Causes of flatulence during menstruation


Abdominal bloating before menstruation is one of the most common symptoms of PMS. In women, mood also changes frequently, irritability arises without cause, and other signs of hormonal adjustment appear. But this is not a cause for concern, but a normal phenomenon.

Hormonal changes

Abdominal bloating during menstruation is associated with hormonal changes. During the monthly cycle, a woman often faces hormonal changes that provoke bodily edema and swelling of the stomach.

Hormones such as progesterone and estrogen are actively involved in preparing the body for pregnancy. An increase in the abdomen may be due to blood flow to the pelvic organs during ovulation. When the endometrium is enriched with oxygen, the uterus softens and then swells. The muscles of the stomach react to it accordingly.

Hormonal adjustment is also associated with an increase in the amount of progesterone in the premenstrual period. Without it, the egg can not fertilize. It affects the process of softening and increasing the size of the uterus, which provokes the occurrence of discomfort and flatulence.


When delaying menstruation and abdominal distension, it is recommended to do a pregnancy test. The future mother is often puffy, she regularly has dizziness, morning and evening nausea. She also faces flatulence and swelling.

It is not necessary to postpone the visit to the doctor in the event that, in addition to the swelling in the first trimester of pregnancy, discomfort often occurs in the lower abdomen. Regular stomach pain at the beginning of pregnancy, accompanied by flatulence, may indicate a spontaneous miscarriage.

Swelling before menstruation is a problem that all the fair sex face. Flatulence is one of the symptoms of premenstrual syndrome.

Progesterone acts on the uterus, preparing it for a possible pregnancy. During the period of ovulation, that is, approximately in the middle of the monthly cycle, the egg leaves the ovary and enters the fallopian tube. Her movement often leads to discomfort in the lower abdomen.

When in the middle of the monthly cycle the uterus swells due to a minor injury - the release of an egg from the ovary, abdominal distention occurs.

Gas formation before menstruation is often due to non-compliance with the rules of healthy eating. A few days before the onset of menstruation, the body develops a slow production of the hormone of happiness - endorphin. To compensate for a bad mood, a woman seeks tasty but unhealthy food.

Thus, the fight against depression is carried out with the help of food, as a result of increased gas formation. Malnutrition leads to malfunction of the gastrointestinal tract. There is flatulence, constipation, heartburn and diarrhea before menstruation.

Intestinal problems

Diseases of the intestine provoke a negative effect of female hormones on the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. Perhaps the occurrence of bloating and constipation before menstruation:

  • with dysbacteriosis. In this case, an insufficient number of beneficial microorganisms is present in the intestine, which provokes swelling before menstruation,
  • intestinal obstruction. This disease is characterized by the occurrence of problems associated with the removal of gas from the body,
  • diseases of the abdominal organs. Due to the negative impact of the disease on the pancreas, food entering the stomach is poorly digested,
  • intestinal infection. The disease is accompanied by frequent vomiting, flatulence and fever,
  • the presence of intestinal worms.

Hypodynamia and uncomfortable clothing

When intestinal peristalsis is disturbed, flatulence occurs. This is explained by the fact that gases can not escape from the stomach. Such a problem is often faced by women leading a sedentary lifestyle. Sedentary work and lack of physical activity is a common reason for which the belly swells after menstruation.

Also provokes the occurrence of flatulence wearing uncomfortable clothing. To prevent this problem, you should wear bras that do not squeeze the chest. As for pants and sweaters, they should be comfortable and not very tight to the body, so as not to overpress the stomach. Otherwise, before the menstrual period, bloating will occur.

How to get rid of bloating

You can eliminate the problem of meteorism by following simple rules.

Swelling before menstruation is often triggered by the rotting of undigested foods and excess fluid in the body. Therefore, to get rid of this problem, you need to follow the rules of healthy eating and diet:

  1. A week before the month is recommended not to eat foods containing fats and carbohydrates. Food these days should be as gentle as possible for the digestive tract. To exclude from the diet should be beans, flour products, cabbage, powdered sugar.
  2. You need to eat foods rich in proteins, such as eggs and milk.
  3. It is necessary to completely eliminate from the diet salted and smoked products that retain the body fluid, causing the appearance of edema.
  4. For the prevention of flatulence, it is necessary to abandon carbonated drinks a week before menstruation.
  5. During menstruation and the week before they need to eat food rich in magnesium and vitamin B.

Drug treatment

Treatment of gastric distention before monthly medication should be prescribed by a doctor. There are medicines that contribute to the removal of swelling and removal of accumulated gases from the intestines.

Best of all, sorbents cope with this mission, which act like a sponge in the stomach, absorbing pathogens, slags and toxins. These substances adversely affect intestinal peristalsis, contributing to the retention of water in the body.

So, medications with which you can get rid of the problem of bloating before menstruation:

  1. Activated carbon.
  2. White coal.
  3. Enterosgel
  4. Polysorb
  5. Espumizan.
  6. Pepsan-R.
  7. Motilium.
  8. Neobutin.
  9. Laktofiltrum.
  10. Linex.
  11. Mezim

If flatulence is accompanied by painful sensations, it is likely that a spasm occurred in the intestine. Remove it will help drugs antispasmodic group. For example, you can take No-shpu, Spareks or Papaverin.

Why does the belly swell during menstruation?

In order for a woman to become pregnant and endure a child, in the body there are constant restructuring of the hormonal background, which affect the physiology. Increase the stomach before menstruation may also be due to nutrition, probable pregnancy, or the presence of diseases that require medical attention. Each of these conditions can be determined on the basis of the symptoms. In most cases, abdominal distention is a natural physiological process that normalizes by the end of menstruation.

Monthly menstruation is a sign that the woman’s body is constantly ripening and preparing to fertilize an egg. after the process of maturation in the ovaries, its output occurs - ovulation, which indicates the readiness of the organism to conceive. In order for the future embryo to attach successfully in the uterus, the body releases hormone progesterone.

It allows the uterus to grow in size and become softer, for comfortable attachment of a fertilized egg. This process lasts the second half of the cycle and ends either by confirming the pregnancy or by the release of an egg - menstruation.

A puffy belly also occurs due to accumulation of fluid in the body. It also occurs under the influence of hormones - vasopressin, prolactin and estrogen. They reduce the frequency of urination, and the remaining fluid is stored in adipose tissue. Therefore, there may often be swelling of the limbs before menstruation. In many ways, it saves the body from stress during the loss of a large amount of blood.

The cause of bloating can be:

Edema - fluid retentionprovoked by poor kidney function. It is determined with a sharp increase in weight and the presence of external changes in the limbs.

Uterine hypertonus - muscle spasmwhich can lead to miscarriage. Accompanied by pain and heaviness in the lower abdomen, sometimes bleeding, frequent urination.

The above listed conditions require prompt treatment to the gynecologist. Early treatment will help to normalize the condition and avoid miscarriage.

Nutrition and other causes

Physiological changes in the abdomen occur not only because of the occurrence of pregnancy or a simple release of hormones. If a woman has an enlarged abdomen, there are no menstrual periods, but the pregnancy is not confirmed, it is necessary to consult a doctor for examination for the presence of uterine fibroids or other tumor neoplasms in the female reproductive system.

Razuyusya stomach can and on the background of increasing appetite. Due to hormonal disruption in the second phase of the cycle, a woman has a decrease in mood and depression, which are often seized with products containing fast carbohydrates. The result is a violation of digestion, bloating, flatulence, as well as constipation and gas formation.

In some cases, bowel failure occurs:

  • intestinal obstruction, which is accompanied by constipation,
  • dysbacteriosis - causes bloating, flatulence and flatulence,
  • diseases of the gastrointestinal tract - lead to incomplete digestion of food.

These conditions are not a consequence of menstruation, but may worsen before the onset of bleeding.

We should also note the development of premenstrual syndrome, which affects the physical and emotional state of a woman.

Related symptoms

Changes in the body of a woman before critical days can be accompanied not only by an increase in the abdomen.

A woman may experience the following conditions:

  • mood swings
  • swelling of limbs
  • gas formation in the intestines,
  • aching pain in the abdomen.
  • the appearance of pimples on the skin.

All these symptoms can occur in the period of ovulation, which occurs in the middle of the monthly cycle and lasts about three days. During the release of the egg, the stomach may also slightly increase.

When diagnosing pregnancy, an inflated abdomen may indicate a hypertonicity of the uterus. The condition is often accompanied by pain, smear and frequent urination.

The abdomen also increases with the development of tumor neoplasms, they are often accompanied by the absence of critical days, an increase in the nearest lymph nodes, nausea, pain and an increase in temperature. If you notice these symptoms, you should immediately consult a doctor.


Depending on the source of bloating, the following medications are used:

Drotaverinum, but-shpa - used as painkillers, if bloating is accompanied by cramps.

Activated carbon - with flatulence, if the cause is overeating.

Pancreatin - prescribed for the deterioration of digestion.

Espumizan - fights against increased gas formation.

All drugs are used symptomatically, but to remove the problem, you need to revise your diet and lifestyle in the period before menstruation.


Often, an increase in the abdomen before and during menstruation is triggered by premenstrual syndrome. It is provoked by hormonal changes, which also cause fluid retention and other physiological processes that affect the increase in the abdomen.

The mood of a woman in this period often falls, there are depressive states.
Psychotherapy will allow you to learn how to accept yourself, control attacks of anger and overeating. Often, with acute manifestations of PMS, paired psychotherapy is recommended in order for close people to help overcome this condition and also learn how to treat it with understanding.


Traditional medicine is a popular way of dealing with a puffy belly. If there are no diseases and pregnancy, you can use the following methods:

  • receiving decoctions of fennel, ginger, chamomile and nettle,
  • berry fruit drinks,
  • physical exercises that help normalize peristalsis and reduce spasms.

To normalize the condition, it is recommended to spend more time in the fresh air and to exclude nerve overloads.

Preventive action

In order to exclude an increase in the abdomen in the period of menstruation and in front of them, a woman should pay attention to their lifestyle, and in particular physical exertion, nutrition and fluid intake. The diet should include as much fiber and vitamins. To reduce the likelihood of bloating, they recommend:

  1. use at least 2 liters of water per day,
  2. eliminate or minimize the use of coffee and sugary drinks,
  3. eat less chocolate, spicy and salty foods,
  4. increase the consumption of fruits and vegetables,
  5. use more products with a high content of vitamin B - broccoli, buckwheat,
  6. do morning exercises.

If these recommendations do not help, and the state causes discomfort - you should consult a doctor for a detailed diagnosis.

Hormones and menstrual cycle

The menstrual cycle in women has a different duration. The normal is 28 days, but depending on the individual characteristics, the interval from 21 to 40 days can be between periods.

In the middle of the cycle, ovulation occurs, that is, the release of an egg from the ovary. This time is favorable for conception. It is these days that some women have a markedly swollen belly.

It is clear that a tiny egg can not so affect the waist. The causes of this phenomenon are others. Here it is a matter of hormones - substances that “command” all the processes in the body.

A belly full in the middle of a cycle is a sign of ovulation. The fact is that the release of an egg from the ovary is a small but still trauma.

Some women feel these days pulling pain, while others - no. Often, along with ovulation, digestive disorders are noted: constipation or diarrhea, increased gas formation.

Intestinal problems further increase bloating. In order not to endure the pain, you can take an antispasmodic.

Also, if there are no plans to get pregnant this month, then at this time it is better to limit sex life.

Other girls have abdominal bloating not in the middle of the cycle, but a week before it starts. At this time, the abdomen causes progesterone hormone to swell, affecting the condition of the muscles.

The hormone relaxes the uterus, after which it becomes soft, ready to receive the embryo if conception occurs.

Doctors reassure those who fear this phenomenon, saying that bloating during and after ovulation (a few days before the start of menstruation) is a natural process. So nature takes care of conception to occur in optimal conditions.

After increasing the level of progesterone simultaneously with the relaxation of the uterine muscles in the body, another process begins - water retention in the tissues.

The fluid begins to be removed through the kidneys not in full - some of it accumulates in the intercellular space and cells. Such a delay is a temporary phenomenon that will pass immediately after the start of menstruation.

Water retention also contributes to the fact that the waist for some time grows in volume.

Many women who monitor their weight, noted such a pattern - immediately after the end of the previous cycle and before the start of a new body weight increases by several kilograms. This increase is due to the fact that the body has started fluid retention.

At this time, under the influence of female hormones - prolactin, progesterone and estrogen - in the body the balance of salts is disturbed and sodium begins to accumulate, retaining fluid in the tissues.

At the same time, another hormone appears in the blood - vasopressin, which reduces the frequency of urination. Because of this, moisture retention occurs.

What is it for? So nature took care of there, so that when menstruation occurs in the tissues, blood pressure does not decrease due to blood loss.

If the body drastically loses a lot of fluid, then a state of shock will come. Therefore, the blood for a while is simply replaced by water, and the total amount of fluid does not change.

Outwardly, this is manifested by bloating before menstruation. On these few days, not only the stomach, but also other parts of the body: fingers, legs, swells. These days it is better not to wear rings and high-heeled shoes.

Other reasons

In addition to hormonal, for bloating before menstruation there may be other reasons.

An enlarged abdomen may be associated with uterine myoma. All women, without exception, need to be examined annually by a gynecologist, because timely diagnosis of fibroids and other diseases of the female sphere is a necessary condition for successful treatment.

It is necessary to consult a doctor if, during an increase in the abdomen before menstruation, the pain becomes stronger, vomiting has started or the temperature has risen - such symptoms are not associated with menstruation, but with diseases of the internal organs. This condition requires expert medical attention.

The reason for bloating may be pregnancy. Если тело и грудь отекли, и при этом случилась задержка месячных, то самое время делать тест на беременность.

By this time, the period may be already 2-3 weeks, and modern tests for hCG should show this.

You need to know that regardless of whether a woman wants to become a mother or not, pregnancy cannot be the cause of pain, if they arise.

The pain at this time indicates a possible spontaneous abortion. In this case, an urgent need to contact a doctor, even if there are no plans to become a mother, because the test can not detect ectopic pregnancy and other dangerous conditions.

Another cause of bloating before menstruation may be ordinary gases. After ovulation, some women increase their appetite, which leads to indigestion.

No need to reproach yourself, hormones are also to blame for this. How long this condition lasts depends on the amount of the hormone serotonin in the blood. The body overweight compensates for its lack.

Tip: Serotonin in the body can be increased by eating chocolate, dairy products, dates, plums, figs.

Therefore, if you want to increase the appetite before menstruation does not drag on for several days, it is better to start eating these foods at the first sign of “zhora”.

Simultaneously with the fall in the level of serotonin, as mentioned above, before menstruation, the level of progesterone rises - a hormone that relaxes the muscles of the uterus and other organs, including the intestines.

Increased appetite and relaxed intestines lead to constipation and flatulence, which may be another reason for bloating before menstruation.

What to do if the stomach before the monthly swollen due to gas or edema? Those who know this peculiarity need to limit themselves to the use of salt, smoked meats and gas-forming products (black bread, legumes, cabbage) a few days before their monthly period.

After the beginning of the month, these foods can be reintroduced into the diet.

In the days when the stomach is swollen, it is better not to wear clothes with tight belts, as at this time it is harmful to tighten the area of ​​the appendages and the abdomen.

So, the increase in front of the monthly abdomen is a normal reaction to changes in hormonal levels.

This condition will last as long as the body will need to prepare for menstruation or pregnancy.

Less commonly, this condition is associated with gynecological diseases and digestive disorders. In the first case, you need to consult a doctor, in the second - adjust the diet.

The female body is individual, so premenstrual syndromes can vary considerably. For some, this period is marked by hellish pains, vomiting and nausea, while others do not notice any symptoms and easily tolerate menstruation. Symptoms may vary in one woman depending on the ovary in which the egg cell matures. With menstruation, nausea can be the most unpleasant symptom that causes severe discomfort.

Causes of Premenstrual Syndrome

The period of menstruation is a stress for the female body, since a sharp jump in hormones occurs, disrupting the balance between the female and male sex hormones. With menstruation, nausea can be caused by just such an imbalance. In addition to nausea, PMS is often accompanied by increased sensitivity of the mammary glands, pain and bloating, lumbar pain, irritability and headache.

Practically every woman meets with problems of premenstrual syndrome every month. To adequately respond to all its manifestations, it is necessary to know the causes of these or other symptoms.

Unpleasant phenomenon

Why is nausea before menstruation worried? The reasons for its occurrence are associated with an increase in serotonin concentration in the cerebrospinal fluid. Another cause of nausea and vomiting, may be an excessive amount of fluid in the body, as this affects the intracranial pressure, increasing it, causing nausea.

These symptoms may be accompanied by dizziness, pallor, and increased anxiety. This woman’s condition may result in loss of consciousness. If this happens, you must always consult a doctor.

Nausea before menstruation: anatomical causes

In addition to hormonal imbalance and the resulting symptoms, nausea can be caused by the anatomical features of the uterus in the body. So, in some women, the uterus is rejected back, which is different from the norm. That is why before menstruation and during their course, the enlarged organ presses on the nerve spinal roots, causing nausea.

With menstruation, nausea may be accompanied by bloating, discomfort and pain in the lower abdomen and in the lumbar region. All this, together with the imbalance of progesterone and prostaglandins, causes severe discomfort.

Other causes of nausea

Another option is strong physical exertion. The increased size of the uterus during activity exerts a strong pressure on the spine, squeezing the nerve centers.

To avoid nausea, you need to reduce physical activity before menstruation and stop it in the first few days. If there is pain and nausea during menstruation, you need to stop any stress and relax more.

Taking oral contraceptives also causes vomiting and nausea during menstruation. To determine what the problem is in pills, you need to pay attention to the accompanying symptoms, such as severe headaches, excessive sweating and irritability.

When inflammation of the ovaries can vomit occur, which will be accompanied by headache, sensitivity to odors and bloating. There may also be sudden drops in blood pressure, accompanying menstruation, temperature and fever.

Why does pain come?

Normally, the period of menstruation should not bring discomfort to the woman. If before or during menstruation there is severe pain, bloating, nausea, vomiting, dizziness, then three options are possible:

  1. The presence of inflammatory processes in the reproductive system of women.
  2. Incorrect positioning of the uterus.
  3. Underdevelopment of the uterus.

There may also be pain after severe stress or with disorders of the central nervous system. Normal periods, not bringing any sensations, occur only in a small number of women. The rest suffer from premenstrual syndrome and menstruation pain most often due to the large number of stressful situations in everyday life.

When do I need to see a doctor?

There are symptoms that require immediate treatment to a specialist:

  • prolonged and aggravated pains in the lower abdomen, accompanied by nausea and vomiting,
  • with increased menstrual flow, when they significantly increase the usual rate,
  • black periods are also a reason for going to the hospital, since in this case the doctor can diagnose the development of infection or inflammation of the genital organs,
  • the appearance of the inflammatory process, accompanied by persistent fever, chills, fever, excessive sweating,
  • the presence of infection, characterized by an unpleasant odor, color of discharge, as well as causing severe itching, pain and cramps when urinating.

To have time to eliminate the cause, which can cause dangerous pathologies of the female reproductive system, you need to carefully monitor your health and current condition. The last day of menstruation should be accompanied by insignificant discharge, unpleasant symptoms are not typical for the specified period, therefore, if they exist, it is worth consulting a doctor.

How to cope with nausea

If a woman cannot cope with nausea by means of meditation or relaxation of her body, it is necessary to seek help from a gynecologist, who can determine the root cause of this symptom of the premenstrual period and tell you how to eliminate it. With menstruation, nausea can bring strong inconvenience, disrupting a woman’s habitual rhythm and lifestyle, especially if she is active and energetic.

The simplest way to eliminate nausea is to take antispasmodic drugs and drugs that have anti-inflammatory effects. If there is a hormonal imbalance, the doctor may prescribe a drug treatment that resolves this problem and, accordingly, neutralizes the painful symptoms of the premenstrual syndrome and the menstruation itself.

Prevention of nausea during menstruation

The best option is to prevent the occurrence of unpleasant and uncomfortable symptoms. First of all, before the beginning of the menstrual cycle, it is necessary to normalize the diet, eliminate overeating, eating fatty foods, eat as many fresh fruits and vegetables as possible.

The daily routine also needs to be reviewed. For easier flow of PMS, you need to fully relax and get enough sleep, avoid stressful situations and spend a lot of time outdoors. Slow walking is especially helpful. The more active a woman is in life, the easier her body will carry the menstruation period.

It is important to monitor the nature of the menstrual flow. A change in their color and smell indicates the development of an infection or an inflammatory process. If black menstrual periods are observed, it is necessary to urgently consult a doctor in order to have time to diagnose the existing problem and eliminate it at the initial stage, thereby preventing the development of complex inflammation and other complications.

Normally, dark discharge may be immediately after childbirth or during breastfeeding, all other cases indicate an existing problem.

A woman who regularly undergoes examination by a gynecologist does not have genital infections, leads an active lifestyle and eats properly, tolerates premenstrual syndrome and the period of menstruation much easier, since for her body, accustomed to exercise, it does not represent strong stress. If PMS is very difficult, you first need to reconsider your lifestyle and try to eliminate all the unnerving factors.

Every woman during life is faced with problems of the menstrual cycle. God spared someone, other symptoms, except for temper and irritability, during menstruation, they do not feel. For other girls, menstruation turns into another test and nervous stress. Not only are the nerves at the limit, nausea, migraine, persistent pain in the pelvic area, lumbar back, but in addition there is bloating before menstruation and flatulence. It seems that everyone sees a better waist, whisper behind his back.

How many days before menstruation increases the belly?

The abdomen begins to increase in size before menstruation in women individually: ranging from 1.5-2 weeks to 2-3 days. It depends on the presence of factors:

  • Body type. The man is thin, full or normal build.
  • Physical training. Pumped up abdominals or weak.
  • The elasticity of the uterine muscles. Usually after childbirth weakens. Special gymnastics is needed to bring the pelvic floor muscles back to normal.

In young sports girls, before and during menstruation, the stomach does not increase, while in obese women who give birth and women who have given birth, swelling is observed, a weight gain of 2-3 kg is possible. This is a natural reaction of the body, do not be afraid. For 2-3 days of bloody discharge waist volume, weight return to normal.

Hormonal causes

The menstrual cycle of women is a complex process, accompanied by monthly hormonal changes in the body during the childbearing period. Changes are associated with the level of three hormones: prolactin, progesterone, estrogen. The level of estrogen increases by the time of ovulation, gradually decreasing, with progesterone, on the contrary: the maximum amount occurs at the onset of bleeding. Premenstrual syndrome causes a decrease in estrogen levels while increasing progesterone.

  • Endometrial growth. The female hormone responsible for preparing the body to conceive and nurturing a child is called progesterone. It stimulates the growth of the endometrium (mucous membrane inside the uterus), which has a porous structure consisting of many blood vessels. Through the vessels, the substances necessary for the development come to the embryo. So the body is preparing for conception. The uterus swells, acting on the intestines, the size of the abdominals increases. If the pregnancy has not occurred, the reverse process is initiated. The shell exfoliates, during menstruation with the blood leaves the body, the compression of neighboring organs passes, the size of the uterus returns to normal.
  • Puffiness. These same hormones cause the female body to accumulate excess water in the tissues of the abdominal cavity, arms, legs, face. In case of blood loss, it helps to avoid dehydration and, while being processed, the liquid enters the blood.
  • Ovulation. Often the stomach begins to swell during ovulation. A strong hormonal surge occurs, to which the body reacts with pain, bloating, and meteorism.

Intestinal peristalsis

In the period after ovulation to the bleeding, blood flow to the uterus and ovaries increases. They begin to inflate, squeezing the intestinal wall, causing spasms. Food moves unevenly, forming air partitions. The woman's hums, puchitis belly, begins a strong gas, upset stool. After menstruation, everything returns to normal.

Pathological processes

A slight swelling in the waist area does not interfere with everyday life, but if the stomach before menstruation swells up strongly, constantly growls, hurts, it speaks of hidden human diseases:

  1. Diseases of the digestive tract. Colitis and gastroduodenitis are often chronic, sometimes manifesting acute attacks of pain. Blood and water, accumulated in the abdominal cavity, put pressure on the internal organs, provoking the exacerbation of diseases. Gases inflate the intestines, causing cramps, nausea, flatulence, problems with defecation. Probably severe pain in the lower abdomen, near the navel.

  2. Genitourinary system. When kidney disease fluid is constantly retained in the body, and when menstruation occurs, the frequency of urination decreases significantly. An increase in the abdomen is accompanied by: swelling of the legs, arms, facial contours. Sacks appear under the eyes, constant dull pains in the back. There is drowsiness, lethargy, heart palpitations. Blood pressure rises.
  3. Gynecological diseases. The symptom of "acute abdomen" is considered a sign of female diseases, which are characterized by severe pain and cramps, giving in the anus, lower back:
  • inflammation of the ovaries, uterus,
  • adhesions in the pelvic organs,
  • chronic oophoritis,
  • ovarian cyst
  • neoplasm: uterine myoma. This benign tumor can develop into a malignant one. The presence of fibroids is characterized by a rounded tummy, as in pregnancy, then there is severe pain, the menstruation may stop. When myoma should be under the constant supervision of a gynecologist, once a year to be examined.

Binge eating

Thanks to the hormone progesterone, which acts on the nervous system, almost all women begin to experience hunger a week before menstruation. They eat a lot, become nervous, irritable.

To cheer up, you want to experience joy, to have fun. The easiest way to get rid of a depressive state is to eat deliciously. And everything tasty, as a rule, high-calorie or salty, leads to fluid retention, the appearance of a round abdomen.

PMS and the hormonal imbalance associated with it adversely affect the female will. If usually many people limit themselves to eating, refuse to sweets, then here women give up slack.

Large amounts of food at this time are poorly digested, food masses stagnate in the intestines. The result is flatulence and bloating.

Doing sports

Constantly engage in available sports: aqua aerobics, swimming, dancing, exercising at the gym, jogging. During menstruation, a heavy load is not welcome, it is better to walk long distances. During walking, gases from the intestines and gastrointestinal tract are excreted much faster. Lie only if you feel unwell. Download the press, do exercises to strengthen the muscles of the back.

Proper nutrition

Proper nutrition is one of the main ways to combat bloating. Before menstruation, it is desirable to reduce portions of food, to increase the number of meals. Limit or completely abandon the harmful food and foods that provoke flatulence.

  • Eat less salt. During PMS, as during pregnancy, pulls on salty. Sodium retains water in the body, increases the load on the heart and hematopoietic system, increases puffiness.
  • Limit sugar intake. All the sweetness in the body is converted into glucose, which holds sodium in the body.
  • Drink water. It improves digestion, helps fight constipation, removes toxins from the body.
  • Exclude tea, coffee, alcohol and carbonated drinks. They promote bloating.
  • Drink herbal teas from mint and decoctions of chamomile, lingonberry, cranberry. They reduce pain, remove excess fluid from the body.
  • Eat foods rich in fiber. They help fight constipation.
  • Observe the measure. At the use of large volumes gas formation, abdominal distention begins. Много клетчатки содержится в капусте, отрубях, фасоли, бобах, грибах.
  • Исключите временно из рациона молочные продукты, увеличивающие проявления метеоризма многократно.
  • Принимайте комплексный препарат, содержащий витамины группы В, калий, магний. They are responsible for digestion, strengthening of blood vessels and calm the nerves.

Warm baths

Before the beginning of the month, take a warm soothing bath. It is allowed to add sea salt, a few drops of fennel or black pepper essential oil, a decoction of valerian herbs, pine needles, mint, sage. Baths help to relax, promote healthy sleep, strengthen the nervous system.

Sex is good for the body. To improve health and mood, doctors recommend having sex before menstruation. It helps blood circulation in the pelvic area, a beneficial effect on the female body.

When you increase the abdomen for natural reasons, you should not try to tighten it with a corset or dragging underwear. Strong pressure results in severe pain due to circulatory disorders, increased puffiness, bowel spasms, flatulence. It is better not to tighten the belly, and wear loose clothing.

With an increase in the volume of the abdomen, take medications depending on the cause of bloating:

  • If the main symptom is tension, pain, spasms of the intestine and uterus, then antispasmodics help well: 1-2 tablets No-shpy, Spazmalgona, Drotaverina.
  • If the stomach is very puffy, use the carminative drugs: Disflatilom, Espumizanom, Antarite.
  • If there is meteorism, a violation of the chair, nausea - use chelators: Smekta, Polyphepanum, activated carbon.

Taking the medicine can not be abused. Better consult with the gynecologist.

Abdominal distention occurs in 75% of women. This is a normal reaction of the body to hormonal changes in the period of premenstrual syndrome and menstruation. If the symptoms of PMS do not go away, contact a specialist, conduct a comprehensive examination. After treatment of concomitant diseases, if you follow the preventive rules, a slight increase in the waist will be noticeable only a couple of days at the beginning of the month.