Hygiene

Edema before menstruation: why arise and how to fight

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Psychologist, Psychodramatist. Specialist from the website b17.ru

The first time I hear about such a "norm", go to the doctor ..

I have swelling for a couple of days, and during (that is, it’s 5 days in total) This is the norm, yes, everything gains weight during the critical days. (1.5.2 liters of fluid accumulates)
But for 2 weeks is the period of ovulation, this should not be!

And what, swelling in menstruation is normal. You have something with your kidneys.

And what, swelling in menstruation is normal. You have something with your kidneys.

This PMS, I have the same thing, and not only swelling. and my torment begins ten days at least before menstruation and then a couple of days after menstruation I depart. So in the cut-off, I am almost two-thirds, or even three fourth months. Quality of life to hell. Even in the Moscow endocrinological dispensary, nothing but homeopathy is offered. An alternative to homeopathy, which I was offered by doctors, is artificial menopause.

And what, swelling in menstruation is normal. You have something with your kidneys.

Related topics

After taking ok, my edema began almost half a month before the month

consult Remedis with a doctor, there are very competent doctors there, maybe you have something wrong and you need to pass tests

And I have swelling in a week. I turn into a hippopotamus, I get into jeans with difficulty. This is the norm, many have it. But as soon as the periods begin, immediately the waist is elastic and the cheeks leave. And three kilos disappears. Especially in the winter I feel it, in the summer it is better.

Same problem. All my life I suffer. A week in a month I am sweet and I like myself, the others are puffy and pale, and even my chest hurts and increases unbearably. Doctors say everything is normal, my mom had the same thing. Estrogen is off the scale and retains fluid in the body. A salt-free diet helps these two weeks after ovulation, but it is very difficult to hold it, it pulls you on pickled marinadic. They also advised the total to give up coffee, alcohol and sports yoga.

This is normal, read at least online. They have the majority of women.
this is not the norm

And I have swelling in a week. I turn into a hippopotamus, I get into jeans with difficulty. This is the norm, many have it. But as soon as the periods begin, immediately the waist is elastic and the cheeks leave. And three kilos disappears. Especially in the winter I feel it, in the summer it is better.

Edema is normal. The question is, how much is everything globally? I began to swell strongly, the doctor found a cyst, there was a hormonal failure. Operated and everything returned to normal.

This is strange and certainly not the norm, it should not be so. I would advise you to contact a gynecologist for a start, as well as check your kidneys. I myself went with swelling for a couple of years, wrote off everything for hormones, but it turned out that it was much more serious.

This is strange and certainly not the norm, it should not be so. I would advise you to contact a gynecologist for a start, as well as check your kidneys. I myself went with swelling for a couple of years, wrote off everything for hormones, but it turned out that it was much more serious.

That is, hormones have nothing to do with it? From them do not swell? I also notice that by the middle of the cycle I was somehow blown up :(

Same problem. All my life I suffer. A week in a month I am sweet and I like myself, the others are puffy and pale, and even my chest hurts and increases unbearably. Doctors say everything is normal, my mom had the same thing. Estrogen is off the scale and retains fluid in the body. A salt-free diet helps these two weeks after ovulation, but it is very difficult to hold it, it pulls you on pickled marinadic. They also advised the total to give up coffee, alcohol and sports yoga.

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Why there are swelling before menstruation

The exact cause of edema before menstruation has not yet been established. Medical science advances several theories: hormonal, allergic, psychosomatic, water intoxication.

Basic theory. Associated with the fluctuation of hormone levels during the menstrual cycle. Hormonal theory is based on an excess of estrogen and a lack of progesterone in the luteal phase, and therefore the symptoms of PMS appear.
Lack of progesterone leads to a delay of excess fluid in the body. This is what causes the development of peripheral edema.

The theory of aquatic intoxication explains what is happening with changes in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system. Increased aldosterone levels lead to sodium retention and body fluids.

Associated with increased sensitivity of tissues to progesterone.

There are some risk factors that increase the likelihood of edema before menstruation:

  • emotional lability
  • hormonal imbalance
  • exposure to stress
  • brainwork,
  • traumatic brain injury
  • diseases of the central nervous system,
  • inflammation of the reproductive organs.

The genetic factor is also important, if the symptoms of PMS are present in the mother, the probability of developing the pathology is several times higher. None of these factors causes the development of PMS with a probability of 100%.

How does the edematous form of PMS

The most common edematous form of PMS is found in women under 30 years of age. Symptoms begin to appear 3–10 days before the onset of menstruation. Edema can be localized on the face or body:

  • on the lower limbs (foot, shin),
  • on the face - often under the eyes,
  • on the hands - often swell fingers.

In addition to edema, there are other changes:

  • breast engorgement and tenderness,
  • bloating
  • excessive sweating
  • sensitivity to strong odors
  • itchy skin
  • weight gain due to fluid retention in the body.

All phenomena disappear shortly after the end of the critical days. The woman returns safely to her usual state.

Diagnostics

The main diagnostic criterion is the cyclical nature of the pathological symptoms. If a woman notices that the pathological manifestations occur a few days before the menstruation and pass with its onset, it is most likely a matter of PMS. During diagnosis, it is important to eliminate organic pathology, which may manifest similar symptoms.

For additional diagnostics, the following methods are used:

Determination of progesterone level

In the second phase of the menstrual cycle, a decrease in progesterone level is observed.

In the edematous form of PMS, diuresis is reduced by 500–700 ml per day.

General urine analysis

There may be a decrease in the specific density of urine, the remaining indicators are within the normal range.

Palpation of the mammary glands

An increase in the mammary glands in the second phase of the cycle is determined; pathological formations are not palpable.

Breast ultrasound

The study is appointed if there is pain in the area of ​​the mammary glands. Ultrasound is performed in phase 1 of the cycle, assigned to exclude another pathology.

What to do, how to deal with edema

In the treatment of PMS, an integrated approach is used, which includes relief of symptoms, normalization of hormonal and metabolic disorders.

You can get rid of edema with diet, diuretic drugs and hormone therapy. In most cases, it is enough to follow a diet and increase physical activity. In severe cases, hormone therapy is prescribed.

When edematous form of PMS is recommended to follow a diet that facilitates the pathology. The basic principles of nutrition:

  1. Limiting the intake of salt and foods that contain large amounts of it. Salt retains fluid in the body, which causes swelling.
  2. Increased consumption of foods that contain omega-3 and omega-6 fatty acids. These are fatty fish varieties, avocados, olive oil, nuts and seeds.
  3. Add to the diet foods that contain potassium and magnesium - these macronutrients reduce the appearance of PMS. These products include bananas, broccoli, pumpkin seeds, potatoes.
  4. Limiting consumption of dairy products, which can also trap body fluids.
  5. The restriction in the diet of fast carbohydrates - cakes, sweet pastries, sweets, cookies.

The amount of fluid consumed during the day is not limited, it is recommended to drink 1.5-2 liters of pure water. But plenty of drink just before bedtime is better to exclude. It is also recommended to quit smoking and alcohol, coffee.

Why do swelling appear before menstruation

Negative manifestations before menstruation are called PMS (premenstrual syndrome).

Pathology manifests itself in various forms.

The presence of puffiness before the onset of menstruation is quite common.

According to experts, this phenomenon is associated with excessive progesterone levels.

As provokes the following unpleasant symptoms before menstruation:

  • rashes on the face and other areas of the skin
  • breast edema
  • excessive sleepiness
  • increased appetite
  • lower abdominal discomfort

Then the body swells: the buttocks, the stomach, the hips are involved in the process.

There is a decrease in the volume of excreted urine, since progesterone is able to reduce diuresis.

The appearance of edema associated with critical days is more common in the following groups of women:

  • overweight, because fat cells can serve as estrogen depots
  • with the abuse of food containing phytoestrogens
  • suffering from hepatic or renal pathology
  • with vegetative dystonia
  • when using hormonal contraception
  • in the presence of bad habits (smoking, alcohol abuse, etc.)
  • leading an inactive lifestyle
  • under constant stress
  • with the pathology of the reproductive system
  • during premenopause

Swelling of the legs, face and other areas of the body before menstruation is often caused by hormonal changes.

Or associated with the individual characteristics of the woman's body:

  • Severe edema can be caused by the production of estrogen, which promotes fluid retention in cells and tissues. If a woman consumes an excess amount of salt, the body tends to maintain balance and stores water in order to then dissolve the excess salt.
  • Insufficient intake of magnesium, zinc, vitamin B6 can also be one of the causes of edema during menstruation.
  • The production of prolactin prevents the removal of excess fluid from the body.
  • When stress increases the synthesis of ACTH, which contributes to the retention of water in the body.

There are many theories explaining why during menstruation swelling can occur.

But, unfortunately, they all have only a presumptive one.

Therefore, the treatment of such conditions is effective only in their manifestation.

And with the abolition of treatment, the symptoms resume anew.

Why on the face during menstruation swelling occur

Some women complain that they swell during their periods.

And not only the body swells, but the face and even the eyes.

What is the reason?

The following happens: a few days before the monthly period begins, estrogens are intensively synthesized in the body.

They, as mentioned earlier, contribute to the delay in the body of salts and fluids, which contributes to the appearance of puffiness.

To prevent the appearance of puffiness on the face, you must follow the following diet:

  • After the 20th day of the cycle, it is necessary to include in the menu more fruits, berries and vegetables.
  • Remove salt from the diet.
  • With the appearance of edema, drink plenty of purified water.

What is the cause of swelling of the mammary glands before menstruation

It happens so that in some women before the onset of menstruation, there is tension and tenderness of the mammary glands.

At the same time they become larger in volume.

As soon as the bleeding begins, the symptoms subside and gradually disappear.

The increase in symptoms before menstruation is explained by the fact that during this period progesterone is produced in large quantities.

It contributes to the preparation of the mammary glands for the upcoming pregnancy.

And if conception has not come, it means that breastfeeding is canceled, then after the start of menstruation, the swelling of the breast disappears.

But we must not forget that the tension and swelling of the breast can be caused by other more serious causes, for example:

  • inflammatory process in the tissues of the gland
  • the development of tumors
  • pathological changes in glandular tissue
  • hormonal status disorders

For example, with mastopathy (a disease in which the proliferation of ducts of glandular tissue occurs, and cysts are formed).

Before menstruation, the woman is worried about chest pain, and after the onset of bleeding, the symptoms quickly disappear.

If a woman has soreness or engorgement of the mammary glands before, during or after the end of the menstrual period, then you should immediately contact a breast specialist.

The effect of hormones on the appearance of puffiness before menstruation

According to experts, it is the hormonal imbalance that has a greater impact on the development of PMS.

They explain why they can occur during menstrual edema, as follows:

  • It is an excess of estrogen that retains sodium ions in the body, an excess of which attracts water molecules, which contributes to its accumulation in tissues in excess. Thus, water retention during menstruation and causes swelling of various parts of the body.
  • An insufficient amount of progesterone can also contribute to the accumulation of water in the cells of the body.
  • Prolactin, like estrogens, also contributes to the retention of sodium salts in the body.

What to do if there are swelling before menstruation

Often, women are concerned about the question: “How do you fight the ICP on your own?”

The greatest effect can be achieved if treatment is started before the onset of symptoms.

To do this, you need to be examined by different specialists in order to rule out serious pathology.

Therapeutic methods can be divided into a number of areas.

This is the appointment of medicines, the use of traditional medicine and adherence to a healthy lifestyle.

Each of the methods has certain pros and cons, therefore, it is more expedient to use an integrated approach.

It should also be understood that the presence of diseases may exacerbate symptoms.

For example, with varicose veins, swelling of the legs will be more pronounced.

To eliminate puffiness, doctors recommend:

  • Drink liquid in very large quantities, if there are no contraindications to this. Under the liquid means clean drinking water, as well as vegetable juices, fruit and berry fruit drinks, jelly, compotes. Thanks to the drunk liquid, the body is cleansed of excess salts and toxic substances.
  • It is necessary to limit the use of coffee and chocolate.
  • Dieting. To exclude from the diet the use of pickles, smoked foods, spicy and fatty foods, fast food, including red meat, provoking the synthesis of progesterone. Add to the menu fish dishes.
  • The inclusion in the diet of foods enriched with potassium, magnesium and vitamins.

  • Limiting the amount of salt intake.
  • In cool time you can wear compression underwear.
  • To treat chronic diseases that can affect the removal of excess fluid from the body.
  • Maintaining an active lifestyle, gymnastics, physical activity contribute to the normalization of blood circulation.
  • Herbal baths with cool water can contribute to a decrease in leg swelling.
  • Ice cubes with green tea or chamomile extract will help to remove puffiness under the eyes. They must first be wrapped in a clean cloth and applied to the swollen areas.

It should be borne in mind that not always puffiness may be related to PMS.

If, as a result of the measures taken, the symptoms aggravate and do not disappear, then it is likely that it was provoked by more serious causes.

In this case, you must immediately see the doctor.

Drug therapy for edema before menstruation

Should you prescribe a drug treatment for a woman or not?

The decision is made by the gynecologist after studying blood tests and other studies.

All drugs are prescribed in accordance with a special scheme, which is described by the doctor.

  1. I. To remove fluid from the tissues, doctors prescribe diuretics. If a woman with PMS swollen legs, then gynecologists sometimes write out Veroshpiron to remove the swelling.Other diuretics, which some women like to take so much to remove excess fluid, are not recommended without the recommendation of a doctor.
  2. Ii. Instead of medicines, you can take decoctions of herbs (lingonberries or cranberries) that have a diuretic effect.
  3. Iii. Hormonal agents. Modern contraceptives, such as "Jess" also have a diuretic effect, which allows to remove the swelling of tissues.

  1. Iv. The use of gestagen Duphaston or Norkolut in the second phase of the menstrual cycle reduces the likelihood of edema.
  2. V. At elevated levels of prolactin, Parlodel or Dostinex drugs are prescribed.
  3. Vi. Vitamin therapy also contributes to alleviating PMS symptoms.
  4. VII. The use of dietary supplements and homeopathy (Mastodinon, Cyclodinone) also reduces the severity of symptoms.

Traditional medicine for edema before menstruation

If traditional treatment does not give results, then it can be supplemented with herbs.

Of course, if the doctor does not forbid.

It is important to know that it is absolutely impossible to take herbs that have a diuretic effect simultaneously with diuretics prescribed by a doctor.

In order not to form edema, you can take:

  • Blueberry leaves. The plant is a very powerful antioxidant, has a diuretic effect. Acceptance of blueberries can not be combined with blood thinners.
  • Dandelion refers to the means that have a strong diuretic effect, because taking the infusion of the plant is contraindicated in the treatment of medical diuretics and drugs that contribute to blood thinning. In addition, if a woman has a pathology of the biliary tract, dandelion is also contraindicated.

  • Grape seed extract, which has an antioxidant and anti-edema effect.
  • For edema of the lower extremities, the use of a contrast shower with subsequent cool compresses prepared from yarrow leaves will be effective.

In principle, the appearance of pre-menstrual edema is a natural condition for a woman.

For how many days it is necessary to begin the prevention of PMS, the doctor will tell you after reading the results of the examination.

If you are worried about swelling before menstruation,Address to competent gynecologists of our medical center.

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