80% of women claim that each month the critical days are the most difficult for them. But, in fact, it can be done in such a way that these special days will not differ from the rest. If you want to find out how, read below 10 tips to help get rid of unpleasant symptoms on critical days.
1. The state of weakness and poor health in general is the result of intoxication of the body due to fluid accumulation. To prevent or eliminate fluid retention, it is recommended to use diuretic products. This may be a decoction of hips or kidney diuretic collection. In the summer season you can eat a few slices of watermelon.
2. One of the common problems for many women is too abundant discharge. In this case, first of all, you need to consult a doctor, but if there is no cause for concern, you can use an extract of water pepper (sold in each pharmacy).
3. If there are no gynecological problems, it is worth trying simple exercises to relieve pain symptoms. These are tilts (in all directions), rotation of the body, birch, foot flies. 10-15 minutes of classes will not only relieve you of pain, but also help you feel energetic.
4. Normalize hormones by enriching your diet with foods that contain iodine and selenium. These are sea kale, fish, eggs, buckwheat and many others.
5. Get out into the fresh air more often. An oxygenated body functions properly, and you can avoid the feeling of weakness and lack of energy.
6. A very common problem for women on critical days is unstable mood, tearfulness, hypersensitivity, irritability. You can cope with this by replacing ordinary drinking water with not strong tea from soothing herbs. Enough half a spoonful of mint and melissa to 1 liter of water. You can add some lemon juice to taste.
7. On critical days, the effectiveness of immunity decreases, therefore it is worth supporting it. Women may face exacerbations of chronic diseases, thrush, or be attacked by viruses. Eat foods rich in antioxidants, as well as yogurts with live bacteria.
8. Often during this period women suffer from drowsiness. It is better not to abuse caffeine, because it stimulates the nervous system, and this leads to increased irritability and emotional problems. Try the ginseng tincture - it will not only invigorate, but also help to normalize the psychological state.
9. Poor health is also often caused by bleeding, and a decrease in hemoglobin. Therefore, it is worth enriching your diet with foods that contain iron and vitamin C (promotes absorption).
10. Try to reduce salt intake, and it is best to go to the sea. It contains many essential for the body of minerals, as opposed to cooking, in which only sodium.
What happens in the body during menstruation
To understand the processes occurring in the body of a woman in the period of regulation, it is necessary to understand how the menstrual cycle proceeds.
The first menstruation occurs in girls aged 11-15 years, depending on genetic factors, weight, general health. The absence of menstruation in 16-17 years should seriously alert the girl, as this may indicate developmental disorders.
Menstruation is a complex physiological process that brings with it changes in the endocrine and reproductive system. The process starts from the cerebral cortex, then involves the sex hormones, the thyroid gland, the adrenal glands and the ovaries, and finishes in the uterus.
The duration of the menstrual period, which is determined from the first day of the start of discharge to the first day of the next cycle, is 21-35 days, and the duration of discharge is 2-7 days, with an average blood loss of up to 40 ml. For most women, the cycle is 28 days, but deviations to one side or the other in 7 days also apply to the norm.
Behind the menstrual monthly cycle are the female hormones that control the internal organs and trigger the regula in a certain period. These hormones are:
- follicle-stimulating hormones,
- luteinizing hormones.
This process involves two ovaries in which hundreds of thousands of immature eggs are located. During menstruation, only one of the most mature ovule leaves a thousand. It is released from the bursting follicle and along the fallopian tube, slowly moving into the uterus. This phenomenon is called ovulation, and it comes on 10-16 days of the cycle.
After the follicle has released the egg, the body begins to prepare the ideal environment for the development of the future embryo: the follicle under the influence of luteinizing hormone is reborn into a corpus luteum, which produces progesterone, which in turn nourishes and strengthens the uterine mucosa, causing it to thicken and grow.
If fertilization has not occurred, the level of progesterone begins to decrease gradually, and the uterus returns to its normal state, rejecting the thickened shell. It is the process of rejection of dead endometrium, accompanied by bloody discharge, called menstruation.
The bleeding also includes:
- dead mucous membrane,
- secret glands of the cervix and vagina.
A few days before the onset of the menstrual cycle, a woman begins to feel psychological and physical changes in the body: irritability, apathy, anger, fatigue, back pain, “swelling” of the mammary glands. All these changes occur during the period of maximum increase in progesterone levels. After its decline, estrogen begins to prevail, the body gradually returns to normal and calms down.
What not to do during menstruation
Menstruation is a natural process occurring for each girl individually. For someone, it is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen, migraine, profuse discharge. Someone transfers critical days routinely, doing usual things. But even if the girl does not feel discomfort during the cycle, gynecologists recommend during this period to refrain from some things that may adversely affect health.
Since during menstruation, hormonal changes and worsening of blood clotting occur, it is not recommended to perform any surgical intervention: remove or treat teeth, perform operations, etc.
Also, you should not take a urine test, because during the collection of material there can be particles with blood, which can lead to incorrect results.
Despite the fact that from a medical point of view it is impossible to have sex during menstruation, many couples practice such activities and continue to have full-fledged intimate relationships.
The reasons that doctors suggest in favor of prohibiting sex during bleeding are the following:
- risk of contracting any infection. During this period, the uterus is not protected by the mucous membrane of the shell, and therefore, is completely open to various pathogenic microorganisms. The male body may also suffer, because along with the female secretions, bacteria that cause inflammation of the genitourinary system can get onto the penis,
- with active and dynamic sexual intercourse, sudden abundant blood loss may occur,
- often making love during a regula can cause uterine bleeding.
Heavy physical exertion
Heavy and active physical activity should be excluded in the period of menstruation. Exercises increase blood flow to the genitals, thereby provoking heavy discharge. Weight lifting leads to a sharp drop in the level of hemoglobin in the blood, fatigue and drowsiness.
You shouldn’t completely refuse physical exercises, it is better to replace them with a relaxing gymnastics, yoga or to reduce the intensity of the exercises.
Many, to minimize pain, begin to drink alcohol during critical days. Doctors categorically do not advise “to be treated” in a similar way, since pain and ailments only intensify. In addition, alcohol is able to dilate blood vessels, which leads to increased blood circulation and an increase in secretions.
During menstruation, alcohol is best replaced by a large amount of plain, clean water, which will help to quickly cleanse the body and relieve pain.
To dye hair
Many believe that the fact that it is forbidden to dye hair during regular adjustment is contrived, but there is some truth in it. The fact is that hormonal changes in the female body that occur during this period are unpredictable, and it is impossible to guess how the dye will behave.
Professional hairdressers and physicians are inclined to believe that hair coloring can lead to such negative consequences:
- uneven coloration and obtaining an unnatural hue,
- the lack of durability of the result, often the paint is very quickly washed off, reducing the result of staining to zero,
- increased risk of allergic reactions
- deterioration of the general condition of the locks until their active prolapse,
- deterioration of health: headache, nausea, dizziness, increased pressure.
The ban on hair dyeing in the days of menstruation is not unconditional, but if this is not required by a vital situation, it is better to wait.
It is extremely undesirable during menstruation to visit saunas, baths or take hot baths. Under the action of high temperatures, the vessels dilate, thereby accelerating blood circulation, which can lead to an increase in the volume of secretions. In addition, on critical days, the cervix is exposed and unprotected, which allows free passage of pathogenic bacteria. It is very important to maintain maximum sterility and hygiene when discharge.
Go to church
During the period of menstruation, according to the biblical canons, a woman is considered “unclean”, which means that she is not allowed to enter the temple. There is a legend that the presence of bleeding is the punishment of women for the sinful fall of Eve. The ministers of the church are trying to protect her from all things reminiscent of the sins and weaknesses of man.
On the other hand, menstruation is nothing but the release of dead flesh, and the presence of deadly objects in the temple is strictly prohibited.
Unfortunately, a person is powerless over certain moments, and there are situations when going to church is inevitable. Then it is recommended to refrain from participating in church sacraments and touching the faces of saints.
The use of medicinal herbs and drugs
The use of herbal tinctures or medications should be in the period of menstruation agreed with your doctor.
Herbal tinctures can cause uterine contractions and increased secretions.
On menstruation days, a woman's body needs a special light diet. It is strictly forbidden to starve, arrange fasting days, adhere to a strict diet, and at the same time overeat, load yourself with heavy food.
The diet should include foods rich in calcium and magnesium, which will reduce the manifestations of irritability, emotional instability, relieve pain, contribute to improving mood.
The basis of the menu should be:
- low-fat fish,
- dairy products,
- nuts and dried fruits.
It is better to exclude the consumption of fried, salty, spicy, too greasy and heavy foods. Minimize the consumption of store sweets and baking, it is recommended to replace them with natural candied fruits, dried fruits.
To adhere to dietary food does not mean to limit everything in oneself, it is necessary to eat food in reasonable, moderate amounts.
Need to be careful with tampons
Tampons are a modern, convenient and practical type of hygiene products that are widely used by women on critical days. Many ladies do not realize that their use can provoke many infectious diseases.
To avoid this, you need to adhere to the safety rules:
- change a tampon every four hours
- for the night it is better to refuse tampons, replacing them with gaskets,
- when working with a tampon, observe the strictest hygiene - wash hands thoroughly, strictly follow the instructions for administering the product.
Prolonged use of tampons leads to the fact that under the action of a warm and humid environment, blood cells begin to decompose, forming not only an unpleasant odor, but also increasing the likelihood of bacteria multiplication and infection.
Is it possible to cause monthly
Delay of menstruation is often a woman’s concern and fear, as it may indicate either pregnancy or irregularities in the work of the genitals. Stable menstrual cycle can boast a few ladies, so if the delay is a few days, you should not be afraid. With a long absence of discharge, an urgent need to contact a gynecologist.
Regulars can be called at home in several ways: through special medicines or with the help of folk remedies.
Traditional medicine knows many recipes that helped women to cause menstruation. A number of medicinal herbs have the ability to activate contraction of the uterine wall and blood circulation, which allows to reject the endometrium.
The most effective is considered a decoction of chamomile, mint and valerian root. They make an infusion of these herbs and use half a cup in the morning and evening.
Strong considered a decoction of the root devyasila. It is consumed in 50 g daily, not exceeding the dose, as the agent can provoke uterine bleeding.
You can also call menstruation after taking a very hot bath with the addition of iodine and regular salt.
One of the most common causes of delayed discharge is pregnancy. And if it is undesirable, then the ladies try to cause menstruation by any means. The pharmaceutical sector offers several drugs that make it possible to provoke the onset of critical days at home without serious consequences for the body.
Among these drugs can be noted tablets "Duphaston", "Utrozhestan" in capsules, "Postinor" - one tablet for a single contraceptive, "Progesterone" in injections.
Is premature onset of menstruation possible?
A woman's health depends on many factors. And if one can provoke a delay of menstruation, then the second - its premature offensive. Among the main causes of premature discharge, doctors call:
- strong emotional stresses and experiences,
- heavy exercise
- significant weight loss
- climate change, travel,
- ectopic pregnancy
- bleeding in the uterus,
- oral contraceptives
- sexually transmitted diseases.
Strong stressful situations, emotional distress, weight loss and physical exertion lead to a cycle failure, which can cause both premature onset of menstruation and their delay.
When changing climatic conditions and moving the body begins to work in an unusual mode and responds to this by the early appearance of secretions. Often in women is uterine bleeding, resulting from injuries, strokes, various inflammations or tumors.
Girls who are only in the process of puberty should not worry that the discharge starts earlier or later than a certain period. As a rule, in order for the cycle to normalize, the body will need about a year, or even more, depending on the physiological characteristics.
How to cope with copious secretions
Before you deal with heavy periods, you should clarify what is considered normal. Normal are bleeding, which lasts no more than 2-7 days, and their total volume does not exceed 150 ml. The indicator from 150 ml to 250 ml indicates an increased volume, and over 250 ml may indicate opening bleeding.
If the causes of heavy periods are not various infectious or other diseases of the genital organs, then some tips will help to cope with them:
- diet food and refusal of alcoholic beverages,
- moderate exercise
- refusal to drink coffee or strong tea,
- adding to the diet of foods containing large amounts of vitamin C, folic acid, magnesium and calcium.
You can reduce bleeding with nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory medications, calcium gluconate, Ditsinona, Tranexam.
Traditional medicine is also capable of coping with the problem. To reduce discharge, she suggests:
- drink tea from viburnum berries for three days,
- use three times a day for two or three days before the beginning of critical days a decoction of mint and raspberry leaves,
- during the day, drink an infusion of cherry leaves.
Менструация, несмотря на всю сложность процессов и гормональных перестроений, является поистине уникальным природным явлением, отличающим женщину от мужчины. Каждая представительница прекрасного пола должна очень серьезно относиться к здоровью половых органов, а при малейших нарушениях в их работе незамедлительно обращаться к врачу.
How menstruation, nausea and vomiting are related
The causes of these conditions before menstruation and during them are many:
- Increased serotonin production - hormone released during critical moments, - menstruation, labor activity, trauma - and being a natural anesthetic. But with hormonal imbalance, recorded in many modern women, it becomes too much. The body reacts to this with nausea and loose stools, and sometimes with intolerance to odors and dizziness,
- Increasing the total amount of fluid caused by an excess of progesterone and estrogen, retaining water in the body, and leading to edema. An increased amount of fluid increases intracranial pressure, which leads to nausea and vomiting,
- Exacerbation of diseasesprovoked by the critical state of the body. During this period, blood pressure may rise, it is likely that migraine attacks may occur, and kidney function worsens. All of this disrupts the body, leading to vomiting and nausea,
- Violation of the digestive tractcaused by hormonal imbalance. Hormones produced by the endocrine system, "conduct" all organs. Therefore, in violation of their secretion, triggered by menstruation, the gastrointestinal tract also suffers,
- Hormonal contraceptive pills, which the woman bought without consulting a doctor, based on advertising, advice of her friends and a pharmacist. The hormonal sphere is very thin and vulnerable, therefore it is impossible to invade it without having experience and elementary examination results. Work can be broken not only the sexual sphere, but also the whole body. In response to hormonal imbalances, nausea, vomiting, swelling, headache, depression and other unpleasant phenomena occur. Therefore, contraceptive preparations should be selected by a gynecologist,
- Ovarian inflammation (adnexitis), which often escalates on critical days. A woman feels pain in the abdomen and deterioration of the general condition. The inflammatory process causes fever, headache, a violation of the gastrointestinal tract - nausea, vomiting, rumbling in the stomach. A characteristic symptom of the disease is nausea that occurs before menstruation or during it and increases when traveling on transport (kinetosis),
- Overexcitation of the nervous system, which in the period of critical days becomes more vulnerable. These women have hysterical nausea and vomiting, which are a sign of neurosis,
- Abundant menstruation (menorrhagia) accompanied by weakness and nausea. A woman has dizziness and fainting.
Abdominal pain and abnormal stool during menstruation
These phenomena are caused by the proximity of the internal genital organs of the woman and her intestines. Contractions of the uterus increase intestinal peristalsis, and diarrhea occurs.
Doctors do not see the danger if liquid stool occurs once or twice in critical days. There is a theory that the body is thus cleared before the new cycle. And it helps in this hormone prostaglandin, the concentration of which increases.
Unlike diarrhea, diarrhea associated with the menstrual cycle occurs in the morning and is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen. After visiting the toilet, the condition of the woman improves.
Severe symptoms of diarrhea occur when the uterus is slightly deflected posteriorly or there is its posterior bend. In this case, a woman on critical days may feel constant urging to the toilet and pain, extending into the rectum. The cause of discomfort is the accumulation of blood in the uterus. When you change the position of the body accumulated blood flows, and the pain decreases.
How to improve the condition
- Avoid physical exertion intensifying pain. During critical days, the enlarged uterus puts pressure on the spine, interfering with the circulation of the spinal fluid. As a result, intracranial pressure rises, and nausea and vomiting occur. Increased physical activity at this time contributes to the production of the hormone serotonin, which causes nausea and disruption of the digestive tract.
- Normalize diet, eliminating from it hard to digest fatty and fried foods. It is necessary to give preference to easily digestible food. Not bad include in the diet of fruits, vegetables, natural juices. They will saturate the body with vitamins and improve the work of the digestive system. This should be done a few days before the onset of menstruation.
- Eat something salty or sour. People's reception will help, if you do not overdo it with salty. A significant increase in the salt concentration in the body these days, on the contrary, will cause fluid retention, increasing nausea and vomiting.
- Stay in the fresh air. If the state allows, you can take a walk. The body will be saturated with oxygen, nausea will decrease and the woman will feel better. Visiting crowded noisy places (concert halls, cinemas, parties, etc.) should be abandoned. It is better to lie on the bed or walk along the street.
If nausea, vomiting and abdominal pain occur every month and cause severe discomfort, you should consult a doctor who will find out their cause and prescribe treatment of diseases that cause unpleasant phenomena.
Make an appointment with the obstetrician-gynecologists of the highest category - Erhan Karolina Pavlovna and Maysuradze Liana Georgievna today. We will do everything to receive you as soon as possible. The Rainbow Clinic is located in the Vyborgsky district of St. Petersburg, just a few minutes walk from the Ozerki metro stations, Prospect Prosveshcheniya and Parnas. See the map.
Brief description of the anatomy of the female body
The female body is different and more complex than the male. Due to this, people have the opportunity to continue the race. From 11-13 years old the girl's body begins to undergo various changes. At this age, begin to go monthly. This name suggests that the process takes place every month. Doctors use the medical term - menstruation.
During menstruation, dark blood is secreted from the vagina with clots, mucus or lumps due to the fact that the endometrial layer is released from the uterus along with the blood. But such a phenomenon is considered absolutely normal. An unfertilized egg together with a swollen endometrium erupts, allowing the body to fully recover so that the next month the egg is again ready for fertilization.
Under the menstrual cycle refers to the period from the first day of menstruation to the first day of the following menstruation. Every woman has a different period. It can vary from 25-35 days. Monthly go from 3 to 7 days. The amount of discharge depends on the individuality of the female body. On the 2nd and 3rd day, the excretions become more intense, after which they gradually decrease, changing their color to brown.
Where do the bleeding come from? Through the layer of the endometrium passes a lot of blood vessels. When rejected, they collapse and go. Experts say that during menstruation 50 ml of pure blood is lost. Women mistakenly believe that much more blood is released, but this is not so. The basis of the discharge consists of mucus. In addition, each woman has individual characteristics, because of which the allocation can be very scarce or abundant. But this is not considered a pathology.
What is premenstrual syndrome (PMS)?
This term implies a symptom complex, which appears in women of different ages a few days before menstruation. Syndrome time can vary from 2 to 10 days. With PMS, the metabolism is disturbed, the nervous, vascular, and endocrine systems of the body slow down or become too active. Studies show that with age, more and more women are affected by this syndrome.
So, only 20% of women aged 19-29 suffer from PMS. After 30 years, 47% are already experiencing its symptoms, and after 40 years, this figure is 55%. It is noticed that premenstrual syndrome occurs more often in women with a labile nervous system and those whose work is associated with mental activity.
A major role in the development of the syndrome is played by such factors:
- birth of a child,
- infectious diseases
- coffee abuse
- bad habits (smoking, alcohol),
- lack of exercise
The PMS classification is distinguished depending on how long the symptoms last, with what intensity and in what quantity. A mild degree is diagnosed when there are 4-5 symptoms, but only 1 or 2 symptoms are pronounced. Such manifestations can make themselves known 5-10 days before the onset of menstruation. With severe, there are many different symptoms that occur 2 weeks before menstruation, and 5-7 of them are so pronounced that the normal life of a woman becomes impossible.
Three stages of premenstrual syndrome are divided: compensated, subcompensated, decompensated. At the compensated stage, the symptoms do not progress. They appear on the 2nd phase of the menstrual cycle and pass with the onset of menstruation. The subcompensated stage is manifested by the progression of symptoms that disappear only with the end of reproductive age. With the decompensated form of PMS, the symptoms persist for some time after menstruation.
Symptoms of premenstrual syndrome
Recognizing PMS is easy. Enough to observe your condition for 5-10 days before the onset of menstruation. Some doctors recommend patients to keep a diary in which you can record changes in physical and emotional terms. The most common signs of PMS are:
- increased appetite
- weight gain
- bad mood,
- desire to cry
- abdominal pain, lower back,
- breast tenderness, nipples,
- increased secretion
- pressure increase
- excessive anxiety
- fluid retention
- heart rhythm disorder
- skin acne,
- fast fatiguability,
- temperature rise to 37-37,2 °,
- craving for sweets
- sensation of heat, chills.
The researchers claim that such manifestations are associated with hormonal changes, insufficient production of progesterone, electrolyte disorders, when there is a loss of trace elements. Lack of vitamin B6, zinc, calcium, heredity also affect the appearance of the symptoms described.
Some women may confuse PMS symptoms with pregnancy. Someone is trying to treat this cider on its own, resorting to medicines, for example, to taking antidepressants without consulting a doctor, using painkillers, relieving stress with the help of alcohol. But such behavior can aggravate a woman’s condition.
How to alleviate the state during the PMS?
Due to poor health before menstruation, some women are forced to abandon long journeys, trips, visits and other important matters. Moreover, some have to carry pills with them in order to take them when the pain becomes very severe. To smooth out such a period, a woman should visit a gynecologist and get recommendations, and then follow them.
As treatment can be prescribed:
- hormonal drugs
- sedatives, psychotropic drugs,
- diuretics (for edema),
- nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs
- antihistamine tablets,
- homeopathic medicines
- B vitamins,
- trace elements (calcium, potassium, zinc).
The duration of treatment may be about 6 months.
In addition to treatment, the condition can be alleviated by following simple rules.
It is necessary to balance the diet. Limit the consumption of coffee, salt, saturated foods. During such a period it is better to eat fish, legumes, vegetables and fruits, dairy products. Dark chocolate is allowed.
Include sports or gymnastics 2-3 times a week. It is known that physical activity increases the production of endorphin (the joy hormone). Therefore, exercise will help to cope with bad mood, apathy and depression. But do not overly deplete the body. Adjust your sleep. For good health, it takes 8 hours of sleep.
Try to eliminate stressful situations. Think in advance what you can do to be less nervous, to keep up with everything and not to clash at work. You can make a schedule of necessary things and stick to it. Allow for a little rest during the day during the ICP period. Chamomile or mint herbal teas have a good effect on well-being. By adhering to such recommendations, you can alleviate the ICP period.