Two such concepts as menopause and pressure are interrelated. After all, hormonal adjustment during the onset of menopause leads to the fact that a woman has many diseases that cause her many troubles. One of these diseases is high blood pressure during menopause, which requires mandatory treatment. But in order to make a correct diagnosis and prescribe an effective therapy, you need to know the exact signs of hypertension in women who have their own characteristics.
Can pressure increase during menopause
An increase in pressure during the development of this condition may also occur in women who believed that they were completely healthy. Rare cases of increased blood pressure in this case are attributed to such circumstances as drinking large amounts of coffee, poor sleep, stressful situations, etc.
Therefore, most women are interested in whether pressure can jump during menopause, as they are surprised that menopause and hypertension are related. But if time does not take medical measures, serious health problems can begin, and the very first will be the development of hypertension.
There are various reasons for the increase in blood pressure during menopause, but the main reason is the lack of sex hormones, which affect the functioning of many internal organs.
In addition, the following reasons for the increase in pressure during menopause can be identified:
- Incorrect operation of the central nervous system. When menopause occurs, a woman is easily unbalanced, and she experiences all emotions in a hypertrophied form.
- Violation of water-salt balance. The fluid stagnates in the tissues and organs, causing the sodium particles to remain in the body. An increased amount of salt in the body increases blood volume and causes abnormal functioning of the heart and blood vessels, which contributes to an increase in pressure.
- The weakening of the vessels. A decrease in the level of estrogen leads to a decrease in the permeability of the vessels and to the loss of their elasticity. As a result, the blood becomes viscous and can no longer normally pass through narrow vessels. In this case, women often develop thrombosis, since blood clots quickly clog the blood vessels, preventing it from reaching the tissues and organs.
- Elevated cholesterol. Cholesterol plaques form in the vessels, as a result of which the blood is not able to move normally along a narrow space.
- Uncontrolled hormones. These drugs are used to normalize the condition during menopause, but before taking them, you need to choose the right drug and its dose, which should be done only by a specialist. It is worth knowing that if the intake of synthetic hormones lasts a long time, then they increase the viscosity of the blood and clog the blood vessels.
- Insomnia during menopause. Increased sweating, which occurs during menopause, prevents a woman from getting enough sleep. In addition, frequent stressful situations do not allow to fall asleep normally, which only increases the emotional instability of a woman and provokes climatic neurosis.
- Excess weight. Reducing the amount of sex hormones and improper diet lead to weight gain, which causes the vascular system and heart muscle to work hard.
- Tumor of the adrenal glands. Menopause causes a variety of health problems. When a neoplasm on the adrenal glands is detected, they release an increased dose of corticosteroids into the blood, as a result of which the pressure is constantly increased.
- Vegetative-vascular dystonia. This concept combines various disorders of the central nervous system, which have many symptoms. These include rapid heart rate, pain in the temples, mood changes, and frequent urination.
All these causes contribute to an increase in blood pressure when menopause occurs, and their timely elimination will prevent the development of serious diseases.
What are dangerous pressure surges during menopause?
Often women try not to pay attention to sudden hypertension, which has a negative effect on heart activity. However, ignoring the situation when low pressure is abruptly replaced by high, can cause the emergence of various diseases and disorders:
In addition, pressure drops have a negative effect on the retina, which often causes its dystrophy. Particularly dangerous are the kidneys, since high blood pressure often causes the development of insufficiency of the organ.
That is why it is so important to take the necessary measures of treatment in time and constantly monitor the level of pressure.
Signs and symptoms of hypertension during menopause
If as a result of stressful situations or physical exertion during menopause, the pressure rises and then decreases when taking the drug, then this is the main sign of hypertension. He is accompanied by the following symptoms of climacteric hypertension:
- noise in ears,
- pain in the temples,
- shortness of breath while driving,
- heavy sweating
- the appearance of black spots or white marks before the eyes,
- swelling of the limbs and facial part,
- insomnia or severely impaired sleep,
- face redness
- emotional breakdown
- inability to do physical labor for a long time,
- anxiety, insecurity,
- reduced sensitivity of the fingers, as well as a slight change in their color.
The characteristic symptoms that hypertension has in menopause allow you to diagnose this pathology and take measures to treat it.
Traditional medicine in the fight against pressure surges
In order to normalize blood pressure during menopause, it is necessary to take certain steps, which are also good prevention of diseases of the heart and blood vessels. These include:
- normalization of nutrition, exclusion from the diet of fatty and salty foods, as well as flour dishes,
- introduction to the diet of seafood, legumes and marine fish that do not contain a large amount of fat,
- Fresh seasonal fruits and vegetables should be on the table every day,
- eating no more than 5 grams of salt per day, given its location in cooked food,
- replacing animal fat with vegetable oil, which will reduce cholesterol levels,
- food intake should be completed at 18 o'clock,
- morning work-out,
- feasible physical exertion
- playing sports
- HLS - non-smoking, drinking alcoholic beverages,
- daily drinking at least 2 liters of water.
If during menopause, the pressure jumps slightly, these activities may be quite enough - they will allow you to normalize the level of blood pressure during the year. As with the disease, running in a neglected form, and with hypertension during menopause, weight reduction will help to normalize the pressure by 5-10%.
In addition, folk recipes that have a beneficial effect on most of the processes occurring in the body will help to fight its differences in menopause:
- hawthorn - decoctions, tinctures and tinctures from it successfully cope with arrhythmia and hypertension,
- red clover - an infusion of it normalizes blood pressure and improves blood circulation in the lobes of the brain,
- peppermint, hawthorn and mistletoe - herbs are taken in equal quantities, brewed and drunk to normalize pressure,
- sage - the juice from its stems is taken before meals, enhancing the effect obtained with horsetail and valerian tincture.
These folk remedies help fight hypertension and reduce the risk of thrombosis.
Treatment of hypertension with menopause
Comprehensive treatment of hypertension in menopause begins with a visit to the therapist and cardiologist. These doctors will prescribe diagnostic procedures, select the correct treatment, which can be carried out at blood pressure jumps all the time. If the condition of the woman is severe, the treatment is carried out in the hospital, in other cases the pressure is normalized at home.
- If the pressure level is not higher than 180 mm Hg. Art. And the woman did not “hear” about the tides of heat and other signs of climatic conditions, she was prescribed hormone replacement therapy, which allows to increase the level of progestins and estrogens, and to stabilize the systems of the body. These are pressure pills such as Cyclo-Proginova, Klimonorm, Divina.
- In the case when hormonal preparations based on synthetic components are contraindicated to the patient, phytohormones are prescribed to her. Herbal preparations, created on the basis of homeopathy, have a positive effect on the work of blood vessels and the heart, remove hot flashes, nervousness and other symptoms of menopause. These drugs include Klimadinon, Remens, Klimakt-Khel.
- With constant nervous conditions and disruptions that cause an increase in pressure, the patient is prescribed sedatives - Pustyrnik, Valerian, which are endowed with sedative properties.
- In the treatment with inhibitors, diuretic drugs are also prescribed, which contribute to the removal of excess fluid from the tissues and the elimination of edema during menopause. This group of drugs includes Indapamide, Furosemide, Veroshpiron and others.
Taking medications helps to normalize the work of many body systems and reduce high pressure at the onset of menopause.
Can pressure increase?
The main cause of high blood pressure is hormonal changes caused by menopause. The usual relationship between estrogen and progesterone is impaired, which causes significant changes in metabolism.
In particular, the regime of water-salt metabolism changes, increasing the amount of sodium salts. Because of this, heart rate accelerates, increasing blood pressure.
In addition, there is a change in the lumen of blood vessels due to cholesterol deposits. On the walls of blood vessels appear plaques, narrowing the passage of blood. The situation is aggravated by a decrease in the elasticity of the blood vessels and an increase in blood density, which increases its resistance when moving inside the blood vessels and additionally contributes to an increase in pressure.
Main symptoms and how to deal with them
Common symptoms of high blood pressure are:
- Headaches, nausea, chills.
- High fatigue, shortness of breath, drowsiness.
- Sharp and sudden mood swings, tearfulness, irritability.
- The appearance of the so-called. tides, short periods of increased pressure, accompanied by fever or chills, sweating, weakness.
- Decreased visual acuity.
- Feelings of anxiety, inexplicable spiritual discomfort.
- Redness of the skin of the face, bleeding from the nose.
- Swelling of the feet or legs.
In most cases, an increase in pressure has no pronounced symptoms and does not bother the person, which does not mean the absence of a problem. There is a need for constant monitoring of blood pressure levels, for which it is necessary to have a tonometer at home..
How long do pressure surges last at menopause?
How long this condition lasts is a question that interests everyone. There can be no unambiguous answer here, since all the processes are purely individual, the course of menopause in all has a completely different mode and duration.
There have been cases when women generally avoid menopause, for some it lasts only 14 days. But such situations are extremely rare, they belong to the category of exceptions. Most women experience symptoms of menopausal processes from 2 to 7 years or more.
The process is divided into three conditional stages.:
- Premenopause. This is the primary period, coming 4-5 years before the last menstrual bleeding. During premenopausal discomfort begins, symptoms appear.
- Menopause. The period when the body stops producing estrogen. It is considered to have begun when menses are absent for a year.
- Postmenopause. This period includes menopause and all subsequent changes in the body. The period is long, it lasts up to 70 years.
As you can see, menopausal processes last much longer than is commonly believed. The fact is that only periods of active hormonal changes are noticeable from the point of view of well-being, all the rest are softer and are considered to be the usual age-related processes.
How to make a test for menopause, read here.
What other diseases can there be?
Increased pressure is not necessarily the result of climacteric changes. No less common are other diseases that cause an increase in pressure.In particular, the cause may be a tumor of the adrenal glands, which are beginning to throw large amounts of corticosteroids into the blood.
In addition, during menopause, there is an aggravation of other diseases that previously occurred in a latent form, which also becomes a cause of an increase in blood pressure. The final diagnosis should be made by the doctor, only he is able to determine the main cause and prescribe the appropriate treatment.
Pressure rises during menopause: how to treat
It is possible to reduce unpleasant manifestations and improve well-being, but this will require some effort. First of all, you should critically comprehend your lifestyle and try to get rid of bad habits. Stop smoking, exclude spicy, sweet or fatty foods. Lead an active lifestyle, move more, get positive emotions, eliminate the appearance of negative thoughts.
Include in your diet fruits and vegetables, legumes and sea fish - such products contribute to the normalization of blood pressure. In addition, you should not limit yourself to water consumption. The abundance of fluid can activate the removal of salts from the body, which stabilizes heart activity and, as a result, pressure.
Folk remedies for the treatment of pain
Folk remedies are traditional bee products, herbal teas or infusions of herbs, fruits or juices.
To facilitate tides are used:
- Dill. A cheap and quite effective remedy that removes anxiety, has a mild laxative and diuretic effect, eliminates flatulence.
- Borovaya uterus. It is widely used to treat various diseases of the small pelvis, has the ability to restore and rejuvenate the body, regulate hormonal imbalance.
- Sage. In addition to the well-known antiseptic properties, sage is a source of phytoestrogens, has the ability to regulate the hormonal background of the body. A valuable property of sage is the ability to reduce sweating.
- Red clover. It contains salts of minerals important for the body's activity - selenium, magnesium, chromium and phosphorus. Improves sleep, restores mucous membranes and skin, restores sexual desire.
- Red brush. It is most often used in combination with a boron uterus, has similar properties and complements it well in mixtures. At the same time, the doctor must determine the dosage, since these herbs have a rather strong effect.
- Oregano, St. John's wort, chamomile, mint, hawthorn (collection). Herbal tea, calming the nervous system and softening processes in the body.
No less effective other means of traditional medicine. So, various vegetable juices have recommended themselves well. For example, beet, carrot or cucumber juices are very good for eliminating the symptoms of menopause.
At the same time, fruit juices are better to exclude from the diet, since they contain a large amount of sugars that negatively affect the pancreas, contributing to the emergence of obesity or diabetes. It is better to use the fruit itself, the sugar content in them is natural, it will not cause harm.
Drug treatment - drugs and their description
To mitigate the climacteric processes, use the following medications:
Antidepressants. Reduce the strength of tides, improve mental state.
- Fluoxetine (Prozac).
- Velaflex, etc.
Products containing phytoestrogens (BAA):
A complete list of dietary supplements is not possible, since it is very large and requires special study. It should be borne in mind that the use of all medications should be carried out strictly as prescribed by a doctor, otherwise there is a great risk of harm to yourself and get the opposite effect.
Why does pressure increase during menopause
In most cases, women have low blood pressure before the climacteric period. In premenopausal blood pressure is creeping up. Many develop hypertension.
Not everyone associates the changes with menopause. Very often, ladies think that their pressure jumps because of stress, anxiety, an “extra” cup of coffee, mental or physical overstrain.
Can pressure increase during menopause?
The pressure during menopause increases for a number of reasons:
- The main reason is a gradual decrease in the level of female sex hormones (estrogen and progesterone).
These hormones are not only responsible for the reproductive function of women, but also affect the functioning of many systems of the female body, including the functioning of the cardiovascular system. Sex hormones also affect many processes in the body. Thus, estrogen supports the level of elastin, which affects the elasticity of blood vessels. Estrogen deficiency leads to a decrease in the amount of elastin. As a result, vessels that have lost their elasticity begin to narrow. Кроме того, с возрастом кровь становится более вязкой и ей труднее циркулировать по суженным сосудам.Changes in hormonal levels lead to increased levels of cholesterol in the blood. On the walls of blood vessels cholesterol plaques are deposited, and this leads to an even more narrowing of the lumen for the blood flow. The whole complex of changes affects the fact that the pressure during menopause in women is high.
Hormonal restructuring in the body leads to unstable work of the nervous system.
The lady becomes overly impressionable, it is easy to unbalance, increases irritability. Such emotional surges provoke an increase in pressure.
Not all of the fluid is removed from the body, but stagnates in the tissues of the organs, leaving sodium particles in the cells. The accumulated salt affects the increase in blood volume and changes in the work of the heart. As a result, the pressure rises.
Nightly hot flushes, accompanied by increased perspiration, and an unstable emotional state lead to sleep disorders and insomnia.
Now we know why pressure increases with menopause. Due to hormonal changes in the functioning of the body, which leads to numerous changes in the work of organs and systems.
How can a woman help herself
So, we examined why pressure can jump during menopause and what are the causes of hypertension. And now we will answer the eternal question - what to do to reduce pressure. First, change your lifestyle. Second, consult a cardiologist and start treatment for developing hypertension.
Let's start in order and consider what changes should be made to your well-established lifestyle in order to improve your well-being. Climax is translated into Russian as a step.
A woman needs to make the following changes in her lifestyle:
- Adjust your diet to your age.
It is necessary to abandon the salty, sweet, spicy and fatty dishes. Such foods increase blood viscosity and help increase cholesterol levels. The basis of the new ration should be vegetables, fruits, berries, legumes, nuts, seafood and fish, as well as low-fat milk products, high-quality olive and sunflower oil. It is necessary to properly prepare healthy foods to get the maximum benefit from them. You need to cook without oil, and add it to the already prepared dishes. Therefore, you should cook, bake and simmer, but do not fry. The transition to such a diet will allow blood to thin out, to improve the condition of the vessel walls and heart function.
- Adhere to the optimal drinking regime.
Many ladies, fearing edema, are beginning to consume little liquid. This is the wrong approach. Need to drink 1.5-1.8 liters per day of clean water. With proper nutrition and sufficient physical activity, water will not stagnate in the body, but will be constantly excreted along with salt.
Move a lot and breathe fresh air.
You can choose any sport and practice it regularly at a moderate pace. Well affect the physical form and do not allow to gain weight classes shaping, swimming, dancing, as well as yoga. Morning runs at a quiet pace or walks in the park set a good rhythm for the whole day. Physical activity allows you to saturate the cells with oxygen, normalize the water-salt balance and all metabolic processes in the body. Thus, one of the causes of high pressure during menopause is neutralized.
Both habits provoke squeezing and unclenching of vessels and lead to an increase in pressure.
At least twice a day to measure pressure, even with good health - in the morning and evening. If the need arises, then take the medicine prescribed by the attending physician for pressure during menopause. When the headache is accompanied by nausea, and before the eyes there is a veil, it is necessary to call an ambulance to help. These are the first symptoms of a hypertensive crisis, which can develop very quickly and in an acute form. In order for the crisis to pass without consequences, prompt hospitalization is needed.
The way of life described by us will allow a lady to feel good every day in adulthood. She will not only be able to reduce pressure, but also the intensity of the manifestation of the unpleasant symptoms of menopause (hot flashes, excessive sweating, headaches, weight gain).
We treat high pressure during menopause
Blood pressure jumps during menopause require treatment. Indeed, drops in blood pressure can provoke the development of a dangerous disease: atherosclerosis, heart attack or stroke. In addition, they are dangerous for the kidneys because they can lead to kidney failure. Also, they have a bad effect on the retina and can lead to its dystrophy.
Treatment of pressure in menopause in women depends on the symptoms. Therefore, it is very important not only to consult a cardiologist in time, but to inform him of all the manifestations that accompany or precede pressure surges.
If the highest value during the attack does not exceed 180 mm Hg. Art., and during the medical examination it was revealed that hypertension during menopause was triggered by hot flashes and other specific symptoms, the following homeopathic medicines and preparations with active substances of plant origin will be prescribed to the woman:
All these drugs are effective not only at lower pressure. They reduce the intensity of the manifestations of other symptoms characteristic of menopause: increased nervousness, hot flashes, profuse sweating, and others.
Even the most "scary" menopause can be defeated at home! Just do not forget two or three times a day.
How long does this therapy last? The pills from the plant-based pressure take a long time - from several months to six months and more. These drugs accumulative nature of the action.
How to fight when an increase in pressure provokes emotional instability. In such a case, sedatives of Pumurnik and Valerian have a lowering effect.
They have not only a sedative effect, but are also able to relieve vasospasm and, as a result, reduce the performance. But only with a slight increase in performance.
When menopause, high blood pressure caused by hormonal imbalance effectively reduces hormone replacement therapy (HRT).
It is carried out with tablets containing synthetic sex hormones:
After taking the drugs in the body raise the levels of sex hormones - estrogen and progesterone. Due to the fact that the cause of hypertension is eliminated during menopause, the effect of treatment comes very quickly. The duration of treatment is prescribed only by a doctor, taking into account the result obtained and the general condition of the ladies.
When a woman keeps high blood pressure consistently or increases periodically above 180 mm. Hg Art., it is possible to diagnose hypertension. This is a serious disease in which only a cardiologist can prescribe a medicine after an examination and special medical research.
Hypertension in menopause treatment requires drugs belonging to the group of ACE inhibitors.
Ladies during menopause prescribed these drugs:
Therefore, they should be taken in conjunction with drugs that have in its composition of calcium.
Effective folk recipes
Therapy for hypertension will give a greater effect if it is supplemented with popular recipes. They eliminate almost all the symptoms of menopause. Good results can be achieved using a medicinal plant - hawthorn.
Here are some proven effective recipes:
- Infusion of dried fruits and flowers.
5 g of dried raw material is poured with one cup of boiling water. Insist half an hour. Take 3 times a day for ½ cup before meals.
- Complex Napar.
Such dried medicinal plants are mixed in equal amounts: hawthorn, chamomile, dried ladybird and motherwort. 1 tbsp. lie mix pour a glass of boiling water and insist 25 minutes. Drink half a glass three times a day, always before meals.
Herbalists are advised to use tools with sage, which helps to eliminate many of the manifestations of menopause, including hypertension.
To deal with the symptoms, you can take:
- Fresh juice from stalks and leaves of sage.
2 tbsp. lie fresh juice 3 times a day.
- Infusion from the collection of such plants: sage, lemon balm, horsetail, valerian root.
All herbs are taken in equal quantities and mixed. 1 tbsp. lie collection pour a glass of boiling water and insist half an hour. You need to drink in the morning and evening before meals.
- Sage tea: for one teapot use 2 tbsp. lie dried sage.
Take after eating 1 glass three times a day. The course is 2 weeks, after which a week break and a new course.
Folk remedies are used in conjunction with medications.
Pressure spikes are a menopausal syndrome that should not be ignored. During menopause, hypertension can develop, which can lead to serious consequences: atherosclerosis, heart attack or stroke.
It is very important for a woman to consult a cardiologist in time for him to correctly select the treatment. Depending on the specific situation, plant-based products, hormonal preparations, and ACE inhibitors can be used. Treatments are effectively complemented by popular recipes. We wish you good health!
And what methods for treating menopause pressure do you know?
The best non-hormonal remedy for menopause Tea for menopause This drug will relieve tides, frequent mood changes and increase the level of estrogen, thanks to 30 herbs! Say to climax - STOP!
Climax and pressure: is there a connection?
With the onset of menopause, unstable pressure begins to plague many women.
Climax - the state of the female body, which is characterized by a decrease in the synthesis of female sex hormones estrogen and progesterone. It is the first that plays a big role, because it is responsible for a large number of processes, including the cyclical nature of menstruation, ensuring the normal absorption of vitamins and minerals, participation in the even distribution of fatty tissue, the production of collagen responsible for skin and hair condition.
An insufficient amount of estrogen leads to the appearance of various problems, including hot flashes, the appearance of wrinkles, decreased immunity, and changes in pressure. This is especially true for menopausal periods such as menopause and postmenopause.
Types of pressure during menopause
During menopause, the cardiovascular system undergoes certain changes, which may result in:
- Pressure jumps are a dramatic change in high and low rates. They deliver maximum discomfort, because to predict the state and methods of dealing with it is quite difficult.
- High blood pressure (hypertension) - consistently high values, which often can only be controlled by medical treatment. It is most common in women after 45 years.
- Reduced pressure (hypotension) - is less dangerous than previous states, but delivers a lot of discomfort, adversely affects the quality of life.
Increased pressure in menopause: causes, effects
During menopause, abrupt pressure changes are possible.
When menopause can increase pressure for a number of reasons, among which the most common are:
- Changes in water-salt metabolism. With a lack of estrogen, many processes slow down. At climacteric age, salt intake contributes to an increase in the concentration of sodium ions in the body. They retain water, increasing blood volume. That is why blood pressure rises.
- Spasm of arteries. Hypoestrogens provoke a loss of elasticity of the vessels, they narrow, reducing the clearance for normal blood flow (in addition, it becomes more viscous).
- The accumulation of cholesterol. Hormonal imbalance leads to an accumulation of fat in the body. This leads to the deposition of cholesterol on the walls of blood vessels. This further reduces the clearance for normal circulation. As a result, indicators may rise.
- Tumors of the adrenal glands. Any neoplasm of this organ leads to an increase in the blood concentration of corticosteroids. Hypertension in this case is an important symptom.
Other manifestations of arterial dysfunctions
Pressure drops are a common thing. It jumps most often during the premenopausal period, when the menstrual cycle changes (it becomes less frequent). The accumulation of blood leads to hypertension, and abundant blood loss during the following menstruation can dramatically lower the values. The danger of such a condition lies in the enormous loads on the vessels, which is fraught with strokes.
The cause of low pressure is often atherosclerosis. This applies to those cases when before menopause indicators were normal. As a result of this disease, the elasticity of the vascular walls is lost; they cannot contract normally. This leads to hypotension. If it appeared only after 45 years, you should immediately consult a doctor.
High pressure in menopause in women: symptoms
Hypertension is called the "silent" killer. Many women do not notice obvious symptoms, which can be fatal. The most characteristic signs are:
- headaches pulsating nature, localized in the temporal lobe, in some cases, there is a pulsation in the head,
- dizziness, black spots before eyes, nausea,
- facial flushing, sweating, which can be replaced by chills,
- tachycardia - palpitations,
- swelling of the face, upper limbs - especially often observed in the morning, due to an excessive amount of fluid in the body,
- psychomotor abnormalities - anxiety, memory loss, irritability, poor coordination of movements.
Often, patients do not pay attention to these symptoms, considering them to be the norm of menopause. In rare cases, the disease is asymptomatic. But the danger of the lack of adequate treatment is the wear of the vessels and target organs. As a result, atherosclerosis, myocardial infarction, aortic aneurysm and cerebral stroke develop. It also affects the fundus and retina, causing dystrophy, loss of visual acuity. Also among the consequences - kidney damage, the development of renal failure.
Treatment of pressure in menopause is in the reception of HRT, as well as drugs for the relief of seizures.
Pressure treatment for menopause: methods
What to do with hypertension or pressure surges during menopause? It is important to combine several components: to treat with drugs, adjust lifestyle. The basic rules include:
- Change the diet. It is necessary to refuse fatty, spicy, sweet, salty food. It is undesirable to eat sausages, canned goods, cakes, pastries, cookies, other muffins, drink sweet carbonated drinks.
- Eliminate bad habits. Now alcohol and smoking is prohibited. They negatively affect the vascular system of a healthy person, and in the presence of deviations, they are deadly.
- More movement. It is recommended to do sports, walk in the fresh air. Only this should also be within reasonable limits. As a result, tissues are saturated with oxygen, improving metabolism.
- Drink more pure non-carbonated water. It breaks down fats, removes cholesterol. If food is normalized, then you can not be afraid of edema.
- Take medications. First of all, it concerns hormone replacement therapy, because the root of all problems is hormonal imbalance. In addition, sedatives and heart-stimulating pills can be prescribed. Pressure lowering drugs are used as an ambulance, not a primary therapy.
The choice of methods of treatment, prescription of drugs - the work of a doctor, it is unacceptable to engage in self-treatment. This also applies to the reception of folk remedies. After 45 years, medical visits to the doctor are required, as well as access to him if any abnormalities occur in the body. Get a free consultation, make an appointment with the experts here http: //45plyus.rf/registration/.
Climax. Pressure problem
Many women who are in menopause are interested in the question: can blood pressure increase during menopause? Even in the period that precedes the onset of menopause, hypertension may well become a problem. Due to the lack of estrogen and progesterone, the production of which is significantly reduced during menopause, there are many unpleasant symptoms. These include signs of hypertension, as well as deterioration of vascular function.
Estrogen is a female hormone that has a serious effect on the vascular system of the body. The same applies to progesterone. It has a positive effect on the normalization of blood pressure and ensures the cleansing of the renal canals.
Causes of unstable pressure
When considering whether pressure can increase during menopause, it is important to remember that this process changes the work of many internal systems of the body. Of course, this is reflected in the well-being of women and provokes pressure spikes. Reaching a certain age, female hormones become very unstable due to a decrease in the production of the hormone estrogen and progesterone. The health of the woman is also deteriorating. All this contributes to increased pressure and climax.The following main causes of this trouble can be distinguished:
- Estrogen levels are reduced in the blood.
- Elastin ceases to be produced.
- Due to the lack of elastin, the elasticity of blood vessel walls decreases, which also contributes to pressure surges.
- Frequent stress.
- The habit of eating harmful foods.
- Excess weight.
- Trouble sleeping
In addition to elastin deficiency, the level of cholesterol in the blood begins to rise during menopause. Because of this, the walls of blood vessels clogged cholesterol deposits. This is not the best effect on health, since the deposits interfere with the normal operation of the blood flow. If you do not take appropriate measures to treat high blood pressure, you may develop a stroke or hypertensive crisis. To avoid this, you need to know the symptoms of pressure surges.
Symptoms of hypertension
Many healthy women ask themselves: can the pressure increase during menopause if the woman has not suffered from such problems throughout her life? In fact, due to serious changes in the reproductive system, this trouble can overtake her even during menopause, without waiting for the onset of menopause. This is due to the close connection of the reproductive and cardiovascular systems. Pressure spikes can be easily identified with the following symptoms:
- Sensations of tides.
- Rapid heartbeat.
- With sudden mood swings.
- Frequent urination.
Having identified the symptoms of hypertension, it is necessary to immediately take up the treatment of pressure during menopause. If you treat these changes in the body scornfully, you can bring them to complications in the form of a stroke or heart disease. Any violations concerning women's health, in and of themselves, do not go away, especially after the onset of menopause, when the body becomes weaker.
Treatment of high blood pressure hormones
If during menopause pressure jumps above 180 mm Hg. Art., the doctor may prescribe special medications that will help bring him back to normal. Most often, these drugs contain the hormones estrogen and progesterone. They normalize the level of hormones in the blood, the failure of which contributes to increased pressure. Many doctors recommend starting taking Cyclo-Probin tablets or Klimonorm. With the help of them you can adjust the hormones and prevent pressure surges.
You can not self-medicate and buy these pills without a prescription. Even with menopause and pressure, one cannot be sure that the problem consists precisely in the failure of hormones. Therefore, you must first go to the clinic, where they will do all the necessary tests that prove the need for hormonal drugs.
Treatment with herbal extracts
Such drugs are well tolerated, have no side effects, and also very gently affect the female body. The most common drugs of this action include "Klimaktoplan" and "Klimadinon". Their advantage is that they have a very beneficial effect on vascular tone. Herbal extracts in their composition contribute to the strengthening of the nervous system, reduce the number of hot flashes, help with insomnia.
Increased pressure in menopause can be the basis for the appointment of sedatives such as "Valerian" or "Motherwort." Due to the sedative effect, they perfectly relieve vascular spasms. In addition, these sedatives can be taken without waiting for critical indicators of pressure.
Even if treatment with hormones has not led to a successful normalization of pressure, the doctor may prescribe an ACE inhibitor, whose activity is directed to the work of the vascular system. The most effective among them are:
These drugs have the ability to destroy in the blood and tissues a special enzyme that helps to increase pressure. Similar medications are also prescribed for diseases such as:
- Atherosclerosis of the carotid arteries.
- With the consequences of a heart attack.
We must not forget that these medicines should always be combined with medicines of diuretic action. They will remove excess fluid from the body, which will accumulate during treatment. These drugs include "Furosemide" and "Veroshpiron." However, they can be taken only under the strict supervision of the attending physician. In addition to excess water, they also remove the necessary calcium and sodium salts in the body. If you use the wrong dosage, you can weaken the bone tissue, which causes frequent dislocations and fractures.
Treatment of folk remedies
To achieve maximum results in the treatment of high pressure in menopause, you need to use traditional methods of restoring health. They can be quite successfully combined with drug treatment. Traditional recipes help not only to reduce high blood pressure, but also to reduce many other unpleasant symptoms of menopause.
With complaints of pressure jumps during menopause, it is necessary to be treated with herbal infusions recipes. To reduce the number of tides, which are constant companions of women at this age, you can use infusion of hawthorn fruit. Normalize the pressure and reduce the symptoms of arrhythmia will help infusion of red clover. This medicinal plant increases blood circulation, and also cleans blood vessels from cholesterol deposits.
Diet with increased pressure
Once you are sure that the pressure may increase during menopause, you should immediately start taking care of your own body. However, before you begin drug treatment, you should always pay attention to the diet. With age, the metabolism of any person slows down greatly. That is why during menopause, many women begin to gain weight. This consequence may be one of the reasons that will affect the level of pressure. Therefore, by changing your diet, you can not only normalize the pressure, but also reduce weight. To do this, follow the following diet:
- Eliminate the use of sweet, fatty, salty and smoked. All these products clog the body with cholesterol (which is bad for the vascular system), as well as other harmful substances.
- Replenish the refrigerator with healthy food: fruits, vegetables, dairy products, lean meat, oily fish, seafood, herbs, cereals, nuts and vegetable oils. Such food will help to stabilize the pressure, if you cook from it healthy food. You can not fry anything in butter. However, this does not mean that the oil can not be consumed. It contains healthy fats that are necessary for the female body. Therefore, they need to season vegetable salads in moderate doses. It is better to give preference to olive, flaxseed and coconut oil.
- Drink the right drinks. Abandon soda, sweet juices and other types that are sold in supermarkets. Drink more pure water - it will remove the excess salt from the body. Instead of buying juices, make them yourself using a home juicer. It is also necessary to stop drinking alcohol. Alcoholic beverages increase the pressure during menopause in women and negatively affect the state of the internal organs. During menopause, the body becomes even more susceptible to alcohol. In order not to provoke the appearance of other diseases, you should stop taking alcohol.
How to improve well-being
Knowing why pressure increases during menopause, this unpleasant condition can be prevented. To menopause and its symptoms do not interfere with enjoying life, you must adhere to the recommendations of doctors. Do not skip the medication, it is required to exclude prohibited foods and alcohol. In addition to these tips, you should deal with this trouble and other methods. First of all, you need to adjust sleep. Insomnia worsens the condition of a woman, and during menopause also provokes jumps in pressure. For a healthy and relaxing stay, you need to sleep at least 8 hours.
Also pay attention to physical activity. Doctors do not force women with menopause to begin to conduct active sports training. Enough to engage in feasible workouts that will not cause discomfort. It may be:
- Walking and jogging.
- Swimming in the pool.
- Skis, skates, bike.
- Classes tennis, basketball.
- Dance classes or fitness.
The more physical activity chosen will be enjoyable, the better it will affect pressure regulation. Also, do not miss any of the types of activities, only regular workouts will be able to benefit and improve your mood.
In the period of tides need to walk more on the street. When during menopause pressure increases, what to do, not every woman knows. First of all, you need to go for a walk, get some fresh air. Oxygenation will make it easier to endure many unpleasant symptoms. In addition, the walk will calm the nervous system and improve mood.
Special attention should be paid to the mental state. Due to stress and depression, the pressure in the period of menopause rises up to 180 mm Hg. Art. To avoid this, it is necessary to take care of the nervous system and try not to worry about the little things.
If during menopause pressure rises no higher than 150 mm Hg. Art., take hormonal medications is not worth it. In this case, preventive measures, which every woman should know who has stepped over the 40-year-old age line, can help. If you unconditionally fulfill them, you can even postpone the appearance of menopause for several years. Measures to prevent high blood pressure are as follows:
- Refuse hormonal contraceptives, replacing them with another type of protection.
- Reduce salt, fried and spicy foods.
- Do not wear too narrow and synthetic underwear.
- Drink more pure water.
- Do moderate exercise.
- Do not be nervous.
- Spend more time walking.
Fulfilling the above recommendations, you can not only normalize blood pressure levels, but also improve your body shape, lose weight and improve the body. Such changes will have the best effect on morale. Thanks to preventive measures, menopause itself will come much later.
Many doctors advise women in menopause to treat their own health more responsibly. Having determined the increased pressure during menopause, some women immediately rush to the pharmacy to purchase hormones or ACE inhibitors. Such impulsive behavior can only aggravate an already precarious state of health. Before you go shopping for serious drugs, you need to go to a consultation with several doctors to compare their recommendations and choose the most appropriate option. Most likely, at the onset of the first symptoms of menopause, the doctor will prescribe herbal medicine, which will gently and delicately relieve the unpleasant phenomena and lower high blood pressure.
Low menopause pressure - symptoms and treatment in women
Climacteric changes in the body can result in a decrease in pressure. It can cause no less serious consequences than increased pressure, in particular, there is a high risk of thrombosis, obstruction and other dangerous manifestations. Symptoms of low pressure - darkness in the eyes or dizziness on rising, weakness, headaches.
If signs of hypotension (low pressure) appear, it is recommended to avoid staying in hot rooms - hot baths, stuffy rooms. Contraindicated areas with hot climates. From medicines you can use tincture of hawthorn, eleutherococcus, fragrant leuzea, ginseng, etc. Useful drinks with caffeine. Spices, lard, or other warming foods may be consumed. Showing walks, douche, complete rest.
At the same time, it is necessary to closely monitor the course of the process, to support yourself in time with various pharmaceutical or folk remedies. All medicines used to relieve a symptom must be approved by a doctor, otherwise, instead of relief, you can cause increased suffering or create prerequisites for serious health problems..