Hygiene

Allocation after menstruation: norm and pathology

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Allocations after menstruation differ in consistency, volume, and hue — all of these signs indicate the state of the reproductive system and overall health. With the advent of secretion, a woman is confronted throughout the entire menstrual cycle. Almost all girls face different secretions and do not know what is the norm.

What is the norm

What should be the allocation at the end of menstruation? This question worries most girls. Throughout the entire menstrual cycle, a woman may have discharge, this is due to the presence of a mucous membrane that covers the surface of the reproductive organs. The main purpose of the mucous secretion without odor is to protect the vagina from infectious diseases, moisturizing.

The structure and color of the secret is completely dependent on the stage of development of the egg. Secretion should not be accompanied by an unpleasant smell, regardless of their intensity, phase of the cycle. Normally, a woman after menstruation appears discharge, which differ slightly perceived individual for the girl smell.

Quite often, girls notice the appearance of yellowish mucous spots on underwear. Doctors say that such a secret can be considered normal. Secretion on contact with air is oxidized, and therefore acquires a yellowish tint.

If at the end of the menstrual period, the girl has a secretion of a red tint for 2-3 days - this is also a normal phenomenon, an “echo” of past menstruations. The uterus produces self-cleaning of the remaining biomaterials. When such secretions come into contact with air, they oxidize and turn brown. If this condition is accompanied by a longer period, has other unpleasant symptoms, you need to contact a gynecologist.

Mid-cycle (ovulation)

During this period, the secret repeats the characteristics of the first phase with the exception of consistency - a seal is observed that looks like mucus, snot. It can be compared with egg white. Such secretions are abundant, which is fully consistent with physiological norms. During this period, you need to pay special attention to intimate hygiene.

When this secret gets on the external genitals, an ideal environment for the reproduction of microorganisms forms on the laundry. Lack of hygiene causes itching, burning. About the lack of hygiene indicates the appearance of a gray bloom on linen.

The end of ovulation

This period signals the onset of menstruation - there is the appearance of small clots, similar in consistency to the cream. A pronounced color pigmentation appears, the clear liquid is converted to white. Intensity with volume increases as the critical days approach. Such a condition before menstruation is considered normal; white spots on shorts are a sign of good health of the genitals.

Hormonal protection

Acceptance of hormonal contraception is reflected in the secret that appears after menstruation. The discharge during the first two months may become scanty, smearing and brown in color. This condition is caused by the body's response to taking the medication. If this condition is observed for a longer period - a sign of individual intolerance to the contraceptive.

Teenage secretions

In adolescence, a girl may experience juvenile non-menstrual bleeding. Doctors say that such secretion can continue for two years after the first critical days. This condition indicates the completion of the process of formation of the reproductive organs and the normalization of the menstrual cycle. This secret has a rich scarlet hue, scanty, obscure characteristic.

Sign of pathology

Discharge after menstruation may be accompanied by adverse symptoms. Depending on the deviations, the presence of a pathology caused by an infectious disease or an inflammatory process can be determined. You can make an accurate diagnosis by analyzing the smell and color of secretions.

White discharge after menstruation can be triggered by certain disorders:

  • if the discharge is aggravated by lower abdominal pain, an unnatural odor - a sign of an infectious disease that provoked inflammation,
  • if there are liquid whites after menstruation - a sign of cervical erosion. This condition provokes a violation of the menstrual cycle, intimate intimacy causes pain. When symptoms of the disease appear, an urgent need to visit a gynecologist. If you ignore the disease, may develop infertility
  • sour smell, white color, cottage cheese texture - a sign of thrush. This condition is aggravated by a feeling of itching, burning. It is strictly not recommended to start it - every menstruation, the use of pads create a favorable environment for the development of pathogenic bacteria,
  • white discharge at the end of menstruation may indicate vaginosis. This disease can provoke many factors, for example, hormonal failure, dysbiosis. The secretion of this disease is characterized by a characteristic odor, thick, viscous consistency.

Brown color

Prolonged discharge with a brown tint indicates the formation of a polyp, hyperplasia, endometriosis. If this condition lasts longer than seven days, an ectopic pregnancy is possible. Such symptoms require urgent diagnosis. A sign of genital pathology is a discharge with a sharp unnatural smell. Their presence instantly affects the nature of the menstrual cycle.

These excretions are not physiologically normal. Regardless of the phase of the cycle, this secretion is a sign of an inflammatory process. Such a secret can provoke endocervicitis, endometriosis, chronic endometritis. Discharges are often complicated by such symptoms:

  • pain during sex
  • high temperature
  • copious periods with severe pain
  • critical days last more than 7 days.

Yellow and green

Doctors say that yellow or green discharge occurs on any day of the menstrual cycle. They are provoked by infectious diseases that are transmitted through sexual contact.

The secret is characterized by the abundance of discharge, foam on the linen, saturated purulent color, fetid odor (similar to rotten fish). Ignoring the symptoms of this pathology leads to serious changes in the functioning of the genital organs. If a woman is faced with such secretions, regardless of menstruation, she should undergo antibiotic treatment along with her sexual partner.

Red (bloody)

A normal condition is considered to be a red discharge within four days after the menstrual period. It indicates the process of self-purification of the uterus. If a girl is observing blood secretion longer than the specified period, they can be caused by:

  • increased abundance or disappearance - a sign of ectopic pregnancy,
  • the secret of the red color appeared after the critical days - the early stage of endometritis,
  • wrong installation, rejection of the spiral,
  • bleeding,
  • transferred medication, surgery.

Typically, such a secret appears regardless of menstruation - indicates a chronic form of endometritis. Rapidly developing disease provokes a lung secretion, negatively affects the nature of menstruation.

If the gynecologist excludes endometritis, then this discharge appears due to the individual characteristics of the body, spontaneous cleansing of the uterus. Also, the cause of pink secretions may be duplication of ovulation due to hormonal disruption, which could cause contraceptives, menopause. If the secret is triggered by these factors, it is distinguished by a thick consistency with blood streaks.

Unpleasant smell

The reason for the sharp odor in menstruation is in violation of the microflora of the genitals. The following factors cause this condition:

  • STDs
  • pregnancy,
  • dysfunction of the adrenal glands, thyroid, menopause,
  • dysbacteriosis,
  • allergy,
  • antibiotics,
  • anemia,
  • non-compliance with personal hygiene,
  • use of hormonal contraceptives,
  • disruption of the central nervous system.

There are two types of smell that indicate the development of pathology:

  1. Harsh and sour - the development of fungal infections.
  2. Rotten - reproduction of pathogenic bacteria.

Reason for contacting a doctor

If a woman is faced with secretions that do not seem natural to her, are accompanied by pathological symptoms, you should immediately visit a gynecologist. The doctor will conduct a survey that will help determine the nature and nature of the secret that has appeared. If any abnormality is detected, the doctor will prescribe adequate methods of therapy.

Treatment and Prevention

After the examination, the doctor selects the most appropriate treatment methods. Usually a woman is prescribed:

  • taking antibiotics with immunomodulators. Sometimes the treatment is complemented by herbal medicine,
  • drugs aimed at restoring the microflora of the reproductive system.

To prevent the development of pathological conditions, the girl should adhere to preventive measures:

  • personal hygiene,
  • carefully choose sexual partners
  • If any unnatural symptom occurs, consult a doctor.

Vaginal discharge can be a natural physiological process. If the secretion is not accompanied by negative symptoms, then there is no cause for concern. In other cases, you should immediately consult with a gynecologist, ignoring the problem leads to serious consequences.

Normal vaginal discharge:

  • before ovulation (in the middle of the cycle) - mucous, stretching, transparent, similar to egg white, can be abundant,
  • in the second half of the cycle - scanty, jelly-like or creamy,
  • before menstruation - creamy or jelly-like discharges, which become intense as the critical days approach,
  • in the first few hours after full sexual intercourse, when semen enters the vagina, it is transparent, white or slightly yellowish, with a consistency of clots,
  • the morning after unprotected sex - liquid, abundant, white in color,
  • after sex without ejaculation in the vagina or using a condom - creamy, white, not rich (the so-called vaginal lubricant),
  • during the onset of menstruation - scarlet red, with increasing character,
  • during ovulation (in the middle of the cycle) - mucous membranes with bloody veins,
  • during pregnancy - liquid, bright, similar to milk, without unpleasant smell and irritation of the genitals. As a rule, the intensity of such secretions increases with increasing gestational age,
  • after childbirth - a pinkish sucker, looking like diluted blood,
  • when taking hormonal contraceptives - brownish discharge during the first months.

And now let's talk in more detail about the secretions on different days of the cycle.

Discharge before menstruation

Brown smears that appear a few days before menstruation are considered normal. If spotting precedes the onset of menstruation for more than two days, this indicates a female genital disease.

They can be a symptom of hormonal disorders, infections, hematological diseases, adiomyosis. Very often, this phenomenon occurs with endometrial hyperplasia, endometrial polyps. Endometriosis is indicated by the presence of pre-menstrual brown discharge in conjunction with painful and prolonged (more than a week) menstruation, with the presence of blood clots.

The presence of brown secretions in the middle of the cycle can signal progesterone deficiency or polycystic ovary syndrome. It threatens with infertility and needs to be treated.

Monthly discharge

If during the period of menstruation bleeding is abundant, then it is necessary to undergo an ultrasound procedure, which will help to assess the condition of the internal genital organs. Such bleeding may indicate the presence of uterine fibroids, endometriosis.

If the uterus mucosa is of normal thickness, then the curettage procedure is not required. If the bleeding was caused by hypertrophy (increase in thickness) of the endometrium, endometrial polyps or cervix polyps, then most likely you will have to undergo a curettage procedure.

In the future, it will be necessary to undergo a histological study to exclude the possibility of the occurrence of pathologies of a more serious nature.

At the end of the month the level of blood clotting increases, and it begins to stand out more slowly. As the blood coagulates rapidly, the color of the discharge and clots becomes darker — brown.

If they have no smell, then this is considered normal. If there is an odor, a smear should be analyzed for the presence of chlamydia, gardnerellas, mycoplasmas and ureaplasmas, herpes, cytomegalovirus.

If the discharge appeared a few days after menstruation, or the duration of the menstruation itself is more than seven days, then it is necessary to test for the presence of pregnancy. By the way, with such symptoms, it may be ectopic.

Abnormal vaginal discharge

The presence of scarlet bloody discharge says:

  • about cervical erosion - a few days before the onset of menstruation,
  • about the threat of termination of pregnancy - during pregnancy. They are caused by the exfoliation of the ovum or placenta,
  • the presence of microcracks in the vagina, which were formed during intercourse, erosion, cervicitis - after intercourse.

The appearance of discharge with blood may occur after an abortion. After one week, it is imperative that you see a doctor and make a control ultrasound procedure.

The presence of mucous secretions of white color or transparent mucous secretions with the presence of white veins after the end of the cycle, before the beginning of menstruation speaks about cervical erosion, cervicitis (inflammation of the cervical canal). In any case, these secretions are related to the cervix.

About thrush (candida) evidenced by the appearance of white cheesy or kefir-like secretions, films or white bloom on the genital lips, the clitoris. As a rule, they are accompanied by bread or fermented milk smell and itching.

About vaginal dysbiosis says the presence of white, greenish or grayish flaking exudate films, accompanied by fishy smell.

About the presence of infectionsSexually transmitted infections signal a bubbling yellow-green discharge.

About acute bacterial infection in the vagina, acute adnexitis (inflammation of the ovaries), acute salpingitis (inflammation in the fallopian tubes) says the presence of abundant secretions of yellow or green shades.

About bacterial infection in the vagina, erosion, chronic adnexitis (inflammation of the ovaries), chronic salpingitis (inflammation in the fallopian tubes) says the presence of scanty yellow or green shades.

About purulent cervicitis indicates the presence of purulent secretions of green. They have a thick texture, combined with mucus, aggravated by tension, in the process of defecation.

The fact that the uterus is a pathological process, says the presence of brown dark spotting for several days after menstruation.

On the detachment of the ovum or placenta says the presence of bloody, brown spotting in a pregnant woman in the early stages.

About the presence of chronic endometritis, chronic endocervicitis says the presence of ichor (pink discharge, like diluted blood), which has an unpleasant odor. As a rule, it appears in the premenstrual period.

About chronic endometritis or chronic endocervicitis says the presence of liquid watery discharge, having a dirty color on the gasket, before and after menstruation.

About the bend of the cervix, a violation of blood clotting processes says the presence of large blood clots with menstruation. Women with an intrauterine device can have a similar discharge.

As a rule, the installation of the IUD is accompanied by bleeding within two weeks.

In addition to the fact that the helix provokes heavy prolonged periods, another one of the side effects is bloody discharge from the vagina during the intermenstrual period.

If the helix provokes the development of anemia, then it is immediately removed.

Discharge before and after sex

At the time of sexual arousal glands vestibule of the vagina in women begins the active development of the so-called vaginal lubricant - this is normal.

Discharge is too thick, abundant, with an unpleasant odor can occur during unprotected full sexual intercourse - thus cleansing the vagina from sperm. And the presence of bleeding during sexual intercourse or immediately after it may indicate microcracks or cervical erosion.

Vaginal discharge of white, yellow, greenish-gray color or purulent with a specific smell a few days or weeks after unprotected intercourse may indicate the development of sexually transmitted infections (STIs). The latter are accompanied by itching, burning in the vagina and urethra, pain during sex.

In the presence of unhealthy discharge consult a gynecologist. Only he can state with certainty whether you are healthy and otherwise diagnose the disease and prescribe the necessary treatment.

Deviation from the norm

Disturbing bell, which may indicate violations of the female body, should be the selection:

Self-treatment in such circumstances should not be. Unusual discharge - a serious cause for concern, so it is recommended to immediately contact a gynecologist. After all, such signs most often conceal serious diseases that require immediate treatment.

Exceptions

A woman's body is not easy, so it is important to know which signs and discharge are the norm after menstruation and which are not. To date, many girls and women use contraceptives, but not everyone knows what consequences they carry. Very often, when using hormonal agents in patients, a brown daub is observed after the end of menstruation. Girls may also have bloody or spotting. It's no secret that after the onset of ovulation it can bleed a little and for many it is the norm.

Thus, it can be said that not only psychogenic factors (eg, arousal), but also the presence of infections, diseases, and contraceptive methods can influence the composition of the secretions and their number after menstruation.

Diseases of the reproductive system in girls are a rather frequent phenomenon, unfortunately. But most women try to cope with the illness on their own, sometimes even with the help of traditional medicine. Many refer to the lack of funds and time to go to a medical institution, while others simply ignore what is happening, not knowing what secretions they can hide behind them.

Reason to consult a doctor

Very often, women are faced with brown secretions after the end of menstruation. This is possible if you use hormonal drugs, so the body is rebuilt. But it is likely that the drug simply does not fit the person. Therefore, it is important not to use such potent drugs yourself without consulting a gynecologist.

Also, there are cases when, at the end of menstruation, instead of transparent discharge continues to smear. This is a reason to consult a doctor. Sometimes this bleeding is stopped by droppers, in other cases, hormonal contraceptives are prescribed. After the start of the use of these drugs, the spotting passes after a couple of days, but such treatment with pills will need to be continued for at least three months to get a result and normalize the cycle.

And the most likely cause of unusual discharge that bother a woman after menstruation is sexually transmitted infections. Independently get rid of the problem will not work in any case, so do not waste precious time. The best and only correct option is to consult a doctor. He will conduct an inspection, if necessary, direct it to an additional examination, direct it to the surrender of smears and analyzes in order to find the source of all diseases and problems. After all, one infection can cause more serious diseases and woman’s poor health. Fear of these problems should be pregnant or planning girls. After all, if time does not go through a course of treatment, this can have a deplorable effect on both the mother and the child. Everyone knows that this disease is transmitted sexually.

It would seem that such a terrible in the discharge after the end, but in the end behind them can be a number of diseases of the reproductive system. Therefore, it is believed that a healthy girl after menstruation, they should be transparent, not cause discomfort and not smell. Otherwise, only a gynecologist will be able to help her.

Vaginal discharge is a problem that women often face. And when discharge occurs, women often start to panic because of this. The girl should know the difference between normal discharge from the discharge, talking about pathology.

But there are whites when they become more intense:

  • After intercourse and arousal. Such discharge after sex can go about a day. And if nothing is alarming and does not bother, except for secretions, you do not need to contact a specialist,
  • During pregnancy, especially in the early stages. White discharge before menstruation is a sign of pregnancy. Due to changes in hormonal levels, white secretions increase with great intensity. Some expectant mothers even have to use daily pads. There is no need to worry here, if there is no brown streak and blood in such belyah,
  • When ovulation is approaching, a white-yellow discharge appears. Such secretions take 1-2 days and are the result of cyclic hormonal changes in a woman.

Depending on where the white discharge is formed, there are:

  1. Pipe Beli

They can be a sign of inflammation of the fallopian tubes. If the discharge contains blood impurities, and they are watery, this can be observed in cancer of the fallopian tube.

Appear with endometritis, uterine tumors - polyps, cancer, fibroids. Purulent leucorrhea occurs in acute endometritis and watery in chronic. In cancer of the body of the uterus, the discharge is watery at first, and in decay it becomes red-brown-gray.

Occur in diseases of the cervix:

Can also be the result of diseases of the endocrine system, tuberculosis. Liquid discharge consisting of lymph mixed with blood is characteristic of cervical cancer.

They are the result of mechanical factors (masturbation), thermal and chemical factors (douching with a concentrated solution of acetic acid).

May appear due to inflammation of the mucous membrane of the vagina. Their nature depends on the causative agent: chlamydia, ureaplasma, mycoplasma, trichomonas, gardnerella, candida mushrooms, intestinal sticks.

Occur due to the enhanced activity of the sebaceous glands of the vulva (in violation of the rules of personal hygiene, with masturbation, with diseases: Bartholinitis, vulvitis, diabetes).

White discharge after menstruation

The rate of discharge: 1-2 ml per day, white, sometimes yellowish, the smell is almost absent (sometimes slightly sour smell).

Discharge after menstruation usually should not be, but closer to the middle of the cycle, they begin to appear. They can be watery, creamy. When ovulation is over, the discharge becomes thicker and less.

Prevention

Hygiene of the female genital organs must be correct. If it is improperly washed away, inflammatory processes can occur. Flushing should take place from front to back so that the feces do not fall into the vagina. Use special tools for intimate hygiene, baby soap.

If there are disturbing cheesy vaginal discharge and severe itching, you can make douching solutions to normalize the microflora. The use of herbs is not recommended, as they can cause allergies.

Definitely, because of the color of the discharge, one cannot judge a particular disease. Only after passing the tests can you accurately establish the diagnosis of discharge, which is not the norm. Therefore, it is not necessary to postpone your visit to the doctor in order to avoid the onset of the disease and possible complications.

Discharge after menstruation is present in women constantly. They appear in adolescence and last until they reach menopause, appearing almost every month. Post menstrual discharge may accompany genital infections, hormonal changes, perineal trauma, and tumor processes. In order not to miss the beginning of a serious pathology, a woman should regularly visit a gynecologist.

Only when they have a liquid, slimy character, light color, do not smell, do not cause unpleasant sensations.

The mucus is produced by the vaginal glands all the time with varying intensity. Immediately after the regul a small amount of clear mucus is formed. Before ovulation, it becomes thick, acquires a white tint, its volume increases. After ovulation, the amount of discharge is slightly reduced, there may be a slight odor specific to each of the fair sex.

The situation should be alerted when there are abundant watery discharges after menstruation, which persist throughout the cycle, their color, structure change, unpleasant smell appears.

These symptoms occur in such conditions:

  • inflammatory pathologies,
  • venereal diseases,
  • cervical erosion.

Pathological are the following symptoms:

  • itching
  • tingling sensation, burning intimate zone,
  • discomfort in the abdomen,
  • pulling pain in the lower abdomen or lower back,
  • discomfort during intimate relationships,
  • sleep disturbance, irritability,
  • slight rise in body temperature.

With special attention to the listed manifestations should be taken in such cases:

  • casual sexual intercourse before the appearance of the above complaints,
  • previous inflammation of the sexual sphere.

It should be remembered that some infections do not manifest themselves for a long time. Their manifestation occurs with a decrease in immunity caused by stress, another infectious disease, a flight with a time zone change, therefore an accidental sexual relationship can provoke a disease in a remote time.

Long-lasting inflammatory processes in the intimate sphere are bad and difficult to heal. In case of violation of the regimen of medication, self-treatment, neglect of preventive measures, they turn into a hidden form and manifest when the provoking factor acts on the body. For this reason, if there was a change in the nature of the discharge, you should immediately be examined by the attending physician.

Discharge after menses

In the vagina constantly there are many types of microorganisms. They do not provoke diseases. Abundant discharge after menstruation with an unpleasant odor occurs when there is an imbalance in the microflora of the external genital organs.

  • intimate partner infection
  • pregnancy,
  • dysbacteriosis when taking antibiotics,
  • anemia,
  • chronic diseases
  • significant nerve strain,
  • long-term use of hormone-containing drugs
  • non-compliance with personal hygiene.

In addition, menstrual bleeding weakens the immune response of the female body, which contributes to the emergence of various diseases. Blood is an excellent nutrient medium, therefore, with prolonged menstrual bleeding, its remnants flow between the folds of the mucous membrane, contributing to the reproduction of pathogenic and conditionally pathogenic flora.

The unpleasant smell of discharge may be:

  • sour with increasing amount of fungal flora,
  • rotten fish during the propagation of pathogenic bacteria.

Sometimes after menstruation there is a discharge in the form of white flakes with a sour milky smell. Such signs mean that the infection is fungal in nature. In this case, when viewed from the vaginal mucosa has a rich pink color, it is visible in many places of the mass in the form of white flakes.

Green discharge with an unpleasant fishy smell indicates bacterial inflammation. This color may appear due to the high concentration of leukocytes in the vaginal secretion. The culprits of such states are most often Gardnerella, Trichomonas, Chlamydia. With a strong inflammatory reaction, even those around you feel an unpleasant smell.

Bleeding after menstruation

The menstrual cycle lasts from three weeks to 35 days, the bleeding itself is 3-5 days. Initially, there is a selection of red, and after a while - brown. In the period between the regulations, the selection of blood from a healthy woman is unacceptable. The appearance of this symptom indicates the need to visit a gynecologist. Pathological bleeding can go into any phase of the cycle.

Causes of mid-cycle bleeding:

  • ovulatory syndrome
  • juvenile bleeding.

When ovulatory syndrome appear. They appear brownish streaks in the vaginal mucus. Ovulatory syndrome can occur in women of different age groups. Often it is accompanied by pain in the abdomen, radiating to the lower back. This condition can occur in healthy women and can also be associated with an infection or hormonal disorders. Examination by a gynecologist must be passed.

The diagnosis of ovulatory syndrome is made only when other diseases of the female reproductive system are excluded.

Juvenile bleeding occurs in adolescent girls in the first two or three years after the onset of menstruation. Red discharge after menstruation may appear a week or two after the usual regulation, to be significant. After the establishment of a regular cycle, such bleeding, as a rule, stops. However, they contribute to the development of anemia. Consultation gynecologist in this case is required.

Causes of bleeding, not dependent on the phase of the cycle:

  • malignant neoplasm of the cervix or uterus,
  • benign lesions in the uterus,
  • injuries of the genital organs when falling on the perineum or due to rough sexual intercourse,
  • inflammatory diseases,
  • hormonal contraceptive drugs,
  • the presence of a spiral,
  • pregnancy with placental abruption,
  • ectopic pregnancy,
  • hormonal disorders.

Bleeding with hormonal disorders abundant, prolonged, lead to the development of anemia. Often patients need hospitalization. In case of malignant tumors, the discharge is long, smearing, often the pain starts to bother only at the late stage of the disease. In benign tumors in the uterus, bleeding varies from woman to woman - from heavy to intense, they can be accompanied by cramping painful attacks. When using contraceptives stop bleeding after two or three months from the start of their reception.

The appearance of bleeding after menstruation or streaks of blood in the vaginal mucus requires immediate treatment to the gynecologist.

Diagnostic methods

Before prescribing tests, the doctor conducts a survey of the patient, an examination on a gynecological chair. At the same time, inflammatory changes in the vaginal mucosa, cervix, the presence of erosions are visually detected.

  • bakposev contents of the vagina,
  • Ultrasound of the female genital organs,
  • determination of hormones in the blood and urine,
  • basal temperature measurement.

Basal temperature is fixed to determine the time of ovulation. The measurement is carried out in the rectum in the morning, before getting out of bed. A temperature rise of one degree indicates ovulation.

Treatment includes the observance of the rules of personal hygiene, proper nutrition, and drug therapy. Washout should be carried out twice a day with boiled water with special hygiene products. It is necessary to avoid swimming in reservoirs of dubious purity.

In the diet it is necessary to limit the amount of sour, smoked, spicy dishes. It is important not to abuse alcohol, stop smoking.

Drug treatment of inflammatory diseases consists of two stages:

  • taking antibiotics, means to improve immunity, drugs to inhibit the growth of fungi,
  • restoration of healthy vaginal microflora.

To restore the microflora, it is necessary to eat natural yogurts daily. If possible, it is better to cook yogurt at home from the leaven. To do this, add a bag of sourdough to boiled warm milk, mix well, wrap and leave to sour for four to five hours. After souring, yogurt is stored in the refrigerator.

Some diseases are treated with hormonal agents, they should be taken in strict accordance with the treatment regimen. Benign and malignant tumors are removed by surgery.

Conclusion

Can there be discharge after menstruation? This is possible both in a healthy woman and in the development of the disease. A complete examination of the body will make it possible to make a diagnosis in time and begin treatment. Any representative of the fair sex should always be alert to the appearance of unusual sensations and uncharacteristic secretions.

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Every second girl is concerned about brown discharge after menstruation, which begins to be smeared for different reasons and can have an unpleasant smell. If they occur immediately after menstruation - this does not imply any health problems, and if they appear already far after the end of critical days, you need to think about the pathological processes in the reproductive system of the woman.

What is brown discharge after menstruation?

The reproductive system is fraught with many puzzles that sometimes scare a woman. Dark discharge after menstruation is a problem that is sought by gynecological clinics for help, but often fears are in vain, because the appearance of such a symptom immediately after the end of menstruation is the norm, not a pathology. If there is a specific smell, pain in the abdomen, itching and burning - this is an occasion to make an appointment with a doctor.

Why after menstruation go brown discharge

Brown discharge at the end of menstruation occurs due to the fact that blood is released and coagulates, acquires dark shades, and the duration of menstruation becomes longer. If this phenomenon occurs after a long time after the end of the critical days - this is a cause for concern. This symptom is accompanied by severe diseases of the uterus, such as endometritis or endometriosis.

Dark discharge after menstruation in a week

Brown discharge a week after menstruation indicates the development of an infectious process in the uterus or vagina, a hormonal imbalance, or disturbances in the body as a whole. If they appeared two weeks after menstruation, this indicates a possible implantation of a fertilized ovum into the wall of the uterus (accompanied by microbleeding at the end).

After menstruation brown discharge with an unpleasant smell

Brown discharge, which occurs immediately after menstruation, is odorless, and during menstruation a specific odor appears due to blood. It indicates the accession of pathogenic microorganisms. Pathogenic flora may be in the uterus (with purulent metroendometritis), in the vagina (accompanied by itching). The infection can change the structure and function of tissues, the epithelium is loosened, and the vessels become brittle and permeable, so the discharge becomes brown.

Brown discharge before and after menstruation

Brown discharge is caused by various factors, but in almost all cases it is a sign of pathology. Causes of dark content before and at the end of menstruation:

  • Use of contraceptives. Discharge appears in the initial period of taking contraceptive hormones. It is possible the appearance of this symptom with prolonged use and for an emergency abortion.
  • The presence of erosion. Often smear brown discharge begins in the presence of erosive lesions of the cervix.
  • Inflammation of the endometrium (mucous membrane) of the uterus. The presence of endometritis is accompanied by pain in the abdomen and lumbar region by the presence of scant bloody clots. If you do not start the right anti-inflammatory therapy in time, serious complications can occur.
  • Uterine fibroids. This is a benign tumor that forms in any of the uterine layers. It may not manifest itself for a long time, so it is necessary to regularly undergo examination (once a year) and monitor your feelings.
  • The presence of a polyp. This formation (growth) on the mucous membrane, which appears in case of hormonal disturbances and is accompanied by unpleasant brown secretions after menstruation.
  • With genital infections pathological symptoms may result in the appearance of blood clots.
  • Oncology. Discharge after menstrual brown color often occurs in the presence of malignant tumors of the uterus, cervix or vagina.

When brownish discharge can be considered normal

Normally, in healthy women, menstruation ends in brown discharge, but they can appear on the day before menstruation. If in the middle of the cycle (menstruation lasts 3-5 days) painful ovulation occurs (the egg leaves the ovaries), it is accompanied by dirty brown spots on underwear (pregnancy can be determined after a monthly delay). When using the intrauterine device Mirena, it can smear with dark brown secretions for one or two days - this is the norm.

How is the diagnosis

Determine the rate or pathology can only a gynecologist, who will conduct a series of diagnostic examinations. Before testing is not recommended to have sex. Diagnostic steps:

  1. External examination of the genitals and vagina.
  2. Colposcopic examination of the cervix (to detect the place where the blood is flowing out, exclude mucosal inflammation).
  3. If the cervix and vagina are normal, ultrasound of the cavity and fallopian tubes are prescribed (to detect tumors or hyperplasias, examine the uterine lining, exclude ectopic pregnancy).
  4. With anatomically normal organs, blood and urine tests are prescribed (for the presence of hormonal disorders and infectious agents).

What can be done with the discharge after menstruation

It is not recommended to look for a chronic cause of the appearance of vaginal discharge. The presence of this symptom is a reason to seek the advice of a gynecologist. The doctor will prescribe you all the necessary tests and diagnostic manipulations, because with them you can determine the etiology of the pathological process. Based on the examination, the doctor will prescribe the correct conservative or surgical treatment.

Liquid vaginal secretions

Discharge after menstruation is normal only when they have a liquid, slimy, light color, do not smell, do not cause unpleasant sensations.

The mucus is produced by the vaginal glands all the time with varying intensity. Immediately after the regul a small amount of clear mucus is formed. Before ovulation, it becomes thick, acquires a white tint, its volume increases. After ovulation, the amount of discharge is slightly reduced, there may be a slight odor specific to each of the fair sex.

The situation should be alerted when there are abundant watery discharges after menstruation, which persist throughout the cycle, their color, structure change, unpleasant smell appears.

These symptoms occur in such conditions:

  • inflammatory pathologies,
  • venereal diseases,
  • cervical erosion.

Pathological are the following symptoms:

  • itching
  • tingling sensation, burning intimate zone,
  • discomfort in the abdomen,
  • pulling pain in the lower abdomen or lower back,
  • discomfort during intimate relationships,
  • sleep disturbance, irritability,
  • slight rise in body temperature.

With special attention to the listed manifestations should be taken in such cases:

  • casual sexual intercourse before the appearance of the above complaints,
  • previous inflammation of the sexual sphere.

It should be remembered that some infections do not manifest themselves for a long time. Their manifestation occurs with a decrease in immunity caused by stress, another infectious disease, a flight with a time zone change, therefore an accidental sexual relationship can provoke a disease in a remote time.

Long-lasting inflammatory processes in the intimate sphere are bad and difficult to heal. In case of violation of the regimen of medication, self-treatment, neglect of preventive measures, they turn into a hidden form and manifest when the provoking factor acts on the body. For this reason, if there was a change in the nature of the discharge, you should immediately be examined by the attending physician.

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