Short menstrual cycle, causes of contraction and consequences for the body


A short cycle of monthly causes are individual in nature (pathology, body characteristics). The cycle is formed during the first 2 years after the beginning of the first menstruation.

A short cycle of monthly causes are individual in nature (pathology, body characteristics). The cycle is formed during the first 2 years after the beginning of the first menstruation.

Medical indications

The cycle of menstruation can be reduced against the background of the development of various pathologies. In this case, the woman begins to show the following symptoms:

  • headache,
  • nausea,
  • lower back pain
  • constipation.

Short menstrual cycle, provoked by hypomenorrhea, may be accompanied by nosebleeds. During this period, there is a failure of the hormonal background, reduced production of estrogen, reduced performance, libido. Rarely, a short cycle proceeds well, without causing discomfort to the woman.

The cycle is reduced in 2 cases (there are no pathologies):

  • formation of menstrual function
  • menopause.

The reasons for poor scrub gynecologists include:

  • productive period
  • inflammatory processes.

When changing the color and nature of mucus, it is recommended to urgently visit the antenatal clinic. Before prescribing treatment, the doctor must find out why the menstrual cycle has decreased. Rarely, the causes of changes in the duration of menstruation are physiological in nature, which is considered normal. In this case, the treatment is not carried out. A short cycle can trigger the development of infertility.

The main symptoms of this cycle of experts include:

  • monthly periods are less than 21 days (the norm is 28 days),
  • frequent periods (1 time in 2 weeks),
  • bleeding duration does not exceed 3 days,
  • scanty or spotting bleeding.

Reasons to shorten the cycle:

  • impaired endocrine system,
  • rapid weight loss
  • pregnancy,
  • endometriosis.

Pathologies of the thyroid gland and adrenal glands contribute to the reduction of the menstrual cycle. The main diseases that provoke a reduction in menstruation:

  • chronic diseases of the cardiovascular system
  • genital trauma,
  • rehabilitation period after childbirth.

Value of indicators

With a shortened cycle, ovulation (normal) occurs ahead of time. Basal temperature and hormone levels are normal. In such cases, hormone therapy is not carried out. If the basal temperature has increased, hormone treatment is prescribed. Otherwise, conception will not occur.

Monthly go badly if the woman keeps a strict diet and especially grows thin. It is impossible to exclude from the diet foods rich in vitamins and trace elements. The menu should include cereals, dairy products, fresh fruits and vegetables. With concomitant diseases of the gastrointestinal tract it is necessary to cook food for a couple or in the oven. Losing weight can lead to the complete disappearance of the menstrual cycle.

Often a woman confuses menstruation with intermenstrual bloody spotting. In the latter case, the urgent help of a gynecologist is recommended. This phenomenon is considered normal (during the first 3 months) if the patient is taking hormonal contraceptive drugs. Otherwise, in the female body there are serious pathologies. If while taking the pill such failures are observed longer than 3 months, the drug is stopped. It is recommended to use another method of contraception. Preliminary consultation of the gynecologist is required.

Ectopic and normal pregnancy can cause a sharp reduction in the menstrual cycle. When conducting an active sex life and the manifestation of the above symptoms, it is recommended to make a pregnancy test. If the result is positive, it is recommended to make an appointment with a gynecologist. During lactation, the menstrual cycle may be irregular. Its recovery is observed after cessation of breastfeeding (the concentration of prolactin increases).

With endometriosis, uterine growth is observed. Such a disease can lead to the development of infertility. Pathology is treated surgically and with the help of hormone therapy. With endometriosis, the following symptoms occur:

  • reduction of the menstrual cycle
  • dark spotting,
  • reduced the duration of menstruation.

Physiological processes

Short cycle in adolescent girls is physiological. The menstrual cycle consists of 3 phases:

Monthly averages last 4 days. During this period, the endometrium is rejected, as there is no pregnancy. the duration of the first phase is 14 days. During this period there is a growth of follicles with ova. Estrogens enter the blood. Under their action in the uterus endometrium grows.

Until the end of the first phase, the follicles regress. Only 1 follicle grows. Ovulation occurs. Then the egg cell connects with the sperm. From the edges of the bursting follicle a "yellow body" is formed. Then begins the 2nd phase of the cycle. It lasts 12-14 days. During this period, the female body is waiting for a possible pregnancy. The “yellow body” is growing. In the absence of pregnancy, the uterus rejects the endometrium. Go monthly.

The duration of each phase depends on the duration of the cycle. If a full-fledged follicle does not grow in phase 1, then the other phase will not start (long cycle). The first phase lasts until self-rejection of the endometrium. This period can last several months. If in the next cycle ovulation occurs, then irregular periods are observed. Due to the long work of the “yellow body”, the cycle is extended. Otherwise, there are early periods.

The following factors directly affect the functioning of the reproductive system:

  • stress,
  • active sports,
  • extreme weight loss
  • frequent pathologies,
  • bad habits.

Early menopause

The menstrual cycle is reduced due to menopause, since during this period the following processes occur:

  • gradual extinction of reproductive function,
  • gradual decrease in the level of sex hormones,
  • ova do not mature,
  • ovaries do not produce female hormones.

Rarely observed early menopause. This phenomenon is associated with the development of rare congenital diseases and the consequences of chemotherapy, radiation therapy. If a woman has an ovary or a part of it removed, then there is a chance of early menopause. This is explained by the fact that after the operation there is little tissue left in the ovaries, which is responsible for supporting the normal functioning of the reproductive system.

With early menopause, the following symptoms occur:

  • termination of menstruation,
  • irritability,
  • insomnia.

The following factors can provoke a short cycle:

  • diabetes,
  • infection of the pelvic organs (the patient is examined, anti-inflammatory therapy is prescribed),
  • weak immune system
  • regular use of antidepressants
  • chronic intoxication.

To determine the exact cause of shortening of the menstrual cycle, it is recommended to consult a doctor. A woman can be given blood and urine tests, a biopsy, an ultrasound scan, and other diagnostic methods. You can not self-medicate. Prevention of a short cycle of menstruation is in compliance with the diet, eating healthy foods, regular and proper rest, support for body weight, taking into account height and age.