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What kind of discharge is possible after cauterization of cervical erosion and does this procedure affect menstruation in women?

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Many women are interested in what should be monthly after cauterization of erosion. Any pathological process in the female genital organs requires a certain treatment. Erosion of the cervix may occur regardless of the patient's age and its physiological characteristics. With an unfavorable course, the likelihood of transformation into oncological pathology of this malady is very high. In this case, experts recommend treating the disease by surgery. In modern times, this method practically does not cause serious problems, the therapy is easy and smooth.

After some time, a woman may begin to be disturbed by changed monthly periods after cauterization of erosion. It is necessary to know in which case the process of menstruation proceeds normally, and when it is necessary to consult a gynecologist.

What is erosion?

Cervical erosion is a frequently diagnosed gynecological pathology in women. Due to the limited amount of information, many women perceive this diagnosis as a sentence, equating it, if not to a cancer, then at least to a precursor of such a malignant process. At the same time, experts do not include many types of erosion as diseases, excluding them from international medical reference books.

It is important to understand that after cauterization of erosion, menstruation is different for everyone.

Cervical erosion is any violation of the normal physiological state of its mucous membranes. Such violations include mechanical and chemical damage, abnormal development of the epithelium. By the nature and causes of erosion are divided into two main types:

  • true erosion
  • pseudo-erosion or ectopia.

Classification

In addition, in the classification of erosion, their features can be refined:

  • ectropion - the displacement of the inner cervical tissue forward and outward due to strong mechanical pressure, which occurs, as a rule, in the process of difficult childbirth or abortion, carried out in late periods,
  • endometriosis - vertical displacement and the imposition of different types of tissues of the mucous membrane of the cervix,
  • leukoplakia - hardening and ossification of multilayered epithelium in any part of the mucosa.

Polyps of the cervical canal and viral warts are considered a separate category of erosion.

What should be normal monthly after cauterization of erosion?

How the menstrual cycle changes after cauterization

The cause of the formation of cervical erosion is considered to be a certain rebirth and damage to squamous epithelial cells in this area. Cylindrical cells form at the site of healthy tissue. In modern gynecological practice, there are several ways to eliminate this pathological process:

  • traditional, that is, with the help of drugs for local use (ointments, suppositories and vaginal tablets),
  • chemical - through the use of "Solkovagin"
  • exposure to liquid nitrogen
  • radio wave therapy
  • electrocution treatment
  • laser surgery.

Monthly after cauterization, cervical erosion should normally begin on time or with minor irregularities relative to the timing. The menstrual cycle may be disturbed for reasons that are not associated with the treatment of this pathology.

If menstruation began much earlier or later, became more abundant or, conversely, scarce, you can suspect the occurrence of hormonal failure, and the development of other pathologies of the reproductive system.

Delayed menstruation

The delay of menstruation after cauterization of erosion is not any complication and can occur for three main reasons:

  • exposure to temperature caused damage to uterine receptors,
  • gynecological manipulations caused trauma to the mucous membrane,
  • psychological factor - during the procedures and treatment a woman could experience stress, as a result of which there was a delay in menstruation.

Despite the safety of this type of therapeutic procedure, a woman has an excessive concern about the need for surgical intervention, and stress can cause cycle disturbances. A frequent question of women at the gynecologist is whether the menstrual periods after burning of erosion may not come in time? The delay is often accompanied by the appearance of pulling pains. A similar condition may occur over several days. If menstruation does not occur more than 10 days, you must visit the gynecologist to rule out the state of pregnancy or use special tests.

Another factor that can provoke a long absence of critical days is cervical stenosis. Such a complication occurs, as a rule, due to prolonged temperature effects on certain parts of the organ. The narrowing of the cervical lumen can lead to accumulation of blood in the uterus and subsequent inflammatory process in it. Surgical techniques are used to eliminate this pathological process.

And if after cauterization of erosion, the monthly ones started earlier?

Early onset of menstruation

Cauterization of erosion does not affect the time of onset of menstruation. As a rule, the first menstruation after treatment should begin in about 3-4 weeks, depending on the natural duration of the period. During the week, bloody streaks may occur in the composition of the vaginal secretions, which should not be confused with the monthly.

At erosions of the big sizes the pinkish discharge can also be observed. Approximately on the tenth day after the procedure, the postoperative scab should move away, which is accompanied by the occurrence of secretion, which can be confused with the premature onset of menstruation. Women at the same time think that menstruation began a little earlier, and if the process of scab discharge and healing of the cervix is ‚Äč‚Äčimpaired, this can cause abundant bleeding. In cases of significant deviations from the normal cycle, it is necessary to consult a gynecologist.

Second periods may also go after cauterization of erosion.

Scanty or copious discharge

The change in the nature of the discharge may be due to the fact that prior to treatment of cervical erosion, menstruation could take place with some disorders. Restoration of mucosal tissues leads to the normalization of the menstrual cycle. If, after treatment, the patient observes watery profuse menstruation with the presence of individual blood clots, this may indicate a prolonged process of stabilization of the genital organs. Excessive discharge can be observed in the first two or three cycles. If after this time the type of menstrual flow does not change, it is necessary to undergo a diagnostic examination.

The onset of scanty and heavy discharge may be due to hormonal imbalance. If scarce menstruation is combined with drawing pains in the lumbar region and lower abdomen, this may indicate the occurrence of spastic phenomena.

Possible complications

The percentage of complications is relatively low. Monthly after cauterization, erosion is an indirect indicator of the normal process of cervical tissue repair. If menstruation is accompanied by severe pain or specific secretion, you should consult with your doctor. In some cases, the following pathological conditions can occur:

  1. Stenosis of the cervix. The insignificant degree of such a restriction does not affect the quality of life of patients who are not planning a pregnancy. For nulliparous women, this can cause infertility.
  2. The penetration of endometrial cells into the surface of the wound, which leads to the development of such pathology as endometriosis. The initial symptoms of this can be heavy bleeding, painful periods.
  3. Infection with a scab that occurs as a result of violations of the rules of treatment or hygiene during the recovery period. This condition is manifested by painful and thick secretions of blood from the genital tract.

Such complications can occur after any methods of cauterization of erosion, including the most innocuous - radio waves. Untreated pathology is even more dangerous to health than rare cases of development of problems in the postoperative period.

Now it became known why after cauterization of erosion, the menstruation begins sooner or later.

Preventive methods

To avoid menstrual irregularities after erosion therapy, it is necessary to strictly follow the recommendations of the physician during the rehabilitation process. A woman should avoid procedures that can lead to increased blood circulation in the reproductive organs. Patients are prohibited from:

  • visit baths and saunas, refrain from other heating effects on the lower body,
  • drink alcoholic beverages,
  • exercise, lift weights, expose themselves to other types of physical activity that can trigger the development of bleeding,
  • massage on the lumbar region,
  • leech therapy
  • swim in open ponds and visit the pool,
  • to take a bath,
  • Undergo physiotherapy, which affect the lower abdomen.

Conclusion

Cauterization of erosion, despite the safety of this event, remains an intervention in the body. To reduce the risk of developing infectious diseases and the inflammatory process, you need to pay special attention to hygiene, and not use tampons during menstruation. The first weeks after treatment a woman is forbidden to have sex.

What it is

Erosion is a defect in the cervical mucosa, which occurs for a number of reasons:

  • mechanical,
  • inflammatory,
  • infectious,
  • hormonal,
  • hereditary,
  • congenital and so on.

Violation of the integrity of the mucous leads to the fact that the pathogenic flora without obstacles can penetrate not only into the vaginal part of the neck, but also deep into. In this case, both the genital organ itself and its appendages may be affected.

Do I need to cauterize erosion and which method is best to use, the doctor decides, based on each case.

Any cauterization, even that which is considered to be the most benign, has a number of contraindications, therefore before this procedure it is necessary to undergo a thorough examination and consult with a specialist.

In addition, cauterization may be accompanied by some consequences and unpleasant moments that a woman must be aware of in order to distinguish the norm from pathology. One of the consequences of cauterization is discharge, which will be discussed further.

Is it possible to discharge after cauterization

During cauterization, the mucous is quite significantly damaged, which leads to the presence of secretions. Moreover, the process involves not only the epithelial layer itself, but also the blood vessels, therefore, in the secretions it is often possible to observe a blood mixture.

The duration of heavy bleeding depends on the cautery method:

  • after radio wave burning, the mucosa practically does not undergo any changes, therefore strong discharge can be observed only in the first day after the procedure,
  • about 2 days of excretion can be observed when cauterizing with a laser,
  • after cryodestruction, bleeding may disturb the patient for about 3 days,
  • after chemical cauterization, secretions may not be at all,
  • cauterization by electric current - the most traumatic cauterization - in this case, discharge with blood can be observed within a week.

What is considered normal

Normally, vaginal secretion after cauterization may have a pink or brown shade, and the smell of secretions may also change. On the first day after the procedure, the smell may be chemical, but subsequently this phenomenon should disappear.

On average, complete healing after cauterization of cervical erosion occurs after three weeks, and during this time there may be a discharge:

  • transparent, watery, white, not abundant,
  • thick pink bloody
  • brown daub.

After the cautery procedure, a so-called scab or protective film is formed on the mucous membrane, which, a couple of weeks after the procedure, is gradually exfoliated, and then completely disappears.

During this period is also possible discharge with an admixture of blood. As a rule, the duration of such secretions is no more than 2 hours, after which they stop without any outside intervention.

After the wound has finally healed, the discharge is normalized and again begins to correspond to certain phases of the menstrual cycle.

Pathological secretions

Complications may be indicated by very rich brown, yellow or green discharge.

Yellow and green discharge, accompanied by an unpleasant smell, require immediate treatment to the doctor. Most often, such secretions signal the inflammatory process triggered by bacterial flora.

Ample brown discharge may indicate endometriosis. If menstruation began before the healing of the wound, the likelihood of such complications increases several times.

As a rule, in this case, the discharge may be mucous, blood, or almost black. If an unpleasant smell joins such secretions, this indicates endometriosis, complicated by inflammation.

What to do?

The answer to this question depends on what kind of discharge after cauterization appeared.

If this is a variant of the norm, you should not worry. A woman should strictly adhere to the recommendations, prohibitions and restrictions that the doctor prescribed for her, and soon the discharge will normalize.

If the discharge has a pathological nature, nothing can be done on your own; you should immediately contact a specialist, who, depending on the situation, will prescribe treatment. To delay with a trip to the gynecologist in this case is not only undesirable, but also extremely dangerous.

Monthly after cauterization

Normally, monthly after cauterization, erosion begins after 3-4 weeks. The duration of the cycle and the nature of the discharge, as a rule, does not change.

Delay of menstruation can occur only if erosion had a hormonal cause. In this case, the doctor must prescribe hormonal drugs that will help restore the cycle.

Too strong periods are not always considered a pathology, especially if they are not accompanied by severe symptoms. However, a woman is advised to consult a doctor to determine the cause of severe bleeding.

Scanty periods are normally considered only when a woman takes hormones. If hormones are not accepted, specialist advice is needed.

How to speed up the healing process

Recommendations for the fastest healing after the cautery procedure are given by the attending physician.

As a rule, they boil down to the following:

  • if a woman does not have complications in the form of inflammatory processes, she is recommended to use sea buckthorn oil tampons, which speed up the healing process of the wound,
  • Methyluracil - candles or cream can be used to improve regeneration processes.
  • if an inflammatory process takes place, Levomekol may be treated,
  • if a chronic infection is exacerbated, anti-inflammatory suppositories are prescribed.

In order to avoid negative consequences after burning with cauterization, it is prohibited:

  • to take a bath,
  • when bloody discharge use sanitary pads,
  • douche
  • use vaginal candles without a doctor's prescription,
  • engage in intimacy
  • to visit saunas and baths,
  • swim in pools or in natural waters,
  • undergo physiotherapy procedures,
  • take medications that can increase blood pressure,
  • lift weights
  • do sport.

These restrictions are temporary in nature, and their duration is prescribed by the doctor individually.

All treatment after cauterization must be monitored by the attending physician. In some cases, colposcopy will be used to track changes in the cervix.

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