days have passed, it is advisable to limit physical exertion, stop drinking and eat right. In this case, going through this difficult week can be much easier. As for operations during the monthly, then, if possible, it is worth refusing from such an event. However, if we are talking about urgent surgical intervention, then it must be carried out in any case, regardless of what phase of the menstrual cycle the patient has at the moment. But in such a situation there is no guarantee that everything will pass without complications.

Why are menstrual surgery not recommended?

During the period of critical days, the body of the fair sex experiences intense stress, which is associated not only with significant blood loss, but also with changes in hormonal levels. As a result, any manipulations with the body turn out to be bad consequences. In order to reduce the possible risk of complications, specialists try to postpone the time of surgical procedures for a more favorable period.

During menstruation, a woman’s blood loses its normal qualities and coagulates less actively. This can result in serious bleeding during surgery. Thus, even the smallest surgical intervention can turn into a situation that is life-threatening to the patient.

Moreover, during the period of menstruation, the work of the anesthesiologist is significantly complicated. Changes in hormonal levels lead to increased sensitivity to certain drugs. Therefore, a reaction to an injection from an anesthesiologist may be unexpected. Susceptibility to pain in this difficult period increases, and the effect of protective forces decreases. All this creates very dangerous conditions for the operation.

Most often, before proceeding with surgery, specialists conduct a lot of tests and examinations. But during menstruation, indicators can vary significantly, so there is a risk of unpredictable consequences and the body’s reaction to certain drugs. On critical days, the level of red blood cells, platelets and white blood cells and hematocrit will be lower than usual. Due to significant blood loss, the hemoglobin in the patient's body is lowered.

During menstruation, it is impossible to conduct some tests. For example, it is very difficult to properly collect material for the study of feces and urine. Therefore, for the operation of a specialist will not have enough data.

Thus, for most surgical procedures, menstruation is a contraindication. The only exception is emergency surgery. Most often, such events are prescribed for the 10-14 day of the cycle, and the delivery of the analysis - at 7-8. The best time for surgical procedures is the period between the end of critical days and the onset of ovulation.

It is worth noting that the rules of the operations are observed and dentists. Even simple tooth extraction during menstruation is strongly discouraged.

Possible consequences

Experts note that especially complicated and dangerous consequences during surgical intervention during the period of critical days are mostly not observed. However, it all depends on the complexity of the operation. If we are talking about a serious event, you need to prepare for it as carefully as possible. Therefore, the time is chosen carefully. It is important that the period of a complex operation on vital organs does not coincide with menstruation. Otherwise, problems may arise not only during the procedure, but also during the recovery period, which will be much longer.

If the rules for operations are not followed, complications such as hematomas and rough scars can be obtained. This is especially scary for those women who have undergone plastic surgery. Therefore, you should not carry out surgical procedures and cosmetic procedures on the face during the period of critical days.

If you have surgery during menstruation, large hematomas will appear. Bruising resolves for a very long time, so you have to undergo various physiological procedures. In addition, there will be a high risk of getting rough scars. Of course, much depends on the experience and qualifications of the surgeon, but during the menstrual stitches heal for a long time, so ugly marks can still remain. In a particular risk group are women whose bodies are characterized by a kind of collagen exchange process. To eliminate this trouble, use special smoothing injections.

It is much more difficult to fight hematomas, as after them ugly pigment spots can remain on the skin. In some women they disappear in a few months, while others have to deal with the problem with the help of cosmetic procedures.

But external defects are not the worst consequences of operations during critical days. Much more difficult is necessary in those situations when doctors need to stop the strong reactions of the patient's body to drugs and anesthetics. Often, it is necessary to treat the dangerous effects of suppuration and inflammatory processes. When conducting an operation during menstruation, such troubles occur much more often than during the normal period.

It is especially dangerous to perform surgical procedures on critical days when the task of specialists is to install implants. Most often, patients have to use antibiotics for a long time after such an operation, and sometimes even remove implanted elements.

The best time for surgery

The most favorable period for carrying out various operations are the days immediately after the end of the month. At this time, you can conveniently carry out all the necessary tests and without any problems to perform a surgical intervention. Moreover, in this case, the woman will have enough time to restore the body.

If, however, the operation is performed before the menstrual period, then the patient will have problems with hygiene, which is so necessary on critical days. Motor activity after such a complex event will be reduced, which will not allow a woman to properly care for herself during this difficult period.

Should I visit the beautician in critical days?

Despite the fact that these procedures can not be called a full-fledged operation, experts still recommend to give up many manipulations with skin and body during menstruation. The fact is that the body's reaction to many drugs will be inadequate, so you should postpone visiting the cosmetologist until better times.

During critical days it is strongly not recommended to carry out chemical peeling, as it can turn into a serious allergic reaction. In addition, it is necessary to abandon the thread tightening of the skin, tattoo and the introduction of Botox. All these procedures can lead to a negative result, if carried out at the beginning of the menstrual cycle.

A therapeutic massage is not recommended. Some of the fair sex say that they are not able to achieve the desired result even with the usual chemical perm and dyeing hair during critical days. Therefore, in order not to waste money, it is worthwhile to postpone the trip to the salon until a more favorable period begins.

The opinion of doctors as to whether it is possible to perform operations during menstruation is ambiguous. Foreign specialists very rarely cancel the planned surgical procedures if the patient starts menstruating. In Russia, surgeons are still trying to adjust to the menstrual cycle in order to reduce risks.

How surgery affects the reproductive function of women

The female reproductive system is a complex mechanism supported by hormone production. Each month in the exact sequence of the repeated phases of the menstrual cycle, which begin with the advent of menstruation. Monthly - this is a regular "update" of the reproductive system, repeated every month in the form of menstrual bleeding, which occurs due to rejection of the outer mucous layer of the uterus. During the critical days, the woman's body is very vulnerable, and suffers a serious disruption in its work. Hormones that regulate and control all the processes of the female reproductive system, significantly affect the blood picture and its ability during the critical days.

Operation during menstruation is a significant risk for the body of the fair sex, and therefore its purpose in this period is not advisable. During the period of menstrual bleeding, blood clotting is significantly reduced, which can cause internal bleeding in the surgical field and seriously complicate the healing process. It is also impossible to perform the operation during menstruation due to the reduced resistance of the organism due to the risk of infection that the immune system is unable to cope with during menstruation.

Surgical intervention is a serious medical event that involves injuring tissues and organs with a view to a favorable outcome for human health, often performed under local or general anesthesia. The operation is prescribed only when medical treatment can not bring the desired effect and have the proper result. In any case, surgery is always stressful for the body, and even more so during menstruation, when immunity is significantly weakened, which can serve as a reason for serious complications.

Menstruation and antibiotics

Antibiotics are potent drugs designed to combat pathogenic microorganisms. Antibiotics have a significant effect on the body, and are prescribed only in cases of extreme necessity, when there is a risk of developing an infection or to suppress an existing one. Doctors often prescribe these medications for course administration during an operation, before some of them, or immediately after it. This is done to improve the process of postoperative recovery of the body and to prevent possible complications in the form of the development of infections.

This can happen if a woman takes any potent medication, including antibiotics just before these days or specifically on menstruation days. On the background of taking antibiotics, the menstrual cycle may fail: critical days may start early or significantly delay.

Not always failure of the menstrual cycle is associated with antibiotics. Violation of the hormonal background can occur due to a disease, because of which, in fact, medicines were prescribed. Also, do not forget about the psychological factor when a woman is worried about her health or the upcoming operation. For these reasons, critical days may begin not on time, coinciding with the date of the planned surgical intervention. According to a number of indications, physicians most likely will not perform an operation on menstruation days and will transfer it to another number. During critical days, blood properties change, which affects the effect of some medications, strengthening or inhibiting their effect on the body.

Why not to have surgery during menstruation

Is it possible to have surgery during menstruation? - there is no unequivocal answer to this question, since everything depends on the type of operation, its necessity and urgency. Many physicians strongly recommend that women not perform surgery on menstruation days, and there are reasons for this. Surgery is always a stress and a challenge for the body that requires enough time and energy for successful recovery. Operations are divided into planned and emergency, and the latter are carried out, despite the critical days.

The female reproductive system is an accurate and fragile mechanism that is most vulnerable during menstruation. At this time, the body is restored after the monthly cycle has just ended, and rejects the unfertilized egg cell together with the upper layer of the endometrium. All valuable resources were directed to the growth of follicles and the maturation of the egg for its successful fertilization, but if it did not happen, monthly periods come and the reproductive system prepares for a new ovulation cycle. This period is the most difficult for women, as the premenstrual syndrome (PMS) and general malaise in the first days of bleeding makes itself felt. It is for these reasons that the operation at this time is undesirable, and may threaten possible complications.

Why can not do surgery during menstruation:

  1. Disturbed hormonal background. The shaky work of metabolic processes may prevent the recovery of the body after surgery.
  2. Reduced immunity. The body is not able to fight infections due to low resistance on the background of menstruation.
  3. Poor blood clotting. Occurs due to the specific production of hormones in the days of menstruation. May cause bleeding or slow healing of surgical wounds.
  4. Impaired sensitivity of the organism to medications. Introduced during the period of monthly medications may be incorrectly perceived by the body, namely, to enhance the effect of the drug or reduce. This is especially significant with the introduction of anesthesia, when it is difficult to adjust the required dosage.
  5. Reduced pain threshold. In the days of menstruation, the painful effects are felt stronger, and the body becomes very sensitive to irritations. There is a risk of inadequate action of anesthetics, which can adversely affect the course of the operation and the recovery period.
  6. Low hemoglobin. May subsequently cause complications associated with the recovery process. There is a risk of blood loss, and therefore the development of anemia or serious changes in blood pressure are threatened.

All of the above reasons are compelling reasons to postpone the operation for 8-15 days of the menstrual cycle, when the critical days have already fully ended, and the symptoms associated with PMS have not yet occurred.

When it is possible to operate with monthly

Critical days are a kind of test for the organism, which greatly influences the general condition of a woman and her internal health. Is it possible to perform an operation during menstruation, if the reproductive system during this period is very vulnerable and practically unable to deal with possible loads? By loads, we mean surgical surgery, which undoubtedly carries great stress for the body and can bring down the well-functioning work of many systems.

Emergency and urgent operations include those that are made to provide vital and urgently needed assistance. If a woman is in danger or even death, menstruation cannot be a contraindication for emergency surgery.

When it is possible to operate with monthly:

  • appendicitis,
  • internal bleeding
  • severe injuries or wounds
  • perforation of internal organs,
  • gastric or intestinal ulcer.

Operations can be divided into two types: planned and emergency. Routine surgeries are performed according to plan, and do not have urgent urgency, but emergency should be performed immediately. Если дата назначенной плановой операции совпала с днями менструации, следует оповестить об этом врача и он перенесет дату. В экстренных случаях месячные не являются помехой, когда в приоритете жизнь и здоровье пациентки.

Что нужно знать до операции

The operation can be prescribed for the purpose of therapeutic action, maintaining physical fitness or for aesthetic beauty. Women often use the services of plastic surgeons to hide the weaknesses of the body or highlight the merits. All these types of operations are performed routinely and involve preoperative preparation. It is not allowed to do a planned operation for menstruation for several reasons, and every woman should know this.

What can affect menstruation during surgery:

  1. The appearance of hematomas. Due to the low blood clotting during the critical days, during the operation bleeding occurs, which form long-healing hematomas even in places with minor hemorrhages. The healing of such hematomas can be delayed due to changes in the composition of the blood and low hemoglobin, which brings a lot of discomfort and psycho-emotional imbalance.
  2. The occurrence of pigmentation. Pigmented spots are the body's response to changes in blood and poor clotting. Pigmentation often occurs on the skin at the surgical site, but after a while it disappears.
  3. Risk of inflammation or suppuration. Due to the thinning of the blood, the toffee of increased bleeding in the operative field may develop inflammation due to accumulated blood. In severe cases, inflammation may be accompanied by purulent lesions. Such a process will always be painful, accompanied by increased body temperature and require medical treatment.
  4. Breast implant rejection. Women who decide to undergo breast augmentation during menstruation should be aware of the likely “rejection” of foreign bodies from the breasts. This may occur due to increased hormone production, which controls the body and is responsible for protective functions.
  5. Postoperative scars. The changed blood picture due to reduced coagulability and low hemoglobin negatively affects the healing process of surgical wounds and incisions. Long-term healing contributes to the formation of visible scars and scars on the skin, which can affect the aesthetic appearance.

Also, critical days can give a false result when conducting an ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs. Why put yourself at risk and unpleasant consequences if you can postpone the operation for the period after the end of the month. Most doctors believe that it is better to perform the operation on days that are not burdened with menstrual bleeding, in order to enable successful preoperative preparation and rehabilitation.


As it turned out, monthly operations are not recommended due to characteristic changes in the body's work. Could there be a delay in monthly indications for a planned operation? Of course, no. Even if there was no menstruation during the period of surgical intervention, their arrival after will complicate and slow down the recovery process. A planned operation is carried out after a certain preparation and a full examination, the results of which can be distorted and give false results due to the patient’s critical days. An operation on menstruation days is possible if it is a question of the risk to a woman’s life or in case of serious pathologies that cannot wait. In order not to have health problems or complications arising after the operation, it is not recommended to compare surgical intervention with the period of menstrual bleeding. It is not necessary to hide from the attending physician if the arrival of menstruation coincided with treatment, tests or surgical intervention. The combination of these factors can seriously harm the health and complicate the recovery process.