Hygiene

What do menstruation say?

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Why sometimes there is such a phenomenon as prolonged periods, the causes of this condition need to be known, and also to consult a doctor for help in time to prevent any complications. The regularity of menstruation speaks about the state of women's health. If there are any changes, there are prolonged periods, this signals a failure in the body. Sometimes the cycle becomes shorter or longer, menstruation is abundant or scanty, if you compare them with normal discharge.

One of the most frequent irregularities in the menstrual cycle are long periods or menorrhagia. If such a violation exists, it is necessary to consult a specialist as soon as possible. The sooner the causes that led to the failure are discovered, the easier it will be to eliminate them.

Why sometimes there is such a phenomenon as prolonged periods, the causes of this condition need to be known, and also to consult a doctor for help in time to prevent any complications. The regularity of menstruation speaks about the state of women's health. If there are any changes, there are prolonged periods, this signals a failure in the body. Sometimes the cycle becomes shorter or longer, menstruation is abundant or scanty, if you compare them with normal discharge.

One of the most frequent irregularities in the menstrual cycle are long periods or menorrhagia. If such a violation exists, it is necessary to consult a specialist as soon as possible. The sooner the causes that led to the failure are discovered, the easier it will be to eliminate them.

How is the process of menstruation

Before you find out why long periods occur, you should be familiar with the process of menstruation. This process begins in adolescence (11-13 years), when the girl reaches puberty. This feature of the female body indicates that it is ready for conception and for bearing a child. If the monthly does not occur after 15 years, this may indicate any irregularities in the woman's body. In this case, you should contact a specialist, as long-term hormone therapy may be required, which lasts more than one year.

The duration of the menstrual cycle is 28 or 30 days. This is influenced by the individual characteristics of the organism. Menstruation is a bleeding from the genital tract, through which unwanted substances are excreted from the body. The menstrual cycle is a complex of changes that constantly occur in the reproductive system under the influence of hormones. The purpose of these changes is to prepare the body for the possibility of conceiving and bearing a healthy baby.

The ideal cycle time is 28 days. Each cycle ends with the rejection of the endometrium that has grown on the walls of the uterus. This phase is called monthly. Their duration is on average from 3 to 7 days. The excreted fluid should not be higher in volume than 150 ml.

Features of critical days

The main indicators of a normal cycle are:

  • cycle time is an average of 28 or 36 days,
  • the duration of critical days is the same every month, is five or six days,
  • menstruation occurs monthly,
  • the volume of liquid should be no more than 150 milliliters,
  • severe pain should be absent.

Allowed the occurrence of headaches, low-intensity shrinking in the lower abdomen. For those indicators that determine the rate of menstruation, you can judge the status of the reproductive system of women. If there are any abnormalities, it will affect the duration of the menstruation.

Causes of prolonged menstruation

Long-lasting periods carry a risk to the health of women. The main causes of this phenomenon include: the presence of an intrauterine device, taking contraceptives, stress, hormonal disruptions, thyroid disease, hematopoietic disease, diseases of the genitourinary system, myoma, cancer.

Installing the uterine helix is ​​now gaining popularity. Its key advantage is low cost, quick installation. It is not required every time during sexual intercourse to think about contraception. You can independently choose the time for which the intrauterine device is installed.

Taking contraceptives can affect the duration of critical days. These are side effects from oral contraceptives. This happens because more hormones enter the female body than it requires. Therefore, often fails. The advice of doctors to eliminate this problem is to replace the drug with another.

Prolonged menstruation can occur due to stress or emotional overstrain due to disturbances in the hormonal system. If an imbalance of hormones occurs in the blood, a prolonged menstruation occurs. This happens more often after delivery, after surgery in the uterus or appendages. Such a phenomenon is often eliminated by itself, but the consultation of a gynecologist will not interfere.

Long periods can occur due to failures in the functioning of the thyroid gland. It is one of the key organs that produces the hormones necessary for the human body. As a result of the production of hormones, the menstrual time is disturbed in a smaller or larger quantity - it becomes shorter or longer. Blood disorders, namely an elevated blood platelet count can cause critical days to become long. The deterioration of blood clotting causes this process. If such pathologies are observed, an immediate appeal to a specialist is necessary, since if the menses last a long time, this is fraught with loss of blood, which carries a threat to the health and life of the woman.

Diseases of the reproductive system

Among the provoking factors of prolonged menstrual, relatively "female" diseases, we can distinguish:

  1. Adenomyosis. This disease is not common. During it, the endometrial cell layer is gradually transformed into the muscular layer, causing the duration of menstruation. Such a phenomenon affects women after 40 years.
  2. Myoma. This disease is considered precancerous, because a benign tumor can develop into a malignant one. This phenomenon most often occurs after forty years. Symptom of the disease can be menorrhagia. The main danger of this disease is profuse bleeding, which sometimes can not be stopped.
  3. Crayfish. One of the key signs of uterine cancer are prolonged menstruation, which lasts more than a week. After 40 years, the risk of uterine cancer increases.
  4. Hyperplasia and polyps in the endometrium.
  5. Endometriosis.
  6. Neoplasms in the appendages.
  7. Cervical dysplasia.

Other causes of menorrhagia

The above reasons are directly related to health, they are not directly affected by women. But there are other factors that can cause such a phenomenon. Among them are abortion. It is a tremendous stress for the female body. During this procedure, the endometrium is affected. Sometimes an intervention performed by an inexperienced doctor can provoke certain effects in the form of prolonged bleeding or infertility.

Another cause of bleeding may be the threat of miscarriage. Often, women can continue to go during periods even with conception. In this case, she may not even suspect the presence of pregnancy, and the bleeding continues. This is a danger to the fetus. Therefore, if menstruation lasts more than 7 days, you must consult a doctor to eliminate such danger.

Uterine bleeding due to injury or other factors. In this case, there may be profuse bleeding, which is mistaken for critical days. Among the secondary causes of menorrhagia can be identified:

  • frequent stress and emotional overstrain,
  • excessive body weight
  • mental illness
  • acute vitamin deficiency
  • injuries
  • disturbances during puberty,
  • abnormalities during menopause,
  • excessive use of alcohol, nicotine, drugs.

Why prolonged menstruation is dangerous

Many women do not suspect that such a phenomenon carries a danger. Menorrhagia can cause more blood loss. This often happens if, in addition to the duration, the nature of the discharge changes. They become abundant and thick. In case of uterine bleeding, abortion may occur. If such a problem is detected, immediate surgical intervention may be required.

The danger of long periods can be the occurrence of a serious pathological process (uterine fibroids, malignant tumors). If critical days last too long, you should definitely consult a gynecologist to find out the cause of this phenomenon and, if necessary, undergo appropriate measures.

What measures to take during long critical days

Many of the fair sex, if such a problem arises, try to stop the bleeding on their own, often using folk methods. Such actions can provoke the development of complications, which will only worsen the situation. If the bleeding increases, you feel unwell or severe pain, you should urgently call an emergency room, if possible, lie down, raise your legs up a bit, then apply a cold compress or a hot-water bottle on your stomach. This measure will allow to narrow the vessels and slightly slow down the bleeding.

It is necessary to drink as much clean water as possible so that the body does not dehydrate due to blood loss.

It is not recommended to take certain drugs that are intended to stop the bleeding.

They can be taken only as a last resort, otherwise when you go to the doctor, the symptoms will change and it will be more difficult to establish the cause. It must be remembered that if critical days continue for more than 7 days - this is a serious reason for going to the doctor.

Normal cycle

What they say regular menstruation, it is clear to everyone - with the reproductive health of a woman, everything is in order:

  • First, the onset of menstruation suggests that a woman is not pregnant. This is especially true for unwanted pregnancies.
  • Secondly, menstruation suggests that a woman has no menopause, which means that the body continues to produce hormones that are responsible for the work of the cardiovascular system.
  • Thirdly, when menstruation occurs in a woman's body, there is a natural process of getting rid of excess iron in the blood, which eliminates its excessive accumulation and disturbance of iron exchange. An excess of iron in the body leads to a serious disease - hemochromatosis. By the way, in order to avoid this problem, men are recommended to periodically make bloodletting.

Most women with a normal cycle can be said to be lucky in this regard.

Monthly women have their own "character".

The main thing is that they are regular and do not bring tangible discomfort. Regular menstruation is considered to be the one that comes in a timely manner (approximately once a month), while it is characterized by a normal amount of discharge and its consistency (not too abundant and not too scanty), a certain color and smell, as well as a normal duration (at least 3 and not more 7 days).

But in the life of women sometimes there are periods when menstruation raises a number of questions:

  • What does delay menstruation, except pregnancy?
  • What do painful periods, abundant or scarce mean?
  • What do blood clots say during menstruation or brown (black, pink) color of discharge?

Any deviations from the norm may indicate that there is something wrong with health.

Delay of menstruation

Lack of menstruation can be natural during pregnancy, breastfeeding, or when menopause occurs. But the delay may come not only because of this.

What else does the absence of menstruation show? There are several reasons for this condition and they are not always directly related to gynecological problems.

The cycle may lose, and menstruation does not come on time with a sharp weight loss of a woman. Very often, modern women are looking for radical ways to combat obesity and turn to all sorts of fast diets, as a result of which the weight drops sharply down, and the formation of hormones responsible for ovarian function is disturbed. Mono-diets are especially dangerous, with the exception of the supply of meat products, eggs and fish.

Lack of weight can cause amenorrhea - the complete absence of menstruation.

Why it happens? Nature laid the main function of the feminine to procreate. If a woman loses weight dramatically (more than 10-15% of the total mass in a short period of time) with prolonged fasting, the body receives a signal that it is impossible to fully bear the child: “difficult times come and you cannot become pregnant!”

Therefore, the egg cannot be released for fertilization, the endometrium, which must accept the egg, cannot be rejected either.

The reproductive system pauses - there are no menstruations.

Also, the delay in menstruation can occur with excess weight. In this case, the hormone estrogen accumulates in the fat layer, the excess of which affects the regularity of menstruation - they either stop altogether or start at the wrong time.

That is, too thin women (below 45-47 kg) need to gain weight, and plump - to lose. With the normalization of weight will restore the cycle. A nutritionist and an endocrinologist will help to remove this cause of delayed periods.

What can tell the delay of menstruation, except for pregnancy? Natural changes in hormone levels occur when menopause occurs - hormones in the ovaries cease to be produced. They may also stop being produced when the hormonal system malfunctions at a younger age.

Especially often in women there is a cycle failure in thyroid gland dysfunction (excessive or insufficient activity of the thyroid gland).

Therefore, when a month is delayed, if the gynecological cause is excluded, the woman is most often sent to check the thyroid gland and determine the state of the hormonal status. Referral to the survey issued by the endocrinologist.

Other reasons

  • Menstruation may occur irregularly with gynecological diseases associated with the violation of the integrity of the inner layer of the uterus, whether spontaneous miscarriages or abortions.
  • Menstruation may not occur in time during climate change, after stress and from excessive physical exertion.

Abundant monthly

The main signs of heavy periods:

  • Along with the blood clots come out.
  • The biggest gaskets have to change almost every hour.
  • Discharge accompanied by aching pain in the abdomen.
  • Monthly can occur several times per cycle.
  • The duration of menstruation over 7 days.

What do they say copious menstruation (menorrhagia)?

  • If your previous periods were normal, but this time they are very strong and unusual, then you may have been pregnant and you have a miscarriage.
  • Monthly periods with an unsteady cycle in adolescent girls and menopausal women may be abundant. During such periods, the establishment of hormonal balance occurs, and there may be malfunctions in the system.
  • Menstruation is characterized by a special profusion in various gynecological diseases - fibromas, endometriosis, adenomyosis, oncological diseases. The exact cause is established by the gynecologist.

Scanty monthly

You can not ignore the scanty periods, which are characterized by the following symptoms:

  • Small amount of blood (less than 50 ml). It may be a small amount of droplets on a light-brown strip or “daub”,
  • Short duration of menstruation - up to two days or scanty discharge during a long period of menstruation - over 10 days.
  • The absence of any pulling (spasmodic) lower abdominal pain.
  • Decreased sexual desire due to lack of estrogen.

What do they say scanty monthly?

  • First of all, scanty periods speak of a violation of the hormonal level in the body.
  • Just as with heavy menstrual periods, the cause of the hypomenoria can be gynecological diseases associated with disruption of the organs of the reproductive system: ovarian dysfunction, tumors (malignant and benign), endometriosis, abortion, inflammation of the female organs.
  • Disorders in the thyroid also belong to one of the reasons because of which the discharge during menstruation can be scarce.
  • The same reasons that cause a delay in menstruation can reduce the amount of discharge: significant sudden weight loss or obesity, stress, contraceptive use.
  • Monthly can be scanty or completely absent during lactation - breastfeeding.
  • The amount of discharge may decrease with intoxication.

Both with heavy and scanty periods, a woman must consult a doctor and get recommendations on how to regulate the cycle.

What they say monthly: clots in the discharge

В крови при менструации могут содержаться небольшие сгустки — частички отслаиваемого эндометрия и эпителия. This is normal.But in the secretions there are also enzymes that thin the clots.

Therefore, the appearance of large clots is not considered normal. What do blood clots say during menstruation? Their appearance signals an excessive proliferation of the inner layer of the uterus, which begins to reject during menstruation.

  • A common cause of the appearance of strong clots is adenomyosis - the formation in the uterus of tissues similar to the mucous membrane, which during menstruation begin to reject and go out.
  • Blood clots can be rejected with myoma, uterine fibroids, polyps on female organs.
  • The appearance of clots is accompanied by abortion.
  • Also, clots may appear in case of blood clotting.

In any case, the diagnosis is made by the doctor, we on the site sympaty.net only point to the possible causes of pathologies, so that you do not hesitate to contact the specialists.

What will tell the color of the discharge during menstruation?

About women's health can tell the color and smell of discharge during menstruation. Normally, they should be of a natural not too bright red color, without a repulsive pungent odor.

The discoloration and smell indicate possible problems in a woman’s health:

  • Brown discharge observed after intrauterine interventions, with scanty menses, with endometritis. Also, these brown secretions can be at the initial use of contraceptive drugs. In this case, pain, as a rule, is not observed, but there is a characteristic repulsive smell of discharge.
  • Black dark discharge should also alert the woman - they report pathological abnormalities. Black daub in the first days of suspected menstruation may indicate that a woman is pregnant.
  • Highlight dark color can be in the period of the onset of menopause, as well as on the days of the proposed menstruation.
  • Too liquid, watery discharge of light (pink) color, which is not typical for normal periods, can also speak about body malfunctions.

The female body is unique: monthly menstruations suggest that something is wrong with health. It is enough to pay attention to their regularity, color and consistency of discharge, in time to ask for help.

Any abnormalities that cause doubts or questions should cause a visit to the doctor. Watch your health!

Possible causes not ending monthly

There can be many reasons, because in the female body all organs and systems are interconnected and are influenced by each other. When menstruation does not end, the main reasons are as follows:

  • ectopic pregnancy,
  • early pregnancy failure,
  • hormonal oral contraception,
  • stress, strong emotional stress,
  • intrauterine device,
  • medical abortions,
  • emergency contraception (postinor),
  • hormonal disbalance,
  • endocrinological disorders
  • autoimmune diseases
  • benign lesions
  • malignant tumors
  • hyperthyroidism and other thyroid pathology,
  • diseases of the blood system, reduced clotting,
  • injuries, foreign bodies in the vagina.

Regardless of the provoking factor, if the monthly does not end, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist, endocrinologist, and a neurologist.

What is the danger of prolonged menstruation

Late request for medical help in some situations can be fatal. In most cases, prolonged menstruation leads to anemia. The most common symptoms of anemia:

  • weakness,
  • fatigue
  • drowsiness,
  • dizziness,
  • numbness of hands and feet,
  • pale skin with little yellowness,
  • disorders of the heart,
  • syncope (syncope).

Treatment of anemia can be medication-induced or carried out by diet therapy. The best option is proper nutrition. It is necessary to enrich the diet with foods with iron and folic acid. The diet should be complete, contain a large amount of protein, nutrients, fiber.

Under prolonged menstruation and bleeding can also be hidden malignant neoplasm. At the moment, cancer pathology is much younger. Cancer of the uterus and its necks takes the second place in the list of oncological diseases.

The alarming symptoms, in addition to prolonged menstruation, are pain, a specific meat smell of discharge, pathological discharge, bleeding of varying intensity after sex.

What to do in this situation

What to do in this situation? After realizing that menstruation does not end, it is necessary to call a doctor or independently contact the gynecological department of the nearest hospital. While waiting for the doctor at home, you need to lie down and lift your legs. On the lower abdomen for a short time to apply cold. Perhaps after this bleeding will end.

Self-medication is not recommended. But if a woman has already encountered this problem, was examined by a doctor, then it is necessary to follow the previous recommendations of the attending physician.

When medical aid is not available due to any reasons, vikasol and dicinone can be used to stop bleeding during menstruation.

In addition, it is necessary to drink plenty of water, to enrich the diet with hemostatic foods, iron. In no case do not apply heat, avoid hot baths - such manipulations only exacerbate bleeding during menstruation.

What folk remedies can help

In folk medicine, many herbs are used to combat this pathology. The most curative and effective are the following plants:

Horsetail has a hemostatic effect. It is necessary to pour 3 handfuls of grass with a glass of hot water and leave for about twenty minutes. It is advisable to strain and drink throughout the day.

It is useful to use tincture based on nettle. For it is necessary to take a spoonful of nettle and pour 250 ml of pure water, boil for about ten minutes. After this, insist, drink fractionally throughout the day. If you take this infusion month, then the monthly will not be so abundant.

Water pepper as a medicine was used in ancient Rome. In its composition, it has vitamin K, which explains its hemostatic properties during menstruation and not only. It is necessary to mix two tablespoons of water pepper and half a glass of alcohol in one container and leave in a dark place for three weeks. It is recommended to drink this tincture 25 drops several times a day.

Prevention of prolonged heavy menstruation

Initially, it is necessary to strengthen the body and immunity. The cardiovascular and urogenital systems play an important role in the appearance of bleeding. It is necessary to struggle with bad habits, adhere to an active lifestyle, eat rationally.

Important is the timely visit to the gynecologist, compliance with all recommendations and advice. Sport and proper nutrition remains the primary prevention of many diseases, even gynecological.

When detecting the fragility of vessels, it is necessary to tackle their external and internal strengthening. The simplest solution is a contrast shower, massages, balneotherapy. Ascorutin, phlebodia, vitamin K and folic acid are suitable for internal strengthening. Some foods can also help with prolonged menstruation. These include currants, tomatoes, citrus, beans, buckwheat.

Conclusion

Abundant and prolonged menstruation can be a symptom of various diseases or the manifestation of the individual characteristics of the organism. There are many reasons due to which excessive bleeding occurs. No need to delay the resolution of this issue, since complications will not take long to wait. It is necessary to focus on prevention and timely visits to the doctor to monitor the condition of the genitourinary system. Each clinical case, ending in mortality, confirms the relevance of the struggle with abnormal bleeding during menstruation and the need for timely diagnosis.

What determines the duration of menstruation?

When a woman starts menstruating, and how long it will last, depends entirely on her hormonal status. The determining role is played by two hormones: estrogen and progesterone. Depending on their concentration and the ratio at each point in time depends on the duration and nature of menstruation.

Normally, the duration of menstruation is 3-7 days, but if it exceeds this value, then you should consult a doctor, and the sooner - the better. The fact is that the cause of unnecessarily long menstruation can be a variety of factors, ranging from hormonal failure and to serious diseases.

Possible causes of prolonged menstruation.

The menstrual cycle is determined by the level of hormones, but a variety of factors can affect their production. Most often, prolonged menstruation is explained by the following problems:

Unknown hormonal cycle. Prolonged menstruation may be in girls during puberty, in women before menopause.

Hormonal disorders. A long cycle can be a consequence of violations in the hormonal system. They are caused by a variety of factors, such as stress, overstrain, unhealthy diet, illness, and many others.

Diseases of the endocrine system. Some diseases of the endocrine glands, first of all, of the thyroid gland and the adrenal glands can lead to a cycle violation.

Ovarian disease. Many diseases of the ovaries affect the uniformity of the menstrual cycle. This can be either acute or chronic inflammation, or neoplasms, cysts, polycystic, polyps, tumors, and many other problems.

Uterus diseases. Some forms of endometriosis, myoma, adenomyoma, fibroids, and malignant tumors can cause prolonged menstruation.

The use of intrauterine device. Many women wearing intrauterine devices note that their menstruation has become longer and more painful.

Hormonal drugs. In some cases, the use of hormonal drugs may also lead to changes in the menstrual cycle.

Of course, the list does not end there, but the reasons presented in it are the most likely.

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