In almost every woman's life at least once, there is an unpleasant event in the form of uterine bleeding, which can be explained by critical days or appear independently of them for some other reason. Any one of them that goes beyond the norm, causes some concern and requires treatment. The use of Tranexam for menstruation is quite effective. Before use, be sure to consult with your doctor.
Indications for use
To understand the principle of application of tranexamic acid, let us recall how the menstrual process itself proceeds. By the end of the second phase of the cycle, the mucous layer of the uterus becomes sufficiently thick to attach the ovum. If fertilization does not happen, under the influence of hormones, the rejection of excess endometrium begins, the capillaries are exposed and destroyed, and blood is poured out.
Familiarize yourself with the indications for using Tranexam before choosing this particular drug for heavy periods.
Normally, menstruation lasts 3-5 days, and during this time no more than 80 ml of blood is lost. When this condition lasts for more than a week, and the discharge is abundant (over 150 ml), this is already a deviation. In this case, Tranexam will help stop excessive blood loss during heavy periods, which is written in the instructions.
That is why, using Tranexam with heavy menstruation, it is possible to achieve their stopping, but the desired effect can be obtained only by using an individual dosage regimen developed by the attending physician.
Available Traneksam tablets and solution. Each pill contains 250 mg or 500 mg of the active ingredient, and in 1 ml of the solution is 50 mg. Ampoules are packed in 5 - 10 units, tablets of 10 pieces in a cellular contour. Such records in a carton can be 1-2-3-5 along with instructions for use.
Tranexam is available in two forms: tablets and injection
How to take and dose
Usually one pill is enough 3-4 times a day, every 6-8 hours, from the day when it becomes clear that the menses are too abundant or are not typical. The course of admission does not exceed 8 days. But the instructions indicate different dosages: sometimes you will need 2 tablets 3 times a day or you need to drink 4 pills at once, and then continue one at a time. Only doctors can understand the adequacy and duration of treatment in each case.
After all, the cause of menstrual failure or heavy discharge can serve as a variety of violations:
- a tumor (myoma) or a polyp in the uterus,
- gynecological diseases, inflammation of the genital organs, endometriosis,
- the presence of an intrauterine device,
- lack of vitamin K,
- adolescence, when the reproductive system is not yet formed,
- the first after childbirth menstruation.
The doctor, before prescribing the drug, after weighing all the pros and cons, looks to see if it is advisable to use this remedy, if it can eliminate the cause of the pathology and will have a positive result for a particular situation.
Consult a doctor to find out how to take Tranexam tablets and in what dosage.
Instructions for use on Tranexam for menstruation and other pathologies indicate some contraindications:
- individual hypersensitivity to tranexamic acid,
- subarachnoid hemorrhage.
The use of Tranexam is prescribed with caution:
- with thrombosis or the risk of their occurrence,
- myocardial infarction,
- renal failure.
Adverse reactions also occur and can manifest as:
- nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, loss of appetite, heartburn,
- dizziness, weakness, blurred vision, color perception, drowsiness,
- increased heart rate, chest pain, thrombosis,
- allergic reactions, pruritus, rash, urticaria.
The most disturbing eye injury. Before prescribing Tranexam during menstruation, it is obligatory to consult an oculist, which is then repeated during the treatment process and at the end, to clarify the picture of the state of the fundus, visual acuity and ability to distinguish colors.
Pay attention to the possibility of side effects, and carefully monitor the reaction of your body when taking the drug during heavy periods
Tranexamic acid is able to penetrate the placenta and into breast milk, so the drug is prescribed to pregnant and lactating women only if the therapeutic effect for the mother exceeds the risk for the baby. But there are no clear contraindications in the instructions for use in these cases, the decision remains with the attending physician.
Taking the drug during normal menstruation
There is no need to use Tranexam tablets during normal menstruation. You can reduce it to a couple of days, but it is not known how this will affect your health in the future and what will be the monthly after Tranexam in the next cycle.
Any interference with natural processes in the body can be dangerous and cause harm. It is impossible to predict the behavior of the coagulation system one month after the forced thickening of the blood in this cycle.
Some young ladies ask if the beginning of critical days can be postponed with this tool. Experts do not deny this possibility. If you start taking Tranexam 1-2 days before the expected date, the beginning of menstruation is delayed by 3-4 days. But this is a dangerous event. When the monthly come, anything can happen, up to treatment in the hospital. It all depends on the individual abilities of the reproductive system.
To maintain the liquid state of the blood and protect against the formation of clots, the body needs a consistent completion of the chain of biochemical reactions. One of the steps is the conversion of plasminogen to plasmin. Tranexamic acid inhibits this reaction by exerting an anti-fibrinolytic effect. As a result, the rate of formation of blood clots increases and the bleeding stops.
Tranexamic acid has a systemic and local hemostatic effect. In addition, it is able to influence the formation of kinins - substances responsible for the severity of inflammation and allergies. Tranexamic acid has anti-allergic and anti-inflammatory effect. Its antitumor properties are also known, which are currently being studied.
“Tranexam” is appointed with the following objectives:
- as a hemostatic agent - in the performance of any operations, as well as in the case of acute bleeding in obstetric, gynecological, surgical, oncological, and dental practice,
- with anti-inflammatory purpose - with tonsillitis, pharyngitis, laryngitis, stomatitis,
- as antiallergic drugs for eczema, urticaria, contact dermatitis, angioedema.
Indications for the use of the drug are liver disease, leukemia for the prevention of possible bleeding with the alleged increased bleeding.
In 90% of cases, Tranexam is used to stop bleeding associated with increased fibrinolysis. In gynecological practice is used in the following conditions:
- with heavy menstruation - with uterine myoma, endometriosis, endometrial hyperplasia and polyps, with dysfunctions,
- after scraping - to reduce excretion after abortions, miscarriages, hysteroscopy,
- with acyclic bleeding - they can appear with dysfunction, while taking oral contraceptives.
During pregnancy and lactation
The drug is often used during pregnancy to stop bleeding. Its safety has not been proven in extensive studies, but perennial observations of women, to whom it is assigned according to indications, prove the absence of a significant negative impact on a developing baby.
"Tranexam" is prescribed at any stage of pregnancy and after childbirth in the form of injections or tablets. It is shown in the following situations:
- with the threat of miscarriage with bleeding,
- with retrochorial hematoma (placental abruption),
- with postpartum hemorrhage,
- with manual separation of the placenta.
Also, “Tranexam” is prescribed for bleeding as a result of central or regional placenta previa. The duration of treatment should not exceed three days in women with hereditary thrombophilia, antiphospholipid syndrome, as further therapy will cause the opposite effect - abortion.
Instructions for use "Tranexam"
"Tranexam" is produced in the form of a solution in 1 ml ampoules containing 50 mg of tranexamic acid. At home, the drug is often used in tablets, each contains 250 mg. How to drink "Tranexam" with heavy periods and use it in case of other bleeding can be seen in the table.
About the drug
Tranexam is a hemostatic drug, and its active ingredient is called tranexamic acid. The active ingredient stops bleeding and provides:
- normal blood clotting
- anti-inflammatory effect
- antihistamine effect,
- body resistance to bacteria
- fighting tumors
- reduction of pain.
Each of these actions has a beneficial effect on the course of the menstrual cycle. Therefore, reviews of Tranexam in menstruation in most cases positive.
A relative analogue of the drug can be called Vikasol. Vikasol used to stop strong menstruation and other uterine bleeding.
A drug called Tranexam activates fibrinolysin. Its content in the blood increases significantly with a number of platelet abnormalities. Blood coagulability is increased due to the fact that tranexamic acid converts fibrinolysin into plasmin. Therefore, the drug shows excellent efficacy in the following disorders:
- Profuse uterine bleeding.
The drug is prescribed for other diseases. But the above problems are associated with the flow of menstruation and can cause not only long periods, but also breakthrough bleeding, iron deficiency anemia.
General rules of application
Using to stop monthly Tranexam, a woman should adhere to the following recommendations:
- First you need to contact a gynecologist and get tested.
- Dosage and administration are determined after diagnosis.
- Do not use the drug for serious contraindications.
- Violation of the instruction increases the likelihood of side effects.
- With a negative reaction of the body, it is necessary to choose an analogue.
If the patient voluntarily takes this acid, then the bleeding may increase with additional side effects.
How to take Tranexam
For each case applies its own treatment regimen. Because of this, some women do not fit the standard cycle of reception. The following schemes exist:
- High dose first, followed by a decrease.
- The same number of tablets over several days.
- The dosage is lower than the standard due to additional diseases.
Due to the large number of application options, the remedy is only available by prescription and excludes self-treatment.
How to take Tranexam with heavy menstruation, can be found only after finding the cause of large blood loss. Tablets (in one 250 mg) women should drink as follows:
- Menorrhagia - up to 1000 mg per day.
- Coagulopathy - up to 1500 mg at a time (3-4 times a day).
- Profuse bleeding - four or six tablets 2-3 times a day.
The solution for intravenous administration with strong menstruation is rarely used and only in the hospital if uterine bleeding does not stop for a long time.
Duration of treatment
Tranexam according to the instructions for use for menstruation should be taken as follows:
- No more than four days with heavy menstrual flow.
- From three to ten days on the background of coagulopathy.
- 3 or 4 days for uterine profuse bleeding.
At the discretion of the doctor, the duration of the course may be reduced or increased.
You can not take Tranexam for a long time for one month and not more than three cycles in a row. Prolonged treatment is addictive, so the effectiveness of the tool is reduced.
When drinking is not worth
If the amount of menstrual blood does not exceed 80 ml per day, and the duration of critical days is less than 7 days, then there is no need for Tranexam.
Some women with this drug are trying to reduce menstruation or to postpone their onset. Doctors say that the tool can cope with this task, but there is a risk of serious consequences, which will then be difficult to eliminate. Therefore, the hemostatic drug should be taken as intended, without self-medicating.
If does not help
In isolated situations after the use of a hemostatic agent, the nature of the menstrual flow remains the same. In this case, it is necessary to look for other provoking factors. If the bleeding does not stop, then the woman needs urgent hospitalization and other treatments.
Feedback on side effects
Following the instructions and general recommendations of the doctor, the patient reduces the likelihood of adverse reactions from the body.
According to reviews Tranexam with heavy menses rarely has side effects.
- loose stools
- visual disturbance,
If you experience side effects, you should stop using Tranexam, as well as consult a doctor to further reduce the dosage or choose a similar remedy.
This drug is a modern and safe means. It can not only stop the bleeding, but also have a beneficial effect on the menstrual cycle. A woman needs to properly use Tranexam and fully comply with the instructions of the gynecologist.
How does the drug on the body
Tranexam is a relatively new drug on the pharmacological market, but has already established itself as an effective drug. It is only important to understand in what cases it has indications for use during menstruation.
Prolonged severe bleeding occurs due to high levels of fibrinolysin in the blood. This can be observed if the platelets do not produce enough plasmin (the component that is responsible for blood clotting). After penetrating the body, Tranexam helps fibrinolysin transform into plasmin. And as a result, the bleeding becomes weaker.
Tranexam has an effect on the reproductive system as a whole, and not only on reducing the profusion of menstruation. The drug has anti-inflammatory, antihistamine and antibacterial effect, reduces pain, blocks the growth of tumors (cysts and tumors). Tranexam accelerates blood clotting. Therefore, its use is indicated in hemophilia, for the treatment of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract. In rare cases, Tranexam is consumed by pregnant women if they have brown discharge.
Another well-known spectrum of its use is nasal bleeding associated with cancer.
Reviews after treatment Traneksam overwhelmingly positive. The effectiveness of this drug is higher than the more well-known - Ditsinona and Vikasola. And so no comparison comes with a tincture of water pepper, a decoction of nettle or some other means of traditional medicine.
Tranexam with heavy menstrual bleeding
In some women, menstruation passes easily, delivering minimal discomfort, but there are some girls who are less fortunate. It is not uncommon when, during menstruation, it is so abundant that you have to change the hygiene every 2-3 hours. In such cases, you have to look for a remedy to stop the bleeding.
The most common causes of heavy menstrual bleeding are:
- hormonal imbalance
- age (either adolescent with an unstable hormonal background, or a period of menopause),
- use of drugs containing hormones,
- endometrial polyps or on the cervix,
- infections of the genitourinary system
- malignant tumors,
- intrauterine contraceptives (spiral),
- low blood clotting.
In parallel with the stabilization of blood loss during critical days, Tranexam helps:
- Reduce lower abdominal pain during menstruation.
- Keep normal well-being.
- Remove the inflammatory process, if any.
But in no case should not be engaged in self-treatment, otherwise then you will have to treat the consequences.
Taking Tranexam with heavy periods is only needed after consulting a doctor. He must determine the need for this drug and prescribe its dosage.
If the duration of menstruation is not more than 7 days, and daily blood loss does not exceed 80 ml, then Tranexam is not needed.
When, after all, there is a need for this drug, then, as a rule, it is taken in the amount of 4 tablets per day, starting from the first day of menstruation. The course of treatment lasts up to 5 days.
The frequent occurrence is the individual regimen of Tranexam. It happens that it is prescribed three times a day, sometimes 4 tablets at a time, and then one at a time. Do not take this drug for more than 3 consecutive cycles.
With extensive blood loss, the agent is administered in the form of intramuscular injections. But this happens rarely and only in the hospital. There is usually enough treatment with pills and the cycle returns to normal.
There are cases when Tranexam is taken to stop menstruation, but here the consultation of a doctor is more than obligatory. After all, intervention in natural physiological processes can have unpredictable, most likely negative consequences. But still, if there is a need to postpone menstruation for several days, then this remedy is used one tablet every 7 hours. The only caveat, this is done no more than a week. But in the instructions of the drug about the possibility to stop menstruation, in general, nothing is indicated. And this must be remembered.
The imbalance in the process of menstruation requires additional study of the causes and appropriate treatment. Tranexam is recommended by doctors when menstruation is accompanied by excessive secretions, the duration of their course and painful unpleasant sensations. This brings additional discomfort and is not quite the normal state of health of the woman.
The drug reduces the abundance of secretions to a stable state or stops the bleeding.
Features of bleeding and stop
The menstrual cycle is individual for each woman. Many have heavy monthly discharge and lose large amounts of blood. Menorrhagia is usually accompanied by pain, blood is excreted with clots. The duration of discharge ranges from 7 to 12 days.
The reasons for this phenomenon can be many from the characteristics of the organism and ending with serious violations of the menstrual cycle. To facilitate the flow of critical days, some women begin to take hemostatic tablets on their own. In this situation, prolonged, uncontrolled intake of drugs can greatly harm.
Uncontrolled abundant menstruation can lead to disastrous consequences. Unsolicited assistance threatens serious blood loss and the development of anemia. In addition, the reason may be the presence of a tumor, any delay is life threatening. It is only a specialist who can determine the cause of the impairment, select the drug required for treatment, give recommendations for admission.
Characteristics and properties of the drug
To eliminate uterine bleeding often the doctor prescribes the drug Tranexam. It is characterized as a systemic remedy, and also has a local effect. Medication is used to stop bleeding, stabilize menstruation, reduce the amount of discharge.
With the preventive purpose of the drug is used to reduce the risk of miscarriage in pregnant women with the appearance of bleeding.
Tranexam remedy for bleeding has proven itself. The main component is tranexamic acid. As it is known, an increased content of the fibrinolysin substance, which inhibits the blood coagulation process, leads to bleeding. Tranexamic acid transforms fibrinolysin into plasmin, thereby contributing to the cessation of bleeding.
Tranexam has the following pharmacological effects:
- hemostatic effect
- anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect,
- inhibits the growth of bacteria
- works as an antitumor agent
- has an antihistamine effect.
The pharmacy chain sells the drug in two forms: tablets and an injectable. The exposure time depends on the dosage form. The highest concentration of the active substance in the blood when using tablets is observed after three hours. Ampoule solution works faster, but its use without the appointment of a doctor is unacceptable.
When and how to take Tranexam? The drug can be used as an emergency aid for emergency conditions. And also as a remedy take Tranexam with heavy periods. The form of the drug, its dose, the frequency of administration depends on the amount of bleeding. The cause of this condition in a woman is important. This may be a hormonal disorder, gynecological disease or inflammatory process.
In any case, the thickened mucous of the uterus is bleeding, blood is released from the damaged vessels. Against this background, tranexamic acid somewhat thickens the discharge, slowing their leakage. You should not seek complete cessation of bleeding.
If the process of detachment of the endometrium during menstruation has begun, the discharge should completely come out.
In this regard, the regimen is prescribed by the doctor individually. Tranexam issued a prescription, it should be drunk, strictly adhering to the recommendations. Most often, no more than four tablets are prescribed during the day from the first day of menstruation. Sometimes according to indications, the doctor may prescribe 2-4 tablets at a time. Further, the dose is reduced to one per day.
Use the drug for no more than three menstrual cycles.
Tranexam can be used from the first weeks of pregnancy under the supervision of a physician. It is recommended to take the drug for aching pain in the abdomen. It is prescribed to women with threatened abortion, especially in cases of detachment of the ovum, which is often detected during an ultrasound examination.
The drug is used to stop nasal bleeding in cancer. As a prophylaxis, Tranexam injection can be given before surgery, as well as during the operation itself.
Causes of Abundant Menstruation
How normal is menstruation, a woman feels independently, however, if you have to change hygiene products more than twice per hour, and its duration is longer than a week, you should be diagnosed, perhaps the cause is menorrhagia.
The main causes of heavy discharge during menstruation:
- hormonal hormones in the body,
- hormonal drugs,
- fibroids in the uterus or on its surface,
- the formation of polyps on the cervix,
- endometrial polyp,
- infections of the pelvic organs,
- malignant tumors,
- intrauterine contraceptive therapy,
- the first days after birth,
- poor blood coagulation.
Tranexam with heavy monthly
Tranexam during menstruation and discharge is recommended as a means of regulating the cycle, and as an ambulance drug. The amount of bleeding is affected by a fairly large number of factors, from inflammation and chronic diseases to lifestyle.
The drug thickens the blood, so it does not flow with great speed. You should know how to take Tranexam with strong periods in the right doses.
How to use?
How to drink Tranasks with heavy periods, you must consult a doctor. Since the drug is sold only by prescription, it is impossible to get it on your own, how many pills to take can only be determined by a specialist.
The standard dosage consists of 4 tablets per day at different times, taken from the first day of the cycle.
If there is severe bleeding, apply the medicine for up to five days.
Often, the adoption scheme is purely individual. Sometimes it is recommended to take several pills three times a day, there are options for taking four pills at once, and then one at a time. It is not recommended to use more than three cycles in a row.
If Tranexam is indicated for stopping menstruation, only the doctor decides how to take it, since stopping the cycle can cause serious damage to the body.
However, sometimes circumstances arise when your period must be suspended for at least several days. The drug is able to suspend the beginning of the cycle, but the recommendations are not contained in the instructions. Apply the medicine for excessive discharge every seven hours a pill, but not more than a week.
Tranexam against uterine bleeding
The drug Tranexam is widely used in gynecological practice to stop uterine bleeding, restore and reduce the amount of menstruation. The drug may be given to pregnant women who have a blood discharge and are diagnosed with a miscarriage threat.
The drug is recognized as a means of first aid, because it can effectively and quickly stop the bleeding.
The active substance of Transecam is tranexamic acid. It is she who gives the drug the following positive properties:
- antifibrinolytic (ability to stop bleeding when activating the fibrinolytic system, which contributes to the dissolution of fibrin (clots), thereby thinning the blood),
- hemostatic (the hemostatic effect is dictated by the improvement of blood coagulability),
Mechanism of action
Prolonged, excessively intense bleeding is dictated by high blood levels of fibrinolysin. Such a picture is observed with the inability of platelets to produce plasmin in the required amount (component that provides blood clotting). After entering the body, Tranexam triggers a complex reaction mechanism that stops the bleeding.
The drug provides the conversion of fibrinolysin to plasmin. Due to this transformation, bleeding is stopped.
What is uterine bleeding
Women need to understand what is hidden under this term, and be able to distinguish menstruation from pathology.
Uterine bleeding is an abundant discharge of blood from the uterus, which differs from the physiological process in the following features:
- bleeding duration is observed more than 7 days,
- there are large blood clots,
- blood loss exceeds 80 ml.
Composition and forms of release
The drug is produced in 2 dosage forms:
- tablets designed for internal use,
- solution intended for intravenous administration.
With minor blood loss, Tranexam is recommended as a pill. Pills differ biconvex shape. From above they are covered with a white film cover.
In a tabletting agent, tranexamic acid is combined with the following auxiliary components:
- microcrystalline cellulose,
- sodium carboxymethyl starch,
- calcium stearate,
- talcum powder
- colloidal silicon dioxide.
Tablets containing 250 mg and 500 mg of active substance are produced.
In the case of extensive blood loss, Tranexam comes in the form of a solution for intravenous injections.. The medicine is packaged in 5 ml ampoules. It is a clear liquid with a light brown tint.
The composition of the medication include:
- Tranescic acid (250 mg in 1 ampoule),
- distilled water.
Indications for appointment
The medicine is recommended by gynecologists for:
- dysfunctional hemorrhages (pathologies provoked by a lack of sex hormones),
- bleeding during adolescence
- menstruation, which is characterized by a large loss of blood,
- bleeding in pregnant women, including those provoked by myoma, as well as postpartum,
- placental abruption before term.
Tranexam can be used not only to relieve bleeding, but also to prevent its occurrence (for prevention).
Use during pregnancy and lactation
The medicine can be used by pregnant and nursing mothers. But for this category of women Tranexam should be appointed only by the attending physician!
The components of the drug are able to penetrate into breast milk and through the placental barrier. Therefore, the drug is used only for vital reasons. If Tranexam is prescribed to a woman during the lactation period, it is recommended to refuse breastfeeding for a while.
Drug use during menopause
Uterine bleeding can occur in women during menopause. Such phenomena are dictated by serious changes in the reproductive system (there is a high risk of developing oncology), endocrinological pathologies, and metabolic disorders.
If there are such reasons, Tranexam will be ineffective, as it acts only as a means of symptomatic therapy. But with properly selected treatment aimed at combating the source of the pathology, it will bring significant benefits.
The drug can provoke negative manifestations.
The pill may be accompanied by:
- nausea, vomiting,
- skin rash,
- the occurrence of pruritus,
- dizziness, drowsiness,
- loss of appetite.
Some women complain of color changes. There are cases when taking Tranexam led to the development of thromboembolism, thrombosis. But such violations are extremely rare.
Intravenous administration of the drug may trigger the development of:
- dyspeptic phenomena (various disorders of the digestive system),
- allergic manifestations
- autonomic disorders (dizziness, weakness, increased drowsiness, tachycardia, pain in the chest),
- visual impairment (lack of perception, change in color vision),
- thrombosis, thromboembolism.
Interaction with other drugs
The drug should not be combined with hemostatic agents.. Otherwise, it is possible to provoke the activation of the thrombosis process.
Tranexam as a solution is pharmaceutically incompatible with:
- Blood preparations.
- Drugs that contain penicillin, diazepam, urokinase, dipyridamole, tetracycline.
- Certain hypertensive agents. It is forbidden to combine Tranexam with Norepinephrine, Desoxyepinephrine hydrochloride, Metarmine bitartrate.
What to replace the medication?
Replace the original product can be preparations containing the same active substance. These drugs are called structural analogues. If tranexamic acid is not perceived by the body, the doctor will recommend medicines that have similar effects.
Structural analogues are:
- Tranexamic acid,
Excellent substitutes for the original means with a similar effect on the body can be such drugs:
- Aminocaproic acid,
- Vero Narkap,
Effective analogues - table
- solution (for intravenous use)
- subarachnoid hemorrhage
- individual sensitivity
- lactation period
- circulatory disorders of the brain,
- DIC syndrome,
- solution (intravenous and intramuscular administration).
- disturbed outflow of bile,
- liver failure,
- high blood clotting
I had a delay of about a week, not more. And all of a sudden, all of a sudden, I was bleeding, so abundant that one gasket held out for a maximum of 15 minutes. I went straight to my gynecologist, who prescribed me Tranexam tablets. I drank them for a short time (5 days), 2 tablets per day. Abundant bleeding began to subside and after 3 days passed into normal mode. The action of the tablets, it seemed to me cumulative (not momentary). The side effects described by the manufacturer were not noticed by me. So I boldly recommend the pills!
I had intermenstrual bleeding 2 years ago, in 3 hospitals in Moscow they could not stop it, although they did diagnostic curettage, and Regulon hormones were prescribed, which I simply could not digest. Last spring, again in the second phase, I began to bleed heavily, she drank for several days Duphaston and stopped - the bleeding became stronger, put in the hospital, said to be scraped, but I refused and drank for 3 days to Tranexam, and everything went as the doctor from another hospital said, that I caused myself such a heavy period due to the cancellation of Duphaston.
Tranexam saved me. I began to take these pills when I went to the hospital. At 6 weeks of pregnancy, I began to bleed heavily. When the ambulance was taken to the hospital and an ultrasound was done, there was a large detachment. The doctors did not hope for a good outcome, but they prescribed the treatment. Among the prescribed pills was Tranexam. I have never heard of such tablets before. I know that in order to stop the bleeding, they put Ditsinon injections. But they explained to me that Tranexam is stronger, it thickens the blood and stops the bleeding. I took it 5 days, 3 tablets per day. No side effects from him did not notice. A week later, I did an ultrasound - it turned out that my hematoma was 2.5 times smaller. After discharge, I still had a little blood a couple of times, and I took these pills. Every time they helped me. And I am sure that it was thanks to them that I was able to maintain my pregnancy.And recently I learned that my girlfriend saw them with uterine bleeding. And it was the only drug that helped her stop the bleeding. I want to warn those who drink medicine without a doctor's prescription. As far as I understood, these pills affect the blood, and they should be taken with caution. They can thicken the blood, and this can be dangerous.
Tranexam was prescribed to me by my gynecologist when in the middle of the cycle I was bleeding. She said that it is necessary to drink it 2 times a day after meals 2 tablets, and added that if it doesn’t stop completely in three days, continue to drink it for another 2 days. And indeed, on the third day, everything stopped. The preparation, although it is not quite cheap, is within four hundred rubles, but it is very effective.
Uterine bleeding treatment - video
Uterine bleeding can provoke a variety of causes. Depending on the source of the problem, therapy is selected, in which gynecologists often include Tranexam. The drug is quite popular, because over the years it has come to the aid of women in solving unpleasant and sometimes life-threatening conditions - uterine bleeding.
Composition and properties of Tranexam
The drug as the main active ingredient contains tranexamic acid. It possesses not only hemostatic properties, but also a number of others:
- anti-inflammatory effect - therefore used in some schemes in the treatment of tonsillitis, pharyngitis, stomatitis, laryngitis,
- antiallergic action - used in the treatment of urticaria, eczema, contact dermatitis and other conditions.
The most common and widely used is the hemostatic effect of taking the drug. Therefore, tranexam is often introduced during the implementation of surgical interventions in obstetrics and gynecology, surgery, traumatology, dentistry, oncology. It is superior in efficiency to other drugs of the same group.
And here more about how menstruation goes when taking Jess.
Forms and dosages of the drug
Tranexam is available as a tablet or solution for intramuscular / intravenous injection. Admission rules are as follows:
- Tablet form. Each contains 250 mg of active ingredient. 1000-1500 mg every two times a day is usually enough - 4-6 tablets, you can increase the intake to 1000-1500 mg every six hours.
- Liquid form. One 5 ml ampoule contains 250 mg of active ingredient. Should be administered at the rate of 15 mg / kg body weight every six to eight hours.
In the pharmacy network, Tranexam is also available under other commercial names - Trenax and Tugin. In the absence or inability to purchase it, you can replace it with other hemostatic, but with less effect. These are Vikasol, Etamzilat, Ditsinon, Askorutin and others.
Analogs of Tranexam
The principle of action with heavy monthly
The desired effect of the drug when bleeding - stop it. Tranexam is one of the best medicines in this area, the bleeding of any localization stops “on the needle” when administered intravenously and a little slower when taking pills. This is due to its following properties.
In order for the blood to remain liquid all the time, there is a whole chain of interaction of substances in the plasma. One of the stages - the transformation of plasminogen into the active form - plasmin. Tranexamic acid prevents this reaction, thereby increasing blood clotting and the likelihood of clots. The drug does not affect the blood vessels, platelets and other shaped elements that are involved in blood coagulation.
Abundant menstruation - the result of the selection of blood from the gaping vessels of the inner lining of the uterus after rejection of the endometrial surface layer. Reception of tranexam contributes to the formation of microthrombus in these places - blood clots, which literally close the lumen of the blood vessels and stop the bleeding.
When gynecological pathology Tranexam is useful in the following cases:
- To stop abundant menstruation, including in girls who do not have sex with juvenile bleeding.
- For the prevention of heavy bleeding after curettage of the uterus, abortions, miscarriages.
- With various kinds of acyclic bleeding - during the period of ovulation, while taking oral contraceptives and others.
- For symptomatic treatment of bleeding in cancer of the cavity or cervix - in this case, another treatment is ineffective until radical surgery is performed.
- During gynecological operations to reduce tissue bleeding.
Is it possible to use during normal menstruation
The drug can be used in the absence of bleeding, for example, if a woman wants to prevent it. In this case, their character will be more scarce, they may end a day or two earlier.
If you start taking Tranexam two to three days before the date of the expected monthly, then you can provoke a delay - intentionally or accidentally. However, in the instructions for the drug there is no such indication as a delay of normally flowing menstruation.
How to stop monthly Tranexam
The drug is used to reduce the duration of menstruation only if they are pathological in nature - take more than a week. Prescription regimens are standard and depend on the profusion of bleeding.
You should not experiment and try to reduce the number of days of menstruation to one or two. So you can provoke serious complications, including incomplete rejection of the endometrium, inflammation in the cavity, the subsequent formation of polyps.
Types and causes of abnormal uterine bleeding for which Tranexam is prescribed
Unwanted effects of tranexamic acid
Use of the drug is possible after reading the instructions and excluding contraindications to receive. They are as follows:
- Allergic reactions to Tranexam in the past.
- Acute thrombosis or its high risk (especially after a heart attack, stroke, thrombophlebitis of the lower extremities).
- When you change color vision.
- In violation of the kidneys.
Even those who are prescribed medication, possible side effects:
- Nausea and vomiting, loss of appetite, heartburn.
- Dizziness, desire to sleep constantly, unmotivated weakness.
- The formation of blood clots in any vessels.
- Manifestations of allergies from urticaria to anaphylactic shock.
Reliable data on overdose on the drug is missing. but Tranexam cannot be combined with the following medications:
- penicillin and tetracycline antibiotics,
- sedatives - diazepam,
- list of drugs for high blood pressure.
And here more about how to distinguish uterine bleeding from menstruation.
Tranexam is an effective hemostatic agent. Effectively eliminates bleeding from the uterus, cervix, vagina of any nature. You should not try to use the medicine to delay or completely stop normal periods, it is fraught with complications and consequences in the future.
For the use of Tranexam in uterine bleeding, see this video:
Independently understand that this is abundant menstruation or bleeding, it can be very difficult. However, there are clear signs of menstruation and bleeding, as well as additional symptoms for which it is important to consult a doctor.
Often the monthly with a spiral go the same way as without it. However, sometimes an individual reaction may be the opposite - bleeding will begin. When is it better to remove the spiral? What are normal periods?
To take drugs with abundant menstruation alone is highly undesirable. First you should consult a doctor, identify the problem, and try herbs.
Sometimes there can be menstruation without ovulation. Doctors call this anovulatory menstrual cycle. If this happened once or twice a year, then you should not panic. But if menstrual bleeding comes without ovulation when planning a pregnancy, then this is a reason to visit a doctor.