For many girls, a delay of 7 days or more causes fear and apprehension; for some, this is due to unwanted pregnancy, while others fear the development of a serious illness. In fact, there are a large number of reasons that can cause this violation and not all of them are so serious. First of all, with a long delay, you need to pass the test, it is sold in any pharmacy. If it shows two bars, then the next step will be an ultrasound diagnosis. But what if the delay is due to another reason?
The regularity of the menstruation cycle is directly dependent on the action of certain hormones, they are produced in one of the brain regions, as well as in the ovaries. The first 14 days of menstruation are spent on the formation and development of the female germ cell, which after maturation will be ready for fertilization. If this does not happen, then the thin surface of the uterus is rejected, thereby causing discharge in the form of blood.
If we consider the term “delay”, then it is supposed to form its meaning in the following way: the delay is the very period when, according to calculations, women should start allocating, but they are not. For girls whose cycle deviation does not constantly exceed 1-2 days, a delay of 7 months or more seems an inconceivable figure, which is why the panic begins. It is necessary to pass the test, with its help you can get the result in a few minutes. It is advisable to repeat the check after a few days if the monthly did not go.
You should be aware that there are cases when the test shows false information. Therefore, experts advise those girls who have 7 days of delay, and they observe other signs of pregnancy, to donate blood for research in the laboratory.
If the test gave a negative result, you need to look for the source of the problem in another factor. Typical reasons for the delay of menstruation for 7 days or more:
- regular stress and nervous tension
- unhealthy sleep
- chronic fatigue,
- single strong stress
- diseases of the reproductive system, as well as the thyroid and adrenal glands,
- climate change,
- first month of the start of sex life,
- abrupt life change, for example, new job, car purchase, divorce, etc.
These reasons are often forgotten, although they are the main cause of delays.
How to determine pregnancy?
Irregular menstruation is a common process during the first menstruation. As mentioned earlier, one of the symptoms of delayed menstruation is the fertilization of the female germ cell. In order to confirm or disprove the fact of pregnancy, some measures should be taken and attention should be paid to the characteristic signs. Of course, the most obvious sign is the delay, it is important to remember that normally the cycle can be up to 35 days maximum, so you should only worry after this period, this is especially true for those who have systematically irregular periods.
Other symptoms of egg fertilization:
- breast tenderness and increase in its size,
- constantly want to sleep
- frequent urination,
- the belly becomes rounded,
- violent reaction to odors and the appearance of food, which causes nausea.
Disprove or confirm pregnancy is possible only with the help of special methods of verification. On ultrasound diagnosis, the fetus is already visible after at least one month after fertilization.
Internal processes occurring in the female body, constantly interact with each other. Therefore, when a single element fails, this and other parts of the system are felt. Various disorders and pathologies resulting from diseases have a great influence on menstruation:
- traditional colds,
- kidney failure
- adrenal pathology.
In some cases, the delay in menstruation for 7 days is a consequence of medication, as well as hormonal contraceptives. Disrupt the menstrual cycle may be interrupted by pregnancy, regardless of whether it is artificial or natural method.
How to eat when you delay?
Nutrition - this is a very important point, which should pay special attention. If you follow a strict diet, then there may be a number of complications, including the delay of menstruation for 7 days, the reasons are violations of the genitourinary system.
When choosing a diet, you need to use one so that the body has a constant influx of beneficial trace elements and nutrients. Otherwise, the delay may last for several months, and then the girl may lose her reproductive abilities, which is the basis for infertility. Various methods are used to treat this problem, they are aimed at all sorts of procedures, therapy with the help of tablets, as well as physiotherapy.
Signs of a delay in menstruation at most consist in non-compliance with the time period. If this process is regular, then there is no reason for excitement, if the delay is long - it makes sense to think and do a pregnancy test. It is important to remember that this can be a serious illness, so with a long delay, you need to visit a specialist, he probably can not only advise, but also give further instructions.
The reasons why menstruation is delayed for a week
In most modern women, the absence of menstruation causes real stress due to thoughts about a possible pregnancy. Even if the delay period is only a couple of days, a woman with a regular cycle is already noticing. Even more unrest arises in the case when the delay of 7 months. Let's try to find out what are the causes of this situation and what is the reason.
The delay for a week in most women is thought to be pregnant
Normally, the menstrual cycle ranges from twenty-six to thirty-two days, and its duration should be the same in each month. The report should be kept from the date of the start of bleeding. When they are absent in the expected period, then a couple of days means a delay in menstruation.
The first day of the menstrual cycle is associated with an increase in the body of the hormone estrogen and the growth of the endometrial layer in the uterus, which contributes to the full adoption of a fertilized egg. At the same time, the follicle is formed in the ovary, where the egg cell matures, which will come out in the interval from the tenth to the fifteenth day.
On the place of the released egg, a yellow body gradually forms, actively producing the hormone progesterone. It is his deficit that can lead to such a sad result as abortion on a term starting from the twentieth day of the cycle.
In the case when the whole process of formation and release develops normally, the procedure of fertilization after unprotected sexual intercourse will occur in the fallopian tube, and the future baby will develop directly in the uterus. Delay of menstruation in this case is inevitable.
If conception does not occur, the levels of progesterone and estrogen gradually decrease, starting with the fifteenth day and ending on the twenty-eighth day, after which the menstruation begins. Therefore, it can be concluded that with a negative result of the pregnancy test in the days from the fifteenth to the twentieth, it is most often associated with hormonal disruptions.
You don’t have to worry and worry when menstruation is “delayed” for the first time, and this situation lasts for a week, and the test is negative. The presence of one or two such failures is quite natural. But if there is no bleeding after the fifteenth day of the cycle, and before that they were observed regularly, there is a reason to think.
Fertilization of the egg occurs in the fallopian tube, and the maturation of the fetus - in the uterus
Often there is no menstruation for a week for the most common reason, which is pregnancy. This assumption will be confirmed by a special test, and the gynecologist will be able to diagnose with accuracy. But even at home, additional symptoms may be indicated by this reason, which include:
- soreness covering the lower abdomen,
- feeling nauseous
- presence of vaginal discharge whitish,
- increase in breast volume.
It is worth noting the fact that the test does not guarantee one hundred percent correct result, especially if the cycle has never been distinguished by regularity, a woman drinks a lot of fluids or has kidney disease.
With all the reliable symptoms of conception and the absence of a positive test, there are two ways in which you can begin to act:
- Wait for a couple of days, after which the test is repeated. It is best to use several and different manufacturers. It is best to deal with the procedure for determining possible pregnancy in the morning before breakfast.
- A visit to the doctor will remove all questions that arise. The doctor will give directions to all the necessary tests, which will accurately indicate whether there is a pregnancy or not.
In the case when the onset of menstruation is delayed for more than twenty days, a visit to the doctor becomes vital, since the reasons can be quite serious, and delaying diagnosis and treatment will only aggravate the problem.
Several tests from different manufacturers will give the most accurate result.
Causes and symptoms
When the fact of conception is completely excluded, it is worth thinking about other reasons that led to the fact that menstruation is absent for seven days or more.
- natural delay after childbirth, which explains the production of prolactin in the body for the appearance of milk,
- interruptions in the hormone system
- Polycystic ovaries together with additional symptoms in the form of an excess of vegetation on the face, back, arms and abdomen with increased sebum secretion,
- gynecological, inflammatory diseases and neoplasms,
- malfunctions in the organs of the endocrine system,
- early climacteric period.
For any of these reasons, additional symptoms may appear in the form of an increase in body temperature, the appearance of discharge from the vagina of different colors and sizes, mood swings and a decrease in overall well-being.
There are a number of reasons that have absolutely nothing to do with diseases: obesity or exhaustion, a strict diet, the process of acclimatization, intense physical exertion, catarrhal diseases and severe emotional stress.
Often the delay can cause long-term use of pills for contraception (or abrupt termination) and antibiotics. Early onset of sexual activity, or its complete absence, can also cause interruptions in the menstrual cycle. Even chronic fatigue and lack of sleep can lead to a lack of menstruation for one week.
Polycystic ovaries - one possible cause of delay
In addition to the mandatory admission to the gynecologist, you must also undergo an ultrasound examination procedure and determine the level of hCG in the bloodstream, which will help confirm or deny the fact of a possible conception.
But do not forget that this hormone is not always indicative of pregnancy. Tumor formations of the kidneys, genitals and prolonged use of hormones are also capable of provoking the rise of hCG.
Another serious reason for the delay can be an ectopic pregnancy, which can only be confirmed by a doctor on an ultrasound scan. It is characterized by symptoms in the form of severe pains extending to the leg or back, pain in the form of spasms in the area of the ovaries, a sensation of heat and an increase in pressure.
In addition, a specialist may prescribe a rectal temperature diary, conduct tests for determining blood hormones, and schedule consultations with other doctors. Computed tomography may be prescribed for suspected tumors.
Solution to the problem
It is necessary to solve the arisen problem in that case when its main reason is revealed. It is with this reason that all the treatment will be completely carried out. Often a doctor prescribes drugs based on hormones.
When the cause of the absence of menstruation is polycystic ovaries, which lead to infertility, in this case, the doctor must prescribe drugs to stimulate the process of ovulation. In severe cases, you have to turn to the help of surgeons.
If a pituitary tumor is detected, then therapy may have several options at once. The forecast in this case will be directly related to the magnitude of the formation and its hormonal function. Drugs are prescribed at a certain concentration of prolactin.
In the case when the weekly delay is associated with overweight, stress or excessive exercise, the treatment approach will be strictly individual. The doctor may recommend adjusting the diet and lifestyle. There is also the possibility that you will need the help of a nutritionist and other specialists.
Pituitary tumor requires a qualified medical approach to treatment.
Regardless of age
Doctors argue that the delay can be observed absolutely at any age and can be caused not only by physiological factors, but also by pathological causes. It is always possible to reveal them and it is not worthwhile to delay it, since the risk of such complications as infertility always exists.
At puberty, menstruation is often absent for seven days, which is considered quite normal. It can be explained by the process of formation of the menstrual cycle, which sometimes lasts for one year or even one and a half years.
In reproductive age, the delay of bleeding for natural reasons - pregnancy and breastfeeding - will become natural. This situation in itself will be resolved with the cessation of breastfeeding, after which the cycle will gradually recover.
During the premenopause, there is a gradual extinction of the menstrual function. The rhythm and duration of bleeding begin to change and over time, menstruation stops completely, which is also a completely natural process in the body.
When all listed age factors are excluded, and the delay lasts for one week, it is necessary to find out the reasons for this phenomenon together with a specialist. Only he can, on the basis of the data of examination, survey and additional research methods, make the correct conclusion about the reason for the absence of menstruation and assign a course of treatment.
One should never forget that the menstruation and reproductive function of a woman are closely interrelated and constitute a subtle clear mechanism that is responsible not only for the childbearing function, but also reflects the slightest deviation in health status. Therefore, careful attention to your menstrual cycle ensures complete good health.
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Monthly delay for 7 days - there is a reason to think
A normal menstrual cycle with an already established cycle (1-2 years after the start of the first menstruation) can have a duration of 21 to 35 days, an average of 28 days, while menstruation lasts 3-5 days. However, for a number of reasons, even women with a regular cycle can experience menstrual delays, in which the bleeding does not start on a specific day.
Monthly delays within 1-6 days can be caused by stress, a climate change, diseases, there is no need to worry about it, however there is a reason to think and change something in your life - to fix sleep, food, reduce stress. The appearance of delayed menstruation can be caused by genital infections. If there are other signs of infection (discharge with an unpleasant smell, itching and burning in the region of the external genital organs), it is necessary to delay to consult a doctor.
Delays of menstruation, which occur quite often, can be caused by hormonal disorders as a result of various diseases (polycystic ovary, pituitary tumors, androgenital syndrome, etc.).
Самая вероятная причина, при которой задержка месячных на 7 дней, особенно если в предыдущие 2-3 недели были половые отношения (неважно, с использованием контрацепции или без), это беременность. At present, it is easy to confirm this assumption; it is enough to make a pregnancy test, which can determine pregnancy by the level of the hormone chorionic gonadotropin (HCG) in the urine from the first day of the delay. When confirming pregnancy should not postpone a visit to the doctor.
Delayed menstruation for 7 days or even more may be a symptom of the onset of menopause (provided that the woman has already reached the age of 40). From about 40 years of age, the work of the genitals decreases, menses become irregular, come with delays. A study by a gynecologist will help to determine exactly whether this is due to the approach of menopause or not.
Long-term delay of menstruation can cause the start of taking oral contraceptives or the use of methods of emergency contraception. Delay or even complete disappearance of menstruation in some cases when using combined contraceptive drugs is considered quite normal, and drugs for emergency contraception include large doses of hormonal components, which causes a delay.
Possible delay of menstruation, quite long, after gynecological procedures (instrumental studies, cauterization of cervical erosion, as well as curettage). In these cases, the delay in menstruation can last up to several weeks.
Also, a long delay of menstruation up to their complete absence can be caused by a sharp change in body weight (most often, a decrease in weight, but it can also be the result of an increase in it).
The delay of the monthly for 7 days can be caused by a variety of reasons, some of which are very serious. Therefore, if you can’t figure it out yourself, you should contact a gynecologist or a gynecologist-endocrinologist.
Why is a delay of up to 7 days?
If a woman of reproductive age has a menstruation delay of up to a week, then this is not considered pathology. Under the influence of many physiological factors, the normal course of a cycle can be disturbed from time to time. The reasons may be:
- postpartum period
- after stopping the use of birth control pills,
- if you use hormones for emergency contraception,
- before menopause,
- after overwork,
- with climate change.
An unstable cycle during puberty is a normal phenomenon, because hormonal constancy has not yet been established.
Non-hormonal diseases and their therapy can also cause delayed menstruation.
Delay more than 10 days
Prolonged absence of menstruation should be alarming, as it can signal a serious gynecological disease. Often this is inflammation of the ovary (oophoritis), an inflammatory process in the appendages (adnexitis), an ovarian function disorder (polycystic).
The menstrual cycle can also be lost due to cysts of the corpus luteum, endometriosis, pituitary adenoma, fibroids (uterine tumors), as well as intrauterine adhesions.
Monthly delayed for two weeks
There may be such reasons:
- genital trauma, miscarriage, abortion, diagnostic curettage,
- acute illness (inflammation of the genitourinary system, acute respiratory infections, etc.),
- exacerbation of chronic processes (kidney disease, gastrointestinal tract),
- pathology of the endocrine system (adrenal glands, abnormalities in weight, etc.),
- strong psycho-emotional stress
- active sports or heavy exercise.
Long menstruation delay
Malfunctions of the ovaries explain long-term menstruation in women after forty. During perimenopause, preceding the onset of menopause, there is a gradual cessation of the monthly cycle - amenorrhea. During this period, the ovaries produce fewer hormones that are necessary for the maturation of the egg. Therefore, menstruation becomes irregular, shorter and less abundant, and finally stops. Perimenopause occurs in 40-45 years, but it may occur much earlier.
Breastfeeding can also cause a long absence of menstruation. During lactation in a woman's body, the level of prolactin rises - a hormone that does not allow the egg to mature. The monthly cycle, as a rule, returns to normal and is restored approximately six months after the woman stops breastfeeding.
Significantly affects the menstrual cycle and the entire female body weight. If a woman follows a strict diet for a long time, the body begins to lack vitamins and nutrients. As a result, metabolic processes that lead to cycle irregularities are disrupted. With a strong depletion of the monthly may completely stop.
From the foregoing, it becomes clear that a delay of menstruation longer than ten days, not caused by pregnancy, can be a warning sign. You can not postpone the visit to a specialist, even if you feel normal.
The reasons for the absence of menstruation (except pregnancy)
Glitter in the eyes, subtle curves of the figure, charm and grace - all of this we owe to nature.
Once a month, every girl, women come critical days. The entire first half of the menstrual cycle in the ovaries are actively produced estrogens that help mature the follicle with the egg. At the same time, the uterus gradually increases the inner layer - the endometrium.
In the middle of the cycle, ovulation occurs: the egg leaves the follicle, the follicle itself turns into a corpus luteum, which produces the hormone progesterone, and it is in turn responsible for the pregnancy. In the event that fertilization does not occur, the yellow body gradually stops working and disappears, the uterus rejects the accreted endometrium, menstruation begins. If the pregnancy occurs, there are no critical days.
In a healthy woman, the menstrual cycle lasts from 21 to 35, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism.
The menstrual cycle is a continuous and very complex process. AND there are reasons for the absence of menstruation other than pregnancy. Do not dismiss them and let everything take its course. Any failure in the female body can be the cause of the disease. Consider them:
1. Stress. Family scandals, conflicts and problems at work, overwork, lack of sleep, exams and other mental troubles are not good for the female body. What to do: if there is an opportunity, contact a psychologist, look for the causes of the problem and eliminate them, try to get enough sleep and rest in time.
2. Weight. Lack of weight, as well as its excess, leads to a delay of menstruation. A normal healthy adult woman of average height should not weigh less than 47-50 kg. Extra pounds can not only stop the menstrual cycle, but also disrupt the metabolism, cause problems with the heart, lungs, urinary system, etc. The lack of weight will give not only a few delays, but also make you part with your monthly forever, which can be fatal. Lose weight on health, but do not forget about a balanced diet in any case.
3. Excessive physical activity. Do not forget about what a man should do and what a woman should do. Extreme sports can also cause reasons for the absence of periods other than pregnancy .
4. Chronic diseases. There is no need to say anything - run to the doctor!
5. Emergency hormonal contraception from unwanted pregnancy and medication during illness also contribute to the delay of menstruation.
6. Climate. Sharp climate change can affect both the delay of menstruation and their sudden appearance.
7. Abortions and miscarriages. After medical intervention in these issues, the mucous membrane of the uterus is scraped off in different ways. And it can also cause a delay in menstruation.
8. Termination of hormonal contraceptive use. While taking these drugs, the ovaries cease their activity in producing an egg. Therefore, after the cessation of taking such drugs, the ovaries can still "slow down" for 1-3 months. For most women, everything is restored by itself in this case, but if something really worries, you need to see a doctor.
9. Climax. This is the time when the female body completes the function of developing the egg. It starts at all differently, mostly after 40 years.
10. Excessive use of alcohol, cigarettes and drugs.
Physiology of the childbearing cycle
For the first time, the girl is faced with the appearance of menstruation during the puberty period, when she reaches 10-12 years old. Often the age of the beginning of menstruation is very close to the age when menarche (the first “critical days”) appeared in her mother or grandmother.
The total duration of the reproductive cycle is four full weeks. Given the individual characteristics of the female body, it is not considered a pathology of deviation from this period for a few days in one direction or another. The gap is considered between the initial periods of adjacent menstruation.
A delay of more than 7 days is not considered normal, and therefore it is necessary to find out its causes as soon as possible.
The duration of the bleeding itself is from 3 to 5 days. The total volume of discharge does not exceed 80 ml.
Hormonal processes in the body, which regulate the reproductive cycle, stabilize over a period of one to two years from the time menarche appears. Therefore, a delay of 5 or 7 days in girls can also be caused only by natural processes in the body and is not considered a pathology. Naturally, if it was delayed for several months, it is better to establish the reasons for this when visiting the gynecologist.
The same applies to older women approaching menopause. The extinction of the functions of the genital organs can lead to the fact that they have a delay of menstruation will also be 7 or more days.
Natural causes of delays
The delay of menstruation for a long period can be caused by both natural physiological processes in the internal organs of a woman, and various pathologies requiring immediate treatment.
Consider the reasons that entail the absence of menstruation for 7 or more days, but are not diseases:
- stressful state of the body - can be caused by increased loads in the office, school or institute, psychological breakdowns, troubles in family life, and so on,
- changing the usual rhythm of life - changing the place of residence, intensive exercise, heavy physical exertion,
- stopping the use of contraceptives containing hormones as an active substance - hormonal fluctuations can cause disruptions in menstruation for a period of 5 to 7 days,
- emergency contraception means - taking special medications containing large doses of hormones in order to prevent unwanted pregnancy,
- postpartum processes in the body - the reasons for this delay in menstruation for 7 or more days lie in the involutional phenomena in the reproductive organs,
- artificial termination of pregnancy - in this case, a change in the menstrual cycle is very rare, but still worth mentioning.
Due to the fact that all internal processes in the body are in constant relationship, the reasons for the delay of menstruation for a period of 5-7 days may also consist in pathologies that occur in other organs and systems.
For example, even banal ARVI or influenza virus causes the considered clinical picture. There are several more common cases:
- endocrine disruption,
- renal failure
- violation of the adrenal glands and many others.
Active biological substances contained in medicines also often lead to monthly delays.
Pathology of the reproductive organs
Often, disruptions in the onset of menstruation are caused by inflammatory and infectious diseases of the female reproductive organs.
In addition to the absence of menstrual bleeding on a given day, such pathologies may be indicated by vaginal discharge other than menstruation, pain in the region of internal genital organs, and nausea.
The considered clinical picture requires immediate response. If you neglect the symptoms and do not turn to a gynecologist, very serious complications are possible, including the impossibility of having children in the future.
Delay and power mode
Many women, especially at a young age, pay excessive attention to compliance with various diets and limit themselves to consumed foods. Sometimes a lack of nutrients in the body can lead to disruptions in the reproductive process, which, in turn, will cause a delay in menstruation.
Moreover, the line beyond which the body can no longer withstand, may be different and depends only on the individual characteristics of each woman.
In the event of these symptoms, do not need to deal with it yourself. It is possible that processes have already begun in your body, for which termination it is not enough just to gain weight. We need a whole range of additional medical procedures, drug and physiotherapy.
In some cases, even a psychotherapist is required.
Features of reproductive cycles during pregnancy
When the period of delay of menstruation exceeds 7 days, and during the previous month there was sexual contact, in which no means of protection against unwanted pregnancy were used, the fertilization of the egg most likely occurred. The process of carrying and giving birth to a child absolutely excludes menstrual bleeding, as a result of which the failure in question has occurred.
To establish the presence of pregnancy can be using the test. Let us dwell on some of the nuances of this process.
There are several types of means for determining pregnancy:
In any case, the principle of their action is the same. They determine the presence in the body of human chorionic gonadotropin - a hormone that is produced only in pregnant women.
It is advisable to carry out the test for 12-15 days after conception. That is, given that ovulation and conception fall in the middle of the ovulatory cycle, from as early as 2-3 days of delay the test will be able to confirm or deny the pregnancy.
Sometimes the concentration of hCG is not enough to detect it with a test. In this regard, the procedure is recommended to hold several times with a short break. If fertilization has occurred, the test will definitely tell you about it.
You can see the results only during the first 10 minutes after the analysis. With the appearance of the second strip (even if it is barely noticeable), the result can be considered positive.
Delayed menstruation in women is not uncommon. Sometimes it is caused by stabilization of the hormonal process, in some cases - the onset of menopause. And most often - pregnancy.
But there are cases when the absence of menstrual bleeding in due time is a signal of danger and can be a symptom of serious pathologies occurring in the body.
Therefore, it is necessary to contact a medical institution as soon as possible for diagnosis and treatment.
Natural causes of lack of regulation
Sometimes the lag of menstruation for a few days is the norm and does not mean that you need to seek help from a specialist. A frequent cause of this phenomenon is a strong emotional shock (separation, death of a loved one, a strong quarrel with a friend), a sudden change of scenery (new team, relocation, new job) or a depressed woman. At such moments, the woman's body is subjected to severe stress, with the result that the level of hormonal elements that are responsible for the timely arrival of menstruation changes, which causes a natural delay of this physiological process.
If the last time you have not been subjected to psychological shock, and there is no menstruation, then this is an occasion to think about an immediate visit to the gynecological office.
Signs of pregnancy
Also the natural cause of delayed menstruation is pregnancy. This is due to the fact that during fertilization of the egg, the hormonal background of the woman begins to change rapidly, which provokes a complete cessation of menstruation. In addition to prolonged delay, pregnancy may indicate the appearance of the following symptoms:
- Frequent urge to urinate,
- Breast augmentation
- Excessive irritability,
- Pain sensations localized in the breast,
- Changes in taste perceptions
- Morning nausea, retching,
- Unreasonable aggression.
To confirm the occurrence of conception, a woman is recommended to do a special test or visit a gynecologist.
Also, before going to a specialist, many women often wonder if there can be a pregnancy if the delay is more than 7 days and the test is negative. The doctors answer: "definitely, yes." After all, these tests are aimed at identifying pregnancy for a period of 12-14 days. If conception occurred right before the onset of critical days, then a weekly absence of menstrual flow and a negative test result does not mean the absence of pregnancy.
Чтобы подробнее узнать о своем положении, лучше отправиться на прием к квалифицированному врачу и пройти все необходимые диагностические исследования.
Заболевания, приводящие в задержке
In addition to pregnancy, the delay of menstruation for a week or more may mean that a disease progresses in the body that disrupts the habitual work of vital systems. Sometimes even trivial and common diseases, such as a cold, flu or ARVI, can provoke a failure of the menstrual cycle. The following diseases can also be the reasons for the monthly retention:
- Disorders in the gastrointestinal tract (ulcer, gastritis, etc.),
- Pathologies affecting the thyroid gland
- Elevated blood sugar (diabetes mellitus),
- Problems with the work of the adrenal glands,
- Diseases that impair the normal functioning of the kidneys,
- Diseases of the respiratory system (bronchitis, pneumonia, flu),
- Violations in the cardiovascular system (hypertension, atherosclerosis, varicose veins, heart attack),
- Running stage of obesity,
To determine the true cause of hormonal failure and irregularity of regul can only qualified doctor based on the results of the diagnostic examination.
The delay of menstruation for a period of 7 days or more, with a negative pregnancy test, most likely indicates a progression in the body of dangerous diseases that inhibit the work of the reproductive system. In addition to common diseases of the whole organism, most often the delay for a week and more than a week is provoked by the following gynecological diseases:
- Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (adnexitis, salpingitis, oophoritis),
- Benign or malignant lesions in the genital organs (cysts, polyps, fibroids, cancer),
- Ingestion of infectious agents (human papillomavirus or HPV, chlamydia, syphilis, cystitis).
In addition to the main symptom - a long absence of regul, the progression of the above diseases may be accompanied by the appearance of such signs:
- Severe abdominal pain of a different nature,
- Headaches and dizziness,
- Nausea, vomiting,
- Drowsiness, lethargy,
- Deterioration in general health
- Problems with the urethra.
It is worth noting that the presence of the above symptoms indicates a dangerous condition that can lead to serious and irreversible consequences (infertility, death, disability). To prevent the development of dangerous complications - contact your doctor immediately if you find yourself at least two signs of a serious illness.
It is extremely necessary to visit a gynecologist if a woman has a delay of 7 days or more. As a rule, this phenomenon indicates a malfunction of the reproductive system, which could provoke various diseases (not only gynecological) or the sudden conception of a child. In both cases, the advice of a qualified medical professional is very important. This will help to identify the true cause that caused the hormonal failure. After its determination, the doctor will be able to direct all his strength to the elimination of diseases (if any) or to normalize the condition of the future mother.
First of all, the gynecologist interviews the patient, during which she draws attention to the symptoms associated with the delay. Then proceeds to the following diagnostic measures:
- Conducts gynecological examination on a special chair,
- Takes blood, urine and secretory fluid for analysis
- Probes genital organs,
- Produces internal and external ultrasound, colposcopy.
Based on the results obtained, the specialist determines whether the menstrual failure occurred as a result of fertilization of an egg or progression of gynecological disease. If pregnancy and the disease of the genital organs are absent, the doctor sends the woman to other specialized specialists (endocrinologist, proctologist, psychotherapist, gastroenterologist, etc.) for a general diagnostic examination of the body.
How to solve a problem
After determining the true reason why a woman has no periods during the week and no longer, a qualified doctor prescribes the most effective treatment and explains in detail what to do in such a difficult situation.
If the girl, during the survey, confirmed the pregnancy, then it is simply put on record and observed during the entire period of carrying the child.
When a hormonal imbalance that was triggered by a strong emotional shock, a woman is prescribed sedatives (sedatives) medications (most often of plant origin) and is recommended to spend more time in a comfortable environment for her. Also in this case, the girl is recommended daily to drink healthy teas, infusions and decoctions made from herbs and plants:
These plants are able to quickly cope with stress and normalize the level of hormonal elements in the body.
If the delay in menstruation occurred as a result of the presence of benign or malignant tumors in the body, the doctor may prescribe the use of pharmacological agents aimed at stopping the supply of nutrients to the tumor and slowing the development of pathological formations. In advanced cases, surgery may be required.
If inflammatory processes are progressing in the body, the use of anti-inflammatory and immunostimulating drugs will be an appropriate method of treatment.
If the diagnostic examination showed that menstrual disorders occurred due to the ingestion of a woman's infectious agents, the doctor prescribes taking anti-infective and immunostimulating drugs.
Often, with long and frequent delays, experts recommend paying attention to your lifestyle. Based on statistical data, women who adhere to a proper and balanced diet, play sports, often relax in nature, do not smoke, and do not consume alcohol-containing beverages — much less often go to the hospital on various occasions.
With timely treatment for qualified help, if you have unpleasant symptoms, you can quickly get rid of progressive pathology and prevent its recurrence.