Many representatives of the fair sex face thrush, and it is usually easy to recognize the ailment, because its signs are well known. But are they always present, can thrush flow without symptoms? It is important to know in order to be able to recognize the disease in any way during its course.
What will the article tell you?
Are there always symptoms?
Candidiasis - as a rule - is accompanied by such characteristic symptoms as itching and burning in the genital area, as well as secretions similar to cottage cheese, mainly having a sour smell.
but no symptoms are possible, albeit rarely enough. Can not appear different symptoms of the disease.
The first thing that can be confusing is non-intensive symptoms. Discharge from the vagina in different, but not too significant abundance appear throughout the cycle, and you can not notice that they were added uncharacteristic, when candidiasis is just beginning to develop or when it proceeds with an extremely small amount of discharge. It is possible that they may be absent altogether, and in this case, a woman loaded with daily worries may simply not pay attention to the discomfort, thinking that there is nothing to worry about.
And yet, this should be considered carefully. Thrush without itching and burning possiblebut it is even less common. If there is no discharge, it is by discomfort that the disease can be detected before it worsens.
When is consultation needed?
Of course, there is no need to go back to the gynecologist for a smear for reinsurance every month. Candidiasis does not develop without a cause, and it is necessary to be checked when favorable circumstances arise for the reproduction of fungi.
About the thrush without symptoms in women can speak general poor health and fever in the following cases:
- after prolonged use of hormonal drugs,
- with diabetes
- in diseases of the thyroid gland,
- during pregnancy
- if thrush is affected by other organs,
- after unprotected sex,
- in the presence of sexually transmitted diseases,
- after prolonged antibiotic therapy,
- if the metabolism is disturbed,
- with HIV infection
- if immunity is weakened,
- with constant stressful situations, depression,
- at failures of a menstrual cycle,
- in the postoperative period.
Also should be especially attentive to those who have the disease has become chronic. It is a disease in the chronic stage that most often is asymptomatic.
Naturally, in any case, ill health may not only be due to candidiasis, but go to the gynecologist, especially if at least some of the symptoms are observed, it makes sense.
An accurate diagnosis can only be made after a laboratory examination. For this, a woman needs to come to an appointment with a gynecologist, where she will be prescribed to pass a smear from the mucous membrane of the vaginal wall and from the cervix. It is also necessary to exclude other diseases that manifest themselves in a similar way, such as various pathological processes of the reproductive system, genital herpes, the formation of papillomas or condylomas, prolapse of the uterus, and in old age kraurosis (deafness of the mucous membranes and skin genital organs), mucosal atrophy in the vagina.
To determine the diagnosis, it is not so much the fact of the presence of Candida mushrooms that is important, but their number, because they can be present even in healthy microflora, without causing illness, as long as their number does not exceed the norm. If the first analysis shows that there are too many microorganisms, they are further investigated. That is, there is sowing of fungi in a favorable environment for them, and when a colony is formed, experts investigate which antimyotics it is most sensitive to.
Therapy for candidiasis without symptoms is prescribed on the basis of laboratory research. It takes place in almost the same way as in the case of a disease with characteristic signs, and includes the following stages:
- Drug treatmentaimed at ridding the microflora of Candida mushrooms. Drugs should select only a doctor, based on the results of surveys.
- Treatment of concomitant diseasesthat have weakened the body. Also as prescribed by the doctor.
- Immunity strengthening.
- Recovery of normal metabolism.
- Elimination of external irritants, namely, hygiene products with flavors and dyes, synthetic linen.
In addition, it is desirable proper nutrition. So, you need to exclude sweets, spices and spicy foods, because they provoke active reproduction of mushrooms. Instead, it is better to eat more fruits with fresh vegetables and especially lactic acid products. After consulting with the doctor, it will be useful to drink probiotics.
An important part of the treatment - intimate hygiene. It is necessary to wash away at least twice a day, ideally using not chamomile decoction or water, or, for example, a decoction of oak bark. During sexual intercourse, do not neglect a condom. You should also protect yourself from hypothermia and excessive physical exertion, as this will affect the hormonal background, which can delay recovery.
Self-treatment in this case is not an assistant. Without the recommendation of a doctor, it is better not to resort to either self-medication or traditional treatment. So you can only make it worse, denormalize the microflora even more and provide the mushrooms with resistance to the drug being taken. In the end, all the same, do not avoid communicating with the doctor, and possibly intractable consequences.
What about men?
Despite the fact that this disease is considered to be more feminine, in fact, men are also susceptible to it. And just as possible and asymptomatic its occurrence.
Thrush without symptoms in menhappens in about 10-15% of all cases, while there may be only part of the signs, including whitish plaque on the head, discomfort or even pain during urination and during sexual intercourse, itching.
If a female partner is diagnosed with candidiasis, a man should also consult a doctor, even if his own health does not cause suspicions: it is necessary to exclude thrush without itching and other characteristic manifestations, because it can be fraught with serious consequences: the fungus will trigger the inflammatory process of the foreskin and after a while urethra will fall. If you do not stop the disease in a timely manner, it will be more difficult to cure it.
So can there be a thrush without itching and discharge? Maybe that's why you need to be attentive to your health and, suspecting something was wrong, do not postpone the visit to the doctor. If you identify the problem on time, you can avoid many unnecessary problems. Remember the situations in which the risk is highest, and carefully monitor your condition.
Why does a thrush appear?
The main causes of the disease are only two: a decrease in the protective functions of the human body and the growth of fungi. Many factors contribute to this process:
- use of contraceptive drugs
- hormonal failure with menstrual disorders,
- pads and tampons,
- lack of personal hygiene
- allergic reaction to condom material,
- excess weight,
- intimate hygiene products (abuse of them),
- use of accessories for intimate games,
- intestinal diseases with dysbacteriosis,
- anal vaginal sex
- inflammatory processes in the reproductive system,
- frequent colds
- sexual intercourse without protection,
- abrupt climate change
- pathological desire for perfect purity.
The probability of reproduction of pathogenic microflora increases with the influence of several negative factors simultaneously.
How does thrush manifest itself without discharge?
Signs of disease
At the initial stage, the symptoms of thrush can pass without noticeable manifestations. In the future, they can be easily confused with signs of sexually transmitted diseases. To make an accurate diagnosis, it is necessary at the first alarm signals to consult a doctor.
Should alert the change of the menstrual cycle. With short critical days there is reason to fear for their health, as well as for violations of the monthly cycle.
The following symptoms are characteristic of pathology:
- Itching and discomfort in the vagina itself, and on the outer surfaces of the labia. With the amplification of these symptoms in the leg-to-foot position, one can speak of the presence of candidiasis. Thrush with no discharge, but with itching, especially unpleasant.
- Pain during urination and intimacy.
- The presence of yellowish-white cheesy discharge, with a sourish specific odor or do not have it. The amount of these secretions increases even more after intercourse, at night and after hygiene procedures.
- A common symptom of the disease is swelling of the labia, which can even seize the anus.
- Thrush can be a companion of other pathologies, for example, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis, chlamydia.
Thrush is well treated before menstruation, during which the acidity of microflora increases, that is, an environment unfavorable for the reproduction of fungi is formed. It is imperative to consult a doctor who will establish a type of pathology and prescribe medications for treatment. But in case of late visits to the doctor, treatment is not the drugs that would be necessary, candidiasis goes into the chronic stage. It will appear every three months, but more often it will be observed before the onset of menstruation.
But there are also situations when a thrush has a more subtle course, vague symptoms. However, there is no discharge or other signs. So, is it possible to have a thrush without secretions, but with a burning sensation? It is necessary to understand this.
It happens that women do not pay attention to the symptoms of candidiasis and think that this is a completely different disease. Thrush without discharge occurs, but this happens in rare cases.
The remaining signs, for example, burning, itching and swelling, are observed necessarily. The manifestation of symptoms without any discharge does not at all indicate the occurrence of thrush. Various disorders and abnormal processes in the vaginal environment can cause itching, since a large number of nerve endings are concentrated in this area, therefore the appearance of any pathology can cause irritation.
If there is a thrush with no discharge, but with itching, then, according to experts, this is not always a sign of the appearance of gynecological diseases and infections. Diseases of the reproductive system of women are as unpleasant itching, and with discharge. Sometimes itching appears earlier than discharge, but most often at the same time as them.
Exceptions to the rules
The exception is a number of pathologies:
- loss of intimate organs,
- mucous and skin in the genital area coarsening, such a disease is characteristic of elderly patients, it is called Kraurosis,
- another pathology inherent in women in old age is atrophy of the vaginal mucosa,
- papillomas and condylomas - benign lesions on the mucous membranes of the genital organs,
- genital herpes,
- itching in the genital area may indicate pathologies in organs that are not related to the reproductive system.
Most often such diseases are:
- inflammation of the rectum - proctitis,
- ovarian dysfunction,
- anal fissures,
Since women are most often guided by the signs of thrush known to them, they do not pay attention to symptoms that do not correspond to them. For example, sometimes the discharge is slightly yellowish or transparent, without a whitish hue inherent in candidiasis, and not too abundant.
Such processes should not be confused with inflammatory, based on the standard symptoms of thrush. Even if the discharge is not the kind described in scientific articles, it can still be a thrush. Using popular antibiotics without identifying the causes and possible consequences is also strongly not recommended, because their effect weakens the immune system, creating, in turn, an even more suitable atmosphere for reproduction in the vagina of the fungus. Other symptoms that are characteristic of the disease will follow the onset of itching, after which the thrush will become chronic and it will be much more difficult to treat it.
If there is a thrush without discharge, this clearly indicates the transition of the disease to the chronic form. Women are in no hurry to consult a doctor, which is fraught with various complications.
Can there be thrush without discharge?
Symptoms of the disease depends on the number of fungi. If it is minimal, then the pathological manifestations of a woman are almost imperceptible. Contributes to enhanced reproduction of fungi and weak immunity. Once it is restored, the strength returns, and the body can again resist the growth of microorganisms, eliminating unwanted symptoms. Thus, the strength of the manifestations of candidiasis is determined by the individual specificity of the organism.
Quite often, when the disease is just beginning, there is no characteristic discharge, but there is an unpleasant smell, burning and itching. With a minimal increase in the rate of microorganisms, even a smear will not show thrush. If there is no cheesy discharge, this indicates the body's fight against the pathogenic microflora and the restriction of the growth of fungi. However, when immunity is weakened, secretions characteristic of thrush appear. If candidiasis has just begun to manifest itself, emergency measures must be taken to avoid the progression of pathology.
Severe itching without discharge and odor
Thrush without white discharge women suffer not so often.
Vaginal irritation occurs even before the onset of severe symptoms of thrush. Initially it is itchy at the end of the day. In addition, there may be allergic thrush. There is an increase in discomfort in contact with the allergen. For example, after using synthetic underwear, soap, tampons, condoms, pads, sex toys. In such a situation, it is sometimes sufficient to simply eliminate the provoking factor so that the condition returns to normal on its own.
Thrush without discharge during pregnancy
The restructuring of the hormonal background in the female body begins with the time of fertilization of the egg. Before the appearance of the first specific signs of a successful conception, that is, until the delay of menstruation, weight gain and chest pain, the type of discharge changes.
With hormonal disruption, immunity decreases, the body is under stress for a while, conditionally pathogenic microorganisms become capable of activating their vital functions.
The likelihood of developing candidiasis exists during childbearing, but most often the disease occurs at the beginning of pregnancy. Doctors recommend drugs for pregnant women and folk remedies. If you treat the treatment correctly, all signs will disappear quickly. However, the most dangerous chronic flow of thrush, the presence of it immediately before childbirth. That is why the likelihood of abnormalities of the fetus, miscarriage, infection of the child with candidiasis during passage through the mother's birth canal increases.
How to identify thrush without cheesy discharge?
To establish the presence of candidiasis a woman herself, analyzing the unpleasant symptoms. To exclude the disease, you need to go to a gynecologist, be examined, and if necessary, choose a treatment strategy. Specialist in most cases determines the presence of thrush even when viewed from the vagina, as on the surface of the genital organs there is a white cheesy plaque, swelling, redness. However, to confirm the diagnosis, a smear is first taken on the microflora. This procedure is completely painless, requires a few minutes. An infectious pathogen and an approximate content of fungi are installed in the laboratory. Analysis in private clinics can be done in thirty minutes, the result can be found on the day of the visit to the doctor. In public clinics, results are ready in 1-2 days. However, the gynecologist will prescribe treatment even before the patient’s diagnosis is confirmed.
Treatment of thrush in women with no discharge can be quick and simple or long and difficult. It is necessary not only to use effective drugs to eliminate the symptoms, but also to direct all their efforts towards strengthening the immune system and neutralizing fungi.
Fast recovery is facilitated by a special diet. A number of products can stimulate the reproduction of pathogenic microflora. You need to abandon beer, alcoholic beverages, kvass, fatty, salty, spicy dishes, coffee and sweets.
The growth of fungi suspends dairy products. The daily menu should include yogurt, ryazhenka, kefir, yogurt and cottage cheese. The first signs of thrush can be eliminated with the help of popular recipes. Here is a generation-proven remedy based on iodine, salt and soda.It is necessary to add one liter of water for a teaspoon of salt and soda. Then bring to a boil and turn off. Iodine drip (ten drops). When the tool has cooled to the desired temperature, deep washing and douching is done.
This procedure is done during the week twice a day. Oils also eliminate unpleasant symptoms. In olive oil you need to add a few drops of tea tree oil.
Soaking the cotton wool, wipe the vagina inside or douching. You can also make a decoction of chamomile and calendula, raw materials 250 ml of boiling water. If thrush is strong, then it can be eliminated by external means in the form of ointment and cream, as well as taking pills. Often discharged "Futsis". One pill is enough to prevent the growth of pathogens, eliminate the painful symptoms.
The concept of candidiasis and characteristic manifestations
Thrush is a fungal disease that affects the mucous membranes. Many believe that the Candida fungus affects only the female body. But men are also subject to the disease. Candidiasis in them often proceeds without itching and other symptoms. That is why male patients often do not think about the possibility of infecting their partner and do not turn to a specialist.
But the disease, in addition to the risk of infection, over time can cause significant discomfort, as well as the development of severe pathologies of the organs of the reproductive system, up to the loss of sexual function.
In the advanced stage of thrush, men have painful and cheesy discharge after intercourse. Pathogenic microorganisms penetrate the urethra, causing the development of prostatitis and other diseases.
Pathology is manifested as follows:
- Redness of the head.
- The appearance on the mucous membranes of white plaque.
- Soreness after intercourse and urination.
- Itching and burning in the region of the glans penis.
- The presence of cheesy discharge.
The manifestation of thrush in men
The main cause of the development of the disease in women and men is weakened immunity. Fungi of the genus Candida are representatives of the healthy flora of any person. But with the violation of the immune system, they begin to actively develop. The microflora of the mucous membranes is a favorable environment for them, where they begin to multiply, causing the appearance of unpleasant symptoms.
The disease always develops gradually. The reasons may be:
- Stress, neurosis.
- Climate change.
- The use of antibiotics. Sometimes 1-2 tablets are enough.
- Chronic pathology in the acute stage, when the use of antibacterial drugs.
- Frequent colds. They are the result of reduced immunity.
Disruption of the metabolic process.
- Infectious diseases.
- Pathology of the digestive system.
- Dermatological diseases.
- Diseases of the lungs and other organs.
- Chronic candidiasis.
- Allergic reactions to food, drugs or cosmetics.
- Regular wearing synthetic underwear. It irritates the skin and does not allow air.
Thrush in women is slightly different than in men. The main symptom is itching.
Also symptoms of candidiasis are:
- Burning in the vaginal area of varying intensity. May occur in the region of the labia and vulva.
- Pain when urinating, intercourse.
- The presence of cheesy discharge with or without odor from the vagina.
- Slight puffiness of the genital lips.
Symptoms in women appear with greater intensity than in men. Diagnosis is carried out only after laboratory examination of a vaginal smear. This is due to the fact that these symptoms are characteristic of many diseases of the genitourinary system. In men and women, the disease can occur without symptoms.
Why are there no manifestations in women?
Candidiasis often proceeds without the appearance of pronounced symptoms. Only the test results indicate the presence and activity of the fungus. The absence of signs of thrush in women suggests that she is a carrier. In this case, inflammation of the internal organs can take an acute form. That is why even with asymptomatic disease requires treatment.
You can suspect the presence of the disease in the following cases:
- The presence of genital infections of chronic form.
- Establishing the presence of candidiasis in a partner.
- Having problems with infertility.
Danger of candidiasis during pregnancy
The establishment of thrush during pregnancy requires immediate treatment. During this period, the disease can cause infection of the fetus, which affects its formation, and subsequently, the development of the child.
When diagnosing thrush in a pregnant woman, the doctor conducts a study for the presence of comorbidities and treats with the help of vitamin complexes and antibacterial drugs.
Independently treat candidiasis during pregnancy is strictly prohibited, since it is impossible to completely cure it at home. Also, thrush, which flows without symptoms, can cause not premature birth or miscarriage.
If there is no discharge but itching
Thrush can pass without discharge, but with itching. This is how the mild form manifests itself, which is in the process of transition to vaginal candidiasis. In the absence of discharge, a woman also becomes a source of infection for a man during intercourse, regardless of how the pathology proceeds.
Immediate treatment is required at this stage, as vaginal candidiasis can cause serious disorders and infertility.
Candida fungus in women
To understand that a woman is sick, itching in the genital area of varying intensity helps. Often this symptom is attributed to irritation, hypersensitivity to synthetic materials, inadequate intimate hygiene.
These causes may indeed cause some discomfort, but if itching lasts for several days or weeks, gradually increasing, then you should consult a doctor and pass a smear.
If there is no itching
Thrush, which is not accompanied by itching and burning, has its own causes. Most often this condition is observed during pregnancy or when wearing daily pads of synthetic materials. Accompanying symptoms may be discharge with an unpleasant smell, pain in the lower abdomen and discomfort in the intimate area.
The absence of itching in the presence of discharge indicates the initial stage of the disease. If you ignore the signs of pathology goes into an acute stage. But the difficulty of diagnosis and therapy is that the remaining symptoms are confused with other diseases of the genitourinary system.
The presence of thrush, which is not characterized by itching, is indicated by the following signs:
- redness of the skin and mucous membranes,
- rash and irritation
- pain when emptying the bladder,
- increase in local temperature.
To establish the exact diagnosis and the cause of unpleasant sensations is possible only with the help of a laboratory study of a smear from the mucous genitalia.
Veronika, 34 years old: “I never thought that a thrush can proceed without symptoms. But with the passage of the next medical commission was established candidiasis. At the same time, signs were practically absent.
Disturbed only a slight itch. The doctor prescribed antibiotics for me and recommended using herbal infusions for douching (I used St. John's wort). Itching was already 2 days later. The tests showed no fungi after 2 weeks. ”
If there is a discharge, but no odor
Cheesy discharges that appear in thrush, in both men and women, most often have an unpleasant odor. Usually it is specific or sour. But when joining a yeast infection, it can change or disappear completely.
The appearance of white, cheesy, odorless discharge indicates a mixed infection, when not only Candida fungi are present on the vaginal mucous membranes. Such microorganisms as chlamydia, microplasma can cause a change in smell. Accompanying symptoms are burning and itching.
Types of vaginal discharge
Thrush-free thrush often indicates an atrophic form of vaginitis that occurs during menopause. The disease is established 10-12 years after the onset of menopause in more than half of women. Allocation can be painted in pink, the mucous becomes dry and pale.
Lack of smell in thrush can also indicate bacterial vaginosis. The discharge in this case is a grayish tint. Pathology is also accompanied by itching and swelling of the genitals.
How to recognize the hidden course of the disease in men?
Male patients are also susceptible to the development of thrush. In most cases, it proceeds, unlike female pathology, without pronounced symptoms.
Infection can occur during sexual intercourse. Another reason for the development of candidiasis is reduced immunity. Candida fungi are constantly present on the mucous membranes of the intimate organs, but when the body's defenses are violated, they begin to multiply rapidly.
Also provoking factors are:
- Oncological diseases.
- Metabolism disorder.
- Climate change.
- Improper nutrition.
- Use of steroids.
Candidiasis in men is less common than in women. This is due to the difference in the anatomy of the genitals. Genitalia are not susceptible to infection, since there is no favorable flora for the reproduction of bacteria. Even with sexual contact with an infected partner, infection may not occur.
The intensity of the symptoms of thrush depends on the degree of damage:
At the initial stage, dry mucous membranes. Over time, with no treatment, there is discomfort during urination and sexual contact.
- Then join itching, burning.
- The presence of thick whiter in the glans area speaks of neglected thrush.
Thrush in men can be characterized by a complete absence of symptoms, and their partial presence. Any manifestations should alert and become a reason for visiting the doctor, especially if candidiasis was diagnosed in a sexual partner.
How can asymptomatic thrush develop in men:
- Only with redness of the head of the sexual organ. This form is most common in men.
- With redness of the mucous membranes and itching.
- With the presence of discharge and the absence of itching and smell.
- With the presence of discharge, itching, but with no smell.
Antimycotics have a negative effect on pathogenic microorganisms, slowing their growth and disrupting important functions. The most effective remedies for thrush are:
Diflucan. One of the most famous and popular drugs based on fluconazole. It can be used regardless of the stage of development of candidiasis. It is also used for asymptomatic thrush.
- Clotrimazole. Available in the form of candles, cream and solution for the treatment of genitals. Effective with many fungal infections.
- Livarol. It has no side effects and is considered one of the safest remedies for thrush. Available in the form of vaginal sacs.
- Pimafucin Modern remedy against fungi. Differs in soft influence and efficiency. Available in the form of tablets, candles, cream.
Pharmacy chains today can offer many different drugs that can get rid of thrush. But before using any of them you should contact a specialist. He will prescribe the necessary studies, determine the cause of the onset of symptoms and recommend the most effective drug, depending on the characteristics of the pathology.
Use traditional methods of treatment for thrush in severe form should be in combination with drugs and only after consulting a doctor.
In case of candidiasis of the initial degree, when the symptoms are partially or completely absent, syringing, baths and washing with the use of various herbs and soda are effective.
Such funds act locally on the fungus, help relieve itching and burning. For the procedure used soap (you need to wash before the procedure) and herbal. The most effective means are:
- Chamomile. Helps relieve itching, inflammation and healing of small cracks.
- A succession. It has a negative effect on pathogens.
- Hypericum Differs in antiseptic effect and activates the process of tissue regeneration.
- Calendula. It has a disinfecting and bactericidal action.
Regardless of the plant used, they are brewed equally. Per liter of hot water should take 1 tablespoon of dry plants. All insist for an hour. The resulting solution should be diluted to a ratio of 1: 1 with water. Douching with thrush helps speed up the healing process.
For therapeutic baths also use herbs. Effective and laundry soap. To do this, grate it and grate it in a small amount in a basin of water. After the pieces of soap dissolve completely, sit in the basin so that the water hides the genitals. The duration of the procedure is 15 minutes. After the procedure, wipe dry, and after half an hour, rinse the genitals with running water.
Proper nutrition is also important in the case of asymptomatic candidiasis. Diet for thrush helps to strengthen the immune system and speed up the healing process. First of all it is necessary to refuse sweet and yeast pastries. The diet should consist of the following products:
Fermented milk. Choose better natural yogurts that do not contain sugar, dyes and flavors. Sour yogurt, milk, kefir are useful.
- Vegetables and legumes. Can be used in any form, except fried.
- Fruit and berries. Contain a large amount of vitamins and minerals. Preference should be given sweet and sour.
- Fish dishes. They are recommended to steam or foil.
- Greens, sea kale.
- Olive, flaxseed oil. Perfect for salads dressings.
The diet helps to restore and maintain immunity, to eliminate the ingestion of products that promote the reproduction of the fungus. Proper nutrition must be combined with drugs and recipes of traditional medicine.
Asymptomatic flow of thrush is a fairly frequent occurrence that threatens a woman with severe complications, including infertility. It is worth remembering that thrush occurs not only in women. Men are also affected by the development of the disease.
They have candidiasis most often asymptomatic. The complexity of therapy in this case lies in the fact that the disease is established already when it is moving into a chronic course and the occurrence of associated symptoms. It is possible to cure such thrush only with the help of an integrated approach.
Can there be thrush without cheesy discharge?
Candida has no standard forms and the same development. Despite the similarity of the causes of the appearance of pathology, each woman’s disease proceeds in its own way. Some carriers may have unscented thrush, and they may constantly be disturbed by pain and increased urination. Taking this as a banal infection, women lose time on useless self-treatment. If thrush was diagnosed at least once, for prophylaxis every six months it is necessary to be examined. This is not the case when you can speculate and wait for the disease to reveal itself with a complete set of standard symptoms.
Very often with thrush it is just an itch without discharge. This is another atypical sign of latent disease. It is usually observed in case of health problems, when the immune system is unable to fight the malicious infection on its own. Stressful situations, chronic diseases, psychomatic causes of candidiasis, hormonal disruptions are all provoking factors of the asymptomatic course of the disease.
Thrush with no characteristic cheesy discharge is also a case of difficulty. This is possible, but many carriers of the infection do not know about the rapid reproduction of the fungus in their body.
Lack of discharge increases the risk, so do not be complacent if one of the main symptoms does not manifest itself. This suggests that the body is able to control the process and restrain the number of harmful bacteria, but at the slightest failure in the immune and hormonal system, the situation will worsen. A fungal infection in favorable conditions begins to develop rapidly, and within a few days you will have to face a complete set of unpleasant sensations.
When an infection develops, the secretions do not always have a white cheesy consistency. They can be transparent, have yellow, brownish, greenish and pink colors. Such deviations often indicate comorbidities.
Worth the guard, if there are bleeding from thrush. For more information on why blood appears, we recommend reading in a separate article on our website.
Candida fungi are present in a healthy body. This is a physiological norm, but it can be violated at any time. При бессимптомной молочнице женщина не подозревает об инфицировании.The fungus is present, but not widely distributed. The body controls its reproduction and does not allow activity.
Carriage of infection is accompanied by hidden symptoms and does not cause much discomfort, but this does not mean that there is no possibility of infection.. The risk will remain, the most common ways of infection - sexual and household.
In most cases, carrier infection is thrush without itching, burning, and discharge. Exceeding the generally accepted norms of the number of bacteria detected during the delivery of tests.
Approximately 30% of women belong to the category of applicants, and only a small part undergo regular examinations. Do not forget that thrush without symptoms is no less dangerous than chronic candidiasis. Candida fungus spores are not excreted.
For any health problems, the pathogens are activated, forming large fungal colonies. Microorganisms begin to penetrate the vaginal mucosa and infect it. The more dangerous the type of fungi, the faster they penetrate into the depth of tissues. The disease begins to develop and becomes acute.
The acute form of candidiasis is accompanied by a fairly clear symptoms and severe clinical picture. The state of health can sharply worsen, and the thrush to prove itself at once by several unpleasant signs.
With an atypical course of the disease, the history of the development of thrush is different. Not always the disease is accompanied by itching and discharge. All this may not be, moreover, if the diagnosis "Vaginal candidiasis: acute form" has already been made, but it does not itch and does not bother, this is a bad sign, indicating an active multiplication of bacteria. In such cases, ill health may be indicated by other symptoms:
- redness of the genitals,
- discomfort during sexual intercourse and during urination,
- failures in menstruation,
- pain in the lower back and abdomen.
These symptoms are often confused with the manifestations of other pathologies: inflammation in the appendages and ovaries, allergies, the effects of past sexually transmitted diseases, etc. The fact that it can be a thrush without itching and discharge, carriers of the infection do not suspect. With improper and late treatment, the acute form becomes chronic. The road to full recovery in such cases will be long and difficult.
Chronic stage of the disease
Immediately reassure: even chronic candidiasis is treated. There are often cases when the diagnosis and the neglected state of the disease cause bewilderment. It is hard to believe that mild genital discomfort turned into a serious illness. In the absence of symptoms, this is possible. Leads confidence that thrush without cheesy discharge, itching and other characteristic signs is impossible.
If a woman was not examined and did not take medication, chronic candidiasis without typical manifestations can be recognized by the following signs:
- brown coloring of genital mucosa,
- hard and lumpy surface of the genitals,
- vaginal dryness and swelling,
- poor appetite
Symptoms of chronic candidiasis do not always attack a woman. Usually, exacerbations occur when the body's defenses are weakened, the climate changes, stressful situations, before menstruation. Symptoms may disappear, appear inexplicably, or be absent altogether. In this course of the disease, the fungi do not lose their activity, but they can only be identified during testing, when the type of fungal infection and its degree of danger to the carrier are determined.
Should Candida fungus be treated?
Treatment of asymptomatic thrush does not differ from conventional therapy applied to candidiasis with characteristic symptoms. Depending on the results of the examination, the doctor prescribes the appropriate means. These are usually antifungal drugs that can destroy pathogenic bacteria, stop their growth and restore body functions.
If the thrush was diagnosed recently and did not pass into the chronic form, the local treatment is effective. Ointments and creams are applied localized, that is, on a specific site.
In chronic form without cheesy discharge, not only antifungal medications are prescribed. Additionally, funds that improve immunity and restore the vaginal microflora are prescribed. These can be vaginal tablets, suppositories, and douching solutions. Diflucan, Clotrimazole, Livarol, Pimafucin, Miconazole, Econazole and others are among the most well-known and sought-after means to fight the fungus.
Antifungal components of drugs reduce the activity of the fungus. Sometimes one pill is enough to eliminate obsessive and unpleasant symptoms. To get rid of thrush forever, you must complete a full course, which can last from one week to 2-3 months.
In the treatment of candidiasis is not the same schemes and approaches. Everything is individual and depends on the condition of the patient. Even with full confidence in the diagnosis should not get involved in drugs that once helped. Symptoms and stages of the disease can change, and no one knows how your body will respond to the intervention of inappropriate drugs. Do not forget about allergic reactions, complications and side effects. Only a doctor can help and do no harm, self-treatment for thrush is contraindicated.
What to do if you have thrush symptoms
Visit the gynecologist twice a year for examination
If thrush has already been diagnosed once, then for the purpose of prophylaxis, you should contact a specialist to conduct additional studies every six months. Disease is always easier to prevent than to treat later.
Many women are guided by what their friends say, who have already encountered a similar problem. But in each case, the disease develops not according to the same rules, but individually, although the causes of its occurrence may be similar.
The course of treatment is also selected individually, taking into account the characteristics of each patient.
A number of drugs have contraindications and can adversely affect the body, and self-medication can only worsen the general state of health.
If there are no obvious symptoms of the disease, but there is discomfort in the genital area, a full examination should be performed and infection with candidiasis should be excluded. Otherwise, a woman, like a man, can become a carrier of infection and, under certain conditions, can infect a sexual partner. A woman and a man often undergo treatment at the same time. Preventive measures are prescribed in all cases if there is a suspicion of the presence of a fungal infection.
Chronic thrush, which can occur without obvious symptoms, is usually treated with generic drugs. It is enough to take one pill containing antifungal ingredients to affect the activity of the fungus. Symptoms usually disappear on the second day after the start of therapy. However, it should be borne in mind that the full course of treatment can last from a week to several months. This is also determined by the doctor after the examination.
Causes and signs of candidiasis without itching
A thrush without itching or burning never arises for no reason - it is necessary to create favorable conditions for its development. Since Candida fungi are present in the female body in small quantities, without causing him any harm, their uncontrolled reproduction can cause the appearance of the first signs of candidiasis. The following factors can provoke such an anomaly:
- severe stress
- wearing synthetic underwear
- the use of gaskets made of artificial materials
- gestation period
- uncontrolled or prolonged use of potent drugs (in particular, antibiotics).
Thrush without itching and burning may be accompanied by such alarming symptoms as:
- abundant vaginal discharge with a sourish smell and curd consistency,
- pulling, aching or stitching pains in the abdomen,
- discomfort during intercourse.
Thrush can not manifest itself with the help of secretions, but the woman regularly feels itching and burning in the genital area. Such anomalies indicate that candidiasis is at an early stage of development., and if urgent treatment is not started, he will progress, bringing a lot of discomfort and discomfort to the woman.
If there is no itching for thrush, but the patient suspects that there are problems with the health of the genital organs, she needs to pay attention to the following signs:
- The mucous membranes, as well as the skin in the genital area become red, on their surface a suspicious rash appears.
- When urinating there is pain, discomfort, burning.
Treatment of unscented thrush and itching is usually done through the use of vaginal suppositories. They are allowed even for pregnant women, besides suppositories begin to act much faster than tableted drugs. In addition, the active substances in their composition are not destroyed under the influence of gastric juice, more precisely, its enzymes.
In order for the therapy to be successful, it is necessary to remember several important rules for the treatment of candidiasis that is not accompanied by itching:
- Both partners should take medication: a woman to get rid of the disease, a man - to prevent it.
- Throughout the entire period of treatment, it is necessary to refrain from sexual relations, or to use condoms.
- Treatment procedures should be terminated not after the disappearance of symptoms, and not when you see fit, but only after repeated diagnostic measures.
Often such preparations (suppositories and tablets) are used to get rid of thrush without itching:
- Nystatin (tablet drug aimed at the complete destruction of fungi, Trichomonas, gonokokkov and other pathological microorganisms. Also available in the form of candles for intravaginal administration).
- Clotrimazole (cream for external use).
- Livarol (vaginal suppositories).
- Hexicon (candles).
Each of these drugs has its own rules of application, so be sure to consult with a specialist before using them!
And remember, if you have:
- thrush occurs more often than 4 times a year,
- there was no relief after 7 days of active therapy,
- there is irritation or an allergy to the drug prescribed by the doctor,
- fever, weakness, chills and fatigue,
- 1-2 months after the treatment there was a relapse of candidiasis,
- purulent or bloody discharge from the vagina appeared during the therapeutic course,
... then this should be a good reason for you to go to a gynecologist. Running thrush can lead to the development of cystitis and other serious pathologies of the urogenital system of a woman or, even worse, signal the presence of dangerous sexually transmitted diseases. That is why it is so important to undergo preventive check-ups with a doctor in order to recognize the disease and prevent it in time.
Thrush with no discharge, but with itching - can this be?
In fact, it is rather difficult to distinguish between chronic thrush and candida-carrier among themselves, since under certain conditions “inactive” fungi can also provoke the development of the disease. This is where the erased and poorly appealing forms of thrush appear.
First of all, even with acutely flowing candidiasis in the initial stages, the pathological discharge may be absent or little visible. Itching and burning at the same time there are always and have varying degrees of severity. However, the main reasons why thrush flows without discharge, but with itching, is the carriage of the fungus and the association of candidal infection with bacteria.
Candidate carriers are about 20% of women in whose bodies yeast-like fungi are in a concentration of more than permissible, but do not cause active symptoms due to the absence of impairments in immune function. However, periodic low-intensity itching in the vagina can be observed.
When a fungal infection occurs along with bacterial inflammatory diseases of the vagina, the discharge may be minor or have a watery consistency and a whitish-yellowish color. In this case, the classic cheesy discharge is not observed, which “smears” the picture of thrush. In the absence of vaginal smear microscopy, antibacterial drugs are prescribed, which only aggravate candidiasis.
Causes of Itching
IMPORTANT. Severe itching in thrush can greatly disrupt the physical and moral condition of the woman.
The reasons for its occurrence include:
- Non-compliance with intimate hygiene or incorrect selection of hygiene products. Alkali-containing soaps dry out the skin and cause itching. Therefore, when candidiasis is best to wash with plain water or use baby soap.
- Not all drugs that relieve fungi from the genus Candida, fit any woman. Thus, the treatment of chronic forms and the eradication of candidiasis during their carriage may be complicated by severe itching due to increased sensitivity to antifungal drugs or as a result of an increase in fungi in the secretions.
- In the case of poor or disguised secretions, the fungi still fall on the skin of the external genital organs, which can cause microtrauma, ulcers, razor cuts and cause itching, as a rule, not strong.
- Itching after treatment of thrush remains if a woman had an allergy to a local drug, as a result of which there was no complete cure, and the released BAS in response to hypersensitivity only aggravated this symptom.
Is this normal?
Itching is a pathognomonic manifestation of thrush and signals incomplete recovery or candida-carrying.
The lack of typical for candidiasis secretions and not brightly pronounced itch can mislead a woman that these are residual effects, and further contribute to the transition of the disease to the chronic form.
Therefore, when the slightest signs of itching appear, the vaginal smear on the flora should be re-passed and adequate treatment should be carried out by means to which the pathogen is sensitive.
What can relieve itching for thrush at home?
In order to quickly and effectively save a woman from this obsessive symptom, medications and folk remedies come to the rescue, which can also be used at home.
Local antiseptics and antimycotics perfectly relieve the symptoms of itching from the very first day of use, provided that the fungi are sensitive to these drugs:
- Candles with antiseptic - chlorhexidine (for example, "Hexicon"). Use one suppository twice a day for 10 days. It is forbidden to use during menstruation.
- Candles with ketoconazole have proven their effectiveness over time. Their advantage lies in the fact that the fungus does not produce resistance to the active substance. The itch, as a rule, disappears on the first-second day from the beginning of application. Assigned to one candle for intravaginal administration at bedtime for 10 days.
- Itraconazole in vaginal tablets ("Irunin") is used one at a time in the evening from 7 to 14 days. Banned in the first trimester of pregnancy.
- The McMiror Complex is a remedy that is allowed to relieve itching during pregnancy. The drug is injected deep into the vaginal cavity, one candle at night for 8 days.
Washing and douching
Apply the following effective folk remedies for itching during the treatment of thrush:
- Washing and douching with 2% soda solution. Baking soda in a volume of a tablespoon is dissolved in one liter of warm purified water. The resulting solution is either doused once a day with a pear syringe, or gently rinsed for 5-7 days.
- At home, you can use washing with herbal broth. For example, chamomile flowers, calendula and oak bark are mixed in equal proportions between themselves (usually 2 tablespoons) and poured with a liter of boiling water. Next, insist half an hour and decoction, cooled to room temperature, are washed twice a day for 7-10 days.
- Useful property in the treatment of candidiasis have syringing with 3% hydrogen peroxide. 2 hours of spoonfuls of the product must be dissolved in a liter of water, and then do a 10-minute douching. The course should not exceed three days.
- In order to get rid of obsessive itching, you can use the solution of Miramistin, which is applied on a cotton pad and wipe the area of the external organs of the reproductive system.
Some recommendations for the prevention of itching after suffering thrush:
- First, you need to follow a special diet: do not eat confectionery and bakery products, give up carbonated drinks, fatty and spicy dishes, cheeses and smoked meats are not recommended.
- Frequent wearing of synthetics also causes itching, so it is recommended to switch to linen made from natural fabrics.
- It is better to rinse with plain water or herbal decoction.
- Sanitary pads must be made of cellulose, without the addition of flavors.
- От использования тампонов лучше отказаться.
- Obligatory point is the restoration of the normal biocenosis of the vagina using products based on bifidobacteria.
- Possible development of an allergic reaction to Candida Albicans. In this case, antihistamines (Loratadine, Suprastin, Fenistil) will help to eliminate itching.
What if there is an itch after treatment of vaginal candidiasis?
In this case, you need to visit a gynecologist and find out the cause of the ongoing itching. Because it may indicate the persistence of the disease as a result of ineffective therapy, the presence of a concomitant pathology of the reproductive system, or an immunodeficiency state.
In addition to the banal smear on flora and sensitivity to drugs, it is recommended to perform bacteriological sowing, pass an urinalysis and conduct a clinical study of blood. It does not hurt and eliminate infections transmitted through sexual intercourse (HIV, genital herpes, human papillomavirus, hepatitis, ureaplasmosis, etc.). Colposcopic research will also help to understand the cause of the disease.
The main signs of the disease
The cause of the development of thrush is the formation of the fungus Candida in the intimate area. Its bacteria are transmitted by direct contact or by airborne droplets. Having settled in the human body, the fungus begins to multiply. If these processes occur in the groin area of women, this is accompanied by a number of characteristic symptoms.
- itching of the affected area
- pains and cramps when urinating,
- cheesy discharge,
- a slight increase in body temperature against the background of general intoxication of the body,
- pain or discomfort during sexual contact.
The last symptom is associated with the appearance of possible edema of the mucous membrane of the female genital organs.
Does thrush happen without discharge?
In modern medical practice it is rare, but still there are cases of the development of vaginal candidiasis without the manifestation of curd masses. In such cases, even qualified specialists are hard enough to make an accurate diagnosis. In view of this, the prescribed therapeutic course may not bring the desired result, and sometimes it may aggravate the manifestation of existing symptoms.
Symptoms in uncharacteristic
Taking into account only the known symptoms of the disease, most patients try not to notice some physiological abnormalities that are not appropriate for them. Discharge with this disease is not always cheesy with a white tinge. In some cases, they may be transparent or light yellow, while their flow is not too abundant.
With the initial detection of symptoms, most patients do not take it for candidiasis (thrush), since the symptoms do not coincide with those indicated in many medical reference books and popular Internet articles.
Mistakenly believing that the urogenital system is undergoing a primitive inflammatory process, without first consulting a specialist, patients begin to take a course of broad-spectrum antibiotics. The most common antibiotics are amoxicillin group. These drugs do not affect the development of fungi. By their action, they only weaken the immune system, creating an even more favorable environment for the formation of pathology. As a result, the manifestation of existing symptoms may be exacerbated. In most cases, with such an incorrect approach to treatment, candidiasis becomes chronic.
The lack of excretion of cheesy mass is primarily due to the fact that the patient may initially be a carrier of Candida fungus (damage to the body by a fungal infection, the spread of which is not widespread and is controlled by the immune system). According to statistics, similar processes are observed in 20% of the total female population. The fungus provoking the development of thrush is congenital in many women.
The spread of harmful bacteria throughout the body contributes to the weakening of its protective properties, manifested as a result of the flow of inflammatory processes caused by viral or respiratory infections. This creates a favorable environment for the development and spread of pathology. In addition, the colonization of the body with harmful fungi can begin as a result of hormonal disruptions. In this case, the symptoms of thrush appear before the menstrual cycle.
During the period of menstruation, the course of the disease is characterized by a decrease in the bloody bodies of FSH levels. Also, as a result of the action of progesterone, LH levels decrease in the final stages of the monthly cycle.
Thrush without a cheesy discharge is characteristic of the chronic form of the disease.
Can there be thrush without characteristic cheesy discharge? After reading the above material, the answer becomes obvious - yes, it can. Such manifestations of the disease are mainly characteristic of the chronic form of vaginal candidiasis.
It is noteworthy that in some cases the early stages of the development of the disease can occur without visible symptoms. Its further manifestations may be similar to a number of other diseases, including those that are among the venereal. Therefore, when symptoms are detected, you should contact the medical institution as soon as possible for an appropriate comprehensive examination. Self-medication can only aggravate the current state of the body. After the examination, the attending physician should be prescribed a comprehensive course of therapy, whereby it will be possible not only to eliminate the pathogen, but also to prevent its possible resurgence.
The lack of timely effective treatment can lead to the development of a number of more dangerous diseases of the genitourinary system, such as: purulent form of meningitis, cystitis, cervical erosion.
In addition, the chronic form of vaginal candidiasis can be one of the causes of infertility. Therefore, the symptoms that appear should be taken seriously and try not to delay a visit to a specialist.
Medical statistics show that about 70% of women suffer from thrush symptoms to a certain extent. Vaginal candidiasis is more common in women who are in child-bearing age.
Nearly 50% of pregnant women during the gestational period are faced with unpleasant symptoms in the form of itching and burning, most of them sooner or later appear characteristic discharge.
About 30% of patients find that they have vaginal candidiasis only during a visit to the gynecologist. Prior to this, women are concerned about minor manifestations of pathology in the form of a periodic burning sensation, aggravated after sexual contact. Itching and cheesy discharge may be absent. This clinical picture accompanies the initial stages of pathology.
Vaginal thrush caused by a decrease in body resistance is characterized by the growth of conditionally pathogenic microorganisms - Candide fungi. Local microflora somehow tries to suppress the spread of the pathological process. While the body is struggling, manifestations of the disease may be insignificant.
A woman discovers that she has a yellowish discharge from the genital tract, accompanied by itching, burning or without it. The first thing that patients think about at this moment is inflammation. Wanting to get rid of the disease, many of the weaker sex begin to self-medicate: douche, use antimicrobial vaginal means, or even take antibiotics.
Such manipulations do not have the best effect on the already suppressed microflora. If earlier the organism tried to overcome the reproduction of Candida fungi, now it is not in its power. As a result, the woman begins a full-fledged thrush, from which it is quite difficult to get rid of.
If a woman thinks that she has thrush with no discharge, but with itching, she may be wrong. Similar symptoms, when first there is a burning sensation, are accompanied by the following diseases:
- uterus prolapse
- vaginal atrophy,
- herpes failure
- condylomas and papillomas,
- anal fissures,
White and odorless discharge and burning are possible with bacterial vaginosis, vaginitis, inflammation of the uterus or appendages. Also, mucus in large amounts appears after unprotected sexual intercourse, and upon contact of the sperm with the vaginal environment, additional symptoms may appear that characterize the chronic course of thrush.
Thrush - what is it?
If the test result is positive, a different disease will be indicated in the map - vaginal candidiasis, thrush - the household name. The causative agent of the disease - several types of fungi. In the body of healthy women, bacteria are considered conditionally pathogenic. This means that a disease can develop only under certain conditions: a slight increase in temperature, an increase in acidity.
Once secured, the fungus forms large colonies. After that, the microorganisms invade the mucous membrane. At this point, the condition of the body is not as important as the ability of the fungus to cause the disease. The more dangerous the form of the fungus, the faster it will penetrate into the depth of the tissue. There comes a stage of manifestation of the disease. If at this stage no effective treatment is started, the disease is capable of becoming chronic.
The disease at the initial stage can pass without obvious symptoms, but subsequently the symptoms that appear may be similar to other diseases, including those that are sexually transmitted.
For proper staging required to be examined by a specialist. Candidiasis is easily diagnosed in the process of active reproduction of fungi. Symptoms may be as follows:
- Itching of the vagina, external parts of the genitals. Strengthening of itching in the “leg-to-foot” position can be considered a positive presence test,
- Swelling of the labia. Moreover, the swelling of tissues can reach the anus,
- When thrush significantly increases the amount of cheesy discharge. The smell can be neutral or unpleasant. Characterized by increased discharge after hygiene, intercourse or during sleep,
- During sex, you may experience discomfort or even pain. This is due to swelling, itching and burning,
- Thrush occurs and as a satellite of other diseases: chlamydia, gonorrhea, trichomoniasis and others.
Often the symptoms are not clearly expressed, this or that symptom may be absent. In such situations, even a specialist can be mistaken in the diagnosis and prescribe drugs that do not help get rid of thrush.
Knowing the main symptoms, most women do not even think about whether thrush can be without a discharge of a characteristic type, but with severe itching. The discharge may be yellowish, transparent and not have a typical consistency.
Women take the onset of the disease for inflammation or allergies (itching often occurs during allergic reactions). They begin to use antibiotics and antihistamines, without waiting for the diagnosis and doctor's recommendations. It doesn’t even occur to them that it can be a thrush, because there is no characteristic discharge, but it doesn’t allow itching to forget about itself.
Antibiotics taken unnecessarily can weaken the body, creating an increasingly favorable atmosphere for the reproduction of the fungus. By the time when typical symptoms appear, the disease becomes chronic, and it is much more difficult to cure it.
The lack of characteristic secretions is typical for women who are carriers of the fungus. In this form, the fungus is not widely distributed, the body is able to control its quantity. According to medical statistics, one fifth of women are carriers. Candida is present in almost every female body, manifesting itself only by the constant desire to itch.
Active spread of the fungus occurs only in suitable conditions. Studies suggest that the impulse may be a decrease in immunity. It comes from both the disease and as a result of hormonal changes in the body. Often manifested candidiasis in the premenstrual period or during pregnancy.
Important! According to the observations of gynecologists, the absence of cheesy discharge is most characteristic of the chronic form of the disease.