Hygiene

Causes of brown discharge: pathology or rate

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The menstrual cycle is a hormone-regulated process. During it, the endometrium grows gradually. In the absence of pregnancy, this process ends with its rejection and exit with menstrual blood outside. This period takes an average of 5 days.

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But sometimes bloody brown discharge of varying intensity appears on other days. The reasons for this depend on the age and condition of the body.

1. In children and adolescents

For the first time, brown secretions may appear in newborn girls at 4-5 days of life. This is a physiological condition that is called a sex crisis.

It occurs under the influence of a sharp drop in estrogen levels after birth. Sexual crisis is observed in 70% of newborns and speaks of the normal adaptation of the child. It lasts no longer than 2 days and does not require special treatment. Usually the volume of blood excreted does not exceed 2 ml.

If the mother noticed brown discharge on the linen of a preschool girl, then you need to think about the personal hygiene of the child. Neglect of water procedures, inconvenient laundry, enterobiosis lead to the development of vulvitis and vulvovaginitis.

They are characterized by an increase in the amount of discharge, the appearance of an unpleasant odor, redness of the vulva area, intense itching. The child involuntarily straightens her panties, fidgets. Day and night sleep disturbed, he becomes restless, anxious, with frequent waking up.

With severe itching, the girl will comb problem areas. Sometimes this leads to the appearance of small drops of blood on the underwear.

Before puberty, the causes of bleeding may be as follows:

  • inflammatory diseases (vulvitis and vulvovaginitis),
  • foreign bodies in the vagina,
  • injuries and violent acts
  • very rarely - tumors.

In rare cases, bleeding can occur due to the intake of large amounts of estrogen in the body. These can be tableted drugs taken without demand from the mother, as well as estrogen vaginal creams (for example, in the treatment of synechiae).

In the period of formation of the menstrual cycle in the first year after menarche, the appearance of spotting may be a variant of the norm.

But later bloody, gradually increasing discharge in the middle of the cycle in girls is characterized by juvenile uterine bleeding. Their causes may be:

  • Disturbance of folliculogenesis, which leads to lack of ovulation and prolonged persistence of follicles.
  • Long-term dysregulation of endometrial cyclic changes and activation of fibrinolysis.

With increasing symptoms, increased blood loss, these conditions require treatment. Scraping in adolescents does not apply. To stop bleeding, as a rule, they resort to hormonal drugs.

2. In reproductive age

In women of reproductive age, the reasons for the appearance of daub are much greater. If brownish spotting appeared before menstruation or within 1-2 days after it, then this can be considered a variant of the norm.

To the physiological reaction can be attributed to the dark brown discharge in the middle of the cycle in women who began taking COCs. In the first three months, such a reaction is allowed. In other cases, you need to look for the cause of the appearance of discharge.

2.1. Uterine bleeding

Bleeding from the uterus can be of varying intensity. In the middle of the cycle can be observed as a small spotting, and intense, requiring medical assistance.

Often they are caused by endometrial hyperplasia. In severe blood loss, women are hospitalized for therapeutic and diagnostic curettage. In addition to hyperplasia, benign neoplasms (polyps, fibroids), as well as oncological diseases can provoke a daub.

Contact bleeding is sometimes observed. They appear as traces of brown on lingerie after intercourse, but may be more intense. Contact bleeding is characteristic of the following conditions:

  • cervical erosion,
  • endometrial hyperplasia,
  • neck polyps,
  • cervicitis,
  • endometriosis.

A small amount of blood can be released after sexual intercourse with vaginal dryness or inflammation (vaginitis).

A hormonal imbalance arising on the background of stress, endocrinological diseases, taking certain drugs, can also cause brownish bleeding. It is more often observed with hyperestrogenia. In the middle of the cycle, daub can be associated with a sharp drop in hormone levels after ovulation. Its duration in this case does not exceed 2-3 days.

2.2. Endometriosis

The proliferation of the endometrium in atypical places may be accompanied by the appearance of hemorrhage and bleeding between periods. This condition is associated with relative hyperestrogenism. Endometriosis sites have their own hormonal activity.

Sometimes dark, almost black, thick discharge is observed a few days after the end of menstruation. This condition is observed in endometriosis of the uterus - adenomyosis. It is associated with delayed emptying of endometrial cavities that permeate the uterus wall and resemble honeycombs. During menstruation, the endometrium is rejected, and only a few days later it releases these cavities.

The treatment of this pathology depends on its severity. With a small degree of endometriosis, hormonal preparations are used, and a severe degree requires surgical intervention.

2.3. Ectopic pregnancy

The attachment of the ovum outside the uterus is called an ectopic pregnancy. The most frequent is tubal pregnancy, but the embryo can attach in other places:

  • in the cervix,
  • in the abdominal cavity
  • on the surface of the ovary,
  • in the rudimentary horn of the uterus.

A woman may not be aware of the presence of pregnancy, especially if there is an irregular menstrual cycle. But such a pregnancy ends with an abortion. The severity of symptoms of its interruption will depend on the place of attachment of the ovum.

When the uterine tube ruptures, acute bleeding begins in the abdominal cavity. Therefore, the clinical manifestations appear suddenly, accompanied by a sharp deterioration of the condition. Major bleeding opens into the abdominal cavity, and there may be no discharge of blood from the vagina.

Interrupted ectopic pregnancy as a tube abortion has more blurred symptoms. This condition will appear as follows:

  1. 1 The increase in clinical symptoms is prolonged - from several days to weeks.
  2. 2 Complaints of paroxysmal pain in the lower abdomen.
  3. 3 Discharges scanty, smearing, brown, or almost black.
  4. 4 Sometimes can be disturbed by dizziness, vomiting, nausea, weakness.

In ovarian pregnancy, interruption occurs at an early period. Symptoms are similar to tubal abortion. A great danger is a cervical pregnancy. At first, the symptoms will be absent. Then there is a dark dark brown discharge. As pregnancy progresses, the risk of profuse bleeding increases. Has an unfavorable prognosis. Scraping with the aim of interrupting it is almost impossible to carry out - this is a huge risk of massive bleeding, life-threatening.

In the short term, pregnancy may be terminated using cytostatics (Methotrexate), as well as uterine artery embolization. With the progression of pregnancy, massive bleeding is an indication for the extirpation of the uterus.

2.4. Ovary apoplexy

This is an emergency condition that results from hemorrhage in the ovarian tissue. Often occurs in the ovulation phase.

The severity of bleeding depends on the form of the disease. In anemic apoplexy, bleeding into the abdominal cavity prevails. Therefore, a large amount of blood can be released from the vagina, and the general condition of the body is characterized by acute significant blood loss. Symptoms of apoplexy:

  • lowering blood pressure
  • tachycardia,
  • pallor, dizziness,
  • acute abdominal pain,
  • unexpressed symptoms of peritoneal irritation.

The painful form of apoplexy is characterized by bleeding in the ovarian tissue. Therefore, from the genital tract there are scant brownish discharge. The clinical picture: paroxysmal pain, acute onset of the disease, nausea, vomiting.

Treatment of apoplexy depends on its shape. In the absence of signs of bleeding, when stable, you can be treated conservatively:

  • cold on the lower abdomen
  • hemostatics
  • antibiotics
  • vitamins.

The treatment is carried out in a hospital under constant supervision. With the deterioration of the condition, continuing blood loss, surgical treatment is necessary.

2.5. During pregnancy

The appearance of brownish secretions in a pregnant woman should be alerted. Only in some cases can this be considered a variant of the norm:

  1. 1 At the beginning of pregnancy, when the implantation of the ovum occurs. Spotting may occur after several days of delayed menstruation. In intensity and appearance, they will be very different from the menstrual. Usually last no more than 3 days.
  2. 2 At the end of pregnancy, when the preparation of the cervix for childbirth. Brown discharge with mucus impurities is a sign of a cork coming out of the cervix.

In the early stages of pregnancy, the appearance of brown discharge is associated with the threat of termination. This may cause nagging pain in the lower abdomen, lower back, perineum.

This condition is often associated with an insufficient amount of progesterone in the blood. It is adjusted by prescription of progesterone drugs: Duphaston, Utrozhestan.

To save pregnancy, they must be taken until the formation of the placenta, after which it takes on the function of progesterone synthesis. Usually occurs at about 16 weeks. But in some cases, progesterone is canceled only at 20 weeks.

In the second and third trimester, the appearance of brown daub is also associated with a threat to the further progression of pregnancy. This may mean incipient detachment of a normally located placenta.

With a diagnosed placenta previa, the discharge of red blood from the genital tract may be due to this pathology. Both of these conditions require immediate medical attention and hospitalization (pathology department).

If hemorrhage is observed during placenta previa, then attempts are made to preserve the pregnancy. In case of heavy bleeding, only a cesarean section is possible, regardless of the gestational age.

After giving birth, a woman has bleeding, which gradually acquires a slimy character. By the time of discharge from the hospital, the discharge goes moderate, slimy-brown, without an unpleasant smell (there may be an odor of iron).

If at home, instead of gradually lightening and reducing the number of lochy, brown or bright red discharge is observed, then you should immediately consult a doctor. An unpleasant, harsh or putrid odor of lochia, which is often observed with postpartum endometritis, should also alert a woman.

To stop bleeding, curettage of the uterus is necessary to remove possible remnants of the membranes of the placenta.

3. The period of menopause

During the period of gradual extinction of ovarian function, menstruation may disappear and resume. But the appearance of bleeding in the middle of the menstrual cycle should be alerted.

If a woman has previously been diagnosed with endometriosis or endometrial hyperplasia, they can be the cause of vaginal discharge. If menopause has already begun, there is no menstruation for more than a year, then when blood appears with mucus, watery brown discharge you should consult a doctor. This may be a symptom of cancer that requires immediate diagnosis.

Brown daub in menopause can be a direct consequence of sexual intercourse: dry vaginal mucosa with simultaneous atrophy lead to the appearance of small cracks, microtraumas during sex.

4. Diagnostics

Causes of brown vaginal discharge can be very diverse. It is important to remember that their appearance in a period of time that is not associated with menstruation requires an appeal to a doctor. In addition to the survey and examination in the gynecological chair, I can be performed:

  1. 1 Smear on flora and GN.
  2. 2 PAP test.
  3. 3 Colposcopy and hysteroscopy.
  4. 4 Separate curettage and histological examination of the material.
  5. 5 ultrasound of the pelvic organs.
  6. 6 According to indications: hysterography and MRI, blood test for tumor markers, complete blood count, research on the level of sex hormones.

Nature of dark secretion

Brown smearing whites indicate the presence of blood in their composition, which in itself is not the norm. The reasons for their occurrence are natural and pathological. If they are not accompanied by additional symptoms, they are often the result of physiological processes occurring in the body. In the same case, when there are not only discharge, but also itching, pain, the secret acquires a non-characteristic flavor, one can suspect the development of the disease.

Physiological causes

Often a woman notes that she smears brown after abortive activities. Such brown discharge after stress, which the body has endured, is dangerous, but often does not carry any threat. A change in the color of secretion is often noted after delivery and during gestation. It should immediately understand when the dark discharge from the vagina is a signal of the appearance of health problems.

After abortion

For several days after the abortive measures, there are brown, thick, mucous secretions that contain the remains of the ovum and blood. Their volume gradually decreases. After a while, the brownish leucorids are replaced by the usual ones.

Fears cause brown discharge in women, increasing in volume and acquiring a scarlet color. Such symptoms indicate damage to the reproductive organ or incomplete removal of the ovum from its cavity. With treatment in a medical institution can not be slow. Chances are that surgery will be needed.

In some cases, there is a delay in menstruation after an abortion. In a similar situation, a visit to a medical facility is also recommended.

During pregnancy

Sometimes in the first trimester, on the days when Regulae usually came, small bleeding-brown discharge during pregnancy is noted. Due to this, a woman can long not guess what is in the position. Their appearance is caused by hormonal fluctuations and insufficient concentration of progesterone. This hormone contributes to the temporary suspension of follicle growth and the creation of a favorable environment for the development of the embryo. The condition will return to normal after completion of the process of formation of the placenta.

However, if you went liquid brown lei, you need to conduct a full examination. An excessively low level of progesterone causes spontaneous miscarriage.

Dark secretion may also signal the fixation of the ovum in the neck or tubes, and not in the genital organ itself. Her appearance is accompanied by pain. On how quickly a woman will be helped, depends not only her health, but also her life.

After childbirth

The woman immediately after the end of labor appears bloody discharge (lochia), cleansing the reproductive organ from the remaining fetal membranes and endometrium. In the first few days, clots are observed in them, and after that within 5 or even 6 weeks they become more scarce. Over time, they become pale-bloody, and then completely transparent.

The disappearance of lochia in a shorter period of time signals a poor contractility of the uterus, blood stasis and the onset of the inflammatory process. Excessively abundant discharge is a sign of the onset of bleeding.

The discharge after childbirth may be different, therefore we recommend that you study this issue in more detail.

Teenagers

In adolescent girls hormones are still very unstable. In the first few years from the beginning of puberty, the cycle of menstruation is only set, regulators begin to walk erratically. Instead, there may be a dark color discharge, which is only smeared due to scanty volume.

With menopause

Hormonal changes lead to the fact that menstruation during menopause stops. Initially, prolonged delays of the regulator are observed, a dark-brown daub appears instead. This process is considered natural, but the development of serious complications is also possible.

Often, black-brown mucus means the development of a malignant tumor. In adulthood, the risk of its occurrence increases significantly. It is also possible the appearance of similar symptoms after exercise.

Implant bleeding

Brown discharge from women often appear as a result of successful fertilization. After ovulation has occurred, in the interval from 6 to 10 days there are drops of red-brown color.Their appearance is due to the implantation of the ovum in the uterine cavity and damage to a small number of vessels. Symptoms such as itching, pain and unpleasant smell are not observed. Scarring of the intimate area due to the occurrence of unpleasant sensations indicates that brown whites appeared for a completely different reason.

Additional signs of implant bleeding are:

  • pain and swelling of the mammary glands,
  • drowsiness,
  • changeable mood
  • fatigue and dizziness.

Pathological secretions

Possible injury to the vaginal walls and various pathologies can cause a change in the color of secretion. A sign of the development of the disease are brown discharge 3 days after the end of the regul. Fear also causes a bountiful secret, when the appearance of which gasket needs to be changed every hour or two.

Even daubing with and without mucus, accompanied by itching, nausea, vomiting, pain and other symptoms, signals the pathological process in the body.

Chronic endometritis

A whitish brownish tint can mean the development of chronic endometritis. At the beginning of the inflammatory process in the genital organ, clear mucus changes its color and acquires a sharp odor. There are also pain in the abdomen and hyperthermia. If endometritis is not cured in a timely manner, it leads to infertility.

Inflammatory diseases

The reason for the change in color whiter are often inflammatory diseases. These can be diseases of the kidneys, bladder and organs of the reproductive system. As a rule, the pathological process is rapidly. No need to wait months before the onset of characteristic symptoms.

Uncharacteristic leucorrhoea associated with lower abdominal pain, fever. The general condition at the same time significantly worsens. Constantly nagging sensations do not allow to lead a habitual way of life.

The result of hormonal drugs

Often, taking oral contraceptives leads to a hormonal imbalance. The body needs about three months to adapt. During this time brown bleedings may occur, but not many. After a while, everything will return to normal.

If similar symptoms are observed for a longer time, then you need to seek medical help. Most likely, to eliminate hormonal disorders, you will need to replace the drug.

Inflammatory and infectious processes occurring in the urethra, can lead to unpleasant sensations. The nature of menstruation in the case of cystitis often changes. Instead of normal bleeding marked maroon-red discharge, which only smear. In addition, pains in the lower abdomen appear, but this symptom does not mean that cystitis has developed. It is accompanied by the following clinical manifestations:

  • the presence of blood in the urine
  • frequent urination,
  • muddy shade of urine,
  • hyperthermia,
  • nausea and retching.

In different periods of the cycle

With the normal functioning of the ovaries and other organs of the urogenital system in a certain period of the cycle are abundant menstruation. Their duration is normally from three to seven days. After menstruation, whites appear, which may be of different shades. The change in color and volume often occurs during other periods of the cycle.

If pain and itching in the intimate area do not appear, then such symptoms are most likely due to natural causes.

Between or instead of menstruation

If, instead of normal menstrual bleeding, there are incomprehensible discharge of light brown color, they indicate a hormonal failure in the body. As a rule, they do not cause severe pain, but still need to be diagnosed.

Brown leucorrhoea appearing in the middle of the menstrual cycle is the norm. Similar symptoms are often observed in women during ovulation. They are caused by the release of their follicle of the ovum and the damage of small vessels.

Before menstruation

The secret produced by the vaginal glands is normally transparent, with a white tinge. Discharges of grayish-brown color, which appear a week before the arrival of the regulator, indicate pathology. The secreted secretion may acquire a dark shade literally a couple of days before the expected critical days. She points out that the endometrium in the uterus has already begun to flake off. After that there is a normal menstruation.

After menstruation

The reason for the appearance of brown leucorrhoea at the end of critical days lies in the fact that the endometrium exfoliates gradually, and this process does not stop instantly. After the end of the regula within two days, vaginal discharge with an admixture of coagulated and oxidized blood is often noted. As soon as residues of the endometrium come out, and the resulting wounds will heal, the whites will acquire a normal color. As a rule, it happens on the second, maximum third day.

What to do

It is impossible to understand for yourself what the change in color of secretion means. To this end, it is necessary to conduct the following examinations: a pregnancy test, urinalysis and blood tests, smear on the microflora, bacteriological culture and ultrasound. Treatment can be prescribed only after an accurate diagnosis.

If the abnormal secretion is excessively abundant, then means are used to stop the bleeding. In the case of a pathological proliferation of the endometrium and the detection of erosion of the cervix resorted to surgical intervention. Inflammatory processes are eliminated by the use of special groups of drugs.

Brown discharge in women appears for various reasons. It is possible to identify them only by conducting a complete diagnosis. Only with timely detection of problems and a properly selected treatment regimen will it be possible to prevent undesirable consequences.

Nature of brown secretions

Brown secretions - a natural secret with blood impurities, which indicates the pathological nature of secretions. Bloody periodic discharge is the norm for a healthy woman of reproductive age. Normally, the color of menstrual flow varies from bright red to dark shade, due to the presence of enzymes in it. Menstrual bleeding lasts from a healthy woman for 3 to 8 days. The appearance of bleeding (brown tint) in any other phase of the cycle is a deviation from the norm. Brown discharge occurs in 80% of women. Depending on the reasons causing uncharacteristic discharge, they talk about the physiological norm or pathological disorder.

Brown discharge in women: the norm and pathology

Brown discharge in girls in the middle of the menstrual cycle is considered the norm in the following cases:

  • The use of various hormonal contraceptives (oral, intrauterine devices, patches),
  • Possible injury to the walls of the vagina or cervix (with personal hygiene, aggressive sexual intercourse),
  • During the first sexual intercourse,
  • In anticipation of menstruation (in some cases, brown discharge appears a few days before the expected menstruation, which indicates only the scarcity of menstrual flow, in which the blood has time to turn off)
  • After the end of menstrual bleeding for several days.

Brown discharge from girls in these cases is a variant of the norm due to hormonal changes, however, the amount of discharge, consistency, and smell should also be taken into account. If the discharge acquires a brown tint, becomes abundant, has a heterogeneous consistency, is characterized by an unpleasant odor, then in such cases there is a pathological process. A variant of the norm is also considered brown discharge, appearing in the period of ovulation (usually in the interval from 11 to 19 day of the cycle). Discharges may appear during implantation of the egg, while discharges may be accompanied by a stabbing pain in the lower abdomen. Such allocations are short-term in nature. In this case, talking about implant bleeding.

Brown discharge from women is a sign of pathology in the following cases:

  • The appearance of abnormal secretions in the middle of the cycle, if a woman does not take hormonal contraceptives,
  • Brown discharge in menopause in the absence of normal menstrual bleeding from 1 year or more,
  • The regular appearance of bleeding after intercourse,
  • Discharge, accompanied by pain, itching, burning, fever.

For any abnormal discharge, it is necessary to consult a doctor for a complete examination, since the brown discharge from women is a symptom of various gynecological diseases, which, if not treated properly, can result in sterility and the development of benign and malignant tumors.

Brown discharge: causes of appearance at different stages of the cycle

Brown

discharge, which, in fact, are natural vaginal discharge with blood, gynecologists are divided into the following types:

  • Intermenstrual bleeding,
  • Uterine bleeding.

When diagnosing intermenstrual brown secretions, the causes can be:

  • The use of hormone drugs that affect the menstrual cycle,
  • Mental shock (emotional outbursts, shock, states of constant stress),
  • Violations of the hormonal background of various etiologies,
  • Genital injuries, some types of gynecological procedures,
  • Inflammatory processes, gynecological diseases, STDs,
  • Intrauterine device.

Determining the causes of the appearance of pathological secretions is necessary for the appointment of an effective therapy.

When diagnosing uterine brown secretions, the causes can be:

  • Tumor processes of the uterus and appendages,
  • Pathological processes of the endometrium (endometritis, endometriosis),
  • Cervical erosion,
  • Cystic formations of the ovaries.

Brown discharge after menstruation: when to see a doctor

Brown discharge after menstruation is a variant of the norm in the following cases:

  • Scanty spotting, not accompanied by itching, burning,
  • The absence of pain, symptoms of inflammation, heat,
  • The amount of discharge gradually decreases.
  • The duration of such discharge does not exceed 3 days, and in total with the period of menstrual bleeding, menstruation lasts no more than 8 days.

Brown discharge after menstruation is a residual phenomenon, the removal of excess blood from the uterus. Discharge acquires a brown tint due to the fact that at the end of menstruation blood clotting increases.

If the brown discharge after menstruation appears several days after the menstrual bleeding has completely stopped, the following examinations should be carried out:

  • Pregnancy test, ultrasound to exclude an ectopic pregnancy, miscarriage,
  • Smear, PCR analysis for the presence of chlamydia, ureaplasma, mycoplasma, gardnerella, CMV, herpes virus.

Brown discharge during pregnancy: the norm and pathology

Brown discharge during pregnancy is considered a pathology. Normally, the discharge may appear during the implantation of the ovum, when the integrity of the endometrium is broken for a period of 1-2 weeks. A spotting brown discharge may also appear during pregnancy during the first trimester on the days of the expected menstruation. For any brown discharge, you should consult a doctor.

Causes of brown discharge during pregnancy:

  • Low levels of progesterone, which provoke endometrial rejection and carries the risk of miscarriage,
  • Ectopic (tubal) pregnancy,
  • Placental abruption, previa.

Any brown discharge during pregnancy at a later date poses a threat of miscarriage.

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Brown discharge in pregnant women

For a pregnant woman, such discharge is a clear danger, an unfavorable sign indicating a threat of miscarriage against the background of chorionic detachment. In addition, it can talk about the death of the embryo and the beginning of a miscarriage. In the early stages, such manifestations indicate pathology. So, you need a gynecologist examination.

Appointed ultrasound diagnosis. Thus, it becomes possible to determine whether the embryo is alive, to find out what causes the secretions.

As for their manifestations in late pregnancy, they indicate a premature detachment of the placenta, the threat of fetal death, uterine bleeding. In addition, it indicates problems with the cervix.

It happens that such a discharge occurs on the eve of childbirth, when a mucus plug comes out of the cervical canal.

What can brown discharge say

Depending on the saturation of the discharge, they can indicate a variety of diseases. Thus, a light brown shade may indicate the following female diseases:

  • bacterial candidiasis,
  • vaginosis
  • erosion,
  • microtrauma of the lower segment of the uterus,
  • infections transmitted during lovemaking.

Dark brown vaginal discharge indicates blood clotting. They can flow not only from the vagina, but also from the uterus or cervix.

In the case when the discharge indicates the end of menstruation, then for a woman this is the norm. In addition, insignificant amount of vaginal discharge after the menstrual cycle are helpers to cleanse the female genital tract from the ingress of certain infections.

In the case when brown discharge is accompanied by pain, it brings discomfort, they emanate a sour smell, genitals itch severely, internal burning is felt, it is necessary to urgently visit the gynecologist.

The main reasons for such vaginal discharge

  1. In the case of contraceptive use, hormonal drugs can cause long-term smearing dark discharge. Most often after a couple of months after the start of taking such medications, the secretions disappear.
  2. As a result of injury to the cervix or vagina during intercourse, vaginal discharge of a brown color is also possible. In this case, you should temporarily stop having sex. Then after a couple of days everything is normal.
  3. The period of hormonal maturation may be accompanied by vaginal secretions of brown color. The same goes for the onset of menopause. Such changes occur due to hormonal imbalance. When such manifestations should be mandatory to be examined.
  4. During ovulation in the middle of the cycle, brown vaginal discharge is quite possible - they can be more or less saturated in color.
  5. Before the onset of menstruation, the possibility of such discharge may be due to endometriosis. The cause may be cervical erosion.
  6. Dark vaginal discharge may indicate premature menstruation.
  7. Against the background of uterine malignant tumors, dark discharge can accompany any of the days of the menstrual cycle, and in this case they are quite abundant.
  8. After an examination in a gynecological chair, or if there were small surgical interventions on the cervix, sometimes dark spotting appears. But they are not large and quickly disappear - literally in a couple of days.

Climax and brown vaginal discharge

When menopause occurs, hormonal changes are observed in the body. In this case, discharge is not dangerous and is considered the norm. But in the case when more than a year has passed since the onset of menopause and from the end of the last menstrual period, the presence of a discharge may indicate that there are some ailments or disorders in the body.

When menopause comes, during this period the sex hormones are no longer produced. As a result, the mucous membrane of the vagina becomes thinner. As a result, bloody discharge due to vaginal microdamages appears. The reason - sexual intercourse, masturbation. Also in the list should be added active sports training.

Regardless of age, any woman may develop inflammatory processes in the genital tract. Therefore, even during menopause, under the condition of sexual contact, infection with sexually transmitted infections is possible.

Thrush is also possible. As a result of such diseases, the cervix or vagina may become inflamed. In this case, the symptom is a selection of brown color. In addition, there is an unpleasant smell, there is dryness in the vagina. Itching and discomfort are also present.

Spotting can cause polyps - both in the uterus and on its neck. Even before the onset of menopause, a benign tumor may develop in the uterine muscle layer. we are talking about uterine myoma, it occurs with the assistance of sex hormones. Due to the fact that during menopause, the level of sex hormones is minimal, the tumor after menopause becomes smaller.

During menopause, fibroids can cause brown secretions if a woman takes herbal estrogens while performing a phytotherapy. The same goes for hormone therapy.

Norm brown discharge

In healthy women, in the absence of alarming painful symptoms, a small amount of vaginal fluid is the norm. By volume it is about a teaspoon in 24 hours. Against the background of oxidation of mucus on the gasket, a slightly acidic odor is possible, as well as a yellowish tint. But this is not a symptom of the disease.

A couple of days before the end of critical days, smears of a slightly brown tone appear. This is the norm. The same can be said about weak brush strokes on the 14th or 15th day of critical days. The thing is that ovulation has come. At the same time, hormones jumped sharply. This phenomenon is quite rare, but it still happens.

Treatment for secretions

Self-treatment is taboo. It is necessary to seek help from a doctor. The gynecologist will find out the reason for the appearance of brown secretions, after which he will prescribe the correct treatment.

In the case when the discharge appears on the background of a small delay, aging of the intrauterine tissue, it is necessary to change the diet. In addition, regularly need to engage in physical exercise. During the day you should drink plenty of fluids.

If the cause of the discharge is different, then the doctor prescribes the necessary treatment. It is important to correctly diagnose. The specialist may prescribe medication or chemotherapy. Sometimes even surgery is required. During the examination, the hip doctor has a cervical smear, as well as other necessary tests.

Brown discharge: norm or pathology?

Brown discharge at any stage of pregnancy is considered a deviation from the norm.

They should be a "wake-up call" for the future mother.

It should be more attentive to the body and establish the cause of their manifestation.

Causes of brown discharge during pregnancy

The main reason for the manifestation of brown secretions - the threat of spontaneous miscarriage:

  • If the discharge is not significant and one-time, then it is connected with hypertonus, which was provoked in the body due to overwork or a nervous breakdown.
  • If the discharge is abundant and is accompanied by aching pain in the lower abdomen, then this indicates a possible detachment of the ovum.

In addition, ectopic pregnancy can be the cause of brown mucus. Regardless of the reason for the manifestation of bleeding, it is important to consult a doctor in a timely manner.

In case of premature detachment of the placenta and presentation, abundant discharge is accompanied by pain in the lower abdomen and in the back. A woman may feel dizzy due to a change in the amount of hemoglobin.

Norm and pathology in the early stages

  • In the early stages at the time of implementation of the ovum, the process may be accompanied by the manifestation of bloody mucus. Some girls confuse this moment with the failure of menstruation. The phenomenon has a single character.

  • Processes associated with hormonal disruption in a woman’s body can be considered normal in the early stages. No pain and no danger. Manifest in the first two months of pregnancy.
  • Due to a shortage of progesterone, detachment of the placenta can be traced. Timely reaction and hospitalization will avoid problems and save pregnancy.
  • Cystic drift - pathology to the end unexplored, rarely found, but leads to the death of the embryo.
  • Ectopic pregnancy is a pathology requiring surgical intervention. After all, if you do not address this problem in a timely manner, then the woman may lose her reproductive function.

Norma and pathology in the later stages

Spotting can be attributed to the norm in the last weeks of pregnancy, when the mucus comes out. The process is a harbinger of imminent labor. And it is not necessary that they start right there, everything can happen in a few weeks.

Otherwise, it is a pathology and may be associated with exfoliation of the placenta, its proposal. During the development and growth of the fetus, the uterus grows, stretches. At this point, the integrity of the vessels located on the upper layers of the placenta is broken. Mixing them with normal secretions results in brown mucus. If this “daub” is abundant and is accompanied by pain, it is necessary to visit a doctor.

The nature of brown discharge during pregnancy

Spotting may be the norm or pathology, assess their color, smell and profusion. Be sure to tell these nuances in the antenatal clinic.

Having managed to recognize the "alarm bells", a woman will warn of possible problems and be able to endure the baby. Their nature will determine the problem. It is important to establish whether they are accompanied by pain in the abdomen, back, dizziness and other disturbing symptoms.

If pale pink alternate with mucous secretions

Such discharge occurs in the first weeks of pregnancy at the time of attachment of the ovum to the walls of the uterus. Blood vessels may be damaged, the blood of which is mixed with natural vaginal discharge. Neutral smell, the absence of itching and other uncomfortable moments will allow to recognize this moment.

What are the evidence of heavy brown discharge at the end of pregnancy?

If the process lasts for 1-2 days, the appearance of blood clots is accompanied by aching fights in the lower abdomen, lower back, then you should consult a doctor.

The cause may be detachment of the placenta, which is fraught with miscarriage if you do not start treatment in a timely manner. Ectopic or frozen pregnancy is best diagnosed by ultrasound, but the first "alarm bell" may be a manifestation of heavy brown mucus clots.

Can dark brown secretions occur during the first trimester?

Human papillomavirus can cause brown mucus. The inflammatory process has begun, which needs to be eliminated, it is important to turn to a gynecologist for advice at this moment.

Spotting brown discharge associated with cervical erosion. Gentle epithelium could be hurt when viewed from a gynecologist or vaginal ultrasound.

What colors of discharge are there when a cork comes out of the cervical canal?

In later periods, they have a slimy character and come out in pieces. Large hard clots, with no pain. The appearance of traffic jams is a harbinger of generic detail.

If earlier she protected the baby from infections, now the paths are open and you need to worry about safety. When the cervix ripens, the cork leakage process occurs. Its volume is 2-3 tablespoons.

Can a brown discharge be a sign of the onset of labor?

Predict the beginning of labor activity is impossible. If during childbirth diagnoses were made:

  • placenta previa, its low location,
  • internal overlap,
  • if the walls of the uterus were thinning, then you should always be on the alert.

With the manifestation of a brown "daub" should immediately go to the hospital.

If brown mucus manifested itself in the last weeks of pregnancy, congestion and amniotic fluid moved in parallel, then it is worth collecting things and going to the maternity hospital. The body is ready for generic activity, which is about to begin, ahead of the long-awaited meeting with the baby.

Emergency states

If brown blood clots develop in early or late pregnancy, doctors recommend that a woman be hospitalized. To ensure the need for emergency hospitalization, the nature of the discharge is assessed:

  • abundant or spotting,
  • color from pale pink to bright red or dark brown.

If at the same time sick, dizzy, felt a strong weakness, then you need to go to the hospital, and to assess the condition of the child. Premature placental abruption is a condition that is dangerous for both the baby and the mother. Anxiety states are accompanied by abdominal pain, weakness, dizziness, low blood pressure. For internal bleeding, a woman is prescribed an emergency caesarean section, and in this case, brown discharge can cause labor.

Brown discharge - a process that can occur at any stage of pregnancy. They may meet in early and late. If their appearance during the attachment of the ovum in the first weeks of pregnancy is considered normal and should not be worried, then there are cases when they indicate pathology. In such cases, there is a clear threat to the health of the future mother and baby. Therefore, it is so important at the first abnormalities and related pain to contact a specialist who will evaluate the consistency, frequency and determine the cause. Timely identification of the problem will allow to solve and eliminate it before serious consequences.

Natural causes of brown secretions

The dark brown color of the discharge does not always indicate that the woman has any disease of the genital organs. The brown tint is due to clotted blood, but this can occur not only during illness, but also in many other cases that do not pose a health hazard.

Allocations before the monthly. The brown coloration of the whiter sometimes appears already a few days before the arrival of the menstrual period, when the mucous membrane of the uterus begins to swell and gradually peel off. At the same time, the smallest vessels are damaged, and a small amount of blood coagulates and enters the vaginal mucus, smearing dark-brownish leucorrhoea appears.

After menstruation for another 1-2 days, brown leucorrhoea is also the norm. If a woman's blood clotting is somewhat reduced, then her traces continue to color the discharge at this time. In addition, out of the uterus out the remains of stagnant blood.

Discharge with the use of hormonal contraceptives. If a woman takes birth control pills, then within 2-3 months she will have dark brown discharge between the menstruation. There is nothing to worry about, because the reason is a change in hormonal levels. After the organism adapts to it, the whites will again take on their usual appearance. If their character does not recover, the bleeding will become more abundant, then you should consult with your doctor about the replacement of contraceptive.

The same thing happens when installing the intrauterine device. In addition to hormonal effects, it is also possible mechanical, which leads to damage to the capillaries. If the blood discharge is persistent, the helix is ​​removed.

Ovulatory bleeding. When they appear, brown leucorrhoea appears in the middle of the cycle - at the moment of the rupture of the follicle and the release of the egg from it. At the same time, the smallest blood vessels of the follicular membrane are damaged.

Implant bleeding. The appearance of weak brown smears before a menstruation delay may mean that the woman has become pregnant. It begins with the fact that the fertilized egg is attached to the endometrium, damaging the capillaries. Blood excretion lasts several hours.

After intercourse the appearance of faint dark discharge is due to damage to the small vessels on the surface of the vagina, which occurs if it is weakly moisturized. This condition is observed when a woman is not sufficiently excited or there are age-related changes in the state of the vaginal mucosa due to a lack of estrogens (during menopause).

Puberty associated with hormonal changes in the body of the girl and the development of the genital organs. Within 1-2 years after the appearance of the first menstrual period, the irregularity of the cycle and the arbitrary onset of bleeding of different intensity are not pathological. Between menstruation, even in their place, dark brown scanty discharge may appear.

The beginning of sexual life. Bloody leucorrhea appears not only due to damage to the hymen, but also as a result of the lack of a sufficient amount of lubricant in the vagina during the first few sexual acts. As soon as hormonal changes take place, the glands of the cervix, which are responsible for producing protective mucus, will intensify, and the dark bloody leucorrhoea will disappear.

Note: If the discharge, having a brown color, are not abundant, homogeneous in composition, have no smell, then they are most likely harmless and are associated with natural processes occurring in the body.

Discharge after abortion

For several more days, they contain large dark clots of clotted blood and remnants of the ovum. Gradually, they become more scarce, smearing, and then go into ordinary white.

Pathology is the appearance after the abortion of red blood, especially if it turns into a real bleeding. This suggests possible damage to the uterus or incomplete removal of the ovum. A woman needs urgent medical care and, most likely, surgery.

Postpartum discharge

Immediately after giving birth, a woman has lochia, since the uterus is released from the remnants of the fetal membrane, the endometrium, and the healing of an open wound in the place of the rejected placenta. Within 4 days, the blood comes out with clots, then for another 5-6 weeks gradually depleting dark-brown discharge appears, and only then transparent whites appear.

If the bloody lochia disappears earlier, this indicates poor uterine contractility and the formation of blood stasis, an inflammatory process occurs. An excessively heavy discharge of blood indicates a dangerous uterine bleeding.

Norm or pathology?

Before the onset of pregnancy, women regularly have menstruation and brown discharge on the eve of the day before and in the last days of their periods do not frighten anyone, because they are a variant of the norm. But the appearance of such discharge in the period between menstruations can alarm any woman, as they usually talk about some hidden pathology of the female reproductive system.

In pregnancy, the situation is different. Monthly after conception seems to be no, except in the first 4-5 weeks after conception, otherwise we are no longer talking about a normal pregnancy. But in the absence of menstruation, by analogy with the non-pregnant, there should not be a daub, hinting at possible violations of women's health. And if during pregnancy there were brown discharge, then everything is bad.

Approximately many future mothers argue this way when faced with a similar symptom for the first time, especially if previous pregnancies did without color discharge. It is unambiguous to say that they are right or wrong, because even an experienced doctor cannot always determine by eye, What do brown discharge mean during pregnancy? this or pathologyuntil you conduct the necessary examination.

One thing is for sure, that in the early stages of pregnancy and on the eve of childbirth, smearing brown discharges appear quite often. And in their appearance there is usually nothing pathological that would be worth the serious experiences of the future mother, for whom unrest is no less dangerous. In the first case, they may indicate the occurrence of pregnancy, in the second - about the immediate joy associated with the emergence of a new life.

But everything is always so rosy. The causes of brown discharge during pregnancy can be different, and often we are talking about a serious violation that carries the risk of premature termination of pregnancy. Still, despite the color, it is a bleeding, albeit minor. And how dangerous it is can be judged by the accompanying symptoms and the duration of pregnancy.

The most dangerous are the discharge, which appeared at the end of the first or second trimester of pregnancy. In this case, we are clearly talking about serious problems, because there are no such physiological reasons that could provoke a similar symptom. It all depends on the woman herself and her desire to preserve the pregnancy, which will be facilitated by timely treatment at the medical facility.

Non-pathological causes of brown secretions

Let's try to figure out first when brown discharge during pregnancy is normal? But you need to realize that understanding the causes of an unusual symptom gives a woman hope that everything is fine with her and her child, and yet does not obviate the need to get advice on this issue from a women's clinic doctor.

The first days and months of pregnancy is a period when a violent restructuring occurs in a woman’s body, caused by changes in the hormonal background and preparation of the body for a long way from conception to the birth of a baby. The main female hormones estrogen and the hormone responsible for the normal course of pregnancy, called progesterone, can cause the appearance of unusual dark secretions. In addition, natural processes occurring in the body of a woman during pregnancy may provoke minor bleeding that looks like brown spotting.

Hormone adjustment may provoke a regular daub during the first, second, and sometimes the third month of pregnancy. Discharge occurs regularly in those days when a woman before the pregnancy began menstrual bleeding. Their duration rarely exceeds two days.

Sometimes the discharge may even acquire a scarlet hue and resemble the usual periods, although more scarce. However, in the absence of other suspicious symptoms (pulling or sharp pains in the lower abdomen, unpleasant smell, nausea, unusual weakness, etc.) they do not harm the future mother and fetus in her womb.

Негормональной причиной коричневых выделений в первые пару недель беременности считается переход оплодотворенной яйцеклетки на новое место жительства – в матку. Имплантационный процесс в некоторых случаях сопровождается повреждением мелких сосудов, кровь из которых попадает во влагалище, где смешивается с естественными физиологическими выделениями и вместе с ними попадает наружу.

The bleeding is so insignificant that the blood drops only slightly tint the vaginal secretion, and it acquires a pink, beige or light brown shade. Such secretions that have a creamy consistency can last for a day and should not cause anxiety if they are scanty, have no unpleasant odor and impurities (pus, white cheesy lumps), do not cause itching in the genital and vaginal regions, are not accompanied by painful sensations .

For unusual bleeding in the first weeks of pregnancy, women are treated differently. Sometimes you can hear the saying that there were brown discharge and passed during pregnancy. In fact, this discharge only confirms the fact of pregnancy, which the woman had not yet suspected until she visited the gynecologist, but they pass quickly, because hemorrhages from small capillaries are insignificant, and the scarring of the vascular walls occurs independently in a short time.

An identical situation can be observed in the last weeks of pregnancy, and although the cause of dark discharge will be somewhat different, namely the discharge of the mucus plug before childbirth, pathogenesis bleeding will be similar - rupture of small vessels in the cervix as a result of shortening and smoothing it. In this case, droplets of blood fall on the mucus plug and are brought out with it.

The mucus plug is called a lump of mucus that blocks access to the uterus infection. This way the mother’s body provides additional protection to its offspring while it is in its womb. When it is time for delivery, the cervix begins to prepare for the passage of already noticeably grown fetus. The expansion of its lumen (uterus opens slightly) leads to spontaneous discharge of the tube. This process can be both one-time and long, if the cork moves in parts.

Most often this happens either immediately before childbirth (in primiparas), or 3-5 days in advance. But sometimes the mucus plug comes off a few weeks earlier. If we are talking about the 38th week or later, there should be no special worries, you need to prepare for childbirth. Although notify your doctor would be useful.

But with the appearance of brown secretions during pregnancy up to the 37th week, it is not necessary to delay the campaign with the gynecologist, because even such scanty bleeding can be a harbinger of premature birth. Although in some cases, women safely care for pregnancy a few more weeks.

Pathological causes of brown secretions

I would not like, of course, to move from pleasant to alarming, because any excitement for expectant mothers is considered risk factors spontaneous abortion. But the reality is that in most cases the brown discharge during pregnancy suggests various complications that pose a danger to the woman and her unborn child. Therefore, their appearance can not be ignored.

Fading pregnancy. Embryo freezing can occur at any gestational age, but most often it occurs in the first trimester at 7-8 weeks. After all, it is during this period that the formation of most organs and systems of the baby takes place, and its needs increase. According to statistics, the probability of such an outcome of pregnancy is about 0.7%, but this does not mean that the problem can be ignored due to the low risk of its occurrence.

Pregnancy freezing is most often the result of its abnormal course, as a result of which the embryo does not receive the nutrients necessary for its development from the mother, or is influenced by harmful factors. Among the risk factors for stopping the development of a child are:

  • hormonal disruptions, such as a deficiency of pregnancy hormone progesterone, diseases of the thyroid gland and ovaries that produce hormones,
  • meager diet of the future mother for vitamins and microelements,
  • Rhesus-conflict, triggered by the difference between the Rhesus factor of the mother’s and the child’s blood, which causes the pregnant woman’s body to respond to the fetus as a foreign body, producing specific antibodies,
  • some autoimmune disorders characterized by increased production of antibodies to blood components,
  • various infectious diseases, regardless of the form of their occurrence (the most popular pests that can lead to fetal death, are herpes infection, mycoplasma, chlamydia, cytomegalovirus, papillomavirus, etc.),
  • strong nervous experiences and stresses
  • any bad habits
  • the impact of negative factors on a pregnant woman (vibration, radiation, inhalation of toxic substances, etc.),
  • weight lifting
  • hereditary factor, etc.

In most cases we are talking about violations of the health and nutrition of the expectant mother, as well as exposure to harmful factors. But sometimes the chromosomal pathologies of the fetus itself, which do not allow it to develop normally, as well as the unknown reasons for which a miscarriage occurs in a healthy and normally nourished woman, cause fading of pregnancy. The symptom that precedes this event is brown discharge.

The fact is that fetal fading is always accompanied by an inflammatory process in a woman’s body, which reaches its peak 2-3 weeks after the onset of the pathological process. The appearance of brown secretions in this case already speaks about the detachment of the ovum, and if there is pus in them - about the necrotic process against the background of a long-frozen pregnancy.

Detachment of the ovum and the threat of miscarriage. All of the above factors can provoke the detachment of the membranes of membranes from the uterine wall in early pregnancy even if the fetus developed normally. Rejection of the membrane surrounding the embryo and the amniotic fluid from the chorion is accompanied by vascular damage and the formation of a hematoma.

At the same time, moderate scarlet discharge speaks of incipient detachment, especially if they are accompanied by pulling pains in the lower abdomen, nausea and vomiting. The increase in hematoma in size contributes to the further detachment of the fetal bladder, which can result in its complete rejection and death of the fetus. Outwardly, it looks like a spontaneous miscarriage.

Brown discharge during pregnancy in this case may be evidence of cessation of hemorrhage and resorption of hematoma, but the risk of repeated tearing of the junction of the chorion and the ovum remains, and therefore it is not necessary to treat the symptom carelessly.

True, in some sources you can find a different opinion. Adherents regard the detachment of the ovum as a test of the embryo for strength, a kind of natural selection. A healthy, viable embryo is able to survive not one, but even several partial detachments. A fruit egg can become detached and grow back to the chorion. But only a strong fetus can survive.

According to this theory, the expectant mother can take a waiting position, hoping that her baby will cope with adversity. By the way, it is not uncommon for women, with the appearance of brown discharge and pulling pain, either didn’t go to the doctor or simply didn’t react to the confirmation of the detachment of the fetal bladder by ultrasound, but at the same time gave birth to healthy babies. But to risk or not, this is already the choice of the very future mother, which she does immediately for herself and for her child, taking his fate into her own hands.

In any case, you need to understand that the threat of miscarriage is not equivalent to the miscarriage that occurred. With timely access to a doctor, pregnancy in most cases can be saved with the help of hormonal therapy (achieving a normal level of progesterone to maintain pregnancy), normalization of the psycho-emotional state of a pregnant woman, and physical rest.

Chromosomal abnormalities in the fetus and gallbladder. This is a very unpleasant condition during pregnancy, when either some of the placenta, or all of its tissues, undergo pathological changes, while the villi of the chorion (the embryonic part of the placenta) take the form of bubbles, growing as a bunch of grapes. Oddly enough, the cause of this phenomenon most likely lies in the chromosomal set of the fetus.

Since the structure and characteristics of the chorion of the placenta and fetal bladder are predominantly male chromosomes, their prevalence contributes to pathological measurements in these organs. When diagnosing a drift, studies of embryos showed that most of them had a triple set of chromosomes, where 2 sets were paternal. In another part of the children, only 2 sets of chromosomes were detected, as expected, but both of them turned out to be fatherly.

The exact causes of this pathology have not been established so far, so you have to rely only on a hypothesis. However, a relatively small number of pregnant women are diagnosed with abnormal development of the placenta, characterized by dysplastic processes. In other words, small benign tumors are formed on the chorionic villi - cystic formations with fluid inside.

This pathology is not characterized by the most favorable prognosis. With partial blistering with the defeat of individual tissues of the placenta there is some chance of giving birth to a healthy baby, but in most cases the fetus freezes in the second trimester of pregnancy. If all tissues are affected, they become unable to maintain the viability of the embryo and stimulate its development, so the fetus dies during the first months after conception.

Brown discharge in this pathology is most often with a full bubble skid that caused the pregnancy to die. However, they are not the only symptom. The general condition of the patient is worsening, so it will not be difficult to distinguish a problem pregnancy from a normal one.

Polyps in the uterus. Sometimes in the diagnosis of brown secretions during pregnancy in its first trimester in the cervical canal of the cervix small harmless neoplasms - polyps - can be found. These benign growths can provoke minor bleeding, which in the underwear look and feel like bloody discharge. In some cases, the polyps self-destruct (fall off and out of the vagina with vaginal secretions) and do not require treatment. But it is also possible to promptly remove them, not involving curettage of the uterus, and therefore safe for a pregnant woman.

Ectopic pregnancy. Among all the above violations, this pathology has the worst prognosis, since it always ends with an abortion that threatens the life of a woman. The rescue of an embryo that grows and develops in the fetal egg outside the uterus (in the fallopian tube) is not discussed, it is surgically removed.

The fact is that ectopic pregnancy with the growth and development of the fetus may be complicated by rupture of the wall of the fallopian tube, which is not subject to recovery. But this is not the worst. Much worse for a pregnant woman will be bleeding caused by rupture of the fallopian tube, which is more intense and causes more blood loss.

Brown discharge in this case may be the first bell, followed by abundant bleeding, unpleasant contraction from the side where the fetus is located or severe pain in the lower abdomen. And the sooner a woman turns for help, the more chances to save her life and preserve reproductive function.

Placental abruption. This pathology usually occurs in the middle and in the last stages of pregnancy, i.e. in its second and third trimester, and is dangerous for both the pregnant woman and the baby in her womb. The placenta is a kind of mediator between the mother and the child. She supplies the fetus with necessary nutrients and oxygen, obtained from the blood of the future mother.

If the placenta is exfoliated, the connection necessary for the maintenance of the vital activity of the organism inside it is lost. The baby dies from hypoxia and a shortage of vital substances. And the very detachment of the placenta is accompanied by bleeding, the strength of which determines the condition of the woman and in some ways the possibility of preserving pregnancy.

The cause of problem pregnancy in this case may be abdominal trauma during this period, previously performed abortions and cesarean section, accompanied by the formation of scar tissue, shortened umbilical cord, hypertension in the expectant mother, smoking during pregnancy.

The detachment of the placenta occurs gradually, passing through several stages. At the first stage during pregnancy, a woman may appear brown discharge. But they will not be smeared for long, subsequently acquiring a more saturated scarlet color and moderate intensity. At the last, most severe stage of the pathology of discharge, they may already be strong enough to be called full bleeding.

Regardless of whether there is a partial detachment, diagnosed in most cases, or a complete detachment of the placenta, the pregnancy ends with a cesarean section. Another thing is how long it will be held. With a strong bleeding, everything is solved in the first minutes and hours after contacting the medical institution, and the child cannot be saved. With smearing secretions characteristic of the initial stage of detachment, doctors try to pull time at least until 30-32 weeks, when the fetus is already considered quite viable, after which they again resort to cesarean section.

Placenta previa. This is another violation in which the brown discharge occurs due to damage to the vessels, but already in the placenta. Presentation is the location of the placenta close to the cervix. In the short term it does not cause any trouble, but as the child grows, he begins to push harder on the walls of the placenta, which in turn rests against the walls of the uterus. Such pressure and provokes rupture of small vessels of the placenta, accompanied by a small release of blood.

In rare cases, a strong pressure on the tissues of a child’s place leads to detachment of the placenta, but this happens only with prolonged bleeding. Usually, everything is limited to the smearing discharge and the feeling of pressure on the cervix, with which the women go to the gynecologist, in order to be under observation until the birth.

The entire period from the appearance of the first bleeding to the moment the baby is born is endangered, because by squeezing the vessels of the placenta, it disrupts the oxygen supply and can die from hypoxia. This danger does not decrease at the time of natural childbirth, so doctors prefer to play it safe and practice cesarean section.

Late pathology of pregnancy. In the last trimester of pregnancy, if we are not talking about the discharge of cork mucosa, among the possible causes of brown discharge, such an unpredictable violation of the structure and functions of the placenta, such as its separation (detachment), which makes natural childbirth impossible, can be considered.

A uterine rupture is also considered to be a less dangerous complication of pregnancy if its walls were previously weakened by inflammatory-degenerative processes or surgical interventions (abortion, cesarean section, cleaning). In this case, bleeding of varying intensity is also possible, representing a danger to the expectant mother. But the circulatory disturbance in the uterus entails disruptions in the supply of oxygen to a child who is not yet able to breathe on his own and may die in the womb just before the date of his birth. The most effective solution to the problem is a caesarean section with a subsequent operation to close the uterus.

Gynecological problems. It is wrong to think that a pregnant woman cannot have any gynecological diseases. Pregnancy usually does not cure, but provokes an exacerbation of already existing latent diseases. For example, cervical erosion may differ in this latent course. Before the woman got into the gynecological chair, the erosive-inflammatory process could go sluggish and show no symptoms. But later, uterine tissues disturbed by the gynecological instrument may begin to bleed, which will be accompanied by the appearance of light brown secretions, until the wound heals.

An identical situation may occur after active sexual contact. The fact is that hormonal changes make the woman's tissues more sensitive to any aggressive effects, and there is no difficulty in damaging them. It is not surprising that in many women doctors diagnose erosion of the cervix during pregnancy, although the possibilities of effective treatment of pathology during this period are limited. Acceptable drug treatment does not give the desired effect, so after the birth of the baby, women still have to undergo the procedure of cauterization of erosion.

Another danger is considered to be sexually transmitted infections (STIs) and inflammatory processes in the tissues of the internal genital organs of a woman, resulting from the influence of infectious factors or mechanical damage. При беременности, протекающей на фоне таких заболеваний, коричневые выделения не являются редкостью. Но обычно они сопровождаются и другими симптомами, например, неприятным запахом выделяемого влагалища, зудом, тянущими болями внизу живота и т.д.

Причиной таких заболеваний могут быть:

  • unprotected sexual intercourse, because there is no longer any reason to protect against a possible conception, and few people think about infection,
  • decrease in immunity of the future mother, which provokes the development and reproduction of conditionally pathogenic microflora in her body, which was previously in an inactive state,
  • damage to the vaginal mucosa with all sorts of devices that enhance orgasm, gynecological instruments, poor quality intimate hygiene.

It is important to understand that the presence of infectious diseases (and any inflammation will attract infection) is not just some discomfort for a pregnant woman, but also one of the main risk factors for a complicated pregnancy. Infections can provoke miscarriage or fetal death, as well as cause various developmental disorders of the child, so you need to take care of their treatment in advance, because the possibilities for treating infectious and inflammatory diseases during pregnancy are limited by the fact that many antibiotics and antifungal drugs can have a toxic and teratogenic effect on fetus.

Brown discharge during pregnancy, although often indicate different pathologies, are not a cause for panic. There are many reasons for their appearance, therefore, it is simply impossible to determine the one that caused this symptom on its own. You should not set yourself intimidating diagnoses in advance and make unpleasant predictions, but you should not be careless about this situation either. It is known that the majority of successfully resolved pregnancies, in which spotting appeared at one time or another, became so only due to the timely seeking help of doctors. And even if the fears were in vain, would anyone be able to blame the future mother for taking care of her health and her child? After all, the baby while staying inside my mother's tummy depends only on her and her vigilance.

Future mothers are probably the most restless people in the world. The changes taking place in their bodies can be both joyfully exciting and frighteningly disturbing. And all such changes and inexplicable manifestations of their delicate situation are pregnant women are very scrupulous, because they are responsible for the emergence of a new life, which should see the world on time and in full health. It is not surprising that the brown discharge during pregnancy is so troubling to the future mother, because there should be no menstruation during this period, just like her forerunners. However, women often face such a symptom, so it’s worth finding out if this is a cause for concern or if the fears of pregnant women are groundless.

Discharge is normal

Discharge from the genital tract of a girl can change throughout the entire menstrual cycle. It depends on age, hormonal background, the presence of various diseases and some other reasons.

During puberty, when puberty is just beginning, the body, saturated with estrogen, begins to stimulate the formation of mucus in the vagina. It can be transparent, whitish color. Most often, the consistency is sheer, sometimes like “lumps”. All this testifies to the favorable development of puberty, the full health of the girl and that she will soon have a better menstrual function.

During menopause, discharge from the genital tract becomes much less, often women do not mark them at all. The appearance of spotting brown or bright scarlet bleeding at this age indicates the occurrence of a disease.

As we approach the ovulation, the secretions become more and more, they are slimy, viscous. Some girls figuratively compare them with chicken egg protein. As soon as ovulation occurs, they acquire a thicker consistency, a whitish hue. But such changes are not always, but only with a perfect hormonal background in a healthy girl.

Brown discharge normal

If a woman has a bloody, very insignificant discharge from the genital tract outside menstruation, then most likely they are associated with functional changes in her body. If brown daub is a constant satellite, then the probability of the presence of a pathological process is high. In this case, it is better to immediately consult a doctor, and not to expect that everything will correct itself.

Mid cycle

Some women "feel" their ovulation. Including one of the signals may be spotting brown or even menstrual-like discharge in the middle of the cycle. Usually they last no more than 1 - 3 days. This is due to the sharp fluctuations in hormonal levels due to overwork, lack of sleep, positive emotions, etc. Often there is no obvious reason for this. But you should be wary if such a daub appears monthly. This is a signal for more in-depth examination and identification of the true causes.

Days of ovulation in women

After intercourse

Violent intimate relationships, especially in a state of alcohol or drug exposure, often lead to genital trauma. Moreover, their nature varies from small cracks to serious ruptures. In the first case, you can not worry too much, light daub will pass in a day or two. But with abundant secretions often without surgical intervention is not enough, you should seek medical help.

Against the background of oral contraceptives

In the first month of hormonal drugs, including for the purpose of contraception, various kinds of bloody discharge from the genital tract are often observed. This may be a short-term daub, and sometimes more abundant and long regulation.

Similar failures of a menstrual cycle during the first month are allowed. With further preservation of symptoms should consult a doctor for examination. This may indicate an inadequate dose of the hormone in the drug or that it does not fit this girl.

Minor violations of the cycle, often in the middle, can occur even with long-term use of hormonal contraception. If brown secretions between menstruation appear once, they do not pose a particular threat and only testifies to the adaptive reactions of the body (provided that the pill schedule is followed). But the repetition of this requires further examination by a specialist.

If oral contraceptives are disrupted, in most cases it causes a brown daub or even spotting.

Problems in the uterus

Most often irregular spotting give different pathological processes in the uterus. These can be polyps, endometrial hyperplasia, etc.

This pathology is more common in pre-menopausal women, after numerous abortions and other interventions in the uterine cavity. But there are cases of the disease and the young nulliparous girls.

Most often, there is a brown discharge between menstruation without pain. Sometimes they can be taken for ovulatory, but the constant nature of the search for a more serious cause.

Hyperplasia and endometrial polyps, in addition to intermenstrual secretions, are the cause of heavy, with clots of menstruation.

Malignant neoplasms

The oncological process also manifests with irregular bleeding. Their character can be different - from smearing to abundant. Often their appearance is noted, including after sexual intercourse.

Spotting in menopause in 30% of cases indicates endometrial cancer.

Presence of navy

The intrauterine device can cause lung discharge on the eve of menstruation and after them. And sometimes they last up to 3 - 5 days, which brings considerable discomfort to the woman. All this may be accompanied by abundant monthly. So the body reacts to such a foreign body. Only by removing the IUD will it be possible to get rid of the symptoms.

Dirty after intercourse

"Contact" bleeding that appears in a woman immediately or a few hours after sex, always alarming doctors. This is one of the most frequent and first signs of cervical cancer. That is why in the event of such complaints, it is necessary to undergo a full examination in order to identify the pathology in an unrolled form.

But not only with cancer of the cervix and vagina appear brown discharge between menstruation, the reasons may be hiding in a polyp of the cervical canal or uterine cavity, erosion, inflammation and some others. Finally, only the doctor can understand after the examination.

Cervical erosion as a cause of brown discharge

Diagnosis of the presence of pathology

Dark and light brown discharge between menstruation may indicate both the pathological process, and some functional disruptions in the body of a woman. What should be done to detect or exclude the pathological process? Basic diagnostic procedures:

  • examination of the cervix and vagina in mirrors,
  • smears on oncocytology; colposcopy and biopsy are also possible if a suspicious lesion is detected,
  • study of the flora of the vagina and cervix,
  • ultrasound examination of the pelvic organs,
  • if necessary, diagnostic curettage or hysteroscopy,
  • blood test for sex hormones, thyroid gland.

We recommend reading the article on ultrasound during menstruation. From it you will learn about the ultrasound of the pelvis, chest and abdomen, and whether it is possible to carry out diagnostics during menstruation.

Intermenstrual discharge from women should not be overlooked. Especially if they have a tendency to repeat or are supplemented by other symptoms. Special vigilance should be given to contact bleeding, since this is often the basis for malignant pathology. In any case, the problem can be sorted out and the cause can be identified only after a comprehensive examination.

What do brown discharge after menstruation mean? Dark discharge after menstruation is often the occasion. Discharge streaked with blood after menstruation. Brown discharge between menses: causes.

Monthly brown. Menstrual bleeding is one of the signs of a healthy female body ready for childbirth. . Brown discharge between menses: causes.

Diseases causing discharge between periods. . Brown discharge after menstruation. Please note: if you have a question for an obstetrician-gynecologist, ask him in the consultation section with a doctor.

Brown discharge between menses: causes. Allocation instead of monthly | 2. Black highlights. Brown discharge when taking regullon: normal or.

We recommend to read the article about brown secretions between the monthly. . The light brown discharge on the days of the proposed menstruation or at any other time of the cycle is mostly indicative of some kind.

Brown discharge between menses: causes. Bleeding after menstruation. What do blood clots mean during menstruation, similar to.

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What do brown discharge after menstruation mean? Dark discharge after menstruation is often the occasion. Discharge streaked with blood after menstruation. Brown discharge between menses: causes.

Monthly brown. Menstrual bleeding is one of the signs of a healthy female body ready for childbirth. . Brown discharge between menses: causes.

Diseases causing discharge between periods. . Brown discharge after menstruation. Please note: if you have a question for an obstetrician-gynecologist, ask him in the consultation section with a doctor.

Brown discharge between menses: causes. Allocation instead of monthly | 2. Black highlights. Brown discharge when taking regullon: normal or.

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