Monthly with uterine myoma: why is there a delay?


Fibroids - a benign tumor that affects the uterus, is often detected in women of childbearing age.

At the very onset of the disease, there are no special symptoms, the only thing you can pay attention to is that the periods during uterine myoma change.

The localization of the tumor depends on the change in the cycle and nature of the discharge. Myoma can be localized in the uterus, outside or in the thickness of the wall. The cause of the formation of a tumor may be a failure in the hormonal sphere, more precisely, the predominance of the amount of estrogen in the background of a decrease in progesterone.

Both he and another hormone are involved in the menstruation cycle, so a change in their level also changes the monthly (menstrual flow) in a woman.

Abundant monthly with myoma

Doctors identify the size of fibroids with the size of the uterus during pregnancy. According to statistics, menstruation becomes abundant when the size of the fibroids is 12 weeks, but in fact, abundant discharge may begin with the appearance of the first myomatous nodes in the uterus.

The reasons that cause excessive bleeding: previous operations (abortion and curettage), an increase in fibroids and an increase in its pressure on the tissue, submucosal localization of the tumor.

The last of these reasons is reduced to the fact that the vessels of myoma nodes burst, adding a contribution to the volume of menstruation. With fibroids, the volume of discharge and the duration of menstruation increase.

Scanty menstruation

Much less often, than a plentiful menstruation, meets scarce, such situation should not please the woman. You can save hygiene products, but in general, such a symptom speaks of hormonal failure, which provokes tumor growth.

If fibroids grow in size over 4 weeks per year, then surgery will be needed. In the intervals between the menstrual cycles, there are discharges - either strong or barely noticeable.

Uterine bleeding

When confronted with a myoma for the first time, a woman clearly associates a myoma with bleeding, which determines the course of the disease. Between cycles, bleeding is provoked by an excess of estrogen, which makes the uterine membrane non-uniform in thickness. Therefore, during menstruation, tissue rejection is incomplete - from some areas the endometrium is freed from unnecessary cells, from others it is not. After a while, these areas are cleared, causing bleeding between cycles.

Another provoking factor is that the uterus no longer has the necessary contractile capacity due to the load that the fibroid has. In addition to uterine bleeding, a woman will experience symptoms such as weakness, chills, and pale skin.

Irregular cycle with uterine myoma

Due to hormonal failure, the menstrual cycle is shifted by days, menstruation appear more often than usual. In addition to frequent menstruation, a woman receives such a “gift” as painful sensations.

Sometimes menstruation can take place 2 times a month, and the cause is a failure in the process of formation of sex hormones. Due to an excess of hormones, the endometrium develops faster, rejects faster than necessary. Much less often in women with myoma there is a cycle delay. This is usually associated with ovarian dysfunction.

After a long wait for the onset of menstruation, there is heavy bleeding, which should be a signal that a doctor should be visited if the woman is unaware of myoma. Pregnancy may be a factor provoking a delay in menstruation with fibroids. Although this possibility seems to be unreal for many people with fibroids, in fact it exists. Myoma does not interfere with fertilization, but with the bearing of the fetus, as it provokes a miscarriage. You can check for pregnancy at home with a pharmacy test.

The consistency of secretions in myoma will be different from the norm. The discharge will be dense, bright in color, sometimes with clots of rather large size. The fact is that the endometrium is changed by hormones; as a result, its thickness changes in some areas, its fragments end up in secretions.

It so happens that the monthly watery and abundant. If you have to change hygiene products almost every hour, you cannot cope with such a situation without medical assistance.

Pain during myoma during menstruation

Every third woman with myoma complains that her period is painful. Especially often the symptoms occur when myoma is localized in the intermuscular space (interstitial tumor) and develops in the direction of the uterine cavity.

Menstruation will be long, abundant, and the pain does not go away after the end of menstruation, only subside.

A similar clinical picture is also observed in the submucous localization of fibroids, only pain is cramping in nature. The cause of the pain may be the pressure of the tumor on neighboring organs (intestines, bladder). To understand that the situation has reached such a stage, it is possible by frequent urging to the toilet, flatulence and pain.

Herbal medicine for myoma

During menstrual periods, fibroids provoke unpleasant symptoms, which causes a woman to stay in bed almost all the days of menstruation. If the size of the fibroids is small, and it does not develop, doctors do not recommend resorting to surgery.

Find a tool that can improve the health of a woman, get rid of bleeding, pain and weakness. Self-medication should not be involved, even the "grandmother" recipes harm in certain cases.

Apply folk remedies periodically, but not on an ongoing basis. To normalize the amount of secretion by using herbs. It is necessary to take nettle in equal doses, a shepherd's bag and a peppermint, then mix and 2 tablespoons. mix pour 1 cup boiling water. Infused medication for 10 minutes, then cooled and drunk. Dosage - 0.5 cups 3 times a day. Drink decoction a couple of days before the start of menstruation, and finish the treatment after the end of the discharge.

Mint leaves and raspberries are taken in equal parts and brewed, as for tea. Infusing the leaves for 10 minutes, they add viburnum, which is crushed with sugar. Such medicinal tea is drunk in any quantity.

Drugs for bleeding in uterine myoma

The doctor prescribes pills to normalize the amount of discharge, correction of the duration of the cycle. More often prescribed hormonal drugs: butofarelin, zoladex, decapit. Such means stop the production of gonadotropins, thereby reducing the size of the uterus and temporarily stop menstruation.

Dyufaston and norkolut drugs reduce the production of estrogen, increase the level of prostaglandins. As a result, the cycle is normalized, and myomatous nodes sometimes resolve. Of the hemostatic drugs prescribed:

  • vikasol (contains vitamin K, taken 2 tablets per day),
  • etamzilat (acts longer than vikasol, taken 1-2 tablets 3 times a day),
  • Tranexam (increases clotting by stimulating platelet production, take 1 tablet 3 times a day),
  • Diferelin (blocks the production of LH, EHC, is injected intramuscularly or subcutaneously),
  • askorutin (strengthens the walls of blood vessels),
  • Ditsinon (reduces capillary fragility).

Monthly after removal of fibroids

If myoma is growing rapidly, then it is not treated with pills, in the absence of contraindications, surgery is prescribed. Whether it is possible to operate myoma during menstruation depends on the situation, if emergency intervention is required and you plan to remove the uterus, then you do not pay attention to your menstruation.

Under other circumstances, operations are performed according to plan, avoiding the days when bleeding is predicted.

Achievements of surgery allow you to perform organ-saving operations, while maintaining the possibility of having children. After surgery, menstruation after the rehabilitation period will begin again, after about 1-2 months.

The period when menstruation begins will depend on the complexity of the operation, the ability of the organism to regenerate, the type of remote formation and its localization. For some time, a woman may be disturbed by pain during menstruation, but the symptoms remain within the normal range, like in healthy women.

In order to quickly return to normal life, after the operation, it is necessary to refrain from excessive physical exertion for about six months, to give up sex for 3 months, to forget forever about bad habits.

After removal of the fibroids, heavy periods can be triggered by: weakness of the uterus muscles, if the tumor was large, as well as a relapse of the disease, injury to neighboring organs during surgery. If heavy discharge accompanied by nausea, fever, pain, urination with blood, you need to consult a doctor.