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It's hard to say something without inspection or photos. Perhaps there is a cyst in the vagina. It is necessary to seem to the gynecologist.
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Pain before menstruation
Vaginal pains before menstruation have many causes. By and large, soreness in the lower abdomen before critical days does not always indicate problems. If the pain is nagging, pulling, cramping, but not critically strong, then this is considered normal, because in the woman's body changes occur during menstruation. You should not pay close attention to such preparations of the body. If the pain becomes unbearable, you should find out their causes. Of the natural causes of discomfort, the following are noted:
- A sharp decrease in front of menstrual endorphin and progesterone. Such a strong hormonal race can not go unnoticed. Changes in potassium and magnesium in the body lead to stress, cramps and abdominal pain. Not only the emotional and mental state of the woman, but also the physical one changes.
- PMS for many women causes abdominal pain before menstruation. In many cases, women are worried about depression, depression, fatigue, drowsiness, painful sensation in the chest, pain in the head, abdominal distension, etc. If these symptoms become unbearable, PMS should be treated with medication.
Functional disorders include the following indicators:
- underdevelopment and not quite the correct location of the uterus,
- problems in the endocrine system,
- inflammatory processes in the pelvis, which contributed to hypothermia or infection, ingested,
- cyst, myoma.
It is worth recalling that all those pains that do not cause particular discomfort before and during menstruation are considered the norm. This is the female body. But, if the pain intensifies and it is simply impossible to endure them, you should immediately contact a gynecologist and undergo a full course of examination.
Pain in critical days
Pain in critical days for a third of women on the planet sometimes become unbearable. Many are interested in the question, can the vagina be sick during menstruation, if there are no prerequisites for this pain? There is no single answer to this question. Whatever it was, but everything that happens in the female body throughout the entire cycle is a whole chain of reactions and interactions of organs, hormones. The slightest shift in this difficult process leads to the failure of the entire system, which, in turn, can cause pain.
In addition, the condition of the urogenital system is completely dependent on the state of the vaginal microflora. The absence of pathogens in it contributes to the normal course of the menstrual cycle. Their presence causes inflammatory processes in the area of the vulva and, consequently, all the negative consequences resulting from it, where the pain during menstruation plays an important role.
Therefore, in all cases of discomfort in the vagina is better not to delay a visit to the doctor.
Pain after menstruation
The pain in the vagina after menstruation is also accompanied by many women. The cause of their occurrence may be hidden in the hormonal background. In addition, the lower abdomen often hurts after menstruation due to the incorrect location of the uterus. Often, physicians confirm similar painful symptoms with a diagnosed bend and pain in the uterus.
Sometimes the presence of an intrauterine device causes an unpleasant sensation in the abdomen after menstruation. If this continues for a long time and menstruation becomes, in addition, more abundant, gynecologists strongly recommend removing the spiral and resorting to some other means of contraception.
Opinion of doctors
All doctors are inclined to believe that any unpleasant symptom in the body should serve as a reason for going to the hospital. If it concerns a woman and her reproductive health, then she should be doubly attentive. After all, often diseases begin to manifest pain in the abdomen, and end in infertility.
Various diseases are fraught with nature. Each of them has its own symptoms. Pain in the vagina before menstruation, during and after them can be evidence of various diseases and abnormalities. You should not figure out the cause yourself, but it is better to fully rely on the competence of doctors. After all, there are many diseases that pose a serious danger. For example, endometriosis of the vagina only to an uninformed person may seem like a trifling ailment. In fact, this is a problem that can turn into a real misfortune for a woman and affect not only the uterus, ovaries and other pelvic organs, but also go into the abdominal cavity.
Causes of vaginal pain
To find out what specifically can cause pain in the intimate area, you need to divide the possible causes into several categories. First of all, it is necessary to figure out which of them lead to the inflammatory process, and which do not.
This major factor in the mechanism of disease development will play a key role in the treatment of pathology.
Pathology of a non-inflammatory nature
There are many diseases for which signs of inflammation are not typical: edema, redness, fever. Most often they are manifested by pain in the vagina of varying degrees of intensity.
These conditions include:
- Injuries. Various manipulations can cause traumatic damage to the genitals: from abnormal douching to an abortion procedure (curettage of the uterus). If pain and bleeding occur after sex, the cause may be trauma to the vaginal wall during intercourse.
- Tears of the mucous during childbirth. This category of causes should be singled out separately, since it does not require special diagnostic methods. Most often, the midwife notices breaks after childbirth and sutures them in time. Discomfort may persist for several months. In order to speed up the healing, it is necessary to follow the recommendations on the use of special hygiene products, to refrain from sex for the period of recovery.
- Atresia of the hymen. Malformation, which is the absence of a natural opening in the hymen, which leads to accumulation of blood within the genitals during the onset of puberty. Manifested by pains of increasing intensity in the vagina, and then throughout the abdomen in girls of puberty. Eliminated by surgery.
- Endometriosis. A serious systemic disease, the manifestation of which is the proliferation of endometrial cells (inner layer of the uterus wall) in various organs and tissues. Vaginal endometriosis leads to pain, bleeding, and discomfort during and after sex.
- Ovarian apoplexy. The formation of cavities (cysts) in the ovaries sooner or later leads to their rupture and discharge of the contents into the abdominal cavity. This condition is called ovarian apoplexy. It is manifested by sharp dagger pain, often requires surgical intervention.
- Vaginismus The muscular layer of the vaginal wall refers to smooth muscles that contract involuntarily. In some women, the vaginal muscles are excessively reduced with minimal effects on the organ wall. The cuts cause intense cramping pain. The cause of this phenomenon is unknown, the treatment is difficult.
- Foreign bodies. The presence in the cavity of the vagina foreign bodies, such as obstetric pessary, uterine ring can cause pain. Pricking in the vagina is a frequent sign of this condition.
- Prolapse. Owing to traumas, age-related changes in the muscles of the perineum, a prolapse or prolapse of an organ through the entrance to the vagina can occur. These phenomena are accompanied by discomfort or intense pain.
- Tumors. Even benign neoplasms can cause discomfort under mechanical stress. Malignant tumors are often accompanied by intense pain, bleeding, menstrual disorders, and sexual function.
- Diseases of neighboring organs. Tumors, foreign bodies, injuries of the bladder, rectum, urethra are often manifested by pain in the intimate area, the irradiation of painful sensations can imitate the pathology of the vagina.
The listed causes of vaginal pain are serious conditions that require prompt treatment by a specialist.
Burning, itching, and pathological secretions that accompany unpleasant sensations manifest inflammatory diseases of the genital organs. These include:
- Colpitis is an inflammation of the organ mucosa.
- Endometritis is an inflammatory process in the inner layer of the uterus.
- Salpingitis (adnexitis) - inflammation of the uterus - fallopian tubes.
- Bartholinitis - an inflammatory process that develops in the large gland vestibule.
These states can be caused by various pathogenic microorganisms:
- Mycoplasma and ureaplasma.
- Mushrooms of the genus Candida.
- Nonspecific microflora.
To distinguish pathogens from each other can be using microbiological research. On the methods of diagnosis will be discussed below.
Vaginal pain during pregnancy
Due to the weakening of the immune system, changes in hormonal levels, increased sensitivity of a woman to pathological effects, the vagina is often sore during pregnancy. During this period, you must be especially attentive to your health.
If you have any discomfort, you need to understand, because of what hurts the vagina during pregnancy. The reasons may be:
Manifestations of this pathology are more intense in women in the position. Vaginal pain during pregnancy will indicate an inflammatory pathology that needs to be treated as soon as possible.
The presence of a pessary on the cervix.
This device in the form of a ring is installed on the neck when it is opened prematurely. May be accompanied by unpleasant sensations, but their severity should not be intense.
If the gestation period comes to an end, the discomfort may be due to anatomical reconstruction of the cervix. In women who have not given birth, the vagina during pregnancy hurts for this very reason. Such sensations must be reported to the obstetrician-gynecologist.
Vagina pain during sex
The causes of pain in the genitals during or after sex are the diseases described above. The most common cause of a symptom is:
- Inflammatory diseases.
- Tumors of the genitals.
- Insufficient arousal, accompanied by dry genital organs.
- Climacteric syndrome.
- Adhesive process.
All causes of discomfort during or after intercourse have their own algorithm for diagnosis and treatment, so the gynecologist should deal with pain in the vagina after sex.
Pulling pain in the vagina is a characteristic manifestation of such pathology as adhesions of the genital organs and the abdominal cavity. Most often, this condition occurs after surgery.
Surgical damage to the peritoneum, uterine cavity and appendages causes proliferation of connective tissue in the form of cords (adhesions).
They can block the entrance from the vagina to the cervix, tighten the organs, cause pain in the vagina.
Pain before menstruation
Rejection of the endometrium during and before menstruation can lead to pain in the intimate area. Stitching often accompanies this period.
While organic lesions in this organ is not observed, the discomfort associated with changes in the uterus and the hormonal background of the woman. That is why vaginal pain is observed during menstruation.
Diagnostic measures for admission of women with the described complaints begin with a gynecological examination with mirrors. After that, an additional diagnostic search is performed.
Other research methods are:
- General analysis of blood and urine to determine signs of inflammation.
- Cytological examination of epithelial smears to detect endometriosis.
- Microbiological examination allows to detect the presence of pathogenic bacteria.
- Blood test for hormones.
- Ultrasound of the genitals.
- Colposcopy - examination of the vagina with a magnifying device.
The complex of diagnostic studies is individual, depending on the clinical manifestations and the results of previous procedures. After the diagnosis, the doctor proceeds to the choice of treatment method.
Treatment of vaginal pain
Vaginal pain is resolved by the obstetrician-gynecologist in various ways, depending on its cause.
In most cases, symptoms are relieved by taking analgesic or nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. To eliminate the causes of the disease are aimed at:
- Antibiotics - help to cope with microbial infection of the genital organs.
- Antiviral agents (acyclovir) are necessary for the treatment of genital herpes.
- Hormonal drugs - a wide range of substances aimed at the treatment of various diseases.
- Chemotherapeutic agents - used in the complex treatment of tumor diseases.
Many causes of gynecological pain are eliminated only with the help of surgical correction methods. In this way, tumors are removed, adhesions are destroyed, endometriosis and ovarian apoplexy are treated.
The female vagina is the genital organ, which is the muscular canal. Its total length is from 7 to 12 cm, and its width is about 3 cm.
The duration of the menstrual cycle in women is different and averages about 25 days. Vagina before critical days is very vulnerable and susceptible. Shortly before the start of the critical days, the cervix changes its position a little and descends a little lower along the vagina. When ovulation occurs, it is slightly softened, and mucus is secreted from the genital tract.
During the menstrual period, the uterus is under the influence of female sex hormones. If fertilization has not occurred, after a short period the level of hormones gradually decreases, the endometrium exfoliates from the uterus and the next menstruation begins. At this time, the woman complains of pain in the lumbar region and lower abdomen, as the uterus is constantly contracting.
Given the fact that the cervix in the menstruation period is slightly opened, a convenient environment for the reproduction of bacteria is formed.
The state of the female reproductive system is interrelated with the state of the vaginal microflora. In the absence of pathogenic microorganisms in it, the menstrual cycle proceeds without pathologies. The presence of pathogenic bacteria causes vaginal inflammation and discomfort during menstruation.
Causes of pain
Pain syndrome, lasting a month or more, is considered a symptom of pathology requiring skilled treatment. The vagina is a fairly sensitive organ whose walls are equipped with nerve endings that react sensitively to any external or internal influences. Causes of pain diverse:
- Injury. The mucous membrane of the vagina can be damaged by improper douching or manipulation by a gynecologist, for example, during abortion or curettage.
- Inflammation of the fallopian tubes (salpingitis). The disease often causes infertility. Its signs include painful urination, discharge of pus, spasms during menstruation.
- Breaks during delivery. Scars, which were formed after illiterately sutured tears and cuts, often cause pain in the perineum.
- Hygienic tampons that are not matched in size.
- Endometriosis of the vagina. The endometrium grows outside the uterus, forming scars and thickening in the vaginal walls. The disease is diagnosed with laparoscopy.
- Bartholinitis (inflammation of the gland, located on the eve of the vagina). The disease can be caused by infections that are transmitted through unprotected sex, staphylococcus, Escherichia coli.
- Venereal diseases. The main symptoms are the discharge with a sharp unpleasant smell, pain when urinating.
- Tumors in the walls of the vagina. Pain is felt more precisely during menstruation and spreads to the entire area in the lower abdomen.
- Cervical erosion. Pain sensations are thrusting in nature.
- Vaginitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane). The disease can be triggered by hormonal disruption, diabetes mellitus, sexually transmitted diseases, allergies to condom latex. Women complain of redness and swelling of the vulva, which increases during critical days, as well as discharge of mucus and pus from this organ.
- Menopause. During menopause, the pelvic floor muscles become weaker, the walls of the vagina descend, which often causes discomfort to the woman.
- The presence of a foreign body. An established IUD can cause pain and tingling.
Pain in the vagina during the period of critical days does not always talk about pathology, perhaps the reason lies in the anatomical features of the structure of this organ. In such cases, the pain is constant, but light and increases in the period of critical days.
If during menstruation the vagina hurts very much, and the woman complains of discharge with an unpleasant smell, you should definitely contact a specialist. The doctor will perform an external examination of the vagina, take a smear on infection to determine the possible causes of pathology.
In order to avoid the occurrence of pathologies, the representatives of the weaker sex should be regularly examined by a gynecologist and check the condition of their genitourinary system.
Timely diagnosis of the disease accelerates the healing process.
Many problems of the female reproductive system can be prevented by following simple recommendations:
- Need to use funds contraception and maintain an intimate relationship with one partner. A considerable percentage of genital pathologies occur after unprotected sex.
- Hygiene during the critical days period must be observed rigorously, because the discharge during menstruation is a favorable environment in which pathogenic bacteria multiply. For the same reason during menstruation it is recommended to refuse sex. Wash off at least twice a day. Syringe vagina is prohibited at this time. Bathing, bathing in reservoirs is also worth limiting.
- It is necessary to change the means hygiene at least every 5 hours.
- Instead of toilet paperYou can use special wet wipes designed for feminine hygiene.
- Soap, composed which is flavoring, it is better to replace the child or household.
From painful cramps during menstruation, the use of painkillers helps well. Before using them you should definitely consult a specialist to ensure the safety of the drug.
Periodic visits to the gynecologist (no less than every six months) prevent the development of serious complications and help to avoid many problems with women's health.
Anatomy of the vagina
The vagina is part of the urogenital system of the female body.
Its wall consists of three layers, each of which performs its function. The mucous membrane is responsible for the release of lubricant necessary for sexual intercourse, and also supports normal microflora. The muscle layer stretches the vagina if necessary, for example, during childbirth.
The vagina has several functions. It protects other organs of the reproductive system from the penetration of pathogenic bacteria and fungi by maintaining normal microflora. Also, the vagina due to its shape facilitates the penetration of the sperm into the uterus.
Normally, no pain should be observed before, during, and after menstruation. There may be a slight discomfort before menstruation, associated with pulling or aching sensations inside the vagina, but after the onset of discharge, everything usually returns to normal.
Many different diseases can cause pain inside the vagina before menstruation. But most often, there should be other symptoms, such as burning, itching, irregular menstruation.
For some reason, some women do not pay close attention to these symptoms, which further complicates the diagnosis.
- bladder problems
- disruption of the bowels,
- ovarian disease
- injuries during childbirth,
- operative interventions
- inflammatory processes in the pelvic organs,
- too big tampons
- age-related changes that cause the lowering of the vaginal walls,
- venereal diseases,
- endocrine disruption,
- malformations of the genital organs, if pain is observed during the first menstruation.
Sometimes the reason that before the menstruation hurts the vagina, there is hemorrhage in the ovaries, which can lead to internal bleeding.
If the vagina hurts during menstruation, it does not always signal any pathologies. Indeed, during this period in the body of a woman there are some changes. Such pain can be pulling, aching, and quite weak. The main reasons for the following pain during the month.
- Many women are aware that premenstrual syndrome is manifested not only by a change in mood, but also by various discomfort in the pelvic region. Usually the pain has an obscure localization and is felt just inside. If the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are strong enough, it is best to start taking medication to alleviate your condition. After the onset of menstruation, symptoms often disappear.
- In the period before menstruation, the amount of hormones, progesterone and endorphin, usually decreases. The organism may react to convulsions and pain inside the abdomen to such a sharp hormonal jump.
In addition to these two main physiological reasons for the fact that before and during menstruation the stomach hurts, there are others that are less common. For example, the wrong location of the uterus or its underdevelopment.
To avoid discomfort during menstruation, first of all, you should pay attention to intimate hygiene. Many women and girls noted that the vagina hurts more tangibly, if you do not clean the genitals for a long time. To maintain hygiene during menstruation, you should wash at least 2 times a day, or better, after each use of the toilet. Also, once a day, you should take a shower with special products created for intimate hygiene and having a neutral level of acidity.
Gaskets should be changed 3-4 times a day, and the tampon should not be inside more than 4 hours. Otherwise, you can provoke an increased proliferation of bacteria, because the pads and tampons, which have not changed for a long time, create the optimal environment for such reproduction. Douching during this period should be abandoned, as it is possible to upset the microflora balance.
To reduce the pain in the premenstrual period, you can replace the shower with a relaxing warm bath. If you like a hard washcloth, then during menstruation, it is better to set it aside and use a softer option.
After using the toilet, it is recommended to use soft napkins instead of toilet paper. You can purchase special wet wipes for feminine hygiene.
You should also eliminate or reduce all activities that can cause increased pain. It can be:
- long sitting in a chair
- very tight pants, which when walking can cause rubbing of the vagina.
To ease your condition you need to relax more. Just lie in bed on your day off, read a book and relax. Also reduce the pain will help adherence to a special diet. The food consumed should be light and not burden the stomach. It is better to refuse alcohol, sweet and salty foods for this time.
Gynecologists say that if the vagina does not hurt much and not for long before and during menstruation, then this may be one of the normal variants. After all, different organisms carry this period in different ways. But if the duration of such painful sensations exceeds a week or they are extremely strong, then a gynecologist should be visited to find the cause. Do not beat the pain with medicines and postpone a visit to the gynecologist, because the appearance of pain, most likely, signals the presence of any pathology.
Does the vagina expand during menstruation
All organs and tissues in the body of a woman are subject to cyclic changes that occur due to fluctuations in hormonal levels. Skin, bones, the work of the heart and blood vessels and, of course, all parts of the reproductive system are affected.
On the eve and during menstruation, a progestin hormone prevails in a woman. The main hormone is progesterone. In addition to its main properties, it leads to the relaxation of smooth muscle fibers throughout the body. This is manifested in the following:
- gas formation, swelling increases,
- pressure may decrease, headaches, dizziness appear.
Regarding the genitals, some women may note that the vagina expands during menstruation and on the eve of them, because it has smooth muscle fibers as part of its membranes. This leads to the fact that sex can occur more easily if there is usually some pain during them due to the narrow vagina.
On the eve of menstruation, the consistency of the uterus also changes. She seems to be like a pregnant woman: she becomes soft and pliable when examined, so it is often difficult to say for sure whether fertilization has taken place or not without additional research.
And here more about how to change the monthly with uterine myoma.
What to do if there is pain, pulls
Pain in the vagina during menstruation or on the eve of them, as a rule, is associated with diseases or changes in the body that do not arise from the state of the vagina itself. This may lead to the following:
- Ovarian cysts. These tumors will put pressure on the pelvic organs and vagina, this is possible with their size more than 3 cm.
- Endometriosis. When the foci are located on the peritoneum between the uterus and the bladder or the rectum, on the eve or during menstruation, an exacerbation of the pain syndrome occurs, acute and even dagger pains can flow into the vagina.
- Diseases of the rectum and bladder. Due to the close anatomical location of the organs, pathological processes in them can give unpleasant sensations into the rectum.
- Adhesions in the pelvis. It may occur after removal of the uterus or after surgery on the ovaries.
Pull in the vagina can, and because of improperly chosen means of hygiene. If you use tampons with high absorbency during scanty discharges, this can lead to dryness of the mucous membrane and unpleasant sensations.
In any case, the discomfort and pain in the vagina should be the reason for going to the doctor for a routine examination in order to detect serious pathological processes in time.
In addition, acute surgical conditions can be causes of vaginal pain. For example, ovarian apoplexy or cyst rupture, ectopic pregnancy. All of these conditions are accompanied by intra-abdominal bleeding. Blood accumulates in the deepest place in the pelvis ̶ “Douglas space”. In front, it is bounded by the uterus and vagina, behind сзади the rectum.
The accumulation of fluid here leads to a feeling of pressure on the perineum, vagina and rectum. In addition, the following symptoms occur:
- sharp or aching pain in the lower abdomen,
- weakness, lethargy, dizziness,
Causes of other vaginal discomfort during menstruation
On the eve of menstruation and during them the woman’s body is in a state of slight immunodeficiency. This leads to an exacerbation of chronic infections. In addition, many consider the time of menstruation to be safe with respect to a possible pregnancy, so they do not use reliable protection. This increases the risk of genital infections. Therefore, some women may notice the appearance of itching, burning in the vagina during menstruation, an unpleasant smell.
Itching (itching), burning
The most common cause of this condition is thrush. Candida colpitis is prone to exacerbation on the eve of menstruation. In addition to complaints, women note:
- highlighting a cheesy character
- sour smell from the vagina and from the discharge,
- redness and swelling of the vulva.
In addition, itching in the vagina may result in an exacerbation of a herpes infection, and a woman may not notice a rash if they are located in the vulva area.
Pathological odors are always an alarming symptom, which is primarily indicative of inflammation in the vagina, which is exacerbated by menstruation. The smell can be different:
- "Rotten fish", more often it appears in case of bacvaginosis,
- putrid, unpleasant smell occurs when nonspecific inflammation, gonorrhea,
- sour odor is formed during candidal colpitis.
An unpleasant odor can occur with more serious pathological processes, for example, with endometritis, salpingitis. It can also occur with insufficient hygiene during menstruation, a rare change of tampons or pads, with a foreign body in the vagina.
If a woman notes on the background of fetid discharge pulling pain in the lower abdomen, fever or other disturbing symptoms, you should consult a doctor immediately to determine the cause of the condition.
See in this video about the causes of itching and burning in the vagina:
What to do when an unpleasant feeling
If pain or other discomfort is increasing, other accompanying symptoms appear, you should immediately consult a doctor, as this may be a sign of emergency conditions. If the discomfort is not strong, occur periodically or even become familiar to the girl, the examination still needs to be done, but in a planned manner after the end of menstruation.
Only after a thorough examination, at least, an ultrasound of the pelvic organs and research on genital infections, can a diagnosis be made and recommendations for treatment be given.
And here is more about what could be monthly after ovarian apoplexy.
The vaginal mucosa is subject to all cyclic changes that a woman's body undergoes monthly. This may be due to a change in sensations of women. However, the appearance of pain, pathological odor, burning or itching should alert and become a reason for unplanned treatment to the doctor.
Anatomy and function of the vagina
The vagina is a part of the female reproductive system that takes part in the sexual process and the birth of a child. Its wall consists of 3 layers: mucous, smooth muscles and connective tissue. The first shell produces mucus that is necessary for intercourse, which will reduce friction, as well as fix the normal microflora in the vagina, muscle tissue is necessary for stretching. The walls of the vagina in the normal state are slightly pressed against each other, but during penetration of a member or childbirth, they can diverge quite far.
The vagina has several functions:
- facilitating fertilization
- maternity canal
- sexual satisfaction.
The protective function of the vagina is that it contains normal microflora, which does not allow pathogenic bacteria and fungi to important organs: the uterus and ovaries. In the process of life, symbionts also secrete lactic acid, which makes the environment in the vagina more acidic, in order to better protect the overlying parts of the reproductive system.
The vagina facilitates the passage of the sperm into the uterine cavity due to its slightly curved shape, which delays the sperm inside. The vagina ends in the cervix, which, during ovulation, is slightly ajar to let the male reproductive cells into the egg cell.
In the vagina is a small number of sensitive cells, stimulation of which by the penis brings a woman sexual pleasure, and also it contributes to the release of hormones: endorphin, oxytocin and others.
The nature of vaginal pain during menstruation
Normally, severe pain in the vagina should not occur. The discomfort is often slightly noticeable, has a aching and pulling character. In this case, the center of painful sensations is not in the vagina, but in the uterus or ovaries, causing irradiating pain.
Irradiating pains are painful sensations that occur in one place, but due to the proximity of nerve endings or for other reasons, they appear in another part of the body. An example would be not only vaginal pain during menstruation, but also heart pain, giving to the clavicle or pain in the frontal part of the head, which one feels more strongly in the area “behind the eyes”.
Pain in inflammatory processes
Despite the fact that the protective microflora lives in the vagina, which expels all pathogenic bacteria and fungi from there, sometimes inflammatory processes occur in the vagina: vaginitis, candidiasis, gardendenellosis and others.
They appear due to the fact that symbiotic microorganisms are exposed to inappropriate hygiene products, die because of improper care of the intimate area, and their number is significantly reduced when infected with sexually transmitted infections of viral, bacterial, fungal nature.
The inflammatory process may not make itself felt for a long time. During menstruation, when there is a lot of blood in the vagina, which is an excellent nutrient medium for pathogenic microorganisms, inflammation increases, discomfort appears. Pains in this case often have a cutting or strong aching character, they are accompanied by secretions with an unpleasant smell and texture.
Pain non-inflammatory nature
Due to severe stress, an abnormal anatomical structure or the appearance of malignant or benign neoplasms, pain may appear on the vaginal mucosa. In this case, they should be light, but regular and intensify during the menstruation period, because at this time the vagina is slightly inflamed. Painful sensations will be aching, pulling down, can spread not only in the area of the vagina, but throughout the entire lower abdomen.
Urine and blood tests, bacterial seeding of a vaginal smear will help determine the presence of pathogenic microorganisms, determine their nature, because it is necessary for further treatment.
As part of the blood, the infection contains antibodies to it, these substances can also be present in the urine, as well as the pathogenic microorganisms themselves, if they have entered the urethra. Sowing a vaginal smear on a nutrient medium allows you to see exactly the picture of the “inhabitants” of the vagina.
Cytological analysis and colcoscopy will help determine the presence of tumors on the mucous membrane. In the first case, it takes a small number of cells from the tissues of the vagina, and in the second, the walls of the vagina and the cervix are examined using a special instrument, a kolkoskop.
If the previous diagnostic methods do not give results, then it is necessary to make ultrasound of the pelvic organs, because vaginal pain sometimes occurs because of abnormalities in its structure:
- severe curvature of the vagina
- too close to the bladder,
- curvature of the cervix,
- violation of the mucous layer and friction between the walls of the vagina.
Candles Methyluracil in gynecology, proctology, instruction, price, reviews
- Active ingredient: dioxomethyl tetrahydropyrimidine.
- Latin name: Methyluracilum.
- Pharmacological group: stimulator of tissue repair.
- ATX code: L03AX.
- Manufacturer: JSC Nizhfarm, Russia.
- Price: from 85 rubles per pack.
- Release form
- Therapeutic effect
- Application in gynecology
- Application in proctology
- Use during pregnancy and lactation
- Application to children
- Use in old age
- Side effects
- Symptoms of overdose
- Drug interactions
- special instructions
- Analogs Methyluracil Candles
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One standard suppository (candles — solid dosage forms that melt or disintegrate at body temperature at room temperature and are used for insertion into body cavities) Methyluracil contains 500 mg of dioxomethyl tetrahydropyrimidine, supplemented with the auxiliary ingredients Vittepsol and Supposir - both are types of solid fat. Together with these components, the mass of one candle reaches 2.3 g.
The medicine is sold in the form of white rectal suppositories with uniform content enclosed in blister packs of 5 pieces each. A standard pack of Methyluracil includes 2 such blisters - a total of 10 candles. In addition to suppositories, such forms as tablets and ointments are also available on the market.
Application in gynecology
Given the effectiveness of methyluracil suppositories (candles — solid dosage forms that melt or disintegrate at body temperature at room temperature and are used for insertion into body cavities), they are often prescribed to patients with tissue damage (textile weave, made on a loom by interlacing mutually perpendicular yarn systemsa) vagina or uterus with different genesis. Among the probable causes are mechanical ruptures during childbirth or surgery, as well as the effects of cauterization of areas of erosion. In the following diseases methyluracil candles (a device for lighting (initially) or for some other purposes, most often in the form of a cylinder of solid combustible material, which in a melted form is fed to the flame using) will also have a beneficial effect on soft tissue (textile weave, made on a loom by interlacing mutually perpendicular yarn systems), accelerating their regeneration and fighting infection:
- bacterial vaginosis,
- atrophic processes
- inflammation of the mucous membrane.
To achieve the desired result during therapy, gynecologists insist on the need for douching before each procedure for administering a suppository (a device for lighting (initially) or for some other purposes, most often in the form (KIND: In the literal sense: What is available to look) a cylinder of solid combustible material that is melted (KIND: In the literal sense: What is available to look) is fed to the flame by). For this, weak solutions of chlorhexidine and soda or, in extreme cases, herbal decoctions based on chamomile, calendula, and eucalyptus leaves are suitable. As additional recommendations, one should take into account the obvious ineffectiveness of using suppositories before sexual intercourse or during menstruation.
Application in proctology
Most often, methyluracil candles are used specifically in proctology to repair damage that has arisen in the anus or lower parts of the colon due to a particular pathology. Among the common diseases of this type are hemorrhoids and anal fissures, which almost every adult faces during his life.
No less effective suppositories will be in the elimination of the consequences caused in the colon or sigmoid colon by proctosigmoiditis. Another indication for the use of suppositories is colitis of erosive and ulcerative nature, as well as various rectitis and other inflammatory diseases in this area.
Use during pregnancy and lactation
There are no certified clinical trials of this drug in pregnant patients and women during breastfeeding, therefore it is not possible to objectively judge its effect on their organisms. Nevertheless, a large amount of medical statistics on the use of Methyluracil in relation to these categories of patients showed no negative consequences - both for the mother and for her child. For this reason, treatment with methyluracil suppositories in these situations is possible, but must be carried out under the strict supervision of the attending physician.
Application to children
Instructions for use methyluracil candles (a device for lighting (initially) or for some other purposes, most often in the form of a cylinder of solid combustible material, which in a melted form is fed to the flame using) (a device for lighting (initially) or for some other purposes, most often in the form of a cylinder of solid combustible material, which in a melted form is fed to the flame using), attached to each pack of medication, reports that there are no restrictions on the treatment of suppositories (candles — solid dosage forms that melt or disintegrate at body temperature at room temperature and are used for insertion into body cavities) children, including younger age. But some experts recommend not to resort to this tool in the treatment of children under the age of 8 years.
A key contraindication to the use of Methyluracil (Dioxomethyltetrahydropirimidine - a drug that improves tissue trophism and stimulates the regeneration process) is intolerance or hypersensitivity to its main component - dioxomethyltetrahydropyrimidine. In addition, local or external application, which is true for suppositories, should be limited to excessive granulation of tissues in the damaged sector. For more specific contraindications and limitations include:
- acute or chronic leukemia
- cancer of the bone marrow or a tumor in the abdominal cavity,
- frequent migraines,
- children's age up to 8 years (according to some information - up to 3 years).
A complex of likely side effects with rectal or vaginal use of Methyluracil (Dioxomethyltetrahydropirimidine - a drug that improves tissue trophism and stimulates the regeneration process) includes various symptoms of an allergic nature. These reactions can occur through redness or rash on the skin, as well as through the urticaria. Other significant side effects that can cause methyluracil candles include headaches and dizziness, itching and dryness of the mucous membrane in the area of the drug.
Symptoms of overdose
There is no official information on cases of overdose with methyluracil, however, there is evidence that prolonged course use of this substance in large doses can cause changes in the composition of peripheral blood. Also found evidence of headaches, weakness and malaise, not confirmed clinically.
Critical data on a particular interaction methyluracil candles (a device for lighting (initially) or for some other purposes, most often in the form of a cylinder of solid combustible material, which in a melted form is fed to the flame using) with other drugs or substances there, which allows you to combine suppositories (candles — solid dosage forms that melt or disintegrate at body temperature at room temperature and are used for insertion into body cavities) with other drugs of any type. According to a number of sources, there is some weakening of the action of Methyluracil while the patient is taking glucocorticoids.
Methyluracil and drugs based on it do not affect the management of vehicles, and also do not impose restrictions on activities requiring increased psychomotor reactions. Rectal suppository application is most effective after defecation. After the introduction of the suppository (candles — solid dosage forms that melt or disintegrate at body temperature at room temperature and are used for insertion into body cavities) it is recommended rectally or vaginally to assume a prone position and remain in it for at least an hour so that the melted contents of the candle does not flow out. Packages with methyluracil candles (a device for lighting (initially) or for some other purposes, most often in the form of a cylinder of solid combustible material, which in a melted form is fed to the flame using) should be stored in a cool place without access to direct sunlight. The drug should be approved by a doctor or pharmacist.
Analogs Methyluracil Candles
Direct structural analogue of suppositories (candles — solid dosage forms that melt or disintegrate at body temperature at room temperature and are used for insertion into body cavities) based on methyluracil (Dioxomethyltetrahydropirimidine - a drug that improves tissue trophism and stimulates the regeneration process) is an ointment, the main active ingredient of which is the same component. As for candles with a similar set of effects, the following should be noted:
- Fitostimulin - vaginal suppositories based on natural extracts that promote tissue regeneration and protect them from infection,
- Imunofan - suppositories with immunomodulatory, detoxifying and antioxidant effects,
- Viferon (Kipferon) - candles (a device for lighting (initially) or for some other purposes, most often in the form of a cylinder of solid combustible material, which in a melted form is fed to the flame using), effective in viral diseases of the female genitourinary system,
- Pyrogenal - vaginal suppositories (candles — solid dosage forms that melt or disintegrate at body temperature at room temperature and are used for insertion into body cavities), used to treat inflammatory processes, as well as injuries of the vagina and uterus, vaginitis and venereal diseases.
The use of methyluracil candles, according to reviews of patients, gently and gradually allows you to cope with tissue damage (textile weave, made on a loom by interlacing mutually perpendicular yarn systems) (textile weave, made on a loom by interlacing mutually perpendicular yarn systemsa) anus or vagina without causing harm to the body and the appearance of unpleasant side effects. A number of experts believe that today this drug is not effective enough against the background of more modern analogues, however, in specific situations - in the treatment of children or pregnant patients - Methyluracil continues to remain an indispensable tool.
Causes of pain in the vagina after menstruation
Why stomach pain after menstruation? The cause of pain in the uterus and vagina after menstruation may be hiding in the wrong location of the main female organ or the displacement of the intrauterine device, which is not suitable for everyone. In the first case, the method of treatment is determined based on the results of visual examination and ultrasound of the pelvic organs, in the second case there is no choice as such - the doctor is forced to remove the helix and choose a different method of contraception. Pain in the vagina after menstruation often indicates the beginning of the development of certain pathologies (diseases of the reproductive or urinary system of organs).
When is vaginal pain after menstruation considered normal? It should be understood that the weak pulling or aching pain in the vagina, tolerable abdominal pain after menstruation, after the completion of menstruation, can cause discomfort to a woman for 1 to 2 days. If the pain in the uterus or vagina after the end of menstruation lasts 3, 4, 5, 6, 7 days, 1 week or more, then these may already be signs of pathology. Be sure to seek help from a doctor if such pain is very severe, cramping, severe throbbing, if there is burning and itching in the region of the labia majora or inside the vagina.
Pain in the vagina as a reason for seeking medical attention
How to determine when to go to the doctor, and when you can do without going to the hospital? It is worth signing up to a gynecologist if:
1 vagina hurts for several days, and the pain does not subside, but increases,
2 from the vagina a cheesy mass with a sour odor (a sign of candidiasis), mucus or pus (a sign of inflammation or genital infection), blood (a sign of uterine bleeding) or a purulent-bloody substance with dense particles (a sign of an oncological process),
3 there are other symptoms that indicate the pathological origin of pain - high or low-grade body temperature, upset stool, itching and burning in the groin and anal area, weakness, fatigue, nausea, chills.
It is important to understand that if before the menstruation there were very strong and intolerable pains in the vagina, then it is impossible to pull with such symptoms. It is necessary to seek help from a doctor in cases when a cramping, throbbing, cutting or severe acute abdominal pain, burning or severe dull pain in the lower abdomen during menstruation or after critical days appears. You should also pay attention to what kind of discharge go with pain from the vagina during menstruation. If the discharge is too abundant, if there is a lot of blood in it, if there are clots of white, green, brown or black mucus, if there is an admixture of pus or other unpleasant symptoms, such periods should be considered problems. Be sure to seek help from a doctor is necessary in cases where obviously the region of the perineum and vagina pulls or whines, the body temperature rises. Increased body temperature during menstruation, along with unusual pain during critical days, very often indicates the development of the inflammatory process.
What to do if felt the pain in the vagina? Ideally, every woman should visit the doctor every six months. However, many postpone a visit to the gynecologist.Skipping routine examinations is costly for some of the weaker sex: some lose the opportunity to have children, others are parts of the reproductive organs that cannot be restored. In order not to have health problems, you need to take care of yourself - doctors do not get tired of reminding about it. Unfortunately, not everyone listens to them, which is a pity - how many life tragedies could have been avoided.